Disk storage is generally the permanent data storage of a server.

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7
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1answer
38 views

Are there any notable advantages (or disadvantages) to using EFI firmware and GPT boot disks in an ESXi environment?

My basic question is, as the title asks: are there any notable advantages (or disadvantages) to using EFI firmware and GPT boot disks in an ESXi environment? By "notable," I mean anything other than ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

BTRFS, sector alignment and Advance Format Disks

I want to set up a BTRFS RAID1 setup with two WD Red 4TB disks, which possess 4K sectors. Since I am keen to get it right the first time before copying data to it (yes it will be backed up), my ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Ubuntu 14.04 Cloud Server - Disks gone Read Only

Disks on our cloud server with our web host went read-only this morning for no apparent reason. Following that a reboot to try and rectify the issue resulted in a non-bootable system. Our Web Host ...
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votes
2answers
31 views

Why is the BOOTMGR inside of the MBR?

According to the MBR strcuture definitions I have found, the partition table data should be within the bytes ranging from 446 to 510 of the first block of the disk. However, when I run: sudo xxd -g 1 ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

HP ProLiant ML350 G6 RAID 1 disk compatibility

We are running an HP ProLiant ML350 with a RAID 1 set up on two identical 300GB 6G SAS 10K rpm SFF (2.5-inch) Dual Port Enterprise HDDs and a third acting as a "hot spare" - HP part # HPQ-507127-S21. ...
0
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0answers
20 views

A tool to get disk activity statistics from strace? [duplicate]

So, with strace we can monitor the "file" activity, like the "open", "read" and "write" operations, but is there a tool which will calculate a sum of read and write operations grouping it by the file, ...
6
votes
2answers
413 views

Determine if C drive has 2 GB of free disk space

I am trying to determine if a target pc has atleast 2 GB of free space. Here is what I have so far: @echo off for /f "usebackq delims== tokens=2" %%x in (`wmic logicaldisk where "DeviceID='C:'" get ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Abstract physical drives to create a resizable raid array: is it possible?

I want to set up two hard drives with a portion of them set in raid1. I want that portion to be scalable too, as logical LVM volumes are. Is it possible to abstract physical volumes or to create an ...
1
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2answers
86 views

Performance Tuning Linux [closed]

Performance Tuning/ Monitoring/Latency keeping in mind I see following 4 items & in each item they are lot of tools. CPU Memory IO Network What I see following tools we do use. vmstat mpstat ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

(Unexpected?) blkio controller behavior

I'm using docker 1.4.0 with lxc-1.0.6 and cgroup-lite-1.1.5 on Ubuntu 12.04. I have 3 hard disks (/dev/[sdb-sdd]) that I write to from 3 distinct containers. They have only one XFS partition, mounted ...
-1
votes
1answer
18 views

x3650t ibm hard disk error how to check logs

There is a Led indicator on the front panel of IBM x3650T series, it is blinking lights, most probably there is a Hard disk error but need to be sure... anyone knows how to check the logs on server ...
-1
votes
1answer
80 views

mdadm: add new device failed for /dev/xvdl as 2: Invalid argument

I have existing RAID0 setup with two disks. I have to add a new drive to it. But when I try to run the following command: mdadm --add /dev/md/customer_upload /dev/xvdl I get an error: mdadm: add ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Which value of HDD avgqu-sz is critical?

This is my graph of HDD avgqu-sz from different app machines: App caches data in memory and every n minutes are data flushed to filesystem + every m minutes are data (re)loaded from filesystem in ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

IBM Fiber Storage

I am asking this question on behalf of the company i work for, What the problem is that we have just setup a fiber storage system with an IBM Server and IBM Fiber Storage system, we brought the both ...
36
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6answers
3k views

Is my Hard Drive Failing?

I just tried to run a test on my hdd and it doesn't want to complete a self test. Here is the result: smartctl --attributes --log=selftest /dev/sda smartctl 6.2 2013-07-26 r3841 ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

External USB drive on xen windows guest

I have an external USB 2Tb drive I'm trying to use with a xen guest. Xen Center 6.1 sees the drive in the removable storage repository and I can assign it to a guest. But the guest (tested ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

What is the difference between truss -D and truss -E?

