A file system (or filesystem) is a means to organize data expected to be retained after a program terminates by providing procedures to store, retrieve and update data, as well as manage the available space on the device(s) which contain it.

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All of the NTFS hard links disappear, where are those 0KB hardlinks stored on disk and how to recover them?

This is Windows 7 x64 sp1 on a NTFS file system. All hardlinks within C:\Windows\System32 folder disappear, and the Windows can't boot, because even the osloader, C:\Windows\System32\boot\Winload.exe ...
4
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1answer
670 views

Mount Docker container contents in host file system

I want to be able to inspect the contents of a Docker container (read-only). An elegant way of doing this would be to mount the container's contents in a directory. I'm talking about mounting the ...
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2answers
118 views

Backup strategy for millions of files in lots of directories

We have millions of files in lots of directories, for example: \00\00\00\00.txt \00\00\00\01.pdf \00\00\00\02.html ... so on \05\55\12\31.txt backing up these to tape is slow as backing up data in ...
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194 views

Possible SMB issue after server migration

im troubleshooting a performance issue with one of our applications after a server upgrade. We have moved from server 2003 SP2 to 2008 R2 for our file/print. The application is installed locally on ...
6
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61 views

Fast distributed filesystem for a large amounts of data with metadata in database [closed]

My project uses several processing machines and one storage machine. Currently storage organized with a MSSQL filetable shared folder. Every file in storage have some metadata in database. Processing ...
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2answers
97 views

Moving folder of files from CentOS server to Ubuntu Server

I have a production server and a development server. Problem is the development server only has 20GB diskspace and about 8GB available. The folder of files I'm trying to move is 6GB(ish). I've ...
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2answers
57 views

Where should I place compiled source code [closed]

I'm running a virtual server for development purposes. On this server there are several packages which are compiled from source. I know the source of these packages should be placed in /usr/src. But ...
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1answer
218 views

My production server has bad blocks, now what?

My server has crashed for Nth time in a couple of months, so I decided to do a badblocks test. I have used fsck to detect and mark badblocks, and it has indeed detected some. If I am correct, this ...
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2answers
2k views

Transparent compression filesystem in conjunction with ext4

I am trying to test a project that needs compressed storage with use of the ext4 file system since the application I use relies on ext4 features. Are there any production/stable solutions out there ...
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0answers
236 views

Directory index full, is this fsck result OK?

I found these in my /var/log/messages: kernel: EXT4-fs warning (device md2): ext4_dx_add_entry: Directory index full! kernel: EXT4-fs warning (device md2): ext4_dx_add_entry: Directory index full! ...
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1answer
95 views

Some users unable to see files that others can see

I have a file server running on Windows Server 2008 R2 in our domain that houses files created by an application and then moved to a folder available as a share to some users here. Users who use this ...
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73 views

Linux filesystem ext4 fragmentation

I have a question about the filesystem ext4 and disk fragmentation: Does ext4 place files in the same directory near or next to each other on the disk? And if so how is it fragmented, for example is ...
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1answer
40 views

Why would a bind mount unmount unexpectedly?

I have configured some bind mounts on all users's home directories to access a shared directory (or parts of it) that is somewhere else in the file system, so I have entries like these on my fstab ...
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1answer
134 views

Where to install GRUB 2 boot loader?

I have: sda and sdb which partitions is forming mirror RAID md0 md1 md2 md3 During update process, I was prompted where to install GRUB boot loader - on sda, sdb, md's or all together? What ...
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1answer
64 views

Fiberchannel disk Centos6.5

I got some fiberchannel disk shelves including several 300Gb SCSI drives and a HP c7000 blade system with multiple blades in it. As there is no storage controller (filer) available i have to do it ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Read only permissions still allows to save

I have a weird permissions situation that I can not explain. Let me explain my users and group and then show you the folder permissions. drwxrwsr-x. 2 jenkinsuser applog 4096 Jul 15 09:56 . ...
2
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1answer
360 views

Arranging a raidz3 ZFS vdev to tolerate entire JBOD failures?

