A directory, also commonly called a folder, is a filesystem object used for organizing files and other directories.

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72
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23answers
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rm on a directory with millions of files

Background: physical server, about two years old, 7200-RPM SATA drives connected to a 3Ware RAID card, ext3 FS mounted noatime and data=ordered, not under crazy load, kernel 2.6.18-92.1.22.el5, uptime ...
44
votes
6answers
15k views

Meaning of directories on Unix and Unix like systems

I've been using Linux for a couple of years now but I still haven't figured out what the origin or meaning of some the directory names are on Unix and Unix like systems. E.g. what does etc stand for ...
44
votes
2answers
20k views

How to keep the full path with rsync?

When backing up with rsync, How do I keep the full directory structure? For example, the remote server is saturn, and I want to backup saturn's /home/udi/files/pictures to a local directory named ...
39
votes
7answers
40k views

How to copy file preserving directory path in Linux?

I have Eclipse projects and ".project" file in them, the directory structure looks like 'myProject/.project'. I want to copy these '.project' files to another directory, but I want the enclosing ...
38
votes
7answers
11k views

Should websites live in /var/ or /usr/ according to recommended usage?

According to a guide on the Linux directory structure, /usr/ is for application files, and /var/ is for files that change (I assume this means "files that belong to the applications"). Is this correct?...
36
votes
2answers
29k views

Add directory structure to SVN, without files

Is there a way to add a directory structure to an SVN repository without adding the files contained in the folders?
35
votes
3answers
133k views

Mount Remote CIFS/SMB Share as a Folder not a Drive Letter

Is there any way to mount a remote CIFS/SMB/SAMBA share as a folder/directory and not as a drive letter. For example, I want this map: \\Server\ShareName -> C:\Folder\ShareName Instead of the usual ...
33
votes
2answers
28k views

logrotating files in a directories and its subdirectories

Is it possible to get logrotate to consider logfiles in a directory and all its subdirectories? (i.e. without explicitly listing the subdirectories.)
26
votes
5answers
11k views

What do these abbreviations stand for?

Some directories are easy to understand the meaning /usr /bin ... But for the next ones, I have no idea. /etc /opt opt for optional? etc for electronic t...... configuration (no idea for t) I ...
26
votes
4answers
27k views

Where is a good permanent place to install custom bash scripts?

I'm about to install "leiningen" which is a bash script for the clojure programming language with a lot of usefulness... ...but I'm not sure where it is appropriate to -put- a executable script in ...
25
votes
10answers
24k views

Linux - What directories should I exclude when backing up a server?

I'm backing up a linux server and storing it on some other server. I started off with a simple rsync -aPh --del server.example.com:/ /mnt/backup Then someone pointed out that I shouldn't back up /...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

Why should you run cd . before doing anything?

In this compilation of sysadmin horrors, one of the authors writes, as a rule of thumb: Always do a cd . before doing anything. Why would you want to do that?
22
votes
3answers
35k views

What is the maximum number of files a file system can contain?

Given the current structure of a directory entry on a ext4 file system on Ubuntu, what is the maximum number of files a file system can contain? What is the general method of calculating the maximum ...
17
votes
3answers
14k views

compare 2 directories and copy differences in a 3rd directory

Running ubuntu 12.04, I want to compare 2 directories, say folder1/ and folder2/ and copy any files that are different to folder3/. There are also nested files, so matching subdirectories should be ...
17
votes
4answers
62k views

How can I set full premissions to a user in a specified dir?

How can I set full permissions to a user in a specified dir in linux?
16
votes
5answers
27k views

How do I find (or exclude) all directories and sub-directories matching a certain pattern (in Linux)?

I'm trying to use the Linux find command to find all directories and sub-directories that do not have .svn (Subversion hidden folders) in their path. I can only get it to exclude the actual .svn ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

Difference and correct usage for /tmp and /var/tmp

I haven't put much thought into this until now, but it seems odd that there is a /var/tmp and /tmp directories for most of the linux distro's I routinely use ( Ubuntu, Centos, Redhat ). Is there any ...
15
votes
12answers
116k views

Windows command prompt: how to get the count of all files in current directory?

