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I've inherited ugly piece of php which must handle all requests via single index.php.

index.php generates different web-pages using smarty with embedded business-logic depending on wisited url.

How can I configure apache2/php5 to handle all requests via index.php?

UPDATE: are there any alternatives to mod-rewrite to use here?

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6 Answers

up vote 1 down vote accepted

OK, without mod_rewrite. mod_rewrite is the answer, of course, but this uses mod_alias:

RedirectMatch permanent ^/(?<!index\.php)(.*) http://example.com/index.php

This should match anything that isn't preceded by index.php and issue a permanant redirect to the correct index.php. Note that you'll need to specify the full location as the target.

Updated I've tested the above and it needs Apache 2.0+ as it uses PCRE. If you need the actual path appending to index.php, then append $1 to the redirect path.

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LoadModule rewrite_module     /usr/lib/apache/modules/mod_rewrite.so

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/?index.php$
RewriteRule . index.php
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(path to mod_rewrite may be different, and may be on by default in apache2, I forget, this is copied from my apache 1.3 install) –  Devin Ceartas Aug 19 '09 at 14:14
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Save the following into a file named .htaccess in your web root.

# Turn on URL rewriting
RewriteEngine On

# Web Directory
RewriteBase /

# Protect certain folders from being viewed
RewriteRule ^(protected|directories) - [F,L]

# Rewrite URLs to index.php/URL
RewriteRule .* index.php/$0 [PT,L]
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You may do this with a mod_rewrite rule.

#.htaccess code
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php [L]
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I think you need the RewriteCond to avoid looping –  Devin Ceartas Aug 19 '09 at 14:18
    
Likely. My mod_rewrite is rusty. –  Boohbah Aug 19 '09 at 14:57
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This is what works with my Wordpress install:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]

The two RewriteCond lines allow serving existing files: without them you'd have to pass images and stylesheets through index.php too.

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+1. Thanks I'll try –  Alex Bolotov Aug 26 '09 at 19:25
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It is quite a bit more simple than any of these, and you are asking for a solution without mod_rewrite, so:

 Alias /static/  /path/to/static/files/
 Alias /         /path/to/script.php/

If you have no static files, you can, of course, omit the first line (but it usually answers the follow up of "how do I make exceptions").

As a dirty hack for older Apache (1.x), you can use the 404 handler and DocumentRoot an empty directory, but that's way ugly. I've seen it recommended before, but that was a long while ago when it was necessary. It might help in odd cases.

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