Advanced Format hard drives use 4 KiB (4096 byte) sectors, instead of the 512 byte sectors used for a very long time. This change has significant impacts on hardware, BIOS/UEFI firmware, operating systems, partitioning tools, boot loaders and even the performance of applications.

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Does AIX support Advanced Format (4k sector size) SAN LUNs?

I am working with an EMC XtremIO storage array that utilizes SSD devices that use a native 4 KB sector size instead of the traditional 512 B size. I am attaching an IBM AIX 7.1 server to the array. I ...
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1answer
109 views

Partition alignment on MegaRAID RAID 1 with 4k sector (advanced format) drives

I want to setup RAID 1 (mirroring) on a LSI MegaRAID SAS 8708EM2 (1078 chipset) with 4k sector (advanced format) drives. To the best of my knowlegde the controller does not officially support 4k ...
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2answers
393 views

Upgrading RAID controller to 4kn - do I have to reinitialize the array to use 4kn?

I have an enterprise-grade workstation with an Adaptec 6405E RAID controller in it. According to Adaptec, this RAID controller does not, and will never be able to, natively support 4K disk sectors. If ...
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1answer
533 views

Where is the overhead for ZFS RAIDZ2 on 4K sector disks going?

I started by creating 16 empty files of exactly 1 billion bytes: for i in {1..16}; do dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/temp/block$i bs=1000000 count=1000 &> /dev/null; done Then I created larger and ...
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Setting up iSCSI on an external hard drive with 4K sector size [closed]

I have a WD My Book 3TB external hard drive connected to a Windows Server 2008 R2 machine. I'm trying to make that machine an iSCSI target. Everything is set up, but I can't create a virtual hard disk ...
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1answer
516 views

Which HDD I can replace WDC WD20EARS with in the software RAID?

I have one customer's server with WDC WD20EARS drivers in a software RAID. These disks are of advanced format (4Kb sectors, not 512 bytes). They are configured as follows: Configuration: ...
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2answers
595 views

RAID 1 disk is marked as Spare after replacement

one of two disks in my RAID 1 died so I replaced it. When new disk has been added to array the sync process started and few minutes later it has become a Spare. How can I "force" the disk to be a ...
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LVM dangers and caveats

I have recently started using LVM on some servers for hard drives larger than 1 TB. They're useful, expandable and quite easy to install. However, I could not find any data about the dangers and ...
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mdadm and 4k sectors (advanced format)

There are numerous questions on Serverfault about aligning 4k sectors disks, but one thing is not really clear to me yet. I successfully aligned my RAID1+LVM. One of the things I did was use mdadm ...
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1answer
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ZFS (NexentaStor) and 4k Advanced Format Partition Alignment

I have a storage system that contains 8 x 1TB drives that use the 4k sector size "Advanced Format". I'm planning to run NexentaStor on this hardware and want to ensure that I'm taking the 4k sector ...
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4answers
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Using 4k drives with md/LVM/dm-crypt

I know that I have to align my 4k drives by a multiple of 8 sectors, but what about md-RAID / LVM / dm-crypt? How do I tell these layers that my drive is 4k? If they don't respect the 4k sector size, ...
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How to make partition, raid5 and filesystem on 6x2TB WDC-drives in Linux

I'm getting confused by this "Advanced Format" (4KB sectors) talk of bigger (2TB) drives - and I am wondering about how I would resolve this if I'm building a new software (mdadm) RAID-5 array. The ...
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2answers
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aligning truecrypt partition on 1.5TB 4kB sector drive

Aligning partitions to start at real physical sector of ssds / stripped raids / 4kB drives is a 'good thing to do', but I've run into a problems when trying to do it for a truecrypt partition that ...
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2answers
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How to correctly partion WD “Advanced Format” drive (4k sector size) with Disk Druid?

Unaligned Advanced Format drives with sector size of 4k will have degraded performance. How do I make Disk Druid to partition drives correctly?
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How can I set the disk partition alignment using linux tools?

After reading Disk Partition Alignment Best Practices for SQL Server, I just want to give those advices a try, but on my linux test server. What are the required parameters in order to set the ...