Amazon Web Services (AWS) delivers a set of services that together form a reliable, scalable, and inexpensive computing platform "in the cloud". If you have a question about a specific web service, consider asking on its tag, e.g., amazon-ec2.

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Highest value of max_connections in AWS RDS micro instance

Currently, the value for the max_connections parameter in a MySQL RDS t1.micro server model is {DBInstanceClassMemory/12582880} is 32. Since my server does not allowing any more connections after 32, ...
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Why is uploading to S3 so slow?

I am using s3cmd to upload to S3: # s3cmd put 1gb.bin s3://my-bucket/1gb.bin 1gb.bin -> s3://my-bucket/1gb.bin [1 of 1] 366706688 of 1073741824 34% in 371s 963.22 kB/s I am uploading ...
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Download existing EC2 key pair

I am playing around with Amazon EC2 and have (finally) managed to SSH into the box from my home machine. Now I want to connect from my work machine but neglected to copy the key pair on a USB key. Is ...
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Is it possible to move an AWS EC2 AMI from one region to another region and if so how?

I have an AWS EC2 AMI in the EU region. I want to move it to the US region. The root device type is EBS and the OS is Linux. Is it possible to transfer the image to the US region and if so how?
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5answers
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How to get the amount of free disk space with CloudWatch?

Is it possible to get the amount of free disk space (df) with CloudWatch? If so, what metric represents the free disk space?
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Use IAM to Allow User to Edit AWS / EC2 Security Groups?

I am trying to grant an IAM group the ability to edit our EC2 Security Groups, but I have been unable to get this working without granting access to everything in EC2. I have tried several versions ...
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Setting Access-Control-Allow-Origin on Cloudfront

I am having problems serving static assets to Firefox using AWS Cloudfront. Chrome works perfect, but Firefox is returning a CORS error. If I execute curl , I get: HTTP/1.1 200 OK Content-Type: ...
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1answer
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AWS EC2 migration to new instance type with SSD Drives

I have MySQL running on an m1.xlarge instance with a 100GB EBS volume holding the data files. I would like to migrate to a m3.2xlarge instance and place the data files on the new 2 x 80GB SSD drives. ...
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How can I automatically cycle a new image in an AWS Auto Scaling Group?

I have a web application setup with a load balancer and auto scaling group to manage scaling. The source code is in a git repository so I don't have to update the images when the code changes, but ...
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Can you require MFA for AWS IAM accounts?

Is it possible to require Multi-factor Authentication (MFA) be enabled for specific/all IAM accounts in Amazon Web Services? There are options for password requirements and it's clear how one can ...
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Why is ZFS on Linux unable to fully utilize 8x SSDs on AWS i2.8xlarge instance?

I'm completely new to ZFS, so to start with I thought I'd do some simple benchmarks on it to get a feel for how it behaves. I wanted to push the limits of its performance so I provisioned an Amazon ...
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Update the container of a service in Amazon ECS

What kind of approach is recommended for updating the container of a service which is running in Amazon ECS? The AWS documentation says: "If you have updated the Docker image of your application, you ...
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What are the pros and cons of AWS Elastic Beanstalk compared with other deployment strategies?

I'm pretty new to the whole Netflix OSS stack and deployments in general. As a background for my current level of knowledge ops-wise, my main role is as a front-end application engineer. However, I ...
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3answers
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Is AWS's Elastic Load Balancer a single point of failure?

I am looking at moving our application up to Amazon Web Services. The plan is to have all of the EC2 instances mirrored across two availability zones. Due to data transfer costs, we will be staying in ...
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2answers
537 views

Managing IAM security credentials for multiple docker containers

Within plain EC2 environment, managing access to other AWS resources is fairly straightforward with IAM roles and credentials (automatically fetched from instance metadata). Even easier with ...
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At what point is EBS usage the bottleneck?

