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I did not install or configure SharePoint on this box but it is in a domain. After creating a web application and site collection, I can not add domain users to the site collection. The OS is AD aware, and I tested this by creating a local group and adding a domain user into that group.

How can I ensure that SharePoint is aware of the domain?

Windows Server 2008/MOSS 2007

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In Central Administration, you need to go into the Application Management. Once there, look for Authentication Providers, under Application Security. You should have a Default zone, open that and you will be able to pick your authentication type.

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Currently the site is set to: Authentication Type: Windows; Intergrated Windows Authentication: checked; NTLM: Checked; Enable Client Intergration: Yes; With those settings, all should be well. Unfortunately its not. – adaptive Oct 8 '09 at 19:12
Have you added users to the site itself? When you are in the web app, go to site settings, then look under advanced permissions. Try adding a test user there. – DanBig Oct 8 '09 at 19:27
That is what I mean when I say "I can not add users to the site collection" – adaptive Oct 8 '09 at 19:51
This answer is incorret because without an authentication provider set up deverop wouldn't be able to access the site collection in the first place. – axk Oct 8 '09 at 20:16
up vote 2 down vote accepted

I think I figured out the solution to my own problem. The SharePoint site collection was running in an application pool with local credentials instead of domain credentials.

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