A directory, also commonly called a folder, is a filesystem object used for organizing files and other directories.

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23answers
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rm on a directory with millions of files

Background: physical server, about two years old, 7200-RPM SATA drives connected to a 3Ware RAID card, ext3 FS mounted noatime and data=ordered, not under crazy load, kernel 2.6.18-92.1.22.el5, uptime ...
43
votes
6answers
15k views

Meaning of directories on Unix and Unix like systems

I've been using Linux for a couple of years now but I still haven't figured out what the origin or meaning of some the directory names are on Unix and Unix like systems. E.g. what does etc stand for ...
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2answers
856 views

revert chmod 777 / -R

while executing a command i made a mistake and executed (ubuntu 10) sudo chmod 777 / -R # okay you may laugh now all my filesystem has 777 permitions , obviously i dont know which ...
38
votes
7answers
11k views

Should websites live in /var/ or /usr/ according to recommended usage?

According to a guide on the Linux directory structure, /usr/ is for application files, and /var/ is for files that change (I assume this means "files that belong to the applications"). Is this correct?...
16
votes
5answers
27k views

How do I find (or exclude) all directories and sub-directories matching a certain pattern (in Linux)?

I'm trying to use the Linux find command to find all directories and sub-directories that do not have .svn (Subversion hidden folders) in their path. I can only get it to exclude the actual .svn ...
9
votes
9answers
12k views

How to solve linux subdirectories number limit?

I have a website which will store user profile images. Each image is stored in a directory (Linux) specific to the user. Currently I have a customer base of 30+, which means I will have 30+ folders. ...
12
votes
2answers
18k views

What Are The Best Practices For Business Folder Structure?

We've tended in the past towards having departmental folders (Sales, Marketing, etc) on a single share and then adding folders below these ad-hoc as and when they're needed. It's gotten a bit messy - ...
7
votes
7answers
1k views

Different files of two directories

There are two directories I'd like to compare. I tried diff but it includes the changes inside the files. All I want is something like this file a is just in /A file b is missing in /A file c ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Hide Total Size and Free Space on Network Drives

I would like to know if there is a way, preferably through Group Policy, that one can hide the total size listing and the free space listing on network drives. We have an active directory environment ...
0
votes
2answers
313 views

Powershell script to display all groups and their users

I'm currently trying to write a script that displays each group and user in the domain. Import-Module ActiveDirectory $Groups = (Get-AdGroup -filter * | Where {$_.name -like "**"} | select ...
25
votes
10answers
24k views

Linux - What directories should I exclude when backing up a server?

I'm backing up a linux server and storing it on some other server. I started off with a simple rsync -aPh --del server.example.com:/ /mnt/backup Then someone pointed out that I shouldn't back up /...
32
votes
2answers
28k views

logrotating files in a directories and its subdirectories

Is it possible to get logrotate to consider logfiles in a directory and all its subdirectories? (i.e. without explicitly listing the subdirectories.)
9
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1answer
10k views

Changing MySQL data directory in Ubuntu Server 10.04

I was getting the following error when trying to change the data directory in ubuntu server 10.04. 100809 19:33:00 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled. /usr/sbin/mysqld: Can't find file: './mysql/...
22
votes
3answers
35k views

What is the maximum number of files a file system can contain?

Given the current structure of a directory entry on a ext4 file system on Ubuntu, what is the maximum number of files a file system can contain? What is the general method of calculating the maximum ...
5
votes
1answer
737 views

how to pre-create directories on linux for file storage

looking for a way to pre-create directories on linux to be used to store a large number of files. We will be generating file ids using a GUID - I need to keep a copy of these files on a linux web ...
5
votes
6answers
16k views

Best method to track folder size growth over time?

I have a file server that has a pretty large folder tree. There's a shared folder, under that are 5 departmental folders. Nested inside of those are thousands of subfolders and files. I would like ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

nginx: redirect subfolder to subdomain

I'm trying to redirect a subfolder to a subdomain in nginx. I want http://example.com/~meow/ to be redirected to http://meow.example.com/. I tried the following: location ~ ^/\~meow/(.*)$ { ...
3
votes
6answers
770 views

Need to check a directory tree for changes every 10 seconds and run a script if it is changed

I have a directory that has many folders with code inside it, and I need to run a script to rsync changes over to a couple other servers. I have that script written and working fine, but I cannot ...
2
votes
6answers
35k views

Unable to remove Read-Only attribute from folder in Windows XP

I have this directory which I cannot remove the read only attribute from. The computer is running XP SP2 (or SP3, not sure) and the directory sits in a NTFS file system. Looking into the web I found ...
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2answers
3k views

Combine several locations with regex in nginx

I dynamic number of Joomla installations in subfolders of the domain. For example: http://site/joomla_1/ http://site/joomla_2/ http://site/joomla_3/ ... Currently I have the ...
1
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2answers
2k views

What are the maximum number of files/directories allowed per directory in common Linux FS?

It is known that ext2/ext3 FS have a rather low limit of about 32k files/directories per directory. It looks like ReiserFS is limited in practice by the r5 hash function which allows about 1 200 000 ...
4
votes
3answers
9k views

Apache VirtualHost Proxy with a Subdirectory

Currently, we have an IIS server as our primary web server. We are implementing an Apache server in its place, but still need to have the IIS server accessible. Typically, this is a simple thing, ...
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vote
3answers
3k views

Point domain name to subdirectory with .htaccess

I have a server under one main domain, and I want to point another domain to /example/index.php to make another site. Is there anyway i can do this with .htaccess? cheers
1
vote
6answers
1k views

Delete files from directory: memory exhausted

This question is a logical continuation of http://serverfault.com/questions/45245/how-can-i-delete-all-files-from-a-directory-when-it-reports-argument-list-too-lo I have drwxr-xr-x 2 doreshkin ...
1
vote
1answer
939 views

Nginx Password Protect Entire Port Number 8081

I'm trying to password protect an entire port on my website--https://domain.com:8081 and http://domain.com:8081 I have tried editing /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/domain.com.vhost by adding the following ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to rewrite URI from root if file exists in folder?

I have a public folder in my document root. I would like to redirect all the files that are not present in document root, but are present in the public folder. (So if the same file is in two places, ...
1
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2answers
2k views

Change the document root of a parked domain?

I have run into a problem which is that my web host doesn't appear offer addon domains. I currently have a domain name pointing to my name servers. I went into cPanel to add an addon domain that ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

du -sh keeps timing out!

i need to get the entire size of /storage, but using du -sh times out after about an hour! is there another way to get the entire directory size?
1
vote
4answers
293 views

Can someone explain a bit about Unix folder permissions and safety?

Why would I change folder permissions to 755 or 777 for example? I read that it means read write and execute but what I want to know, can anyone steal php codes depending on these permissions? Thank ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Running two independent tomcats on one machine, instead of one tomcat with multiple instances

due to operational need following is the scenario. Two applications running on one machine, operating system is Windows 2003 standard server edition. Application A comes packaged with tomcat (...