Greatest Hits

40
votes
14answers
76k views

How to create an SHA-512 hashed password for shadow?

The previous SF questions I've seen have lead to answers that produce MD5 hashed password. Does anyone have a suggestion on to produce an SHA-512 hashed password? I'd prefer a one liner instead of a ...
7
votes
5answers
90k views

How to work out how many IP's you've got available on a /29 network mask

This might sound like a stupid question but I would really like to know how I would work out how many IP's I've got available on this network range: 196.44.198.32/29 Can someone explain it to me, ...
26
votes
12answers
80k views

How do I know if I'm working on a Virtual Machine or not?

Is there a way to know if the Windows machine I'm working on is virtual or physical? (I'm connecting with RDP to the machine. If it's a virtual machine it is working and handled by VMWare).
6
votes
7answers
69k views

Error code 80244019 while installing Windows Update

I'm posting this to hopefully helpout anyone else who might encounter this. I have a Win2008r2 domain, and my clients decided to stop talking to the WSUS server. All indications were that they were ...
55
votes
9answers
81k views

How to tell if a Linux system is big endian or little endian?

I know that certain processors are Big Endian and others are Little Endian. But is there a command, bash script, python script or series of commands that can be used at the command line to determine ...
133
4
votes
3answers
31k views

Remove MBR from USB flash drive using Windows

I have a USB key that was previously set up as a bootable key (clonezilla) Because of this there is an MBR on the key that will try (and fail) to boot off the key if it is left in a system. ...
404
votes
13answers
78k views

How do I deal with a compromised server?

This is a Canonical Question about Server Security - Responding to Breach Events (Hacking) See Also: Tips for Securing a LAMP Server Reinstall after a Root Compromise? Canonical ...
26
votes
5answers
51k views

Apache2 config variable is not defined

I installed apache2 on ubuntu 13.10. If I try to restart it using sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart I get this message: AH00558: apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully ...
18
votes
10answers
104k views

SSL Error - unable to read server certificate from file

I've been setting up SSL for my domain today, and have struck another issue - I was hoping someone could shed some light on.. I keep receiving the following error messages: [error] Init: Unable to ...
26
votes
4answers
88k views

Get directory containing the currently executed batch script

I use %0 in batch file to get the containing directory of the batch file but the result is :- c:\folder1\folder2\batch.bat I want just directory, without batch file name, like this :- ...
38
votes
7answers
46k views

Poodle: Is disabling SSL V3 on server really a solution?

I've been reading all day about the Poodle vulnerability and it I am bit confused now vs Security and Revenue. If I disable SSL V3 on Server (SSL V2 and V3 both will be disabled for Apache) clients ...
119
votes
9answers
64k views

Keeping a linux process running after I logout

I'm connecting to a Linux machine through SSH, and I'm trying to run a heavy bash script that makes filesystem operations. It's expected to keep running for hours, but I cannot leave the SSH session ...
4
votes
1answer
54k views

Windows Server 2008 R2 - Remove Product Key to Force Reactivation after Deployment

I have a VM configured with internal software that needs to be sent to an outside party for evaluation. As it stands, the user who configured it also activated the software with a company issued MSDN ...
38
votes
4answers
91k views

VirtualBox: How to set up networking so both host and guest can access internet and talk to each other

I was wondering if someone could give me a simple guide on how to set up virtual networking in VirtualBox (4.0.2) so that the following scenarios work: Both Host and Guest can access Internet Host ...
17
votes
3answers
44k views

Debian 5.0 (lenny) apt sources fail?

For the past few days, I couldn't update our apt-sources on Debian 5.0 (lenny). I get the following errors. W: Failed to fetch http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/lenny/main/binary-amd64/Packages 404 ...
47
votes
3answers
99k views

robocopy transfer file and not folder

I'm trying to use robocopy to tranfer a single file from one location to another but robocopy seems to think I'm always specifying a folder. Here is an example: robocopy "c:\transfer_this.txt" ...
17
votes
3answers
105k views

How to write ISO image to usb memory stick from linux command-line?

