FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, ...

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9
votes
2answers
13k views

Need to replace disk in zpool … confused

I need to replace a bad disk in a zpool on FreeNAS. zpool status shows pool: raid-5x3 state: ONLINE scrub: scrub completed after 15h52m with 0 errors on Sun Mar 30 13:52:46 2014 config: ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Log every command executed from root

I want to give access to my root server to an external system administrator, but i want to be sure to double check what he is doing to my server, e.g. copying data i don't want them to do and so on. I ...
8
votes
3answers
11k views

Dovecot user lookup fails when using username@domain format

I have Dovecot v2.0.11 installed on a FreeBSD server and the user lookups for incoming email addresses are failing, but lookups for system users is successful. Dovecot is setup to use system users, ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How do I spamtrap with Postfix?

How do I setup spamtraps with Postfix so clients that send to trapped addresses are prevented from sending me more spam?
112
votes
4answers
153k views

FreeBSD performance tuning: Sysctl parameter, loader.conf, kernel

I wanted to share knowledge of tuning FreeBSD via sysctl.conf / loader.conf / KENCONF / etc. It was initially based on Igor Sysoev's (author of nginx) presentation about FreeBSD tuning up to 100,000-...
12
votes
23answers
19k views

Best practices to block social sites

In our company we have around 100 workstations with Internet access, and the day-to-day situation is getting worse and worse from the perspective of using Internet access for the purpose of doing ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Can I trust that ZFS is consistent between Linux and FreeBSD?

I'm planning to build a FreeNAS box sometime soon, but if ZFS on Linux eventually proves to be reliable, I might want to switch, just to have a more familiar OS. So I'm wondering if I can trust that ...
0
votes
4answers
561 views

How to make proxy on nginx?

How would I set my webservers to work in way described below? Http request: mypublic.com ---> handled normally by nginx as it is set up already (listen 80;) Http request: myprivate.com ---> handled ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Does ZFS replace the need for hardware/software RAID?

I want to provide protection against data loss on my servers. Typically, I'd use hardware RAID 1 or 5, but I've been reading up on ZFS. Is it correct that ZFS itself provides RAID 1 or 5 like data ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I make bash to log shell commands to syslog?

Bash 4.1 is able to log the history to syslog. However I can't seem to make it work under FreeBSD 8. I've tried re-compiling bash from ports with -DWITH_SYSLOG= but to no avail. Has anyone managed to ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Setup SunFire 440 Raid Configuration

How can I setup Internal Hard disk RAID5 configuration? I have SunFire 440 machine with 4 internal hard disk. I have never worked on Sun systems except for now and I am exploring google for the above ...
2
votes
1answer
651 views

Binary won't execute when run with a path. Eg >./program won't work but >program works fine

I'm getting some weird behaviour for a binary file I'm trying to run. I'm using Mac OSX snow leopard, and the binary itself is part of labkey software .. built from source. If I try to run the file ...
9
votes
6answers
10k views

Recommendations on ZFS on FreeBSD as a NAS box?

Please note that the answers on this page are from 2009, and should not be relied on as gospel. If you have a specific question about zfs then please click the Ask a Question button and ask a specific ...
23
votes
10answers
6k views

I just did a chmod -x chmod

So I did a chmod -x chmod. How I can fix this problem? How do I give execute rights back to chmod?
18
votes
4answers
6k views

How do you manage and deploy FreeBSD's ports in a large environment?

I'm curious to how people are deploying FreeBSD's ports in their environment. I assume that most people using FreeBSD are indeed using Ports (and often portupgrade for upgrading with binaries). I am ...
8
votes
5answers
13k views

ZFS Sync over unreliable, slow WAN. ZFS replication, or rsync?

I've been tasked with making an off-site backup work over the WAN. Both storage boxes are FreeBSD based NAS boxes running ZFS. Once or twice a week, 15-60 gigs of photography data gets dumped to the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Easy multi-level authentication for sudo

I have a FreeBSD server with password-based SSH enabled. I would like to enable sudo, but I do not want a potential attacker to be one password away from root access. My current solution is logging ...
26
votes
6answers
42k views

FreeBSD vs Linux performance? [closed]

I know that FreeBSD is famous for being highly stable, secure and of course open source. So I am going to try it on one of my servers. However, I am wondering what are the pros and cons of Using ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a tool for managing FreeBSD jails that knows about ZFS?