Let's say I'm going to build a very large 1PB zpool. I'll have a head unit with the HBAs inside of it (maybe 4 port LSI SAS cards) and I will have perhaps 7 45-drive JBODs attached to the head unit. ...
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1answer
150 views

How can I place /tmp, /var, /opt, and /usr/local into a /data partition instead of the / partition?

I want to partition a CentOS 6.5 server that has 4 RAID VDs: sdb - 102398 (100GB) sdc - 2185727 (2TB) sdd - 11440639 (11TB) sde - 11440639 (11TB) So that I can have the majority of the disk space ...
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0answers
100 views

zfs checksum verfication failed, solaris booting failed

Looks like my solaris 10 got hosed overnight for unknown reason. I get below error while booting and also when trying to cat menu.lst file in grub. Hard disk is being detected by ubuntu so it may not ...
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1answer
25 views

File attributes on a NAS Drive not reporting user information

We have a Synology NAS drive attached to a server 2012 network, but the file attributes do not report who last modified any of the files? Does the NAS need to be reconfigured or is it a configuration ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Deleted File, Available Space Did Not Return [duplicate]

On CentOS linux, I just deleted a large log file over 3gb on XFS file system. After deleting the file, the available file space did not return to the drive seen via df -h. Is there anything I can do ...
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1answer
271 views

Remount root RW without reboot

Today I did something stupid on production xen vm server. I mounted the external device mapper as read only to make a copy of the filesystem. This process went well but then the rootfs / become ...
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1answer
275 views

Should I exclude all 'dev/' or only 'dev/pts/' during full server tar backup?

I'm curious why in all backup tutorials I found tar command excludes among others /dev/pts and not all of /dev/ Why would I want to backup anything under dev?
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1answer
196 views

How to get best performance: storage cache server (small files) with for 4 disks (3TB's)?

We're preparing a cache storage server for some small files that will be cached for a few days (so HDD will have more reading then writing). All files are rather small around 100 to 500KB a file, but ...
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1answer
23 views

Separate io input/output in linux [closed]

My question is really short. Sometimes we have to separate i/o from a machine for example case of remote file system ? Why we do that ?
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1answer
116 views

Does fsfreeze flush FS caches?

If I run fsfreeze on a mounted filesystem, it will not be possible to perform new "write" operations on that FS until it is unfrozen, and "ongoing" writes should "complete". Now, will fsfreeze also ...
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1answer
373 views

How to sync SVN repository with a remote FTP filesystem

I configured a Centos server locally(in-office) which contains a SVN repository with a project. Many developers are working on this repository and making changes. Also I have a remote server which ...
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2answers
164 views

Server Disk Space Calculation - Errors No such file or directory [closed]

When i do a du -h --max-depth=1 in my server i get following errors coming up, du: cannot access `./proc/13379/task/13379/fd/4': No such file or directory du: cannot access ...
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1answer
79 views

Copying files with tilde has odd behaviour

It's pretty simple to replicate. Create a folder with file "ABC123~1.txt" Create a folder with file "ABC 123.txt" Try to copy the file from the first folder to the second... windows asks if you ...
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2answers
42 views

Deleting file in tar mounted with archivemount?

archivemount allows rw-mounting tar archives. What happens when I delete a file? Is it actually removed from the tar archive? Is a delete flag set? If the file is actually removed, then I assume the ...
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2answers
421 views

ext3/ext4 physical block size view

I'm using a suse 11 server with xfs and using "xfs_info /srv" command i seen this. xfs_info /srv/ meta-data=/dev/mapper/vg01-srvvol isize=256 agcount=38, agsize=1964032 blks = ...
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3answers
92 views

lamp — edit PHP file but doesn't change web output — including die()

Server is standard Linux server on Amazon Web Services. Cent OS 5/Apache/PHP 5.3. No APC. It's worked fine for over a year, but now when I edit some but not all PHP files on the server using vi, the ...
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1answer
197 views

Moving cpanel location from /usr/local to /home

My /usr partition is almost full, and it seems that the most practical option is to move the largest directory /usr/local/cpanel which is almost 4GB, to /home. Something like: Create link to new ...
5
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2answers
432 views

Copy directory tree without empty directories?

