The process of managing a collection of resources.

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76
votes
16answers
8k views

How do I protect my company from my IT guy? [closed]

I'm going to hire an IT guy to help manage my office's computers and network. We're a small shop, so he'll be the only one doing IT. Of course, I'll interview carefully, check references, and run a ...
61
votes
6answers
3k views

Choosing between meaningful and meaningless hostnames

Assume an environment with a puppet-managed cluster of different servers - various hardware, software, operating systems, virtual/dedicated, etc. Would you choose meaningful hostnames ...
40
votes
5answers
2k views

Confidential Documentation and the role of the Sysadmin

I've got another interesting one. I'm about to backup and reinstall the HR Administrator's PC. I suspect that the fastest way to do this is to use the Windows 7 Transfer tool, and create a backup ...
32
votes
8answers
43k views

How to change sshd port on Mac OS X?

I want to change sshd's port on Mac OS X from default 22 to 32, but editing /etc/sshd_config seems does not work. How can I change it?
28
votes
4answers
59k views

Postfix - how to retry delivery of mail in queue?

I have a backup mail server in case of a failure on the main one. In that case of failure, mails come on the backup server and stay there until the main one is back. If I wait some times, the ...
28
votes
9answers
18k views

Best way to fully update a new installed Windows?

I am wondering, what is the best way to automatically update a new installation of Windows (Windows 7)? When I manually update a new install of Windows 7 SP1, I get about 45 updates. Installing ...
23
votes
5answers
1k views

What are the actual benefits of assigning sudo privileges to a user instead of using root?

I am fairly new to server administration, and I have seen a lot of sites recommending to assign sudo privileges to a user created by the root user and giving the root user an insanely long password ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the basics of running a Web Server?

This is a proposed Canonical Question about Beginning Web Server Administration. Assuming that you are a beginning SysAd, are new to WebOps, or a small team with little or no experienced Web ...
19
votes
11answers
1k views

Proactive sysadmin tasks [closed]

What things can be done around the network in the unusual time when a sysadmin is not busy.
19
votes
8answers
990 views

How do I become a scripting guy?

I am a fairly new Windows Systems Administrator. I have done some basic batch files and some other scripting. I would like to know what path I should take to become a better scripter. What language ...
16
votes
5answers
75k views

How to install Active Directory Users and Computers for Windows 2008

I want to install the administration tools on a Windows Server 2008 (R1) machine. On Windows 2003 you installed adminpak.msi, but I can't find such a file for 2008. Is this a "feature" in Server ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

Updating production Ubuntu boxes the dos and don'ts

Every so often I login to production web/db/tools boxes and see the typical message: 30 packages can be updated. 16 updates are security updates. My question is, how do all of you handle updates on ...
12
votes
20answers
8k views

How do you remotely administer your Linux boxes? [closed]

NOTE: I asked this question this morning with respect to EC2 boxes, but only got back links to tools to start and stop instances, so I'll rephrase... I have a few Linux boxes that do nightly ...
9
votes
7answers
4k views

Would IT ever need a user's domain password?

Is there anything a Windows domain administrator might need to do while configuring a workstation for a new user that absolutely can't be done without the user's domain account password? To avoid ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Admin mode on Procurve Switches

Not being a network expert, I spent some time configuring my network, until I found my mistake: On my HP ProCurve Switch 1810G, I thought that "Admin mode" means whether the administrative interface ...
8
votes
11answers
2k views

GUI tools to administer Linux Box

What GUI tools do you advise to improve the usability of Linux for those accustomed to doing system administration the windows-way? Users new to Linux often get confused when they need to configure ...
8
votes
8answers
7k views

How do you administer your EC2 Linux boxes?

I have a few EC2 Linux images that do nightly processing jobs for one of my projects. From time to time, I'll need to get in, make some code changes, configure some things, and re-bundle the image. ...
8
votes
5answers
532 views

Picking up the pieces after missing Linux admin [closed]

So our Linux admin left our project and suddenly I (the web coder with basic linux/server knowledge) am responsible for our dedicated server (Ubuntu Server) mainly running a web site ...
8
votes
7answers
4k views

How do I keep the local admin password consistent across an OU?

We have a number of PCs running XP SP2 (and a couple running SP1) already in production, and we're looking to keep the local administrator's password consistent across the OU. The only solutions I can ...
8
votes
3answers
7k views

How do I add LDAP users to roles in Subversion Edge's web console?

My LDAP users aren't showing up in Subversion Edge's web console. How can I add them to existing roles if they don't show up?
8
votes
4answers
5k views

How do you manage service account credentials (passwords)?

In a Windows environment how do you address the following issues with service accounts? Regular Password changes - with single service accounts used on multiple machines how do you regularly change ...
7
votes
5answers
211 views

How much effort is SQL Server 2008 Administration?

