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I've been googling this topic, but there no good suggestions on how to transfer files from old Linux new server.

My goals are:

  1. Transfer all files, including hidden files

  2. Preserve permissions

  3. Preserve ownerships

  4. Preserve symlinks

  5. Ability to start transfer several times, without recopying already transfered files

Thank You

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up vote 7 down vote accepted

You can use rsync or tar. With rsync, you want archive mode to preserve everything. You also will want to exclude the sys and proc filesystems.

rsync -av --progress / root@otherserver:/ --exclude='/proc' --exclude='/sys'

Use the dry run option (-n) first to make sure those excludes are right.

You want just the home partition, so:

sudo rsync -av /home/ root@remoteServer:/home/
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Also would want to exclude /dev , maybe /tmp /var/run ..what else? – Kyle Brandt Nov 3 '09 at 13:37
this seams perfect, I only need to sync /home – Daniil Harik Nov 3 '09 at 13:46
Oh, somehow I thought I read you wanted the whole root parition:-) – Kyle Brandt Nov 3 '09 at 13:49
Thank You very much! – Daniil Harik Nov 3 '09 at 13:54

You want to use rsync. It'll do everything you want, and then some.

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Just for the sake of variety, how about dd?

This doesn't fit your requirements but someone might find it useful...

For copying from the /dev/sda3 partition on the local machine to new_partition on destination_host

dd if=/dev/sda3 of=- bs=1024k | ssh user@destination_host dd if=- of=/dev/new_partition bs=1024k

Or, flipped-up-turned-upside-down (from remote to local):

ssh user@destination_host 'dd if=/dev/sda3 of- bs=1024k' | dd if=- of=/dev/new_partition bs=1024k

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