Disk storage is generally the permanent data storage of a server.

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SATA controller or disk failing? [migrated]

Recently my laptop IO became deadly slow. I investigated a bit, and according to smartmon tools I have no errors on the disk, tough I'm getting a lot of errors in the syslog: ata2.00: exception Emask ...
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17 views

Linux quota - wrong disk usage

I'm using centos 6 and quota shows wrong disk usage for all users... Something like multiply real disk usage... # quota -v myuser Disk quotas for user myuser (uid 511): Filesystem blocks ...
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5answers
2k views

lvremove claims LV to be open

frequently I notice that after a $ sudo lvcreate vg -L 10G immediately followed by a $ sudo lvremove vg/<created volume> I get the error message Can't remove open logical volume "..." ...
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1answer
32 views

Why my AWS volume size is different from the actual size?

It's very wried to see my actual disk size is much less than the actual size. From the information, looks this disk is not be partitioned. I have no idea why the actual size is 20G but disk size is ...
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3answers
49 views

Accessing multiple disks under single virtual partition?

I have disks as below on my Debian server: /dev/sda1 276M 29M 233M 11% /boot /dev/sdb1 917G 793G 79G 92% /home /dev/sdc1 1.8T 1.7T 79G 96% /home2 /dev/sdd1 1.8T 1.7T 79G 96% ...
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3answers
307 views

How could I recover data from a physically damaged hard drive?

What hardware do I use to recover data from a physically damaged hard drive?
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4answers
1k views

Re-sizing disk partition linux/vm

I VM Player running a linux guest and I was wanting to know how do I expand the disk? In the VM player I gave more disk space but I am not sure how to mount/expand/connect the new disk space to the ...
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0answers
32 views

Are /dev/disk/by-id symlinks unreliable?

I am provisioning a Nova server and Cinder volumes using a Heat template. In order to identify the Cinder volumes attached to my OpenStack server I would like to use the /dev/disk/by-id/... symlinks ...
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6answers
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How can I tell what filesystems are on a disk in AIX?

I use the tool "topas" to get a quick peek at CPU, memory, and disk statistics on an AIX machine. I understand the numbers on the disk section, but what I don't know is how to tell which ...
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1answer
44 views

How to generate random files and directories that are scattering across the whole partition? [closed]

I want to perform a heavy test of using "resize2fs" to shrink the file system. Currently, I have script that creates a few hundred thousand files taking several hundred GB. But it doesn't take very ...
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1answer
48 views

How to reacreate the EFI partiton and mirror and existing system partition of an GPT disk?

I have the following setup (very well possible that this is no good practice but it is the given situation): There were 2 x 3TB dynamic GPT disks in a Windows server, Disk0 with EFI (~200 MB), System ...
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2answers
7k views

How to get more I/O performance from Citrix XenServer?

I have a Citrix XenServer 6.1 installed on a HP Server (1x Intel Xeon E5630 @ 2.53GHz (4 cores, 8 threads, RAM: 752MB for dom0 and 55286MB for the guests). The server has 2 scsi mirrored disks and is ...
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10answers
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Linux on VMware - why use partitioning?

When installing Linux VMs in a virtualized environment (ESXi in my case), are there any compelling reasons to partition the disks (when using ext4) rather than just adding separate disks for each ...
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0answers
21 views

duplicate hdd serial number “152D20337A0C” [migrated]

What is this "152D20337A0C" "serial number" about? I keep finding disks with this "special" serial number. I have 4 of them at home alone. Serial numbers should be unique.
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3answers
1k views

RAID 5 Recovery software help - Test Disk

on the test disk website: http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/TestDisk it states that it can be used to recover data off raid 5 has anyone found any guides on how to do this? or if someone knows how ...
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1answer
1k views

MegaCLI causes drive “Other Error”

I am having an issue where running "megalci -PDList -aAll" will cause an Other Error to be logged for 2 of the 6 discs in a pair of servers I have. Here is that again in more detail. I have two ...
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3answers
69 views

Shared Disk in modern data center (SAN, virtualization, etc)

I'm a developer...treading here on foreign terrain. Please pardon any naivete. I work on an application that stores data both in a database and the filesystem. Context: Clustering and Network ...
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0answers
45 views

Unclaimed disk space but no actual physical disk present

I am working with Ubuntu server 12.04 and earlier this week we detected a bad disk in /dev/sdl. I was not able to query its mount point and it also had failed SMART tests. Today I brought a brand new ...
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1answer
140 views

HDD is acting up, but S.M.A.R.T says everything is fine

Before I begin, a quick disclaimer. I'm basically a developer forced into a sysadmin role by circumstances, so I apologize in advance if I say something stupid or seem like I don't know what I'm ...
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3answers
651 views

SSD read errors; should I be worried?

