Booting is the initial set of operations that a computer system performs when electrical power is switched on. The process begins when a computer that has been turned off is re-energized, and ends when the computer is ready to perform its normal operations.

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Create an MBR on secondary plex

I have a HP Proliant ML350 g6 server running windows 2008 std R2. This server had two hardware arrays in it. One array was a raid 0 with 1 physical drive running raid 0. The other array is 5 physical ...
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1answer
22 views

Windows 8.1 stuck in Automatic Repair boot loop - Proxmox VE [on hold]

I installed Windows 8.1 64B in a VM on Proxmox-VE. It was running fine for a few days until it needed to be rebooted (updates). First I tried reinstalling the OS which worked, until it needed to be ...
9
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2answers
946 views

How much data does Linux read on average boot?

I wonder how much data in total does a freshly installed vanilla Linux system (like 32-bit CentOS 5.10) read in order to get to a virtual console shell prompt? You know, reading all the configuration ...
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2answers
232 views

Linux xen directly boot windows domu?

I have the following situation: got a new notebook with Windows7 pre-installed (sda1 with boot partition, actual OS in sda2), one physical disk (sda) created an extended partition (sda3), inside ...
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2answers
3k views

Red Hat Kickstart: How do I get a DVD-ROM based install to work?

I'm trying to create a "Magic DVD" that will install and configure RHEL 6.2 just the way we want it the first time, every time. Here's the process I've been trying to use, just to prove the concept: ...
2
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1answer
24 views

mbr and boot sector overwritten with structured yet very odd data

I work for a web-hosting datacenter. One server was having issues with its RAID, and we were attempting to reboot into single-user mode to repair a read-only /tmp Upon rebooting, the server wouldn't ...
2
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2answers
4k views

Areca 1880i RAID card doesn't initialize: “Waiting for F/W to become ready”

During a kickstart installation (Centos 6.0) of a server having this hardware: Areca 1880i 8-port SAS RAID PCIe 512MB cache Areca Battery Backup Module 6 Hitachi Deskstar 7K3000 HDS723030ALA640 64MB ...
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0answers
16 views

mdadm/grub2/lvm boot failure if all drives are physically connected

Weird problem here. I've got a Debian 7 server (quad core, 32GB RAM) that runs a whole bunch of VMs. The main boot drive is a RAID 1, with an LVM volume group called System, which contains a bunch of ...
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0answers
8 views

Making a VDI image bootable for VirtualBox [migrated]

I created a disk image of a Ubuntu (12.04) system by using dd if=/dev/sda of=xxx.img The VDI image was created by using vboxmanage clonehd xxx.img xxx.vdi --format VDI When I create a new VM in ...
3
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2answers
777 views

FreeBSD 10 won't boot to ZFS root after power failure

While installing new hardware today, I involuntarily disconnected the power to one of our servers. This server is running FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS as offered by the installer. It has a total of 36 ...
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3answers
533 views

Dell Optiplex 960 will boot from CD but not DVD media

Dell Optiplex 960, stock, BIOS A07, no BIOS updates available from Dell's web site. Has HDD connected to SATA0, and DVD-ROM connected to SATA1. Machine will not boot from any DVD+R or DVD-RW media in ...
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3answers
3k views

Use GRUB/GRUB2 to PXE boot OS image

Asked this in stackoverflow but they recommended I post this here: Here is the situation I am in: I currently have a Windows drive that boots XP. The BIOS does not support PXE booting so this is out ...
2
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1answer
794 views

KVM guest won't boot from hard disk image, but will from CD-ROM image

I'm using KVM to host a Debian unstable guest on a Debian unstable host. Emphasis on 'unstable' :-) Until recently (and until a recent round of Debian package updates on both host and guest) this was ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Ubuntu on EC2 boot error after dist upgrade to 14.04: disk drive for / is not ready yet or not present

I just upgraded my Ubuntu 11.10 EC2 instance to 12.04, then to 12.10 and finally to 14.04 using the do-release-upgrade command each time. I arrived at 14.04 and the instance will not boot now, it ...
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0answers
18 views

Boot from ISO on Remote Server with RAID (Ubuntu)

I have tried to boot from an iso file with GRUB but it does not work. The problem is that grmf-rescueboot and other standard systems don't work with a Software-RAID (mdadm). So how can I boot from an ...
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1answer
882 views

pfsense live cd and boot options

I donwloaded pfsense live cd 2.1.3 and now I want to run pfsense from an usb cdrom drive. It loads a while and than crahses with "unable to mount ..." I know I have to choose boot option 3 in order ...
2
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1answer
69 views

ESXi 5 Hypervisor fatal boot error

For over 2 years now I've been running ESXi 5 just fine from a pen drive. I recently had to move the server to a new location and started seeing an issue. Once the system starts to boot, I get: ...
11
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5answers
9k views

How do I mount sshfs at boot?