I am currently analyzing a command on Solaris that reads from a file and has very low performance. The truss -D commands shows me read system calls taking up to 0.03 seconds, but when I use truss -E, ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

What is the counter type for Linux's /sys/block/$DEVICE/stat

What are the counter types for /sys/block/$DEVICE/stat? $ cat /sys/block/sda/stat 8323741 42381356 464031898 19207478 1940738 49062039 408122282 79935459 0 22315734 99172579 Specifically, ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

PostgreSQL queries slower than before?

I am using PostgreSQL 9.3 server on my production server. Everything had been working fine for the past couple of months. But since the past week or so, PostgreSQL seems to have becomes very slow with ...
6
votes
3answers
482 views

Is disk serial readable from supermicro chassis?

We are working with a hosting company for managing our dedicated servers. We asked for a replacement disk on one of the servers by providing the serial number. They took out 2 other disks instead and ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

How is it possible for reallocated sector count to decrease?

The reallocated sector count of a disk in a RAID array has been increasing over the past 6 months, but now it seems as though the reallocated sector count has decreased. A month ago (according to ...
0
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0answers
114 views

Azure disk performance

I am running on-demand, research D14 instance in Azure South Central US region, with a 4-disk RAID0. Recently the disk performance has become unusably slow, particularly the RAID performance, which is ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

What is counted as an I/O Operation?

What is counted as an IOP? Is one IOP one file read or written or one block (e.g. 4KB) read or written? Or something else?
0
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0answers
62 views

Linux quota - wrong disk usage

I'm using centos 6 and quota shows wrong disk usage for all users... Something like multiply real disk usage... # quota -v myuser Disk quotas for user myuser (uid 511): Filesystem blocks ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Why my AWS volume size is different from the actual size?

It's very wried to see my actual disk size is much less than the actual size. From the information, looks this disk is not be partitioned. I have no idea why the actual size is 20G but disk size is ...
2
votes
3answers
64 views

Accessing multiple disks under single virtual partition?

I have disks as below on my Debian server: /dev/sda1 276M 29M 233M 11% /boot /dev/sdb1 917G 793G 79G 92% /home /dev/sdc1 1.8T 1.7T 79G 96% /home2 /dev/sdd1 1.8T 1.7T 79G 96% ...
1
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0answers
71 views

Are /dev/disk/by-id symlinks unreliable?

I am provisioning a Nova server and Cinder volumes using a Heat template. In order to identify the Cinder volumes attached to my OpenStack server I would like to use the /dev/disk/by-id/... symlinks ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

How to reacreate the EFI partiton and mirror and existing system partition of an GPT disk?

I have the following setup (very well possible that this is no good practice but it is the given situation): There were 2 x 3TB dynamic GPT disks in a Windows server, Disk0 with EFI (~200 MB), System ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

How to generate random files and directories that are scattering across the whole partition? [closed]

I want to perform a heavy test of using "resize2fs" to shrink the file system. Currently, I have script that creates a few hundred thousand files taking several hundred GB. But it doesn't take very ...
35
votes
10answers
2k views

Linux on VMware - why use partitioning?

When installing Linux VMs in a virtualized environment (ESXi in my case), are there any compelling reasons to partition the disks (when using ext4) rather than just adding separate disks for each ...
5
votes
3answers
112 views

Shared Disk in modern data center (SAN, virtualization, etc)

I'm a developer...treading here on foreign terrain. Please pardon any naivete. I work on an application that stores data both in a database and the filesystem. Context: Clustering and Network ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Unclaimed disk space but no actual physical disk present

I am working with Ubuntu server 12.04 and earlier this week we detected a bad disk in /dev/sdl. I was not able to query its mount point and it also had failed SMART tests. Today I brought a brand new ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

HDD is acting up, but S.M.A.R.T says everything is fine

Before I begin, a quick disclaimer. I'm basically a developer forced into a sysadmin role by circumstances, so I apologize in advance if I say something stupid or seem like I don't know what I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Hard drive error message in Virtual Root Server