An SSD just over a month old is producing read errors in my syslog whenever rsync backs it up: [276877.360221] ata1.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x0 action 0x0 [276877.360226] ata1.00: ...
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2answers
185 views

Why can't I recover a RAID1 disk which apparently has no errors?

For several years now we run a software RAID1 on a old Gentoo box with a custom Linux 2.6.31. The RAID consists of 2 harddisk with 4 partitions each. In the last years it happend about 3-4 times that ...
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1answer
66 views

Hard drive error message in Virtual Root Server

After noticing a high load on our virtual root server (2 x 1 TB RAID 1 Subset) I have found these messages in /var/log/messages (CentOS): kernel: ata3.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x0 action ...
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2answers
2k views

How to mount encrypted volume at login (Ubuntu 12.04, pam_mount)

I'm trying to get pam_mount working on Ubuntu 12.04. I have /dev/sda1 (encrypted partition) with /dev/dm-1 (ext4 formatted) inside it. Should ~/.pam_mount.conf.xml be trying to mount /dev/sda1 or ...
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3answers
1k views

Why do servers have SAS instead of SSDs? [closed]

I was wondering why do servers still come with SAS disks instead of SSD disks? I know that SAS are faster than normal hard drives but they are still much slower than SSDs. I think they are more ...
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1answer
214 views

SCOM alert: The threshold for the Logical Disk\Avg. Disk sec/Transfer performance counter has been exceeded

We are monitoring several Windows Server 2012 R2 VMs running on Hyper-V. Now SCOM (2012 R2 UR2) reports: The threshold for the Logical Disk\Avg. Disk sec/Transfer performance counter has been ...
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1answer
46 views

Tracking down rogue disk usage

I found several other questions regarding the theory behind my problem (e.g. this, this), but I don't know how to apply the answers to my machine. # du -hsx / 11000283 / # df -kT / Filesystem ...
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1answer
71 views

Can I rely on scsi host numbers to always stay the same?

I want to detect whether a disk is attached to the correct sata-port. While lsscsi gives me some useful information about the used host, I was wondering whether the SCSI host number will always stay ...
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1answer
130 views

How does loss of DWORD synchronization affect the health of an SAS disk?

I tried to get more information from the error log of an SAS disk by running the following command that prints values and descriptions of the SAS (SSP) Protocol Specific log page. # smartctl -d scsi ...
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2answers
52 views

iostat reporting low r/s on first line for specific disk, expected r/s on all following lines for that same disk

When copying data from hard disk sdc to sda, I notice that the number of read requests completed per second was unusually low: $ iostat -x 1 1 Linux 3.13.0-32-generic (melancholy) 2014-08-15 ...
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3answers
311 views

input/output error at clean ext3 partition - how to check what wrong with data block

I have a problem with a file at a ext3 partition on CentOS 5 server (kernel version 2.6.18-164.15.1.el5) with a HP Raid Controller: hpacucli ctrl all show detail Smart Array P410 in Slot 1 Bus ...
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1answer
69 views

Extract data from server without causing high disk IO

My current diagnosis is that there is a hardware fault, either related to the memory of the hardware RAID controller or something related to the extra juice the hard drives requires when running on ...
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1answer
74 views

How to access a system with write permission after file system check fails?

I created three new partitions, but after a reboot, the system is being dropped to a shell: /dev/mapper/group-newpartition: clean, 11/655360 files, 276620/2621440 blocks [FAILED] An error occurred ...
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3answers
202 views

Power down disk array

I have a Supermicro server with an external disk array connected using SAS. Assuming I have already shut down the server properly, is there anything I should do before I can power down the disk array ...
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1answer
36 views

How to alleviate high disk reads on server?

