btrfs is a B-tree based, copy-on-write filesystem for Linux. It's main features include snapshots, checksumming of data and filesystem level RAID support. It's similar to [tag:ZFS].

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btrfs will not delete device although there is enough unallocated space

I have a btrfs filesystem set up with 2 partitions - each 2,7 TB. Btrfs version is 4.4 btrfs version --> btrfs-progs v4.4 on Ubuntu 16.04 This is the current status and the result of a previous ...
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9 views

Add menu entry in grub2 for os on btrfs partition

How can I add a menu entry in grub 2 for an os on a btrfs partition? Currently update-grub does not detect an os on a btrfs partition.
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Fixing smartd errors on btrfs raid 10

I had some errors during smartd test May 5 10:08:05 c3po smartd[856]: Device: /dev/sdb [SAT], 236 Currently unreadable (pending) sectors May 5 10:08:05 c3po smartd[856]: Device: /dev/sdb ...
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Can Btrfs use SSD for metadata and leave bulk data on HDD?

is it possible for Btrfs to use SSD for metadata only & leave bulk data on less costly storage such as HDD? I refered to this page Using_Btrfs_with_Multiple_Devices and can not find a solution. ...
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33 views

Merge btrfs subvolumes of lxc container

Problem: I've made some snapshots of an lxc container in the past. When I tried to make one earlier using the command lxc-snapshot -n base -c commentfile it echo'd Container is not defined. I ran that ...
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65 views

Is this btrfs snapshot removal performance normal?

I have several boxes running Debian 8, dovecot and btrfs. I'm using btrfs snapshots for short term backup. For this purpose I keep 14 snapshots of the mail subvolume. Performance is OK until it comes ...
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14 views

BTRFS remove directory from snapshot

There is the: btrfs subvolume delete <subvolume> command for deleting snapshots, but is there any solution if you need to delete a single directory from 60 snapshots? Not possible with rm ...
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235 views

Why is zfs/btrfs recommended for an lxd host?

Note that for maximum performance, it's recommended to have /var/lib/lxd on a btrfs filesystem or setup ZFS or LVM and configure LXD to use a ZFS pool or LVM VG. Source Why is that? I.e. ...
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81 views

Btrfs multiple devices with dm-cache

Unlike md-raid, when you create a btrfs file system with multiple devices, there is no special block device exposed (ex. /dev/md0). With the lack of built in cache support (ex. L2ARC), can one set up ...
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Copying between lzo compressed BtrFS's: de/re-compressing?

I'm copying a large number of files between two lzo compressed BtrFS filesystems on different drives mounted on the same machine. It appears that the files are being de/re-compressed. Is there a way ...
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113 views

How to find the file at a certain btrfs inode

I have a corrupt file according to btrfs BTRFS info (device sdb1): csum failed ino 367 off 310013952 csum 1601485211 expected csum 3692975992 I assumed ino 367 means inode 367, so I can use find ...
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104 views

Can't mount BTRFS with write permissions. Btrfs check crashes (Core dumped)

I was using btrfs filesystem for some time on one of my external drives mainly to test deduplication and everything was working just fine. Unfortunately yesterday when I mounted the partition I ...
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94 views

btrfs write operations hang when appending to files

When writing sequentially to files on my large-ish (70 TiB) btrfs filesystem, I am noticing that something is causing prolonged write blocks (seconds to several minutes). This is inconvenient at best ...
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48 views

Do I need btrfs scrub if a lower layer also scrubs?

I have a multi-TB btrfs made up of virtual disk images that live on NetApp NFS filers. The data are redundant at the NetApp level, so the btrfs is RAID-0. In addition to providing redundancy, the ...
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87 views

I'm unable to mount a btrfs partition

I had a raid 5 array of 3 disks using btrfs (raid provided by btrfs) one of the disks was damaged and I replaced the disk via: btrfs device add /dev/sdc /media/raid/ btrfs device delete missing ...
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147 views

How to btrfs check a root partition

I'm sure the reason I'm having a brain fart is because it's late, but how can I go about performing a btrfs check on the root partition? The device needs to be unmounted, which can't happen because ...
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74 views