What command would you use in cmd.exe to find the number of files in the current directory? Is there a powershell option here? Update: I was hoping to avoid dir, as I know there are 10,000+ files in ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

Ensuring a repeatable directory ordering in linux

I run a hosted continuous integration company, and we run our customers' code on Linux. Each time we run the code, we run it in a separate virtual machine. A frequent problem that arises is that a ...
14
votes
3answers
55k views

Cannot delete folder with rm -rf. Error: device or resource busy

I'm trying to delete /var/www/html but I'm getting this error: rm: cannot remove `html': Device or resource busy
13
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference between /usr/local/bin & /usr/local/sbin

I wrote a simple script which I want to share with my colleagues. Should it be in /usr/local/bin or /usr/local/sbin? What is the typical usage for these directories?
12
votes
2answers
31k views

Difference between <Location> and <Directory> Apache directives

I have Zend Server installed and noticed something like the following was added to my httpd.conf file: <Location /ZendServer> Order Allow,Deny Allow from 127.0.0.1 </Location> Alias /...
12
votes
2answers
18k views

What Are The Best Practices For Business Folder Structure?

We've tended in the past towards having departmental folders (Sales, Marketing, etc) on a single share and then adding folders below these ad-hoc as and when they're needed. It's gotten a bit messy - ...
11
votes
8answers
32k views

How do you handle “CMD does not support UNC paths as current directories”?

I am attempting to change directories to a file server such as: cd \\someServer\\someStuff\ However, I get the following error: CMD does not support UNC paths as current directories What ...
10
votes
5answers
358 views

How do I change to the directory I just moved that file to?

So lets assume I've just done: mv ./myfile /to/some/other/place/ And I now decide I want to follow the file, and go into that directory. Whilst I could head for the mouse, select the text, type '...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Is the Apache Directory directive supposed to be relative to the DocumentRoot or not?

Is the Apache Directory directive supposed to be relative to the DocumentRoot or not? I ask in the context of a VirtualHost, but it shouldn't make any difference. In other words, is it supposed to be:...
9
votes
9answers
12k views

How to solve linux subdirectories number limit?

I have a website which will store user profile images. Each image is stored in a directory (Linux) specific to the user. Currently I have a customer base of 30+, which means I will have 30+ folders. ...
9
votes
3answers
12k views

Is there a hard limit to the number of files a directory can have? [duplicate]

Wondering if there is a limit to the number of files that can be stored inside a directory, in CentOS 6. There is one particular directory which could potentially have millions of subdirectories. ...
9
votes
1answer
10k views

Changing MySQL data directory in Ubuntu Server 10.04

I was getting the following error when trying to change the data directory in ubuntu server 10.04. 100809 19:33:00 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled. /usr/sbin/mysqld: Can't find file: './mysql/...
9
votes
1answer
13k views

Reverse proxy for a subdirectory in nginx

I want to set up a Reverse proxy on my VPS for my Heroku app (http://lovemaple.heroku.com) So if I visit mysite.com/blog I can get the content in http://lovemaple.heroku.com I followed the ...
9
votes
2answers
7k views

Where to put www directory on Ubuntu?

I'm a bit scared to ask this because I got so many negative votes for simply asking a question last time, but here goes; Where in the Linux (Ubuntu) directory structure is it 'normal' to put public ...
8
votes
2answers
139 views

Is there a good summary somewhere of what should go in each of the main folders in a linux install?

eg bin, sbin, proc, lib, boot, usr, etc... Is there a standard list somewhere, does it depend on the distro? This is essentially to answer the common question I have "I'm installing X or putting Y ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Shrink/reset directory size?

Is there a way to shrink a directory entry? My dovecot maildir directories have increased in size from the default 4096 to several megs, and it is messing with disk quotas. The only way that I have ...
8
votes
4answers
14k views

Windows Service: Can I configure the current working directory?

