Tagged Questions

Configuration Management refers to establishing and maintaining standardized system configurations within an organization. This tag encompasses the process of defining the configuration profiles, and the software used to manage and deploy it.

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3
votes
1answer
190 views

Is it worth it to do revision control/puppet/etc. on a single-server-setup?

After reading Using revision control for server configuration files?, I decided to install etckeeper on my server. However, it's a one-server setup, so I only have one physical machine and no load ...
0
votes
2answers
107 views

Mac OS X Profile Manager

I am wondering if when I set settings in profile manager if they should take place immediately. They currently only take effect after a restart or log out/in. I expected to send a push notification of ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Centralising IPTables rules?

When our collection of virtual servers got to a certain size, we moved from hosts files to a DNS server. However, we still have to update the firewall rules on every machine each time a new server is ...
-1
votes
1answer
147 views

How do I easily manage 22 almost identical Debian servers at once? [duplicate]

So I have 22 servers, all running the same OS, the same user accounts, the same software and so on and so forth. The only actual differences are the IP address and the hostname. When programming, most ...
47
votes
6answers
12k views

Why use Chef/Puppet over shell scripts?

New to Puppet and Chef tools. Seems like the job that they are doing can be done with shell scripting. Maybe it was done in shell scripts until these came along. I would agree they are more readable. ...
4
votes
3answers
183 views

What are your recommendations on storing passwords for configuration management?

I've seen many recommendations to versionize configuration management system. How do you suggest one deals with passwords that are needed for application security? Versionize them, too?
1
vote
1answer
160 views

How auto configure or mirror my dev Ubuntu installation onto other dev machines?

I have a lot of packages and configurations done to setup my dev machine. I have other developers in my team and want them to have the same setup to start with to ensure compatibility and availability ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Managing patches to configuration files

I use a configuration management system and, as I believe is common, my CM software simply copy-pastes configuration files to deploy them to my Linux servers, blindly clobbering whatever's there. But ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Structure for Version Control system - configuration and scripts

We are planning to introduce version control for our servers team so we can keep our config files and code neat. The server base are mostly Windows with some Linux and spread across several ...
2
votes
2answers
429 views

puppet fileserver serve non-module file

I'd like to server file which is located in /etc/puppet/files/key.pgp file { "/var/www/key.gpg": ensure => present, source => 'puppet:///files/key.gpg', } I'm getting this ...
2
votes
2answers
519 views

How can I automate a new linux server's initial setup?

Every time I setup a new server, I follow a series of steps on each server in order to get updates, set passwd, remove login via root user, customize a familiar environment (bashrc) and secure the ...
0
votes
2answers
152 views

Any good yum repository management dashboards?

I'm currently managing hundreds of CentOS/Amazon Linux servers, and our homegrown tools for managing the myriad package versions seems inadequate and unnecessary. What I'm looking for is a tool that ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Is there a method of viewing/exporting the current running config of Apache as a single file?

I'm running Apache2 on Ubuntu and the configuration is spread over several files. Is there a command to export all configuration data in use to a single file? I would like to compare it to another ...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

How to grant in Puppet a global permissions to PostgreSQL?

Official postgresql module from puppetlabs allow granting privileges on specific database. postgresql::database_grant{'grant to myuser': privilege => 'CREATE', db => ...
1
vote
1answer
421 views

How to install packages from source code with Puppet?

I'd like to install source code packages which doesn't have binary packages (deb, rpm) yet. How do I stop execution of a module in case that the module is already install on that machine? I'm using: ...
1
vote
3answers
336 views

Need puppet server sizing and scale limits [duplicate]

My company is considering adopting Puppet to manage our infrastructure. We've heard that Puppet is not as efficient as other solutions such as CFEngine. Does anyone have any hard data about how many ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Why Puppet can require each package just once?

When defining dependencies in a class each Package can be globally defined just once. I have hierarchy of configuration and some packages should be installed on all machines (that goes to default ...
1
vote
2answers
820 views

how can I call ruby function basename in puppet

I'd like to call function File.basename which is available in Ruby. Is it possible in puppet? Something like: $filename = basename($download_url)
3
votes
2answers
2k views

how to pass parameters to puppet modules?

What is the best practice for configuration of puppet modules? I have puppet 2.7.11. I find this way quite messy, it looks like using global variables. node default { $always_apt_update = true ...
1
vote
0answers
173 views

Tool to parse Dell PowerConnect switch configs to make them more readable and diff friendly

I've been working with many Dell PowerConnect switch configurations over the years, and even though their configuration console is quite IOS like, it doesn't manage configuration statements the same ...
0
votes
1answer
529 views

puppet environment variable $PATH is not set

I'm trying to install a module with puppet 2.7 on Debian 6.0 and I keep getting this error: returns: change from notrun to 0 failed: Could not find command 'tar' this is the relevant code: file ...
3
votes
3answers
98 views

possible solutions for deploying and keeping ubuntu computers up to date (and the same)

I have access to a small linux pool of around 20 computers. I'd like to come up with a simple and easy to configure solution that allows me to deploy the same configuration to new computers ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

Easily recreate a server's “state” [closed]

I want the ability to setup new servers for dev/testing/prod very easily. The reasons for being able to setup a new dev VM is obvious, but for prod my concern is adding a new production ...
-1
votes
1answer
252 views

how do i read php5-fpm configuration and how do i optimize my configuration? [closed]

This is my current php5-fpm configuration [www] listen = 127.0.0.1:9000 listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1 user = www-data group = www-data pm = dynamic pm.max_children = 50 pm.start_servers = 25 ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Patch Management in computer lab environment

