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I'm following this tutorial to set up a LAMP stack on EC2 with persistent storage on EBS. It all works well when doing it step by step.

But in case you want to mount your EBS under /mnt instead of under the root directory the

ln -s

commands won't work!

I tried:

ln -s /mnt/ebs1/httpd /etc

and:

ln -s /mnt/ebs1/httpd /etc/httpd

Is there a difference when linking to a file on a device that is mounted under /mnt?

(working on fedora core 8)

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1  
How do you know it doesn't work? Is there an error message? –  David Z Oct 31 '09 at 21:37
    
David, thanks for your query, no there is no error in the command line after submitting the links. but when i start back the httpd service i get an error saying that the .conf file is unreadable and the service fail to start. –  Yaniv Oct 31 '09 at 21:50
    
What do you see when you do ls -l /mnt/ebs1/httpd /etc? –  Dennis Williamson Oct 31 '09 at 22:01
    
Yaniv, what is the result of ls -ld /etc/httpd ? This may seem obvious, but the obvious has to be covered.... –  casualcoder Nov 1 '09 at 0:51
    
Please don't try to symlink your entire /etc to a httpd config directory. It will kill your system. ln -s /mnt/ebs1/httpd /etc/httpd should work, unless there already is a /etc/httpd present. –  pauska Dec 2 '09 at 13:22

2 Answers 2

ln -s /path/to/source /path/to/dest

should work on any normal filesystem.

What do you see with ls -lh /mnt/ebs1/httpd? Is the symlink created? If it is, check if apache is allowed to open the directory and read the config files. To do so, enter ls -l /mnt/ebs1/ and look for "x" and "r" bits in the permissions (beginning of line).

Update after comment:

The permissions are okay AFAIK. You should focus on apache then. Are there any errors in the logs? What does debug say?

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Thanks PEra, output for ls -lh /mnt/ebs/httpd: # ls -lh /mnt/ebs1/httpd total 8.0K drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4.0K 2009-10-31 19:27 conf drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4.0K 2009-10-31 19:27 conf.d lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 19 2009-10-31 19:32 logs -> ../../var/log/httpd lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 27 2009-10-31 19:32 modules -> ../../usr/lib/httpd/modules lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 13 2009-10-31 19:32 run -> ../../var/run and for ls -l /mnt/ebs1/ i get: # ls -l /mnt/ebs1/ total 20 drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 2009-10-31 19:27 httpd drwx------ 2 root root 16384 2009-10-31 19:25 lost+found any suggestions? –  Yaniv Oct 31 '09 at 23:41
    
sorry for that mess :) –  Yaniv Oct 31 '09 at 23:42
    
well... i can't access the logs i see the file when i dir httpd but i cant see it's content with vi (says ne file).. –  Yaniv Oct 31 '09 at 23:58

/mnt is usually for external drives like cdroms and usb sticks. USB sticks, phones, ipods etc. usually have crappy filesystems that don't support features like links.

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i formated the device to ext3 using; mkfas ext3 /dev/sdh and mounted it with: mount -t ext3 /dev/sdh /mnt/ebs1 is that change anything? –  Yaniv Nov 1 '09 at 0:32
2  
The /media directory is used for removable media such as iPods, USB sticks, etc. The /mnt directory is for system administrator use. See the FHS specifications (part of the LSB spec): pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#MEDIAMOUNTPOINT Furthermore, while most removable devices do use FAT, which is not suitable for links, the end result of the OP's link is in /etc, for which links must work on most Unix systems. –  casualcoder Nov 1 '09 at 0:42
    
/mnt used to be a dir for mountpoints a couple of years ago... I guess that old habits die slowly. –  Johan Nov 1 '09 at 8:03
    
Oh, right, never mind then :D –  Lee B Nov 1 '09 at 12:28

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