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I'm trying to set up a test lab in Windows Azure for a SQL Server 2012 Standard Failover Cluster. When deploying a SQL Server 2012 VM through the gallery, the instance that's created is pre-installed as a standalone instance. From what I understand, there's no way to migrate that into a FCI so I would have to install it that way from scratch.

Is it possible to deploy a SQL Server VM as a Failover Cluster Instance, or even deploying a plain Server 2012 and installing SQL Server from scratch after the fact? All while staying within the licenseing provided to me through Azure?

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Have you looked at the docs for setting up SQL Server Always On? – David Makogon Dec 17 '13 at 13:27
Well I was under the impression that Always On was only available in Enterprise version. My organization only has access to SQL Standard 2012 – Mike C Dec 17 '13 at 19:09
Yes, that's true. And it wasn't until just now that I noticed you called out Standard edition in your question... – David Makogon Dec 17 '13 at 19:31

When images are instantiated on Azure, the full setup package for SQL Server is made available on the C drive of the VM. I have not tried this out, but it should be possible to launch that setup to install the first instance of the SQL Server with a Failover mode enabled.

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as per this link, looks like it is not possible to directly cluster the Azure disks ... – Nishith Feb 4 '14 at 8:05
and this link – Nishith Feb 4 '14 at 12:20

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