Cannot remove stale file on btrfs

I have a btrfs filesystem which in one directory has the following entry: -????????? ? ? ? ? ? 1448367601.M899489P12992.mst19,S=8958,W=9072:2,S I cannot remove this file, every operation ...
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24 views

btrfs - how list/find snapshots by age

I've been using a simple shell script to manage my snapshots and I'm happy with it -- so please don't suggest that I start using snapper or something else -- but I'm now looking to increase the ...
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161 views

LXC Snapshotting on Ubuntu 15 and BTRFS file backend

i have a dedicated server with Ubuntu 15 Wily and i want to play/study with LXC. My main goal is to snapshot and clone containers without stopping them, and for so i have formatted a partition with ...
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91 views

Why is ReFS not appropriate for Work Folders

I'm looking to setup a NAS for a small team. Two main requirements are using it as an archive and a folder syncing. Because I want to make sure that the archive is not prone to bit rot, I've came to ...
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349 views

Ubuntu + ZFS vs Rockstor [closed]

I have a personal fileserver at home with 6 HDs: 1 500 GB one for the OS 1 4 TB one for temporary data four 2 TB ones that we want to configure in some sort of RAID 5 fashion It looks like I have ...
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291 views

rsnapshot vs zfs / btrfs snapshots

Currently I'm using rsnapshot to implement a daily / weekly / monthly backup scheme on an external disk. Lately I've been reading alot about copy-on-write file systems like zfs and btrfs. I quite like ...
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104 views

Multiple btrfs volumes with different RAID levels on the same devices

I have two disks - one xGB and one (2x)GB. I would like to have one mountpoint from these disks under raid0 and one under raid1, spread over the total available space. Is that possible with btrfs ...
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209 views

More available space than expected using btrfs RAID10?

I had just created a btrfs RAID10 array in my Ubuntu 14.04 box for the first time by using the command: mkfs.btrfs -d raid10 -m raid10 /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdc /dev/sdd My 4 hard drives are each ...
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205 views

ext. 2-bay USB-Drive with RAID: btrfs RAID vs built-in RAID

For backups I want to use an external USB3 Drive: two HDD with RAID 1 (mirror) in one 2-bay enclosure. As filesystem I'll use btrfs because of subvolumes and checksums. Performance isn't important, ...
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121 views

How much usable space will a 2TB+2TB+3TB+3TB btrfs filesystem have with data in RAID-1 mode?

I have a pair of 3TB drives in a btrfs filesystem, and I wish to expand this filesystem by adding two more 2TB drives, using the btrfs device add command. Data in the current filesystem is mirrored in ...
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46 views

BTRFS new device cannot be added

I have a raid10 setup with btrfs with 5 disk currently: Total devices 5 FS bytes used 6.89TiB devid 1 size 3.64TiB used 2.83TiB path /dev/sde devid 2 size 3.64TiB used 2.83TiB path /dev/sdd ...
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171 views

Balanced btrfs filesystem using different amounts of space on each disk

I recently upgraded a desktop server with 2 drives (1TB+3TB) drive to one with 1x1TB and 3x3TB drives. In the process, I installed btrfs and raided the 3TB drives together, leaving the 1TB drive as a ...
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107 views

btrfs send from a 3tb drive ti btrfs-receive on a 1tb drive

I have question about the nature of a subvolume Snapshot sent and received. I have 2 3tb raid1 drives with only about 300gbs on them. I have a spare 1tb drive I placed in an enclosure for backups. ...
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68 views

Does btrfs share file parts across snapshots?

I know that modern filesystem snapshots take very little space until they start to diverge by changes in files. However, I have been unable to identify at which granularity btrfs manages the changes. ...
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352 views

How do I use 2 disks for CoreOS?