Using a NAS box as 24/7 file server, I'd like to use sshfs to connect to it from an Ubuntu 9.04 desktop. Currently, I have this line in the desktop's fstab: sshfs#jldugger@storage:/mnt/HD_a2/ ...
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1answer
37 views

How to create a bootable ISO image from a disk snapshot

I've taken a disk snapshot of my Ubuntu VM from Amazon EC2. The snapshot is a ZIP archive of the whole disk. I've downloaded and then extracted the snapshot. Now I would like to create a bootable ISO ...
0
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1answer
53 views

Debian server not booting after software RAID-1 array degraded

So I have a Debian 7 server with 3 hard drives. Its RAID-1 is basically configured this way: md0: sda1, sdb1 --> / (root) md1: sda5, sdc1 + sdb5 (spare) --> /data (sdc1 is on a SSD, and sda5 is ...
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2answers
611 views

VMware ESXi dual / triple boot on a test machine

Has anyone tried to setup a dual or triple boot (ESXi 5.5, Linux, Windows Server 2012R2) machine? This is for an app and controller card testing environment - at the moment we're dual-booting ...
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2answers
65 views

Xen Server, Ubuntu VM increased disk size, now will not boot

Citrix XenServer 6.2 Running Ubnutu Server 14.04 It had a 300GB disk attached, using XenCenter I increased the disk size to 500GB, planning on using gparted to resize the partition. Now it will not ...
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0answers
15 views

What are the advantages of GRUB over LILO? [migrated]

Why is GRUB so much more popular than LILO? The only distribution that I can think of that uses LILO by default is Slackware Linux. All other distributions use GRUB. To this day I've never understood ...
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2answers
45 views

Windows 2008 R2 Boot-from-SAN Migration Methods?

We are running Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise on a Cisco UCS B200 M3 blade server that is diskless. Currently, we are going through a EMC SAN lifecycle/upgrade. I need to perform this migration ...
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0answers
35 views

Execute a script while boot up in RHEL7

One of my server reboots every sunday and monday morning, whenever the server is up I need to do a service restart. Actually I call a script to execute itself (everytime manually). What I want to ...
0
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0answers
8 views

partclone.restore: progress report goes out of box

I am running partclone.restore using the "-N" option, which draws progress in a dialog-like box. If I run this command within the autorun of systemrescuecd (4.3.1), then part of the display text goes ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Booting XenServer Installer on USB

I'm trying to install XenServer on a system that has no CD-ROM drive (it only has a USB) I'm able to successfully boot the server using a bootable USB that boots up Linux (specifically, the GRML ...
0
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1answer
26 views

rc.local, call commands sequentially (one after finishing the other)

I was expecting that in rc.local, If say I call program P1 in one line and then P2 in the following line, P2 would only be executed after P1 (on which it depends for successful execution). This is the ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Installing boot manager to a raw LVM physical volume

Is it possible to install some boot manager to disk with raw physical volume inside (i.e. no partition table)? I tried LILO and LVM volumes became inaccessible (due to LVM structures corruption). Boot ...
0
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1answer
95 views

WANem doesn't boot after install

I'm using WANem live cd (based on knoppix) to perform network bandwidth tests. In order to keep the current configuration, I've installed it on hard disk (using the gui installation tool provided ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Single user mode boot stuck

I have an old Ubuntu box with an unknown root password. It boots fine in regular mode, but it gets stuck when booting to single user mode: For searchability, the last few lines are: Begin: Running ...
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1answer
63 views

Freshly installed CentOS does not boot from Dell's Perc H700 RAID

Installed a fresh CentOS 5.10 installation on RAID5 provided by Perc H700 Integrated RAID, however the system fails to boot. Checked the system via recovery CD, and noticed that CentOS 5.10 now uses ...
0
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2answers
355 views

Windows Server 2008 R2 with Mirrored Disk Booting to Black Screen

I've got a Windows Server 2008 R2 device with 2 disks formatted as Dynamic Mirrored disks booting to a black screen. Upon booting the machine goes through the standard checks and then gets stuck at a ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Dynamic dependencies in systemd

