Greatest Hits

67
votes
10answers
91k views

How to tell if a Linux system is big endian or little endian?

I know that certain processors are Big Endian and others are Little Endian. But is there a command, bash script, python script or series of commands that can be used at the command line to determine ...
158
31
votes
10answers
124k views

Group Policy installation failed error 1274

I'm trying to deploy an MSI via the Group Policy in Active Directory. But these are the errors I'm getting in the System event log after logging in: The assignment of application XStandard from ...
23
votes
6answers
107k views

How to allow active directory users to remote desktop in?

This is my first time setting up or even using active directory. I set it up, and added the computers(Actually VMs in Hyper V) to the active directory, and if if I use hyper-V to connect to the VMs, ...
24
votes
3answers
166k views

How to properly set permissions for NFS folder? Permission denied on mounting end.

I'm trying to connect to an NFS folder on my dev server. The owner of the folder on the dev server is darren and group darren. When I export and mount it to my Mac using the Disk Utility it mounts, ...
44
votes
2answers
124k views

What are windows 7 N/KN/VL editions?

We're subscribed to MSDN at work and I've noticed that among the various windows "editions" there are downloads such as "Windows 7 Ultimate N" and "Windows 7 Ultimate N and KN". What are these ...
7
votes
4answers
82k views

SSH: Permission denied (publickey,gssapi-with-mic,password)

==================================================================== UPDATE: It turned out the configuration of sshd on host2 wont allow password login. Thanks to people answered this. =============...
18
votes
7answers
93k views

Nginx 1 FastCGI sent in stderr: “Primary script unknown”

My first time using Nginx, but I am more than familiar with Apache and Linux. I am using an existing project and when ever I am trying to see the index.php I get a 404 File not found. Here is the ...
7
votes
7answers
79k views

Error code 80244019 while installing Windows Update

I'm posting this to hopefully helpout anyone else who might encounter this. I have a Win2008r2 domain, and my clients decided to stop talking to the WSUS server. All indications were that they were ...
8
votes
5answers
102k views

How to work out how many IP's you've got available on a /29 network mask

This might sound like a stupid question but I would really like to know how I would work out how many IP's I've got available on this network range: 196.44.198.32/29 Can someone explain it to me, ...
59
votes
4answers
115k views

robocopy transfer file and not folder

I'm trying to use robocopy to tranfer a single file from one location to another but robocopy seems to think I'm always specifying a folder. Here is an example: robocopy "c:\transfer_this.txt" "z:\...
16
votes
2answers
23k views

How can I upgrade to Java 1.8 on an Amazon Linux Server?

I tried sudo yum update but it just keeps java "1.7.0_75". I need 1.8 for it to work with another application but can't figure out how to upgrade it. Do I need to manually install it somehow? There's ...
80
votes
6answers
157k views

Boot and Install Windows from a USB thumb drive

Installing Windows from a thumb drive is vastly superior to burning a copy to a DVD which will fill some landfill somewhere with toxic stuff. Not to mention it's about 50x faster to install Windows ...
52
votes
4answers
120k views

Adding a directory to $PATH in CentOS?

We just got our new server(s) up and we're running CentOS on them all. After successfully installing Ruby Enterprise Edition, I would now like to add the REE /bin (located at /usr/lib/ruby-enterprise/...
45
votes
9answers
128k views

nmap find all alive hostnames and IPs in LAN

How can I issue a nmap command that shows me all the alive machines' IP addresses and corresponding hostname s in the LAN that I am connected? (if this can be done in another way/tool you surely are ...
121
23
votes
5answers
110k views

How do you wait for an exe to complete in batch file?

I'm trying to create a script to execute an exe on shutdown in order to install sp1. my script goes something like (not actual bat script). If installed GOTO END Install.exe END: My problem is ...
65
votes
10answers
86k views

How can I export the privileges from MySQL and then import to a new server?

I know how to export/import the databases using mysqldump & that's fine but how do I get the privileges into the new server. For extra points, there are a couple of existing databases on the new ...
7
votes
5answers
108k views

Cannot enable network discovery on Windows Server 2008 R2

I'm trying to enable the Network Discovery feature on a newly installed Windows Server 2008 R2 instance. The network connection is in the Home or Work profile (it is not domain joined). These are the ...
3
votes
7answers
129k views

User Profile keeps loading TEMP Profile

I am having a difficult time with an issue that our support staff won't support (as they will not support Vista). I am able to log into our domain without any issue, however, when I go home and log ...
131
44
votes
9answers
66k views

Disk full, du tells different. How to further investigate?

