I have an Active Directory domain with two DCs. The first DC in the forest/domain is Server 2012, the second is 2008 R2. The first DC holds the PDC Emulator role.
I sporadically receive a warning from the
Time-Service source, event ID 50:
The time service detected a time difference of greater than %1 milliseconds for %2 seconds. The time difference might be caused by synchronization with low-accuracy time sources or by suboptimal network conditions. The time service is no longer synchronized and cannot provide the time to other clients or update the system clock. When a valid time stamp is received from a time service provider, the time service will correct itself.
Time sync in the domain is configured with the second DC to synchronise using the
/syncfromflags:DOMHIER flag. The first DC is configured to sync time using a
/syncfromflags:MANUAL /reliable:YES, from a peerlist consisting of a number of UK based stratum 2 servers, such as
I'm confused why I receive this event warning. It implies that my PDC emulator cannot synchronise time with a supposedly reliable external time source, and it quotes a time difference of >5 seconds for 900 seconds. It's worth also mentioning that I used to use a UK pool from ntp.org but I would receive the warning much more often. Since updating to a number of UK based academic time servers, it seems to be more reliable.
Can someone with more experience shed some light on this - perhaps it is purely transient? Should I disregard the warning? Is my configuration sound?
I should add that the DCs are virtual, and installed on two separate VMware ESXi/vSphere physical hosts.
I can also confirm that as per MDMarra's comment and best practice, VMware timesync is disabled, since:
c:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Tools\VMwareToolboxCmd.exe timesync statusreturns
Some strange new issue has cropped up. I've noticed a pattern. Originally, the event ID 50 warnings would occur at about 1230pm each day. This is interesting since our veeam backup happens at 12 midday.
Since I made the changes discussed here, I now receive an event ID 51 instead of 50. The new warning says that:
The time sample received from peer server.ac.uk differs from the local time by -40 seconds
(Or approximately 40 seconds). This has happened two days in a row. Now I'm even more confused. Obviously the time never updates until I manually intervene.
The issue seems to be related to virtualisation and veeam. Something may be occuring when veeam is backing up the PDCe. Any suggestions?
UPDATE & SUMMARY
msemack's excellent list of resources below (the accepted answer) provided enough information to correctly configure the time service in the domain. This should be the first port of call for any future people looking to verify their configuration.
The final "40 second jump" issue I have resolved (there are no more warnings) through adjusting the VMware time sync settings as noted in the veeam knowledge base article here: http://www.veeam.com/kb1202
In any case, should any future reader use ESXi, veeam or not, the resources here are an excellent source of information on the time sync topic and msemack's answer is particularly invaluable.