We are currently hosting a 3TB library of image galleries on our web server, all searchable by users. With about 400 active users at a certain time on the website, our disk reads are pushing 100% I/O ...
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53 views

100% disk usage Windows server 2008

We have HP Proliant G6 server with 4 1.5Tb SATA disks. 2 RAID 1 arrays and 2 logical drives 1.5Tb. One day ago I mentioned twith resmon that disk usage is 100% and i\o speed is not more then 4Mb\s ...
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1answer
1k views

Can't mount disk (VFS: Can't find ext4 filesystem)

Tried to mount a disk (hardware raid) but failed. #mount -t ext4 /dev/sda /data mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sda, missing codepage or helper program, or other ...
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2answers
2k views

Issues with Server 2012 using DFSR running on Hyper-V 2012

We have a number of Server 2012 systems, all of which run virtualised on Hyper-V 2012 server. We are having problems with two such virtual instances, both of which are used as file servers, whereby ...
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2answers
68 views

Measuring disk usage

What is the fairest unit to determine the disk usage (except the total storage usage e.g. in GB)? IOPS? Bytes read / write? Bytes transferred over network (would be equal to Bytes r/w)? Other? And ...
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1answer
37 views

How to create two partitions with same size?

I created two partitions using the following commands. parted /dev/sda --script -- mkpart primary 1 50001 parted /dev/sda --script -- mkpart primary 1948001 1998001 Each partition should have 50001 ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I reclaim bytes from a nearly full, 850G mongodb partition?

Woke up this morning to find out MongoDB grew to all available disk space for some reason. I cannot repair the db to compact it, as I have no space left. I can't even start postgres to remove an old ...
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3answers
142 views

Recovering data from a damaged disk

So have this problem. Have a 500G disk with data that has crashed. I need to recover the data. I used ddrescue to first create an image and I have recovered 455G to that image. Now, I do not know what ...
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1answer
113 views

Recover data after lvreduce on “/”

I accidentally ran lvreduce on / instead of "/home" on a RHEL 5.9 system that unfortunately had a lot of code that was not backed up, and the system will not boot now obviously. What is the best way ...
18
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2answers
407 views

An unknown tool is wiping our Virtual Machines and we can't ID it

A console view of a Windows 2008 R2 VM, on vSphere is showing the following screen: "Operation 2 of 2" "Wiping disk" Can someone advise on what this program is? Some information on this mystery: ...
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201 views

XenServer 6.2 Read Only and Slow Disk I/O

I virtualized a datacenter a few months back and we have a pool of 3 HP DL360 G5 servers, each with 32GB of Memory and dual Intel Xeons. Recently we have been experiencing 2 issues, the first of which ...
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2answers
4k views

CentOS thinks Disk is busy, can't mount or fsck

I'm a longtime user, and first time question submitter. I've spent a full day searching this and many other sites for a solution, but I must resort to requesting assistance to resolve my situation. ...
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4answers
9k views

Howto check disk I/O utilisation per process

Im having a problem with a stalling Linux system and I have found sysstat/sar to report huge peaks in disk I/O utilization, average service time as well as average wait time at the time of the system ...
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6answers
6k views

Is a hard drive's serial number globally unique?

On Linux I can use smartctl to get a hard drive's vendor, model, firmware revision and serial number: # smartctl -a /dev/sdb smartctl 5.40 2010-07-12 r3124 [x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu] (local build) ...
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1answer
584 views

No space left on device - wrong size

I'm running an FreeBSD dedicated server. I am getting messages that I have ran out of space on the device. df -h is saying that I have no space left but du -sh /* doesn't even show the directiories ...
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2answers
97 views

Unreasonable performance expectations for RAID 0 performance?

This is my first time building a machine with a hardware RAID card. We bought a Dell T620 with the H710P RAID controller (1GB NV Cache), a 160GB Solid State Drive (SATA Read Intensive MLC 3Gbps), and ...
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3answers
178 views

What's the best program to use for copying 12TB of data onto 4 3TB hard drives on linux?

I have a 12TB enclosure that's filled with data (ext3). I'd like to make a copy of it, spanned across individual 3TB disks, each of which is readable on its own (no RAID or bonding). Ideally, I'd like ...