I'm having trouble figuring out how I would write an ISO disk image to a USB flash memory device from the command line in Ubuntu. I have the Startup Disk Creator utility, but I need to be able to ...
30
votes
10answers
111k views

Windows server last reboot time

How can I find a Windows server's last reboot time, apart from 'net statistics server/workstation'?
105
17
votes
9answers
122k views

Disable TeamViewer from “stealing” Port 80?

How can you disable TeamViewer from using/reserving port 80? I am certain in the previous version <v4.1.6 there used to be a radio button option in "options" which disabled it from needing it, but ...
5
votes
5answers
111k views

Windows Security (In windows 7) keeps asking for my credentials, and won't “Remember my credentials”

I'm not the network admin, but my network admin is having trouble solving this as well. My issue is exactly as the title says... Windows Security (In windows 7) keeps asking for my credentials, and ...
134
votes
15answers
114k views

Why is DNS failover not recommended?

From reading, it seems like DNS failover is not recommended just because DNS wasn't designed for it. But if you have two webservers on different subnets hosting redundant content, what other methods ...
19
votes
5answers
94k views

How do you wait for an exe to complete in batch file?

I'm trying to create a script to execute an exe on shutdown in order to install sp1. my script goes something like (not actual bat script). If installed GOTO END Install.exe END: My problem is ...
19
votes
6answers
87k views

How to allow active directory users to remote desktop in?

This is my first time setting up or even using active directory. I set it up, and added the computers(Actually VMs in Hyper V) to the active directory, and if if I use hyper-V to connect to the VMs, ...
17
votes
2answers
121k views

I cannot connect to my local SQL Server 2008?

I've just installed SQL Server 2008 and I cannot connect to it with SQL Server Management Studio. My intention is to just let my local windows user be authenticated but I am not totally sure how to do ...
18
votes
10answers
132k views

How to create a service running a .bat file on Windows 2008 Server?

I've created the service using sc create myService binpath=myservice.bat But when I start it, it fails with the following error message: [SC] StartService FAILED 1053: The service did not ...
172
votes
5answers
65k views

What is the difference between double and single square brackets in bash?

I just wondered what exactly the difference between [[ $STRING != foo ]] and [ $STRING != foo ] is, apart from that the latter is posix-compliant, found in sh and the former is an extension ...
10
votes
4answers
159k views

What's the default username and password for an Ubuntu Live CD?

What's the username and password for an Ubuntu Live CD image? I ask cause I've recently copied the contents of an Ubuntu based live ISO (easypeasy, the ldistro for nwtbooks) onto a harddisk, but the ...
5
votes
3answers
128k views

How to completely remove MS SQL Server 2008 R2 x64 which was uninstalled incorrectly?

On my Windows 7 Ultimate x64 I can't do anything with the existing instance of MS SQL Server 2008 R2. It was my mistake to uninstall some components related to SQL Server before running the main ...
39
votes
9answers
108k views

nmap find all alive hostnames and IPs in LAN

How can I issue a nmap command that shows me all the alive machines' IP addresses and corresponding hostname s in the LAN that I am connected? (if this can be done in another way/tool you surely are ...
99
42
votes
4answers
136k views

Redirect URL within Apache VirtualHost?

I have a dedicated server with Apache, on which I've set up some VirtualHosts. I've set up one to handle the www domain as well as the non-www domain. My VH .conf file for the www: <VirtualHost ...
39
votes
9answers
51k views

Disk full, du tells different. How to further investigate?

I have a SCSI disk in a server (hardware Raid 1), 32G, ext3 filesytem. df tells me that the disk is 100% full. If I delete 1G this is correctly shown. However, if I run a du -h -x / then du tells me ...
3
votes
7answers
83k views

How to fix Windows 2008 R2 BOOTMGR is missing

BOOTMGR IS MISSING PRESS CTRL+ALT+DEL TO RESTART Note: This is a VM on VMWare ESX server, but that should not matter I put in the 2008 R2 x64 install dvd and can get to recovery, but it lists no ...
16
votes
9answers
120k views

Unable to connect to mysql through JDBC connector through Tomcat or externally

I've installed a stock mysql 5.5 installation, and while I can connect to the mysql service via the mysql command, and the service seems to be running, I cannot connect to it through spring+tomcat or ...
27
votes
6answers
131k views