I am looking for a suitable hosting environment for an ASP.NET MVC application. One of the options I have is renting a Hyper-V server and installing my license of SQL Server 2008 on it. I'm a bit wary ...
7
votes
2answers
294 views

Transition away from Domain Admin only account

In our Windows environment, our Domain Admins only have one user account. This single user account is used across the board including running on a day to day workstation. In our transition away from ...
7
votes
2answers
590 views

As an admin, what tools do you use to log what you do to your boxes? [closed]

I am more of a linux applications developer than an admin. Over time, I've built servers and maintained them, sometimes to offer services, mostly just to develop the applications I work on. Way back ...
7
votes
3answers
19k views

Adding a user to the local Administrator group using powershell

I would like to use powershell to add a spesific user to the local administrator group on a machine. I would be running the powershell script in the context of a user that has Administration rights ...
7
votes
3answers
691 views

Delete a windows group in Active Directory

I am doing a cleanup of some AD groups that are no longer used. One of the AD groups I could not delete because it seems that a member has this group set as the primary group (which I assume someone ...
6
votes
19answers
2k views

Do you prefer to administrate servers through a GUI or CLI? [closed]

Do you prefer to admistrate servers through a GUI or CLI? Please state which system OS's you are answering for.
6
votes
8answers
1k views

System administration standard

I have been given the responsibility to manage a team of 4 system admins. They are managing 70+ servers. They don't yet have written processes/procedures/practices. I don't much about system ...
6
votes
4answers
262 views

Should a System Administrator handle office furniture moves,setup and procurement?

I have been getting more and more requests to move furniture and today I was asked to organise furniture for a new office fit-out. How do other handle these requests? Is it often the lot of the ...
6
votes
1answer
239 views

Syslog produces hundreds of lines

I have recently been "promoted" to lab admin, as I have the most experience with linux. My logcheck keeps sending me emails with hundreds of lines stemming from my syslog file. It repeats itself over, ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Logging onto Windows local computer without local or network account

I have a Windows 7 Professional machine that has accidentally been removed from the active directory on the domain controller. Therefore the network does not recognize this machine and the machine ...
6
votes
3answers
271 views

Recovering Root Password

This hasn't happened to me yet but I am documenting this process just in case. Let's say I can't remember my root password for my linux server. Every example of this scenerio that I can find says to ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

E-Mail notification when hard disk full? [duplicate]

Is there an easy way to set up E-Mail notification when a Windows 2008 server's hard disk is getting full?
6
votes
1answer
213 views

Active Directory Country capitals (letters)

Does someone know how to solve the problem of changing all country fields at once and probably why the country field is multiplied each time I select + apply a country change until the Object is being ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Best way to securely communicate passwords and credentials to clients?

Often I end up doing server administration for clients as part of developing web applications, I always set up access for myself using an SSH Key pair. I usually end up choosing a random password for ...
5
votes
11answers
2k views

What is the optimum number of admins to server? [closed]

I'm starting a business, and I'd like to know what you guys think the optimum number of admins to server ratio is for financial modeling reasons. Or if there's a better metric to use? I come from an ...
5
votes
3answers
213 views

There is a way to unit test servers?

I am a developper, but since I know Unix and use Linux at home, I have to handle ten webservers and hundred of websites, DNS adress, webservices, well, too many bits of informations to check. We are ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

How to connect to a remote IIS with INETMGR on WIndows 7

I can't seem to find any way to connect to a remote IIS instance with my local INETMGR on my Windows 7 machine. It shows my settings for my local IIS and everything I've tried from clicking various ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

How can I limit the login times in linux for certain users?

How can I limit the login times in linux for certain users? For example I have to a user that only needs to be enabled from 8am till 5pm? Is there a way of automating this. My environment is a Centos ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

Check changelog of FreeBSD port before upgrading?

Is there an easy way to check a changelog of a FreeBSD port before you upgrade? For instance, I'd like to check what upgrades are manditory before I do portmaster -ad. It would be nice to have ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Xen alternative for VMware Infrastructure

Is there any Xen alternative for VMware Infrastructure? Any aggregation and control interfaces?
5
votes
3answers
2k views

bootstrap (add node) localhost in chef

Problem. Following command line knife bootstrap 127.0.0.1 -r 'recipe[chef-client]' -x user -p password --sudo returns Bootstrapping Chef on 127.0.0.1 WARNING: Failed to connect to 127.0.0.1 -- ...
5
votes
2answers
195 views

Windows server administration resources for Linux administrators?

I'm a programmer who's been using and administering Linux systems (and to a lesser extent, other Unix systems) since the mid-1990's. Now as part of my job I'm ending up doing a lot of Windows Server ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Puppet performance compared to CFEngine

I'm trying to decide between using Puppet or CFEngine for my configuration management system. Performance is going to be a key factor, and research on the internet suggests CFEngine uses less memory ...
4
votes
4answers
775 views

Creating a bonus definition for an I.T. Manager - Any Ideas?

Not sure if this is a META question or not, but... Anyone know of a good way to define an objective bonus structure for an I.T. manager? I've come up with the following criteria, but I'm not sure how ...
4
votes
6answers
873 views

Central Admin always opens up in Firefox

I'm running Server 2008 64-bit on my laptop. I have installed SharePoint (MOSS SP2). Whenever I launch Central Admin, it always opens up in a Firefox browser instead of IE, even though IE is my ...
4
votes
2answers
246 views

iSeries survival guide for a Unix/Windows techie

I'm a developer working mostly on a Java application which interfaces with an iSeries back end (the iSeries is running OS 6.1). I consider myself to be reasonably strong on DBA and sysadmin topics ...
4
votes
3answers
80 views

Dump MYSQL databases to induvidual files

Has anyone got a one liner (command line) that will dump all databases to seperate dump files e.g. forumdb.dump wikidb.dump etc.
4
votes
4answers
147 views

How to plan work when I don't know how long it will take?

Please let me know if this is off-topic, as this question deals with the logistical or administrative side of IT rather than the technical. This December, one of my colleagues and I are going to take ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Creating Limited User Accounts on Ubuntu Server

Using Ubuntu server, I need to create some user accounts that have the following limitations: (1) User may only view and manipulate files in their home directory. (2) User may only execute commands ...