Disk storage is generally the permanent data storage of a server.

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11 views

BIOS detects hard drive but not listed in /dev

I recently purchased a new Seagate SATA hard drive for the Poweredge t610 I run, and I cannot get Linux (Ubuntu 11.10) to detect the drive. The t610 has a hot-swap board for hard drives as well as two ...
0
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0answers
3 views

SATA controller or disk failing? [migrated]

Recently my laptop IO became deadly slow. I investigated a bit, and according to smartmon tools I have no errors on the disk, tough I'm getting a lot of errors in the syslog: ata2.00: exception Emask ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Linux quota - wrong disk usage

I'm using centos 6 and quota shows wrong disk usage for all users... Something like multiply real disk usage... # quota -v myuser Disk quotas for user myuser (uid 511): Filesystem blocks ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Why my AWS volume size is different from the actual size?

It's very wried to see my actual disk size is much less than the actual size. From the information, looks this disk is not be partitioned. I have no idea why the actual size is 20G but disk size is ...
2
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3answers
49 views

Accessing multiple disks under single virtual partition?

I have disks as below on my Debian server: /dev/sda1 276M 29M 233M 11% /boot /dev/sdb1 917G 793G 79G 92% /home /dev/sdc1 1.8T 1.7T 79G 96% /home2 /dev/sdd1 1.8T 1.7T 79G 96% ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Are /dev/disk/by-id symlinks unreliable?

I am provisioning a Nova server and Cinder volumes using a Heat template. In order to identify the Cinder volumes attached to my OpenStack server I would like to use the /dev/disk/by-id/... symlinks ...
1
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1answer
48 views

How to reacreate the EFI partiton and mirror and existing system partition of an GPT disk?

I have the following setup (very well possible that this is no good practice but it is the given situation): There were 2 x 3TB dynamic GPT disks in a Windows server, Disk0 with EFI (~200 MB), System ...
0
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1answer
44 views

How to generate random files and directories that are scattering across the whole partition? [closed]

I want to perform a heavy test of using "resize2fs" to shrink the file system. Currently, I have script that creates a few hundred thousand files taking several hundred GB. But it doesn't take very ...
1
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0answers
21 views

duplicate hdd serial number “152D20337A0C” [migrated]

What is this "152D20337A0C" "serial number" about? I keep finding disks with this "special" serial number. I have 4 of them at home alone. Serial numbers should be unique.
35
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10answers
2k views

Linux on VMware - why use partitioning?

When installing Linux VMs in a virtualized environment (ESXi in my case), are there any compelling reasons to partition the disks (when using ext4) rather than just adding separate disks for each ...
5
votes
3answers
69 views

Shared Disk in modern data center (SAN, virtualization, etc)

I'm a developer...treading here on foreign terrain. Please pardon any naivete. I work on an application that stores data both in a database and the filesystem. Context: Clustering and Network ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Unclaimed disk space but no actual physical disk present

I am working with Ubuntu server 12.04 and earlier this week we detected a bad disk in /dev/sdl. I was not able to query its mount point and it also had failed SMART tests. Today I brought a brand new ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

HDD is acting up, but S.M.A.R.T says everything is fine

Before I begin, a quick disclaimer. I'm basically a developer forced into a sysadmin role by circumstances, so I apologize in advance if I say something stupid or seem like I don't know what I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Hard drive error message in Virtual Root Server

After noticing a high load on our virtual root server (2 x 1 TB RAID 1 Subset) I have found these messages in /var/log/messages (CentOS): kernel: ata3.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x0 action ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do servers have SAS instead of SSDs? [closed]

I was wondering why do servers still come with SAS disks instead of SSD disks? I know that SAS are faster than normal hard drives but they are still much slower than SSDs. I think they are more ...
0
votes
1answer
221 views

SCOM alert: The threshold for the Logical Disk\Avg. Disk sec/Transfer performance counter has been exceeded

We are monitoring several Windows Server 2012 R2 VMs running on Hyper-V. Now SCOM (2012 R2 UR2) reports: The threshold for the Logical Disk\Avg. Disk sec/Transfer performance counter has been ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Tracking down rogue disk usage

