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I have a site spanish.com. I want users to load pages under "es" directory, i.e., spanish.com/es. For example:

Users should see: spanish.com but spanish.com/es is loaded

Users see spanish.com/samplepage but spanish.com/es/samplepage is loaded


I tried

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name www.spanish.com;
    return 301 $scheme://spanish.com$request_uri;
} 

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name spanish.com;
    limit_conn arbeit 32;

    rewrite ^(.*)$ http://$host/es/$1 permanent;

    ## Access and error logs.
    access_log /var/log/nginx/spanish.com_access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/spanish.com_error.log;

    ...
}

but it results to infinite redirects to http://spanish.com/es/es/es/es/es/es/es/...


UPDATE
also, how do you exclude files from the rewrite rule? Like in apache?

  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
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1 Answer 1

This is how I got through it:

## for the homepage
location = / {
    rewrite ^ /es;
}

## for the rest of the pages, excluding locations beginning
## with /<2char-lang-prefix>/*
## also excludes locations having only 3 characters, e.g. "/nb"
location ~* "^/(?!.{2,2}/).{3}.*$" {
    rewrite "^/(.*)$" /es/$1;
}
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