I have a SCSI disk in a server (hardware Raid 1), 32G, ext3 filesytem. df tells me that the disk is 100% full. If I delete 1G this is correctly shown. However, if I run a du -h -x / then du tells me ...
4
votes
8answers
84k views

SCP copy windows local file to linux remote folder

How to get a file from my path d:/test.txt and copy it to /etc/var/test/test.txt I've tried this: scp d:/test.txt /etc/var/test/test.txt but that didn't worked, how to set the hard disk from where ...
124
votes
9answers
71k views

Keeping a linux process running after I logout

I'm connecting to a Linux machine through SSH, and I'm trying to run a heavy bash script that makes filesystem operations. It's expected to keep running for hours, but I cannot leave the SSH session ...
44
votes
14answers
85k views

How to create an SHA-512 hashed password for shadow?

The previous SF questions I've seen have lead to answers that produce MD5 hashed password. Does anyone have a suggestion on to produce an SHA-512 hashed password? I'd prefer a one liner instead of a ...
192
votes
5answers
75k views

What is the difference between double and single square brackets in bash?

I just wondered what exactly the difference between [[ $STRING != foo ]] and [ $STRING != foo ] is, apart from that the latter is posix-compliant, found in sh and the former is an extension ...
48
votes
3answers
41k views

How to fix 'logjam' vulnerability in Apache (httpd)

Recently, a new vulnerability in Diffie-Hellman, informally referred to as 'logjam' has been published, for which this page has been put together suggesting how to counter the vulnerability: We ...
4
votes
1answer
60k views

Windows Server 2008 R2 - Remove Product Key to Force Reactivation after Deployment

I have a VM configured with internal software that needs to be sent to an outside party for evaluation. As it stands, the user who configured it also activated the software with a company issued MSDN ...
23
votes
2answers
60k views

How can I verify if TLS 1.2 is supported on a remote web server from the RHEL/CentOS shell?

I'm on CentOS 5.9. I'd like to determine from the linux shell if a remote web server specifically supports TLS 1.2 (as opposed to TLS 1.0). Is there an easy way to check for that? I'm not seeing a ...
8
votes
3answers
81k views

List All Groups and Their Members with PowerShell on Win2008r2

I am new to powershell, but I've been reading manuals and practiced a little bit. My objective is to List all users in all Security Groups under specified path. I have found the way to do it: get-...
23
votes
4answers
142k views

How do I force sync the time on Windows Server 2008 R2 Domain Controller?

What is the command to sync a Windows server domain controller to its configured time source?
11
votes
2answers
142k views

TCP/IP ports necessary for CIFS/SMB operation

If I want to allow Windows networked drives between two firewalled computers, do I need to open ports 137-139, or is port 445 sufficient? I have to submit a form and get approval to open firewall ...
12
votes
4answers
174k views

What's the default username and password for an Ubuntu Live CD?

What's the username and password for an Ubuntu Live CD image? I ask cause I've recently copied the contents of an Ubuntu based live ISO (easypeasy, the ldistro for nwtbooks) onto a harddisk, but the ...
38
votes
4answers
131k views

connect() failed (111: Connection refused) while connecting to upstream

I'm experiencing 502 gateway errors when accessing a PHP file in a directory (http://domain.com/dev/index.php), the logs simply says this: 2011/09/30 23:47:54 [error] 31160#0: *35 connect() failed (...
30
votes
7answers
103k views

Prevent Windows Server 2012 from forcing a reboot after updates

I have a domain controller with Windows Server 2012 on it. After updates, the server does not reboot immediately. However if I remote into the server I will be presented with a countdown for a reboot. ...
5
votes
3answers
142k views

How to completely remove MS SQL Server 2008 R2 x64 which was uninstalled incorrectly?

On my Windows 7 Ultimate x64 I can't do anything with the existing instance of MS SQL Server 2008 R2. It was my mistake to uninstall some components related to SQL Server before running the main ...
53
votes
6answers
68k views

What is the difference between a managed and unmanaged switch?