After noticing a high load on our virtual root server (2 x 1 TB RAID 1 Subset) I have found these messages in /var/log/messages (CentOS): kernel: ata3.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x0 action ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do servers have SAS instead of SSDs? [closed]

I was wondering why do servers still come with SAS disks instead of SSD disks? I know that SAS are faster than normal hard drives but they are still much slower than SSDs. I think they are more ...
0
votes
1answer
959 views

SCOM alert: The threshold for the Logical Disk\Avg. Disk sec/Transfer performance counter has been exceeded

We are monitoring several Windows Server 2012 R2 VMs running on Hyper-V. Now SCOM (2012 R2 UR2) reports: The threshold for the Logical Disk\Avg. Disk sec/Transfer performance counter has been ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Tracking down rogue disk usage

I found several other questions regarding the theory behind my problem (e.g. this, this), but I don't know how to apply the answers to my machine. # du -hsx / 11000283 / # df -kT / Filesystem ...
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2answers
119 views

iostat reporting low r/s on first line for specific disk, expected r/s on all following lines for that same disk

When copying data from hard disk sdc to sda, I notice that the number of read requests completed per second was unusually low: $ iostat -x 1 1 Linux 3.13.0-32-generic (melancholy) 2014-08-15 ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Extract data from server without causing high disk IO

My current diagnosis is that there is a hardware fault, either related to the memory of the hardware RAID controller or something related to the extra juice the hard drives requires when running on ...
-1
votes
1answer
495 views

How to access a system with write permission after file system check fails?

I created three new partitions, but after a reboot, the system is being dropped to a shell: /dev/mapper/group-newpartition: clean, 11/655360 files, 276620/2621440 blocks [FAILED] An error occurred ...
3
votes
3answers
219 views

Power down disk array

I have a Supermicro server with an external disk array connected using SAS. Assuming I have already shut down the server properly, is there anything I should do before I can power down the disk array ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How to alleviate high disk reads on server?

We are currently hosting a 3TB library of image galleries on our web server, all searchable by users. With about 400 active users at a certain time on the website, our disk reads are pushing 100% I/O ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

100% disk usage Windows server 2008

We have HP Proliant G6 server with 4 1.5Tb SATA disks. 2 RAID 1 arrays and 2 logical drives 1.5Tb. One day ago I mentioned twith resmon that disk usage is 100% and i\o speed is not more then 4Mb\s ...
-1
votes
1answer
3k views

Can't mount disk (VFS: Can't find ext4 filesystem)

Tried to mount a disk (hardware raid) but failed. #mount -t ext4 /dev/sda /data mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sda, missing codepage or helper program, or other ...
0
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2answers
88 views

Measuring disk usage

What is the fairest unit to determine the disk usage (except the total storage usage e.g. in GB)? IOPS? Bytes read / write? Bytes transferred over network (would be equal to Bytes r/w)? Other? And ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How to create two partitions with same size?

I created two partitions using the following commands. parted /dev/sda --script -- mkpart primary 1 50001 parted /dev/sda --script -- mkpart primary 1948001 1998001 Each partition should have 50001 ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

input/output error at clean ext3 partition - how to check what wrong with data block

I have a problem with a file at a ext3 partition on CentOS 5 server (kernel version 2.6.18-164.15.1.el5) with a HP Raid Controller: hpacucli ctrl all show detail Smart Array P410 in Slot 1 Bus ...
0
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0answers
382 views

XenServer 6.2 Read Only and Slow Disk I/O

I virtualized a datacenter a few months back and we have a pool of 3 HP DL360 G5 servers, each with 32GB of Memory and dual Intel Xeons. Recently we have been experiencing 2 issues, the first of which ...
18
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2answers
419 views

An unknown tool is wiping our Virtual Machines and we can't ID it

A console view of a Windows 2008 R2 VM, on vSphere is showing the following screen: "Operation 2 of 2" "Wiping disk" Can someone advise on what this program is? Some information on this mystery: ...
0
votes
1answer
282 views

How does loss of DWORD synchronization affect the health of an SAS disk?

I tried to get more information from the error log of an SAS disk by running the following command that prints values and descriptions of the SAS (SSP) Protocol Specific log page. # smartctl -d scsi ...