I've got a site hosted on Amazon using a EC2 instance backed by an EBS volume. On the weekends, traffic spikes and I make the instance larger which helps quite a bit -- I'm no longer seeing CPU usage ...
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Nginx set_real_ip_from AWS ELB load balancer address

I have a set of Nginx servers behind an Amazon ELB load balancer. I am using set_real_ip (from the HttpRealIpModule) so that I can access the originating client IP address on these servers (for ...
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2answers
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Access Amazon S3 Static Website Through IPv6

I host a static website on Amazon S3 with DNS hosted on Amazon Route 53. I'd like my site to be accessible via IPv4 and IPv6 (because it's about time). When I use the Route 53 AWS Management Console ...
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First attempt to migrate EC2 MySQL to Amazon RDS no going well - SUPER privileges

I've been trying to move an existing db from MySQL running on EC2 to a new Amazon RDS instance (an experiment to see if we can move across). So far, it's not going well. I'm stuck at the initial ...
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Can't run AWS CLI from CRON (credentials)

Trying to run a simple AWS CLI backup script. It loops through lines in an include file, backs those paths up to S3, and dumps output to a log file. When I run this command directly, it runs without ...
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If I shut down Amazon EC2 instance then start it again, will everything be ok?

I have a web site that runs on an Amazon EC2 Linux-based instance, and is mapped to a regular domain name (x.com). This site talks to a database on a second EC2 instance. I need to shut down this ...
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Why do AWS spot-instance prices spike above the “on demand” pricing?

Amazon Pricing on Spot Instance Inconsistencies This is something which will be best explained through screenshots of a historical chart of instance pricings. If you look at a lot of the instance ...
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Can I SSH into my Amazon EC2 server instance if I don't have .pem file from when instance was created?

I am working with some Amazon EC2 servers that are up and running, and I need to SSH into the servers. I don't have any keys that were generated when the servers were first set up (someone else did it ...
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What algorithm does Amazon ELB use to balance load?

I found this in the official ELB documentation By default, a load balancer routes each request independently to the application instance with the smallest load. but an article on Newvem says ...
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How to schedule automatic (daily) snapshots of AWS EC2 Windows Instance?

I have some Windows servers hosted on Amazon EC2. Some run Windows Server 2003 and other run Windows Server 2008. These are EBS-backed instances. Most of the instances also have some additional ...
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How do Amazon Machine Images work?

I've seen many tutorials and such about creating AMI's, but I've never really understood the full concept of an AMI. Is a link to the instance, or is it stored and never changed. Also, does an image ...
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Install SSL on Amazon Elastic Load Balancer with GoDaddy Wildcard Certificate

I'm a bit stuck installing an SSL Cert on an AWS Elastic Load Balancer. I have a wildcard certificate from GoDaddy and need to point it at the ELB. I have run the command (I ran it on one of the ...
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Is It Possible to Copy an AWS Security Group?

We have some security groups that have quite a few rules in them. Rather than having to recreate the same rules for a number of security groups just to accommodate minor differences, is it possible to ...
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3answers
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Copy directory structure intact to AWS S3 bucket

I want to use the AWS S3 cli to copy a full directory structure to an S3 bucket. So far, everything I've tried copies the files to the bucket, but the directory structure is collapsed. (to say it ...
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1answer
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Aws vpc default route table in CloudFormation

Am I missing something but is there no way to add a route via CloudFormation to the default route table that comes provisioned with a VPC?
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Is it dangerous to reveal my EC2 instance ID?

In Stack Overflow answers (like this), I often take screenshots which include Instance ID's belonging to me. Is it a bad idea to reveal these?
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Multiple EC2 security groups - permissive or restrictive?

What happens when I assign multiple security groups to an instance? Is it permissive in the sense that the traffic is allowed in if any one of the security groups allows it. OR is it restrictive in ...
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Moving all internal servers to the cloud

Background One of my clients is an IT-dependent workflow-driven law firm with about 50 seats. They have been audited by one of their clients (an FSA regulated mortgage lender) and told that their ...
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3answers
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EC2 Update my existing AMI

I'm using Elastic Load Balancing to load balance my Auto Scaling Group, for that I have a private AMI that hold my application server (Tomcat) and my web app deployed to it as war ... Now everything ...
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2answers
524 views

How to list all VPC dependencies in AWS CLI?