I've seen some documentation discussing the use of an unmanaged switch. What is the difference in functionality/performance/etc. between an unmanaged and managed switch?
2
votes
4answers
39k views

Reset admin password of OpenVAS

When I installed OpenVAS, I was prompted for a password, however the prompt errored out. I have installed OpenVAS and it is working properly, however I cant get in as admin (I created a new user and ...
422
votes
13answers
84k views

How do I deal with a compromised server?

This is a Canonical Question about Server Security - Responding to Breach Events (Hacking) See Also: Tips for Securing a LAMP Server Reinstall after a Root Compromise? Canonical ...
18
votes
10answers
145k views

How to create a service running a .bat file on Windows 2008 Server?

I've created the service using sc create myService binpath=myservice.bat But when I start it, it fails with the following error message: [SC] StartService FAILED 1053: The service did not ...
5
votes
5answers
122k views

Windows Security (In windows 7) keeps asking for my credentials, and won't “Remember my credentials”

I'm not the network admin, but my network admin is having trouble solving this as well. My issue is exactly as the title says... Windows Security (In windows 7) keeps asking for my credentials, and ...
30
votes
4answers
96k views

How to configure vsftpd to work with passive mode

Whenever I install vsftpd on centos, I only setup the jail environment for the users and rest is default configuration of vsftpd. I create user and try to connect with filezila ftp client but I could ...
27
votes
4answers
92k views

Get directory containing the currently executed batch script

I use %0 in batch file to get the containing directory of the batch file but the result is :- c:\folder1\folder2\batch.bat I want just directory, without batch file name, like this :- c:\folder1\...
3
votes
7answers
92k views

How to fix Windows 2008 R2 BOOTMGR is missing

BOOTMGR IS MISSING PRESS CTRL+ALT+DEL TO RESTART Note: This is a VM on VMWare ESX server, but that should not matter I put in the 2008 R2 x64 install dvd and can get to recovery, but it lists no ...
29
votes
6answers
151k views

Finding why a user is locked out in Active Directory

A user's account keeps getting locked out in Active Directory. It's probably caused by an app that's using Windows authentication to connect to SQL Server. Is there a way to find out which app is ...
17
votes
3answers
113k views

How to write ISO image to usb memory stick from linux command-line?

I'm having trouble figuring out how I would write an ISO disk image to a USB flash memory device from the command line in Ubuntu. I have the Startup Disk Creator utility, but I need to be able to ...
36
votes
4answers
84k views

System process (PID 4) constantly accessing the hard disk

Recently I noticed some of our machines are getting sluggish, mainly after boot-up. Using the Resource Monitor I detected excessive disk access from the system process with PID 4. Following some tips, ...
45
votes
4answers
151k views

Redirect URL within Apache VirtualHost?

I have a dedicated server with Apache, on which I've set up some VirtualHosts. I've set up one to handle the www domain as well as the non-www domain. My VH .conf file for the www: <VirtualHost *&...
27
votes
5answers
72k views

How do you free up a port being held open by dead process?

A colleague of mine recently ran into a problem where a process that had supposedly died was still bound to a network port, preventing other processes from binding to that port. Specifically, netstat ...
63
votes
13answers
91k views

What's the best way to check if a volume is mounted in a Bash script?

What's the best way to check if a volume is mounted in a Bash script? What I'd really like is a method that I can use like this: if <something is mounted at /mnt/foo> then <Do some ...
6
votes
2answers
63k views

How to completely wipe WSUS and start again

Anyone know of a way to completely wipe WSUS of updates and start again? It seems as if I have loads of language packs and assorted rubbish in the list which we do not need. Having now removed all ...
117
17
votes
2answers
128k views

I cannot connect to my local SQL Server 2008?

I've just installed SQL Server 2008 and I cannot connect to it with SQL Server Management Studio. My intention is to just let my local windows user be authenticated but I am not totally sure how to do ...
139
votes
16answers
120k views

Why is DNS failover not recommended?

From reading, it seems like DNS failover is not recommended just because DNS wasn't designed for it. But if you have two webservers on different subnets hosting redundant content, what other methods ...