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I've seen this sort of question posted a few times before, but so far, none of them have solved my issue.

I'm trying to set up an IKEv2 VPN on my Ubuntu Server to use with my Windows Phone using Strongswan. The connection seems to be set up correctly, but no packets are routed and I can't ping the IP address of the VPN client.

My server's internal network is 192.168.1.0/24, and my server's IP is 192.168.1.110 and behind NAT.

/var/log/syslog

May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[NET] received packet: from 166.147.118.120[13919] to 192.168.1.110[500]
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[ENC] parsed IKE_SA_INIT request 0 [ SA KE No N(NATD_S_IP) N(NATD_D_IP) V V V V ]
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[ENC] received unknown vendor id: 1e:2b:51:69:05:99:1c:7d:7c:96:fc:bf:b5:87:e4:61:00:00:00:09
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[ENC] received unknown vendor id: fb:1d:e3:cd:f3:41:b7:ea:16:b7:e5:be:08:55:f1:20
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[ENC] received unknown vendor id: 26:24:4d:38:ed:db:61:b3:17:2a:36:e3:d0:cf:b8:19
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[ENC] received unknown vendor id: 01:52:8b:bb:c0:06:96:12:18:49:ab:9a:1c:5b:2a:51:00:00:00:02
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[IKE] 166.147.118.120 is initiating an IKE_SA
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[IKE] local host is behind NAT, sending keep alives
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[IKE] remote host is behind NAT
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[IKE] sending cert request for "C=xx, ST=xx, L=xxx, O=xxx, CN=xxx, E=xxx"
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[ENC] generating IKE_SA_INIT response 0 [ SA KE No N(NATD_S_IP) N(NATD_D_IP) CERTREQ N(MULT_AUTH) ]
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 16[NET] sending packet: from 192.168.1.110[500] to 166.147.118.120[13919]
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[NET] received packet: from 166.147.118.120[1282] to 192.168.1.110[4500]
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[ENC] unknown attribute type INTERNAL_IP4_SERVER
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[ENC] unknown attribute type INTERNAL_IP6_SERVER
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[ENC] parsed IKE_AUTH request 1 [ IDi CERTREQ N(MOBIKE_SUP) CP(ADDR DNS NBNS SRV ADDR6 DNS6 SRV6) SA TSi TSr ]
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[IKE] received cert request for "C=xx, ST=xx, L=xxx, O=xxx, CN=xxx, E=xxx"
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[IKE] received 31 cert requests for an unknown ca
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[CFG] looking for peer configs matching 192.168.1.110[%any]...166.147.118.120[10.212.235.245]
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[CFG] selected peer config 'windows-phone-vpn'
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[IKE] initiating EAP-Identity request
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[IKE] peer supports MOBIKE
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[IKE] authentication of 'steakscorp.org' (myself) with RSA signature successful
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[IKE] sending end entity cert "D=xxx, C=xx, CN=xxx, E=xxx"
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[ENC] generating IKE_AUTH response 1 [ IDr CERT AUTH EAP/REQ/ID ]
May  8 09:50:01 seanco-server charon: 08[NET] sending packet: from 192.168.1.110[4500] to 166.147.118.120[1282]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 10[NET] received packet: from 166.147.118.120[1282] to 192.168.1.110[4500]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 10[ENC] parsed IKE_AUTH request 2 [ EAP/RES/ID ]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 10[IKE] received EAP identity 'Windows Phone\jinhai'
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 10[IKE] initiating EAP_MSCHAPV2 method (id 0xA5)
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 10[ENC] generating IKE_AUTH response 2 [ EAP/REQ/MSCHAPV2 ]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 10[NET] sending packet: from 192.168.1.110[4500] to 166.147.118.120[1282]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 09[NET] received packet: from 166.147.118.120[1282] to 192.168.1.110[4500]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 09[ENC] parsed IKE_AUTH request 3 [ EAP/RES/MSCHAPV2 ]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 09[ENC] generating IKE_AUTH response 3 [ EAP/REQ/MSCHAPV2 ]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 09[NET] sending packet: from 192.168.1.110[4500] to 166.147.118.120[1282]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 11[NET] received packet: from 166.147.118.120[1282] to 192.168.1.110[4500]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 11[ENC] parsed IKE_AUTH request 4 [ EAP/RES/MSCHAPV2 ]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 11[IKE] EAP method EAP_MSCHAPV2 succeeded, MSK established
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 11[ENC] generating IKE_AUTH response 4 [ EAP/SUCC ]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 11[NET] sending packet: from 192.168.1.110[4500] to 166.147.118.120[1282]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[NET] received packet: from 166.147.118.120[1282] to 192.168.1.110[4500]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[ENC] parsed IKE_AUTH request 5 [ AUTH ]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[IKE] authentication of '10.212.235.245' with EAP successful
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[IKE] authentication of 'steakscorp.org' (myself) with EAP
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[IKE] IKE_SA windows-phone-vpn[2] established between 192.168.1.110[steakscorp.org]...166.147.118.120[10.212.235.245]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[IKE] scheduling reauthentication in 10200s
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[IKE] maximum IKE_SA lifetime 10740s
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[IKE] peer requested virtual IP %any6
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[CFG] reassigning offline lease to 'Windows Phone\jinhai'
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[IKE] assigning virtual IP 10.8.0.1 to peer 'Windows Phone\jinhai'
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[IKE] CHILD_SA windows-phone-vpn{2} established with SPIs c214680b_i a1cbebd2_o and TS 0.0.0.0/0[udp/l2f] === 10.8.0.1/32[udp]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server vpn: + 10.212.235.245 10.8.0.1/32 == 166.147.118.120 -- 192.168.1.110 == 0.0.0.0/0
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[ENC] generating IKE_AUTH response 5 [ AUTH CP(ADDR DNS DNS) SA TSi TSr N(AUTH_LFT) N(MOBIKE_SUP) N(ADD_4_ADDR) N(ADD_4_ADDR) N(ADD_6_ADDR) ]
May  8 09:50:02 seanco-server charon: 12[NET] sending packet: from 192.168.1.110[4500] to 166.147.118.120[1282]
May  8 09:50:22 seanco-server charon: 16[IKE] sending keep alive
May  8 09:50:22 seanco-server charon: 16[NET] sending packet: from 192.168.1.110[4500] to 166.147.118.120[1282]
May  8 09:50:32 seanco-server charon: 10[IKE] sending DPD request
May  8 09:50:32 seanco-server charon: 10[ENC] generating INFORMATIONAL request 0 [ N(NATD_S_IP) N(NATD_D_IP) ]