I found several other questions regarding the theory behind my problem (e.g. this, this), but I don't know how to apply the answers to my machine. # du -hsx / 11000283 / # df -kT / Filesystem ...
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2answers
56 views

iostat reporting low r/s on first line for specific disk, expected r/s on all following lines for that same disk

When copying data from hard disk sdc to sda, I notice that the number of read requests completed per second was unusually low: $ iostat -x 1 1 Linux 3.13.0-32-generic (melancholy) 2014-08-15 ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Extract data from server without causing high disk IO

My current diagnosis is that there is a hardware fault, either related to the memory of the hardware RAID controller or something related to the extra juice the hard drives requires when running on ...
-1
votes
1answer
74 views

How to access a system with write permission after file system check fails?

I created three new partitions, but after a reboot, the system is being dropped to a shell: /dev/mapper/group-newpartition: clean, 11/655360 files, 276620/2621440 blocks [FAILED] An error occurred ...
3
votes
3answers
202 views

Power down disk array

I have a Supermicro server with an external disk array connected using SAS. Assuming I have already shut down the server properly, is there anything I should do before I can power down the disk array ...
0
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1answer
36 views

How to alleviate high disk reads on server?

We are currently hosting a 3TB library of image galleries on our web server, all searchable by users. With about 400 active users at a certain time on the website, our disk reads are pushing 100% I/O ...
0
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0answers
53 views

100% disk usage Windows server 2008

We have HP Proliant G6 server with 4 1.5Tb SATA disks. 2 RAID 1 arrays and 2 logical drives 1.5Tb. One day ago I mentioned twith resmon that disk usage is 100% and i\o speed is not more then 4Mb\s ...
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1answer
1k views

Can't mount disk (VFS: Can't find ext4 filesystem)

Tried to mount a disk (hardware raid) but failed. #mount -t ext4 /dev/sda /data mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sda, missing codepage or helper program, or other ...
0
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2answers
69 views

Measuring disk usage

What is the fairest unit to determine the disk usage (except the total storage usage e.g. in GB)? IOPS? Bytes read / write? Bytes transferred over network (would be equal to Bytes r/w)? Other? And ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How to create two partitions with same size?

I created two partitions using the following commands. parted /dev/sda --script -- mkpart primary 1 50001 parted /dev/sda --script -- mkpart primary 1948001 1998001 Each partition should have 50001 ...
3
votes
3answers
318 views

input/output error at clean ext3 partition - how to check what wrong with data block

I have a problem with a file at a ext3 partition on CentOS 5 server (kernel version 2.6.18-164.15.1.el5) with a HP Raid Controller: hpacucli ctrl all show detail Smart Array P410 in Slot 1 Bus ...
0
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0answers
203 views

XenServer 6.2 Read Only and Slow Disk I/O

I virtualized a datacenter a few months back and we have a pool of 3 HP DL360 G5 servers, each with 32GB of Memory and dual Intel Xeons. Recently we have been experiencing 2 issues, the first of which ...
18
votes
2answers
407 views

An unknown tool is wiping our Virtual Machines and we can't ID it

A console view of a Windows 2008 R2 VM, on vSphere is showing the following screen: "Operation 2 of 2" "Wiping disk" Can someone advise on what this program is? Some information on this mystery: ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

How does loss of DWORD synchronization affect the health of an SAS disk?

I tried to get more information from the error log of an SAS disk by running the following command that prints values and descriptions of the SAS (SSP) Protocol Specific log page. # smartctl -d scsi ...
3
votes
1answer
595 views

No space left on device - wrong size

I'm running an FreeBSD dedicated server. I am getting messages that I have ran out of space on the device. df -h is saying that I have no space left but du -sh /* doesn't even show the directiories ...
0
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2answers
98 views

Unreasonable performance expectations for RAID 0 performance?

This is my first time building a machine with a hardware RAID card. We bought a Dell T620 with the H710P RAID controller (1GB NV Cache), a 160GB Solid State Drive (SATA Read Intensive MLC 3Gbps), and ...
0
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0answers
92 views

Have to keep resetting quota for user on CentOS 6.5 while using VirtualMin

I have VirtualMin installed on a development server running CentOS 6.5. None of the users have explicit quotas, yet periodically I get write issues when running as that user. If I run as root, I have ...
0
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0answers
22 views

poweredge 1950 iii disk options

I have a pair of poweredge 1950 iii boxes which I use for a VMware lab. They are loaded with 64 gb of ram (I discovered that this is actually supported), a pair of quad core cpus, and a pair of 300gb ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Can I convert a production disk to Dynamic?