ZFS under FreeBSD lets one assign filesystems to a jail, such that an account in the jail with the appropriate privileges can access the filesystem, create new subordinate filesystems, and so forth. ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Why change net.inet.tcp.tcbhashsize in FreeBSD?

In virtually every FreeBSD network tuning document I can find: # /boot/loader.conf net.inet.tcp.tcbhashsize=4096 This is usually paired with some unhelpful statement like "TCP control-block hash ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

FreeBSD: periodic(8) is too noisy. How can I control the noise level?

FreeBSD & MacOSX ship with the the periodic(8) utility, which is a neatly organized set of utilities to periodically run system functions like ZFS filesystem checks, security checks, checking for ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

ZFS on top of Hardware Mirroring, or just mirror in ZFS?

I have an IBM x346 with dual 3.2Ghz Xeons and 2x36GB 15k SCSI disks. I'm running an entirely ZFS-based install of FreeBSD 8.1. I can configure the bios to mirror the two disks, and then put ZFS on ...
4
votes
2answers
8k views

Binary zone file on BIND9

Binary Zone File Problem (FREEBSD) DNS Master transfered zone file to slave But I cannot read zone file less db.example.com "db.example.com "may be a binary file. See it anyway? This happend ...
8
votes
2answers
9k views

Need to identify disk in zpool … how?

I need to replace a bad disk in a zpool on FreeNAS. zpool status shows gptid/5fe33556-3ff2-11e2-9437-f46d049aaeca UNAVAIL 0 0 0 cannot open How do I find the serial # of that disk? ...
8
votes
1answer
7k views

NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from on freebsd and postfix

I am building a server using this config -> http://www.purplehat.org/?page_id=4 and when trying to test basic email capabilities I get -> NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from when try to send a test email. ...
4
votes
13answers
969 views

Source based distros vs Prebuilt package based distros

I wonder what is the general preference and where does it come from. Having used FreeBSD actively for a couple of years I'm leaning towards Gentoo, but I've had an unpleasant experience of wasting ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Find the source of malware?

I have a server that was running an older version of lighttpd (1.4.19 on a freebsd 6.2-RELEASE (yea, old) machine) and google alerted me that it had found malware embedded on one of my server's pages. ...
2
votes
2answers
508 views

What's your suggested mail server configuration for a FreeBSD server?

What would be your suggestion if installing a FreeBSD 7 (7.2, actually) email server? I am interested in: SMTP agent Imap/Pop backend Authentication (OS users, OpenLDAP) Anti-Spam server side tools ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

ZFS and non Sun OS's

Is there any other Unix like distros that can read and write to ZFS filesystems. I know its currently unstable in FreeBSD :( The reason I am asking is I love ZFS but don't get on so well with Solaris.
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Does kern.hz still have any relevance in FreeBSD if “dynamic tick mode” is enabled?

I'm running a FreeBSD 9.0 setup as a virtual machine in a KVM setup. In previous versions of FreeBSD it was common to force the kern.hz setting to a lower value so that the virtual machine does not ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

ZFS Reporting (on FreeBSD and Linux via ZoL)

As a longtime mdadm user is was just experiencing a disk error and remembered that I configured a Auto Mail reporting for mdadm on disk errors. Therefore i just had to insert my Mail address inside /...
5
votes
5answers
9k views

Is Apache stalled? /server-status shows over 240 requests like “OPTIONS * HTTP/1.0” 200 - “-” “Apache (internal dummy connection)”

Some details: Webserver: Apache/2.2.13 (FreeBSD) mod_ssl/2.2.13 OpenSSL/0.9.8e OS: FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE This is a FreeBSD Jail. I believe I use the Apache 'prefork' MPM (I run the default for ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

How can I adjust subversion repository file permissions automatically for use w. Apache/DAV?

