Linux provides a facility that lets kernel and its modules to resolve DNS names by relying on user-space tools. This, for example, is used by CIFS to support referrals in the DFS.
The problem I'm seeing is that I can't get the kernel to resolve a specific DNS name and I don't understand why it fails.
To understand the root cause I have enabled debug output in both, CIFS and kernel dns resolver by running following commands:
echo "1" > /sys/module/dns_resolver/parameters/debug # dns_resolver echo "7" > /proc/fs/cifs/cifsFYI # CIFS
Here's what I see in dmesg when the failure occurs:
fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c: DFS: ref path: \ESOTEST\dfstest\FS_SERV fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c: DFS: node path: \FS\FS_SERV fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c: DFS: fl: 2, srv_type: 0 fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c: DFS: ref_flags: 0, path_consumed: 24 fs/cifs/netmisc.c: address conversion returned 0 for FS fs/cifs/netmisc.c: address conversion returned 0 for FS [ls ] ==> dns_query((null),FS,2,(null)) fs/cifs/dns_resolve.c: dns_resolve_server_name_to_ip: unable to resolve: FS fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c: cifs_compose_mount_options: Failed to resolve server part of \\FS\FS_SERV to IP:
And this is the output of a successful resolution:
fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c: DFS: node path: \ESOTEST\File-Server fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c: DFS: fl: 2, srv_type: 0 fs/cifs/cifs_dfs_ref.c: DFS: ref_flags: 0, path_consumed: 28 fs/cifs/netmisc.c: address conversion returned 0 for ESOTEST fs/cifs/netmisc.c: address conversion returned 0 for ESOTEST [ls ] ==> dns_query((null),ESOTEST,7,(null)) [ls ] call request_key(,ESOTEST,) [ls ] ==> dns_resolver_match(ESOTEST,ESOTEST) [ls ] <== dns_resolver_match() = 1 [ls ] <== dns_query() = 14 fs/cifs/dns_resolve.c: dns_resolve_server_name_to_ip: resolved: ESOTEST to 192.168.56.102 fs/cifs/cifsfs.c: Devname: \\ESOTEST\File-Server flags: 0
I am using Windows as the DNS server and I can resolve the name "FS" from the machine:
$ ping FS PING FS.esodomain.com (192.168.56.104) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from fs.esodomain.com (192.168.56.104): icmp_seq=1 ttl=128 time=1.37 ms 64 bytes from fs.esodomain.com (192.168.56.104): icmp_seq=2 ttl=128 time=0.630 ms
I have also tried using key.dns_resolver to manually perform a test and it seems to work:
$ key.dns_resolver -vv -D "FS" 'hello' I: Key description: 'dns_resolver;-1;-1;0;FS' I: Callout info: 'hello' D: Get A/AAAA RR for hostname:'FS', options:'hello' D: Opt hello D: Resolve 'FS' with 1ff D: getaddrinfo = 0 D: RR: 0,2,1,6,10,(null) D: append '192.168.56.104' I: The key instantiation data is '192.168.56.104'
Contents of /etc/request-key.conf are:
create dns_resolver * * /sbin/key.dns_resolver %k create user debug:* negate /bin/keyctl negate %k 30 %S create user debug:* rejected /bin/keyctl reject %k 30 %c %S create user debug:* expired /bin/keyctl reject %k 30 %c %S create user debug:* revoked /bin/keyctl reject %k 30 %c %S create user debug:loop:* * |/bin/cat create user debug:* * /usr/share/keyutils/request-key-debug.sh %k %d %c %S negate * * * /bin/keyctl negate %k 30 %S
The reason I am fiddling with this is that I'm trying to get a Windows DFS share to mount successfully. I am able to mount and access folders that are hosted on the root server but when I try to access a sub-folder which refers to an external server I get:
ls: cannot access /mnt/dfstest/FS_SERV/: Invalid argument
I'm on 3.7.10 kernel:
Linux gentoo 3.7.10-gentoo-r1 #3 SMP Fri Apr 19 17:32:20 PDT 2013 x86_64 Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5620 @ 2.40GHz GenuineIntel GNU/Linux
In a network capture I don't see any DNS requests for "FS" while I see a request for "ESOTEST". This suggests that the request is not ever made.
What next steps would you recommend to troubleshoot this?