I have the following tree # upper letters = directory # lower letters = files A |-- B |-- C |-- D |-- e <= file |-- F |-- G I need to copy this tree to another destination, ...
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0answers
89 views

How to access files on Linux server from windows faster than with Samba network drive?

I can remotely access my files at work via Samba. Unfortunately, on my laptop with Windows 7 I have serious lags when accessing this directory and working on its files. I just use a network drive ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the mrxdav.sys file and what file system is it used for?

I'm looking to know more about the mrxdav.sys file on Windows machines, and what is the difference between it and ntfs.sys, cdfs.sys or fat.sys?
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1answer
141 views

Shared storage solution for Debian Wheezy [closed]

I need to setup a new infrastructure which provides high available shared storage between debian servers. Our current solution is a "clustered DRBD NFS solution". We have setup 2 virtual file ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

what exactly does fsck do under the covers (for UFS)?

If a computer crashes then the filesystem is an inconsistent state. What exactly is fsck(8) doing to restore to a usable filesystem? Is there a backup table? Is it cross-checking metadata? ...
2
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1answer
87 views

How do I replace the root filesystem (ext4) with a new one in LVM with one which has more inodes?

I have a few systems which have been running over a decade in a cluster on SLES 10 (now long past EOL). We're migrating to CentOS 6 64-bit. I got everything done but the final data syncs, and lo and ...
0
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0answers
215 views

Service running over network : Windows cannot access the file for one of the following reasons…appears once per day, How to troubleshoot?

Our prod. setup is one web server, one sql server and one application server. On application server we have services installed which located one the sql server. We never had problems accessing the ...
1
vote
1answer
765 views

Loss of data when trying to fix ext4 “group descriptors corrupted!”

When I try to mount an existing disk, I get the message sudo mount -t ext4 /dev/sdc1 /data mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sdc1, missing codepage or helper program, ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Which file system was I using?

This is an odd question of a somewhat forensic nature. I was running a server, which originally had openSuse 11.4 installed, and was upgraded twice (to v12.3 and v13.1). Recently, an update messed up ...
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2answers
668 views

How to increase inodes? [duplicate]

How can I increase the maximum amount of inodes available on a dedicated server running CentOS 6.5 and ext4? The websites we are hosting create and use millions of small files. We are already hitting ...
3
votes
3answers
262 views

Maintain setgid bit (after bower install or gulp build)

We run web servers where we have the following situation: The www-data user runs the web server and must have read+write access to the files The deploy user deploys all the code The bob and alice ...
2
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2answers
400 views

Memory mapping files for a blazing fast webserver on Linux

Is there any simple way of telling Linux to keep a directory of files cached in memory? I realized that Node.Js and Apache are spending most time on file I/O, making users wait if you have a lot of ...
3
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0answers
228 views

ESXi 4.1 VM gone after hard reboot

I have a serious problem here. After I forced a reboot of a freezed ESXi 4.1 server, a VM is literally gone. When I ssh to the host and run ls -lah inside the datastore, it returnes: ...
3
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1answer
252 views

Filesystem performance degraded during RAID rebuilding

So quick question - our RAID6 array is currently rebuilding and there is a VERY noticeable filesystem performance hit (home directories are NFS mounted on the array). I'd sort of expect that, given ...
0
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2answers
70 views

Nginx deleted file still downloads

Scenario: Create a random file (1024M in this case) dd if=/dev/zero of=file bs=1M count=1024 Initiate download (curl src > /dev/null) Delete the file from the server Curl still downloads 100%, ...
1
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1answer
673 views

mount using nfs4 giving no such device error

I am trying to mount a folder workspace from server to the client over NFS. For this I bind the folder to an /export by adding the following in my /etc/fstab on server: /home /export none bind ...
7
votes
3answers
430 views

Install application/HTTP services to “/srv”?

I have been working with a team who used to install all the application and HTTP services like Apache or Tomcat to the '/srv' directory. I suspect mostly in order to keep the installed services ...