I've got a bare metal server with 2x 480gb SSD disks. I will run a CI server with docker on CoreOS. Do I have to add another small disk to hold CoreOS and mount the 2x SSDs as /var/lib/docker?
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318 views

Removing files takes too long

Short version: rm -rf mydir, with mydir (recursively) containing 2.5 million files, takes about 12 hours on a mostly idle machine. More information: Most of the files being deleted are hard links to ...
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1answer
629 views

BTRFS, sector alignment and Advance Format Disks

I want to set up a BTRFS RAID1 setup with two WD Red 4TB disks, which possess 4K sectors. Since I am keen to get it right the first time before copying data to it (yes it will be backed up), my ...
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1answer
428 views

Directories inside /var are on root partition not /var partition

Few weeks ago I installed Opensuse 13.2. I partitioned the disk so that root '/', /var, /tmp and /home are on different partitions. Today I noticed that although /var is on partition sda8, all ...
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1answer
84 views

Using grml with btrfs

I'm trying to boot an ISO using grml and grub on a BTRFS root. However, after selecting the boot option from the menu grub (or some subsequent loader) fails to find the iso ...
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129 views

Snapshot of BTRFS Device on top of luks Volume

I have the following problem: I can't figure out, how to create a snapshot of a btrfs volume residing on a crypted disk. This is the setup: /dev/sdb is a 1TB USB 3 disk. it has a partition ...
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471 views

Can't delete a btrfs snapshot

I have a system that creates periodic btrfs snapshots and deletes old ones. Today, I've started receiving warnings that the system can't delete some old snapshots. This is the output I get: ...
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107 views

BTRFS raid with odd number of devices

I used to have RAID10 btrfs setup with 4 disks. Now I added sdf a new disk (its doing the balancing): Total devices 5 FS bytes used 5.73TiB devid 1 size 3.64TiB used 2.78TiB path /dev/sdd devid ...
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1answer
396 views

Can I mount a read-only btrfs volume across multiple machines?

Is it possible to have a single btrfs mounted volume read-only mounted across multiple machines? Can one of the hosts mount it read/write to provide updates to the others? The reason I'm asking this ...
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432 views

Mounting compressed filesystem using FUSE

I'd like to move some folders on my computer to a compressed read/write images, so I could get it to take less disk space on my machine (the folders contain some Mercurial and Git repositories). ...
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2k views

btrfs Integrity and Stress Testing

A DevOps colleague is recommending that we begin transitioning our production environment to using btrfs. We have primarily ext4 filesystems, though some low-usage servers using ZFS (on Linux). As ...
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1answer
727 views

recovering a corrupt degraded btrfs RAID6, need to manually clear an inode

I have a btrfs RAID 6. I have lousy hard drives, one failed, and another failed during recovery. Now I am without parity and cannot rebuild--a third drive is throwing read errors on a few sectors. ...
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224 views

btrfs formatted partion not mounting from fstab

I have this new mageia 4 setup with some btrfs partitions. My root "/" is on btrfs, working fine. from fstab: UUID=b2b0263e-a04a-4bd7-86d7-d2ec19a90b84 / btrfs relatime 0 0 then I have a different ...
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How to delete a btrfs snapshot?

I'm new to btrfs and I am trying to delete some snapshots I made a few months ago. They're taking up about 20GB of space, and I need that space back. This seems to list the snapshots: ↪ sudo btrfs ...
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4k views

Proper way of handling LXC containers on btrfs

Lets say we have one server with lxc installed, and a lxc container used for as a base img /var/lib/lxc/ubuntu_base. For simplicity let's forget the config changes after copying the base img. some ...
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1answer
116 views

Multi-Volume data storage without striping

I have a network storage server running Debian, containing multiple hard drives. These drives are all mounted into subdirectories of a samba-shared folder. All members of the network have full read ...
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73 views

Remove a file from a btrfs snapshot and still use btrfs send/receive?

I'm planing to use btrfs send/receive to synchronize two filesystems and keep a few older snapshots (like a time machine) on the backup. Now what happens if a user ask me to remove a file or ...
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2answers
1k views

BTRFS and Luks integration

I would like to build a RAID1/BTRFS/Luks setup. What I found about it so far is: An encrypted Btrfs file system can be created on top of the dm_crypt disk encryption subsystem and Linux Unified Key ...
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1k views

BTRFS: deleting a volume

A week ago, I created a BTRFS pool using two flash drives (32GB each) with this command: /sbin/mkfs.btrfs -d single /dev/sda /dev/sdb. Then I realized that I should have used the partitions /dev/sda1 ...
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3k views

How do I get the size of a btrfs subvolume (compressed vs. uncompressed)

Is there a command to get the on-disk size of a btrfs subvolume? The file system was mounted with -o compressed and the subvolume contains a lot of files that should compress rather well. I could use ...