I have a server that is running out of disk space on a partition. I can't expand to the partition running out of space because the disk is not dynamic? From computer manager can I convert the disk to ...
1
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1answer
25 views

Obtain an offline image of an Xserve disk

We have an Intel Xserve with Mac OS X 10.4. It seems to have been infected by a virus. We want to obtain the disk image without booting into the OS. Preferably, we would want to boot via a USB disk ...
12
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7answers
828 views

How do storage IOPS change in response to disk capacity?

All other things being equal, how would a storage array's IOPS performance change if one used larger disks. For example, take an array with 10 X 100GB disks. Measure IOPS for sequential 256kb block ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Can I rely on scsi host numbers to always stay the same?

I want to detect whether a disk is attached to the correct sata-port. While lsscsi gives me some useful information about the used host, I was wondering whether the SCSI host number will always stay ...
1
vote
1answer
199 views

Identify disks in vCenter to partitions in Linux guest

What I am trying to accomplish is to correlate hard drive in vCenter to the disks in the Linux guest. So here it goes Opening up settings for the guest in vCenter and moving to hardware tab, shows ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

actual disk iops and write merging

/dev/sdb has LVM and exposes a single logical volume, dm-0. While writing to dm-0, /proc/diskstats reports: # of writes completed sdb 29646717 dm-0 131315099 # of writes merged: sdb 101668283 dm-0 ...
0
votes
1answer
271 views

Linux - KVM - very slow disk io

The I/O performance of my new server is pretty low. I Googled and tried everything I can imagine. First of all, here are the Hardware Components: AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 6344 4x Seagate ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Why are cgroups (blkio serviced bytes) and iotop producing diverging results

I work with lxc user space tools on ubuntu 14.04 and I want to perform some stress tests and benchmarking within a container. I know that free and htop are not working properly in a container. I am ...
0
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0answers
67 views

Backup server (System Center 2012 DPM Admin Console) Disk Missing

My backup server was recently powered off by an employee who was unaware of what they were doing. When I powered it back on, I entered the admin console to see that all of the volumes that were ...
0
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0answers
931 views

Ubuntu 14.04 disk utility SMART self-test failed threshold not exceeded

I'm using the "Disks" program in Ubuntu 14.04 (live DVD) to assess the health of a drive I suspect is failing. However, when I first opened the program, it showed that the overall health was OK and ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

How to identify EBS volumes vs local volumes on running EC2 instance

On a running EC2 instance, how do I identify EBS volumes and local disks ? I would like to identify them from shell. fdisk, lsblk is not helping to pinpoint the EBS volumes only. Lets say I have ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Any ideas out there as to why a Dynamic Disk in Windows shows “failed redundancy” every time the machine is rebooted?

The unit in question has a software RAID handled by Windows. I'm not a big fan of software RAIDs, but the owner of the unit insists it is setup that way. Every time the unit is powered off, either ...
0
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1answer
223 views

Install Winsat on server 2012? Windows System Assesment Tool

I use winsat disk to see my disk read / write speed windows 8 and it works great: cmd : winsat disk -drive c Can this be used on windows server 2012?
2
votes
2answers
117 views

When to use hot-spare?

On my newly purchased HP MDS600 with 70x 4TB Nearline SAS disks, I now need to configure the disks, and I want raidz2, so the raid sizes follows 2^n+2. The options I therefore have are 7 raid sets ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Migrate unix-system to hardware RAID-5 possible?

At the moment, I have a Intel SR2500 with 5 disks running at home. 4 of the disks aren't used at the moment due to maintenance-reasons. Because it's an expeiment-laboratory-machine where I can try ...
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votes
1answer
36 views

Getting ssd, should i keep the ssd cache drive

We are going to install sdd's as main hdd in all of our pc's. However, some of them already have an ssd drive that is beeing used as a cache drive. Should be keep this chace ssd? It was my though ...