Backgound I work at a university as an administrator over all of the public computer labs. Our labs are composed of hundreds of dual-boot iMacs(Mountain Lion + Windows 7) as well as hundreds Windows ...
2
votes
1answer
338 views

Managing multiple linux\freebsd server? [closed]

I currently have 5 FreeBSD servers that I'm handling on my own. I just bought 10 more servers and I want to start using some centralized configuration system like Puppet. I was wondering if there ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to generate customized sudoers files in puppet depending on the environment they're deployed to?

the sysadmins are present in the sudoers files of all environments, but other sudoers are not. Different environments all have slightly different sudoers. Most of the time, 90% of users are the same, ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Good way to store domain CSR and KEY files

For my company I'm starting to manage more and more domains; and with that more and more certificates for those domains. What is a good way to store the basic KEY and CSR files generated? I was ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Image of configurations, processes, and so on [closed]

I have configured my local (Ubuntu) Server in which I have all my services with their own configurations and files, now I want to copy all that to another machine. What's the right method to do it? ...
50
votes
2answers
8k views

Why is it so difficult to upgrade between major versions of Red Hat and CentOS?

"Can we upgrade our existing production EL5 servers to EL6?" A simple-sounding request from two customers with completely different environments prompted my usual best-practices answer of "yes, but ...
5
votes
3answers
361 views

“Shutdown” in a show running configuration

When you see the word 'shutdown' in the output of a 'show running-config' command on a Cisco router... what does that exactly indicate? My basic assumption would be that it means that interface is ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Puppet Enterprise vs. Open Source

I'm interested in learning to use Puppet. One example I see over and over again is user management. According the the Puppet website, "Configuration management – User accounts" is a feature that only ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

Managing several PCs

I'm looking for suggestions on how to best manage a group of 5-10 Windows 7 PCs. My primary concern is making sure the OS and applications stay up-to-date. My ideal solution would be to partition ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Is cf-serverd necessary?

Since a cfengine client can run autonomously based upon the files in its 'inputs' directory, why is it necessary to have a policy server running cf-serverd? Would some other file distribution ...
2
votes
1answer
539 views

How to put freebsd configuration under Revision Control?

I heard once that in linux it's possible to put whole /etc/ directory into repository. In fact i already done too much crap on server and I quite disoriented what exactly is setup in there at all. ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

Is there a standard method for assigning nameservers to servers in a Windows domain?

As the title asks, I'm wondering if there's any standard or "best practice" for how to actually assign nameservers (DNS) and manage the nameserver configuration for client servers on a Windows domain. ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

configuration mangement on third party devices

Can anyone point me in the direction of configuration management software used for access and distribution level equipment? (i.e. DSLAM, GPON Equipment, Proprietary IP PBX Systems) These devices ...
1
vote
1answer
469 views

Puppet: array in parameterized classes VS using resources

I have some use cases where I want to define multiple similar resources that should end up in a single file (via a template). As an example I'm trying to write a puppet module that will let me ...
3
votes
2answers
838 views

How to organize deployment process in Chef-controlled environment?

I have a web Linux-based infrastructure which consists of 15 virtual machines and over 50 various services. It is fully controlled by Chef. Most of the services are developed internally. Basically ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Puppet: managing (lots of) Apache VirtualHosts

I'm learning my way through configuration management in general and using puppet to implement it in particular. I have already done some generic research (also on SF) and right now I'm considering ...
33
votes
0answers
5k views

What advantages/features does Puppet or Chef offer over Salt (or vice versa)? [closed]

I am looking at rolling out a new configuration management tool to replace our home-grown solution. The defacto standards are Chef and Puppet, both of which are Ruby-centric (though can be used to ...
47
votes
6answers
5k views

What should NOT be managed by puppet?

I'm learning my way through configuration management in general and using puppet to implement it in particular, and I'm wondering what aspects of a system, if any, should not be managed with puppet? ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Managing servers, applications, configuration and their contacts

Currently we are using a wiki (Confluence) to track this information like: servers applications configuration (IP addressees, domains used owners (contacts) The problem is that a wiki does not ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

Arbitrary software configuration management with Puppet?

I am evaluating Puppet as a potential replacement for an in-house software configuration and distribution system. I am looking for advice on whether Puppet can satisfy certain requirements for ...
7
votes
2answers
677 views

How can I use the output of a command in cfengine3

I want to list a directory content and use the result somewhere else: bundle agent test { commands: "ls /tmp/test/"; reports: ubuntu:: "print output here for example"; # ...
1
vote
2answers
921 views

Return from Chef recipe without rising an exception

Is there a way to return from Chef recipe without rising an exception? Say I have a long recipe. I want to add a ruby block to it's beginning which will check some condition (for example directory ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Does there exist a solution for full filesystem revision control where the revision db/repository is remote? [closed]

Question: Is there a good solution out there for revision control on an entire file system? This includes the question "would any of the typical revision control systems out there work for this (git, ...
71
votes
6answers
12k views

How can the little guys effectively learn and use Puppet?

Six months ago, in our not-for-profit project we decided to start migrating our system management to a Puppet-controlled environment because we are expecting our number of servers to grow ...
3
votes
2answers
191 views

how to remove a node in rudder 2.3

I'm using Rudder 2.3 (v.2.3.7~rc2~git201205021042 ) since some months now and I have added some VM which have been deleted now. So I search a step by step howto to remove its from my rudder node ...
2
votes
2answers
701 views

Packaging a Custom Chef Server (via Chef solo) installation for RHEL 6 / CentOS

I am currently installing a Chef server according to http://wiki.opscode.com/display/chef/Installing+Chef+Server+using+Chef+Solo for CentOS 6.2. I want to package everything up into my own custom RPM ...