We have a LAN with ~40 workstations (mostly Windows) and a couple of servers. All of them use an internal DNS (
BIND 9.5.0-P2) and a gateway (
192.168.0.1 running OpenBSD Packet Filter) which is a local PC acting as router.
For the last couple of months at some points during the workday the network is slowed down to an extent where doing anything internet related is not possible. On those bad times pinging
12:16:12.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11a1 12:16:13.484: From 184.108.40.206: bytes=60 SEQ=11a9 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=399.334ms 12:16:15.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11a4 12:16:15.437: From 220.127.116.11: bytes=60 SEQ=11ab TTL=48 ID=0000 time=355.409ms 12:16:18.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11a8 12:16:19.453: From 18.104.22.168: bytes=60 SEQ=11af TTL=48 ID=0000 time=376.317ms 12:16:21.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11aa 12:16:21.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11ac 12:16:21.390: From 22.214.171.124: bytes=60 SEQ=11b1 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=306.727ms 12:16:22.437: From 126.96.36.199: bytes=60 seq=11b2 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=364.351ms 12:16:23.453: From 188.8.131.52: bytes=60 seq=11b3 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=371.944ms 12:16:24.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11ad 12:16:24.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11ae 12:16:26.390: From 184.108.40.206: bytes=60 SEQ=11b6 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=307.729ms 12:16:27.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11b0 12:16:29.437: From 220.127.116.11: bytes=60 SEQ=11b9 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=361.575ms 12:16:30.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11b4 12:16:30.453: From 18.104.22.168: bytes=60 seq=11ba TTL=48 ID=0000 time=367.647ms 12:16:33.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11b5 12:16:33.078: Timeout waiting for seq=11b7
At that exact instance if I turn the DNS (at
.0.4) off then after a couple of seconds the network's health goes very good again:
12:47:43.046: From 22.214.171.124: bytes=60 seq=190b TTL=48 ID=0000 time=70.555ms 12:47:44.046: From 126.96.36.199: bytes=60 seq=190c TTL=48 ID=0000 time=82.684ms 12:47:45.046: From 188.8.131.52: bytes=60 seq=190d TTL=48 ID=0000 time=72.368ms 12:47:46.062: From 184.108.40.206: bytes=60 seq=190e TTL=48 ID=0000 time=84.310ms 12:47:47.046: From 220.127.116.11: bytes=60 seq=190f TTL=48 ID=0000 time=75.137ms 12:47:48.046: From 18.104.22.168: bytes=60 seq=1910 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=75.791ms 12:47:49.062: From 22.214.171.124: bytes=60 seq=1911 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=94.252ms 12:47:50.046: From 126.96.36.199: bytes=60 seq=1912 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=76.547ms 12:47:51.046: From 188.8.131.52: bytes=60 seq=1913 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=70.251ms 12:47:52.046: From 184.108.40.206: bytes=60 seq=1914 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=83.033ms 12:47:53.046: From 220.127.116.11: bytes=60 seq=1915 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=76.589ms 12:47:54.046: From 18.104.22.168: bytes=60 seq=1916 TTL=48 ID=0000 time=82.060ms
This is very consistent and reproducible. The fact that I ping
22.214.171.124 (Google's public DNS) is completelly random and just a way I have to test internet connectivity. I could be pinging
126.96.36.199 (an IP of Yahoo's public website).
The DNS is not open to the outside world.
So I think that maybe one (or more) of the workstations make very bad use of the DNS (probably indirectly via a virus) and flood it with requests or something. The problem is that I cannot trace that back. On the
top gives me no CPU suspicious activity and on
0.1 (the gateway) filtering using
dst host 192.168.0.4 in
pftop doesn't give me any internal IP using the DNS.
I've tried pluging out the ethernet cables the workstations one by one to find a possible offending workstation but this process is not very fast and accurate and by the time the network stabilizes I'm not really sure whether it was due to the last workstation I plugged out or whether the network simply went good again.
Any ideas on where to look at next?