Finding why a user is locked out in Active Directory

A user's account keeps getting locked out in Active Directory. It's probably caused by an app that's using Windows authentication to connect to SQL Server. Is there a way to find out which app is ...
2
votes
4answers
32k views

Reset admin password of OpenVAS

When I installed OpenVAS, I was prompted for a password, however the prompt errored out. I have installed OpenVAS and it is working properly, however I cant get in as admin (I created a new user and ...
16
votes
7answers
71k views

Nginx 1 FastCGI sent in stderr: “Primary script unknown”

My first time using Nginx, but I am more than familiar with Apache and Linux. I am using an existing project and when ever I am trying to see the index.php I get a 404 File not found. Here is the ...
3
votes
6answers
63k views

SCP copy windows local file to linux remote folder

How to get a file from my path d:/test.txt and copy it to /etc/var/test/test.txt I've tried this: scp d:/test.txt /etc/var/test/test.txt but that didn't worked, how to set the hard disk from where ...
25
votes
5answers
62k views

How do you free up a port being held open by dead process?

A colleague of mine recently ran into a problem where a process that had supposedly died was still bound to a network port, preventing other processes from binding to that port. Specifically, netstat ...
5
votes
5answers
51k views

What is the difference between BGP and OSPF?

I want to setup a dynamic routing network, I want to know, What is the difference between BGP and OSPF ? Does both two need to be used together commonly ?
7
votes
2answers
64k views

List All Groups and Their Members with PowerShell on Win2008r2

I am new to powershell, but I've been reading manuals and practiced a little bit. My objective is to List all users in all Security Groups under specified path. I have found the way to do it: ...
62
votes
23answers
94k views

How to copy a large number of files quickly between two servers

I need to transfer a huge amount of mp3s between two serves (Ubuntu). By huge I mean about a million files which are on average 300K. I tried with scp but it would have taken about a week. (about 500 ...
9
votes
1answer
115k views

TCP/IP ports necessary for CIFS/SMB operation

If I want to allow Windows networked drives between two firewalled computers, do I need to open ports 137-139, or is port 445 sufficient? I have to submit a form and get approval to open firewall ...
26
votes
10answers
101k views

How to take ownership of files from the command line?

Every so often I run into a file that I need to take ownership of. I normally use cacls for changing ntfs permissions, but it doesn't seem to do ownership. Under *nix I would run something like ...
61
votes
11answers
147k views

How do I find if there is a rogue DHCP server on my Network?

What's the best approach towards determining if I have a rogue DHCP server inside my network? I'm wondering how most admins approach these kinds of problems. I found DHCP Probe through searching, ...
33
votes
4answers
74k views

System process (PID 4) constantly accessing the hard disk

Recently I noticed some of our machines are getting sluggish, mainly after boot-up. Using the Resource Monitor I detected excessive disk access from the system process with PID 4. Following some tips, ...
33
votes
4answers
114k views

Where to set java heap options (e.g. -Xmx) for Tomcat 6 under Ubuntu 9.04?

I'm running Tomcat using the tomcat6 package from Ubuntu 9.04, which makes a daemon out of Tomcat using jsvc. I'd like to know the proper way to set Java heap options like -Xmx for Tomcat. I'd like to ...
87
votes
8answers
101k views

Dump Microsoft SQL Server database to an SQL script

Is there any way to export a Microsoft SQL Server database to an sql script? I'm looking for something which behaves similarly to mysqldump, taking a database name, and producing a single script ...
33
votes
3answers
120k views

Mount Remote CIFS/SMB Share as a Folder not a Drive Letter

Is there any way to mount a remote CIFS/SMB/SAMBA share as a folder/directory and not as a drive letter. For example, I want this map: \\Server\ShareName -> C:\Folder\ShareName Instead of the usual ...
44
votes
6answers
91k views

Top - what does Virtual memory size mean? …linux/ubuntu

I am running top to monitor my server performance and 2 of my java processes show virtual memory of up to 800MB-1GB. Is that a bad thing? What does virtual memory mean? And oh btw, I have swap of ...
90
votes
8answers
132k views

How do I create a symbolic link in Windows?

Windows Vista added the ability to create symbolic links to files and directories. How do I create a symbolic link and what are the current consumer and server versions of Windows that support it?