/etc/ipsec.conf

config setup
        strictcrlpolicy = no
        charonstart = yes
        plutostart = no

conn windows-phone-vpn
        auto = route
        compress = no
        dpdaction = clear
        pfs = no
        keyexchange = ikev2
        type = tunnel
        left = %any
        leftfirewall = yes
        leftauth = pubkey
        leftid = steakscorp.org
        leftcert = /etc/apache2/ssl/start-ssl.crt
        leftca = /etc/apache2/ssl/start-ssl-ca.pem
        leftsendcert = always
        leftsubnet = 0.0.0.0/0
        right = %any
        rightauth = eap-mschapv2
        eap_identity = %any
        rightca = /etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/vpnca.pem
        rightsendcert = ifasked
        rightsourceip = 10.8.0.0/24
        #leftprotoport = 17/1701
        #rightprotoport = 17/%any

ifconfig

eth1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr aa:00:04:00:0a:04
          inet addr:192.168.1.110  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::21e:4fff:feaa:1577/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:157187 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:162827 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:121434663 (121.4 MB)  TX bytes:129069773 (129.0 MB)
          Interrupt:21 Memory:fe9e0000-fea00000

ham0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 7a:79:19:da:fb:84
          inet addr:25.218.251.132  Bcast:25.255.255.255  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::7879:19ff:feda:fb84/64 Scope:Link
          inet6 addr: 2620:9b::19da:fb84/96 Scope:Global
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1404  Metric:1
          RX packets:1622 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:3115 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:500
          RX bytes:384780 (384.7 KB)  TX bytes:1249410 (1.2 MB)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:6554 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:6554 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:2036987 (2.0 MB)  TX bytes:2036987 (2.0 MB)