By default, Windows services start in the sytem32 directory (usually C:\WINDOWS\system32). Is there a way to set up a different working directory? I am thinking of some registry parameter beneath ...
7
votes
7answers
1k views

Different files of two directories

There are two directories I'd like to compare. I tried diff but it includes the changes inside the files. All I want is something like this file a is just in /A file b is missing in /A file c ...
7
votes
2answers
22k views

How to upload a directory recursively to an FTP server by just using ftp or lftp?

I am writing a Linux shell script to copy a local directory to a remote server (removing any existing files). Local server: ftp and lftp commands are available, no ncftp or any graphical tools. ...
7
votes
5answers
9k views

Windows: How to delete files with a too long name?

I have a problem with delete, I would like to delete some folder which contains a number of files, and I am getting an error like: Cannot delete Folder: The file name you specified is not valid ...
7
votes
5answers
10k views

Can't access windows share when in security group assigned to share

I'm a bit stumpped on this one. I created a security group in AD called "special data users" and add myself to it. I then created a share on a server and give that AD security group full access to ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

Un-tar a specific directory inside of a tar

I have the Wordpress tar, latest.tar.gz. Within it is the following structure /wordpress/dirtories/files When I do the following command I would prefer if I could have it unpack starting at /...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Outlook 2007 Infinite Folder Nesting

There's a user on our exchange who moved a subfolder of his inbox into a subfolder beneath that, and now an infinitely nested folder loop has been created (see screenshot). This is prevalent on ...
6
votes
6answers
4k views

Bash Script To Repair Directory and File Ownership

My client had me deploy some folders out to a bunch of home directories for his customer websites. I did this with a Bash script, but it ended up using the root account permissions. How do I make a ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Apache2 - 301 Redirect when missing “/” at the end of directory in the url

I haven't really noticed this Redirect(301) when requesting a url like this without slash("/") at the end: http://server/directory The server will respone with a 301 Redirect Permanent header with a ...
6
votes
7answers
36k views

How delete the content of a directory in Centos

I need to delete all the content of a folder in CentOS but not the folder itself. For example: I have a folder named "MYFOLDER" which contains subfolders FOLD_1, FOLD_2, FOLD_3, FOLD_4... etc , and ...
6
votes
5answers
19k views

Check to see if a directory exists remotely (shell script)

Is there a way to see if a directory exists on a remote server? Perhaps there's a better way, but I'm writing an application deployment script, and I want to create a directory on a remote server if ...
6
votes
3answers
11k views

Why can't I cd into a directory?

I am running Ubuntu 10.04.2 LTS. Why I can't I cd into the /var/www directory? david@ubuntu:/var$ pwd /var david@ubuntu:/var$ ls -l drwxrwxr-- 13 root root 4096 2011-02-26 21:53 www david@ubuntu:/...
6
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3answers
6k views

Duplicate Directory with SSH

How can i duplicate a directory on my server via ssh?
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Fast way of knowing real directory size on linux/bsd

What is the fastest way of computing real directory size? I somehow catch myself needing that a lot. Simply doing: # du -hs /dir Is too slow. Is there any service I could run which would ...
6
votes
1answer
7k views

How to disable apache logging when accessing certain directories?

How do I get apache to prevent http requests from being logged on a directory basis? I want to do something alike <IfModule mod_userdir.c> UserDir public_html <Directory /home/*/...
6
votes
4answers
262 views

Frequently accessed files and I/O usage

I'm curious, from a performance standpoint, is there an advantage in storing all files in one directory versus having each file in a separate directory? I'm not concerned about organization. Also, ...
6
votes
4answers
6k views

Automatic Notification of New or Changed Files in a Folder or Share [closed]

I'm looking for some Open Source [free] or relatively inexpensive solution for monitoring specific folders on a file system and 'Windows' network with several shares. When a file is added or changed, ...