I want to delete VPC through CLI. But get an error: A client error (DependencyViolation) occurred when calling the DeleteVpc operation: The vpc 'vpc-xxx' has dependencies and cannot be deleted. ...
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EC2 - Shared Storage - S3FS or EBS?

Building my web service onto EC2 right now and have a single instance behind a load balancer. I will of course cater for multiple instances. My initial idea was to run all the instances a dumb ...
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5answers
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High load due to I/O wait in Ubuntu 12.04 on EC2 instance

I am using Ubuntu server 12.04 , having trouble finding cause of load, I have seen change in response time of server from past week after reading Linux Troubleshooting, Part I: High Load It seems ...
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Nginx Solution for AWS Amazon ELB Health Checks - return 200 without IF

I have the following code that is working on Nginx to keep the AWS ELB healthcheck happy. map $http_user_agent $ignore { default 0; "ELB-HealthChecker/1.0" 1; } server { location / { if ...
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700 views

How to load balance sftp instances on AWS

I like to know is it possible to load balance sftp servers in AWS. I have 2 servers, and each of my servers are using s3fs-fuse to mount the same S3 bucket onto a mount point. Both of my ec2 ...
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Accessing Amazon S3 from a private VPC subnet

If I have a VPC running and some servers located in the private portion of that network that do backend processing by downloading files from amazon s3, can I access S3 internally to get at those ...
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3answers
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Which aws zone to choose if website traffic will be from india only

I am going to make my website live on AWS servers and 100% of intended website audience will be from India only. As amazon offers you to get services from various zones, I was wondering is there any ...
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2answers
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Downtime for increasing RDS storage?

I am looking to increase storage of two RDS instances (just the storage space allocated, not the instance type or other parameters). The documentation at ...
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Convert file system format on AWS EC2 ephemeral storage disk from ext3 to ext4

I have an instance-store EC2 instance with Ubuntu 11.04 i386. At present my disk partition looks like this: Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/xvda1 9.9G 529M ...
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3answers
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EC2 Auto-Scaling with Spot and On-Demand Instances?

I'm looking to optimize the cost of our auto-scaling EC2 groups by having them launch spot instances instead of on-demand instances. What I really want is to be able to keep some servers in the group ...
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3answers
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Forcing CloudFront to pass-through the latest HTML file from S3

Background I'm hosting a static site on S3, with CloudFront over the top. The issue I have is with my HTML files. According to CloudFront's FAQ: Amazon CloudFront uses these cache control ...
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Setting Up ELB with SSL - What is Backend Authentication?

I started setting up Amazon's Elastic Load Balancing Service for my server pool and I need to setup HTTPS/SSL. I have all my SSL Certificates setup, but then I come to the step for backend ...
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Does anyone have any experience when it comes to speed of Amazon RDS vs MySQL on a Small server?

EC2 Small vs Amazon RDS - which is faster for MySQL? (I have one database, well-indexed and tuned. About 10,000 rows on each table.) How's the performance like?
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Which permissions/policies for IAM role to be used with CloudWatch monitoring script

With CloudWatch monitoring script (mon-put-instance-data.pl) it's possible to specify a IAM role name to provide AWS credentials (--aws-iam-role=VALUE). I'm creating a IAM role for this purpose (to ...
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Accessing storage on an EC2 instance?

I am using a large EC2 instance but just realized that I don't have the space promised. I only get 8 gigs when it says I should have 850 GB. From what I understand two extra 420 gb drives should be ...
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1answer
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Why does top report a different cpu usage than CloudWatch?

top shows an average CPU usage during peak times of about 20% while CloudWatch monitoring shows an average CPU usage of 40%. What causes this discrepancy?