iptables

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.12 on Fri May  9 10:33:46 2014
*mangle
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [604388:58921019]
:INPUT ACCEPT [4937028:2589137657]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [22:1366]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [3919078:5188868578]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [4008714:5195778648]
:AS0_MANGLE_PRE_REL_EST - [0:0]
:AS0_MANGLE_TUN - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j AS0_MANGLE_PRE_REL_EST
-A PREROUTING -i as0t+ -j AS0_MANGLE_TUN
-A AS0_MANGLE_PRE_REL_EST -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_MANGLE_TUN -j MARK --set-xmark 0x2000000/0xffffffff
-A AS0_MANGLE_TUN -j ACCEPT
COMMIT
# Completed on Fri May  9 10:33:46 2014
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.12 on Fri May  9 10:33:46 2014
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [1737:217459]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [16831:20344894]
:AS0_ACCEPT - [0:0]
:AS0_IN - [0:0]
:AS0_IN_POST - [0:0]
:AS0_IN_PRE - [0:0]
:AS0_OUT - [0:0]
:AS0_OUT_LOCAL - [0:0]
:AS0_OUT_S2C - [0:0]
:AS0_U_ADMIN_IN - [0:0]
:AS0_U_USERLOCA_IN - [0:0]
:AS0_WEBACCEPT - [0:0]
:fail2ban-apache - [0:0]
:fail2ban-apache-404 - [0:0]
:fail2ban-apache-noscript - [0:0]
:fail2ban-apache-overflows - [0:0]
:fail2ban-apache-postflood - [0:0]
:fail2ban-ip-blocklist - [0:0]
:fail2ban-repeatoffender - [0:0]
:fail2ban-ssh - [0:0]
:fail2ban-ssh-ddos - [0:0]
-A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport --dports 80,443 -j fail2ban-apache-404
-A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport --dports 80,443 -j fail2ban-apache-noscript
-A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j AS0_ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j AS0_ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m mark --mark 0x2000000/0x2000000 -j AS0_IN_PRE
-A INPUT -p udp -m state --state NEW -m udp --dport 1194 -j AS0_ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j AS0_WEBACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 943 -j AS0_WEBACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -j fail2ban-ip-blocklist
-A INPUT -p tcp -j fail2ban-repeatoffender
-A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport --dports 22 -j fail2ban-ssh-ddos
-A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport --dports 80,443 -j fail2ban-apache-postflood
-A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport --dports 80,443 -j fail2ban-apache-overflows
-A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport --dports 80,443 -j fail2ban-apache
-A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport --dports 22 -j fail2ban-ssh
-A FORWARD -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j AS0_ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -m mark --mark 0x2000000/0x2000000 -j AS0_IN_PRE
-A FORWARD -o as0t+ -j AS0_OUT_S2C
-A OUTPUT -o as0t+ -j AS0_OUT_LOCAL
-A AS0_ACCEPT -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_IN -d 10.0.8.1/32 -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_IN -j AS0_IN_POST
-A AS0_IN_POST -o as0t+ -j AS0_OUT
-A AS0_IN_POST -j DROP
-A AS0_IN_PRE -d 192.168.0.0/16 -j AS0_IN
-A AS0_IN_PRE -d 172.16.0.0/12 -j AS0_IN
-A AS0_IN_PRE -d 10.0.0.0/8 -j AS0_IN
-A AS0_IN_PRE -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_OUT -j DROP
-A AS0_OUT_LOCAL -p icmp -m icmp --icmp-type 5 -j DROP
-A AS0_OUT_LOCAL -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_OUT_S2C -j AS0_OUT
-A AS0_U_ADMIN_IN -d 192.168.1.0/24 -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_U_ADMIN_IN -j AS0_IN_POST
-A AS0_U_USERLOCA_IN -d 192.168.1.0/24 -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_U_USERLOCA_IN -j AS0_IN_POST
-A AS0_WEBACCEPT -j ACCEPT
-A fail2ban-apache -j RETURN
-A fail2ban-apache-404 -j RETURN
-A fail2ban-apache-noscript -j RETURN
-A fail2ban-apache-overflows -j RETURN
-A fail2ban-apache-postflood -j RETURN
-A fail2ban-ip-blocklist -j RETURN
-A fail2ban-repeatoffender -j RETURN
-A fail2ban-ssh -j RETURN
-A fail2ban-ssh-ddos -j RETURN
COMMIT
# Completed on Fri May  9 10:33:46 2014
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.12 on Fri May  9 10:33:46 2014
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [906:84714]
:INPUT ACCEPT [860:81590]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [233:50740]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [233:50740]
:AS0_NAT - [0:0]
:AS0_NAT_POST_REL_EST - [0:0]
:AS0_NAT_PRE - [0:0]
:AS0_NAT_PRE_REL_EST - [0:0]
:AS0_NAT_TEST - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j AS0_NAT_PRE_REL_EST
-A POSTROUTING -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j AS0_NAT_POST_REL_EST
-A POSTROUTING -m mark --mark 0x2000000/0x2000000 -j AS0_NAT_PRE
-A POSTROUTING -d 192.168.2.0/24 -o ppp0 -j MASQUERADE
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 -o eth1 -m policy --dir out --pol ipsec -j ACCEPT
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 -o eth1 -j MASQUERADE
-A AS0_NAT -o eth1 -j SNAT --to-source 192.168.1.110
-A AS0_NAT -o ham0 -j SNAT --to-source 25.218.251.132
-A AS0_NAT -o tun0 -j SNAT --to-source 10.8.0.1
-A AS0_NAT -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_NAT_POST_REL_EST -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_NAT_PRE -d 192.168.0.0/16 -j AS0_NAT_TEST
-A AS0_NAT_PRE -d 172.16.0.0/12 -j AS0_NAT_TEST
-A AS0_NAT_PRE -d 10.0.0.0/8 -j AS0_NAT_TEST
-A AS0_NAT_PRE -j AS0_NAT
-A AS0_NAT_PRE_REL_EST -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_NAT_TEST -o as0t+ -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_NAT_TEST -d 10.0.8.0/24 -j ACCEPT
-A AS0_NAT_TEST -j AS0_NAT
COMMIT
# Completed on Fri May  9 10:33:46 2014