I am trying to figure out how to specify dynamic dependencies for systemd that are specific to the current instance@. In the [Service] section I can use EnvironmentFile= to load in variables using the ...
1
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2answers
3k views

mdadm Boot Error, incrementally starting raid array Ubuntu SErver 14.04

i build a small Server with Ubuntu 14.04 for Samba, I has one SSD Drive (the ubuntu installation is on it) and 2 3TB SATA Disk, the sata disk are combined to a Raid 1 with mdadm. Now sometimes (no ...
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2answers
405 views

Can PXE boot of Hyper-V VMs be disabled?

Hyper-V virtual machines have the ability to PXE boot. Obviously, PXE boot raises some security concerns. The problem is, unlike a typical physical machine's firmware, there isn't an obvious way to ...
19
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7answers
60k views

What is the recommended size for a Linux /boot partition?

What is the recommended size for a Linux /boot partition? And is it safe to not have a /boot partition? I see some servers don't have a /boot partition while some servers have a 128 MB /boot ...
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2answers
48 views

/boot partition filled - updates will not complete

my last update failed because /boot did not have room for the new kernel (or so I guess). Can I safely use rm to blow away the old vmlinuz.*-generic? Thanks
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1answer
33 views

Auto starting rc at startup

So here are the steps i am following . So i add a conf file inside /etc/init.d/myconffile And then to get System start/stop links i have to use the command sudo update-rc.d myconffile defaults 99 ...
2
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5answers
24k views

Ubuntu - dhcp server 'not configured to listen on any interfaces'

I'm at my wits end on this one; I have tried for hours to get this to work, but I'm stumped. Hope one of you can help. :-) I'm trying to get dhcp3-server to work on Ubuntu. It's installed, and ...
0
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2answers
45 views

Upgrade key not present?

I have a DELL PowerEdge R520. On boot, just after loading the RAID Controller, I get a weird message: "Upgrade Key Missing! An upgrade key was present on a previous power cycle, but it is not ...
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1answer
148 views

How to access a system with write permission after file system check fails?

I created three new partitions, but after a reboot, the system is being dropped to a shell: /dev/mapper/group-newpartition: clean, 11/655360 files, 276620/2621440 blocks [FAILED] An error occurred ...
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2answers
82 views

Boot to CD image over network [closed]

I have multiple diagnostics CDs that I want to avoid making twenty copies of for the sake of time and convenience. I figured a good way to do this would be to boot an image of the necessary CD over ...
26
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3answers
2k views

Is it safe to reboot a server open to the internet?

Specifically I have an iptables ruleset defined on a server running CentOS. Am I guaranteed / can I guarantee / how can I guarantee that when networking comes online (either at machine boot, or after ...
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1answer
433 views

How to set systemd service dependencies?

During CentOS 7 system boot nginx start fails with the following error: 2014/08/04 17:27:34 [emerg] 790#0: bind() to a.b.c.d:443 failed (99: Cannot assign requested address) I suspect this is ...
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0answers
34 views

'Boot' folder was accidentally deleted from WinServer 2008 R1

Unfortunately, the 'Boot' folder in Windows Server 2008 R1 (not R2!) has been erroneously deleted. Now I'm seeng a message that Windows can't be started. Fortunately, I have a copy of the whole disk ...
0
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0answers
467 views

How to debug why systemd is idling and is not going on with the boot process?

I am trying to create a PV instance for AWS EC2. The template VM is based on CentOS 7, which is using systemd. The disk layout is two partitions: /boot (/dev/xvda1) and LVM2 (/dev/xvda2). The root ...
1
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4answers
7k views

Superblock last mount time is in the future

Yesterday, I encountered a confused problem. During booting, the system complained that the superblock last mount time is in the future and ask me to fsck. I have used Debian Squeeze for months and ...
0
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4answers
1k views

Move Win2k3 to new hardware: STOP 0x0000007B (How can I get PERC drivers installed?)

I have an ancient celeron-based Windows 2003 SBS server on an old Dell machine. It has a very basic IDE non-RAID setup. The server is so old, it takes about 30 minutes to boot up and log in. A new ...
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0answers
95 views

Verify architecture of kernel file

Note: I am NOT interested in the currently running kernel, but on a kernel that I am going to boot and which is in a file in the filesystem. I am going to boot a new kernel. I have prepared grub.conf ...