I've set-up a subversion server accessible with Apache/DAV and after screwing up the repositories file permissions a couple of days ago I started wondering if there's a better way to do this than the ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

PXE boot FreeBSD iso from pxelinux server

I'm using FOG as a TFTP / PXE server and would like to be able to boot a FreeBSD LiveCD (specifically pfSense, but it could be any LiveCD, really); I've found HOWTOs for booting a "netboot" BSD but ...
4
votes
5answers
7k views

Identify Disks on SuperMicro server running FreeBSD

I am running on a SuperMicro 2U server with 6 disks in a ZPool. I want to identify each drive bay using the Drive Carrier LED from running a command from a tool in FreeBSD. Is there a way to do this? ...
3
votes
1answer
845 views

What are the security implications of using allow.sysvipc in a FreeBSD jail

The man page for jail says that allow.sysvipc enables "System V primitives [to] share a single namespace across the host and jail environments..." thus "... processes within a jail would be able to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Need help grepping postfix log

I'm trying to search for an unknown string (Message ID) in a log based on a known string (recipient address), and then grep the unknown string to output the entire relevant log information. I'm able ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

FreeNAS: “swap_pager: I/O error - pagein failed”

Our FreeNAS server log is constantly filling up with Apr 5 15:13:49 Wheelhouse NAS kernel: swap_pager: I/O error - pagein failed; blkno 524312,size 4096, error 6 Apr 5 15:13:49 Wheelhouse NAS ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

HP MDS 600 compatibility questions

I've bought a used HP MDS 600 to use as JBOD to a ZFS filesystem. Originally I just assumed that it was a pretty 'dumb' box and I'd be able to use a SAS card like the 16-port LSI one, and most any ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

FreeBSD Listen Queue Overflows - can't increase max queue size

I have a decently high trafficked FreeBSD Nginx server, and I'm starting to get a large number of listen queue overflows: [root@svr ~]# netstat -sp tcp | fgrep listen 80361931 listen queue overflows [...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Why Permission Denied with NFS after reboot?

I have Ubuntu and CentOS clients nfsv3 mounting to a FreeBSD box, which got rebooted while the nfs clients were connected. Now the clients get a permission denied when they try to access the mount ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

FreeBSD server - certified compatible hardware?

I am looking for recommendations for hardware that is "certified" with FreeBSD (8+) I suspect I am looking for a small server manufacturer that will build me a server that "just works". I have read ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

PAM: Execute a command before pam_mkhomedir?

When a user logs into a system and there is no home directory, we would like to to create the user's home directory using pam_mkhomedir. This is a common practice. Here's a quick description of ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

httpready problem on Apache httpd restart on FreeBSD?

I run Apache HTTPD 2.2 on my FreeBSD 7.2 webserver. I have enabled the httpready and dataready in my /boot/loader.conf, like this: accf_http_load="YES" accf_data_load="YES" That works great when ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Newsyslog wildcards - rotate all logs in a directory

I am running FreeBSD 8.1. I am trying to make newsyslog rotate logs defined by a dynamic path: # logfilename [owner:group] mode count size when flags [/pid_file] [sig_num] /path/logs/*....
5
votes
13answers
11k views

Network monitoring tool for FreeBSD [closed]

I am using FreeBSD 6.1 as router. Now I looking for Network Traffic Monitoring software to see what's happening with internet link. I have two installed LAN cards in my system, one for lan and other ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

Failed to enable the 'dataready' Accept Filter

I'm not sure why, but I'm getting this warning when I start my apache... su-3.2# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start [Wed Sep 23 13:40:42 2009] [warn] (2)No such file or directory: Failed to ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How to install Java JRE on FreeBSD with as few dependencies as possible

I've been trying to get Java working on my FreeBSD 7.1 server. I just want the runtime, since the JDK drags all kinds of unnecessary dependencies with it, and I just need it to run a jar file ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

ZFS RaidZ Import Failure when migrating

So my the USB drive attached to my FreeNas 7 system, went bad so I used the situation as an opportunity to upgrade to FreeNas 8. The problem is now I'm having trouble getting my ZFS to spin up: [...
3
votes
5answers
3k views

Apache DDoS Protection in router (pFsense) [duplicate]

I'm soon going to change my infrastructure when I buy a new server. I'm going to replace my D-Link DIR-655 router with an pFsense router (and probably use the 655 as an AP) using my old server ...