ip xfrm policy

src 10.8.0.1/32 dst 0.0.0.0/0 proto udp dport 1701
        dir fwd priority 1920
        tmpl src 166.147.118.120 dst 192.168.1.110
                proto esp reqid 3 mode tunnel
src 10.8.0.1/32 dst 0.0.0.0/0 proto udp dport 1701
        dir in priority 1920
        tmpl src 166.147.118.120 dst 192.168.1.110
                proto esp reqid 3 mode tunnel
src 0.0.0.0/0 dst 10.8.0.1/32 proto udp sport 1701
        dir out priority 1920
        tmpl src 192.168.1.110 dst 166.147.118.120
                proto esp reqid 3 mode tunnel

A few things look a little strange to me (shouldn't a ipsec0 be brought up or something when the connection establishes?), but I'm stumped at this point and would really appreciate some help.

Edit: Commented out protoport lines and took down tun0 interface.

share|improve this question
    
You should definitely get rid of the left|rightprotoport options. With those values they are used when using IKEv1/L2TP/IPsec, which you are not, you are using IKEv2 with plain IPsec. Why is there a TUN device that has the client's IP address assigned? Reading Forwarding and Split-Tunneling on the strongSwan wiki might help too. –  ecdsa May 9 at 7:19
    
Fixed the configs (tun0 is no longer up and the protoport options have been commented out). I'll take a look at the wiki article again - and I did try setting up NAT to my left-facing interface with: iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 -o eth1 -m policy --dir out --pol ipsec -j ACCEPT iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 -o eth1 -j MASQUERADE ...but so far, nothing has changed. –  Jinhai May 9 at 14:24
    
I did notice a "-A POSTROUTING -d 192.168.2.0/24 -o ppp0 -j MASQUERADE" in my iptables from my L2TP/PPP VPN, though, and that works. Maybe I need to add an equivalent for my IKEv2 and 10.8.0.0/24 network, but which interface would I use? (Sorry, kind of dumb when it comes to iptables) –  Jinhai May 9 at 14:29

2 Answers 2

up vote 0 down vote accepted

You need:

$ iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 ! -p esp -j SNAT --to-source "your VPN host IP"

share|improve this answer
    
That fixed it, thanks a lot! –  Jinhai Jul 19 at 14:56

Have you enabled ipv4 forwarding?

$sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

Have you added a MASQUERADE POSTROUTING rule?

$sudo iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
share|improve this answer
    
Yes and yes (although my adapter is eth1 instead). –  Jinhai Jun 27 at 15:47
    
Can you post the routing table from the client? –  MemCtrl Jun 30 at 16:32
    
I can't, but I'm pretty sure this is the problem - my server doesn't show any traffic on the private 10.8.0.0/24 network from the phone when it is connected and trying to get to the internet. Is there something I can add server-side to add a route to the outside on the client? –  Jinhai Jul 5 at 0:13

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