FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, ...

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top process state column under FreeBSD

When running top interactively, I can see various words in the state column : nanslp, biord, select, uwait, lockf, pause, kqread, piperd, sbwait ... Some like nanslp or kqread are self ...
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2answers
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linux : netstat listeting queue length

Is there a way to view queue length on listening socket under linux, the same way as netstat -L outputs for freebsd? I.e. you can see X/Y/Z in netstat -L output, but netstat under linux doesn't ...
3
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1answer
544 views

Hosting multiple private VPNs on PFSense

We are running PFSense 2.0.1-RELEASE and need to make the following scenario work: 1..n remote offices for company A need to connect to a private VPN (VPN server hosted in our datacenter). All the ...
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4answers
3k views

How to clone pfsense 2.0 (FreeBSD) server for backup?

I'd like to routinely clone my live pfSense 2.0 server for backup purposes. I am a FreeBSD n00b. What I'm doing now: 1. Manually install pfSense to an identical hardware 2. Backup config file from ...
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2answers
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ZFS RaidZ Import Failure when migrating

So my the USB drive attached to my FreeNas 7 system, went bad so I used the situation as an opportunity to upgrade to FreeNas 8. The problem is now I'm having trouble getting my ZFS to spin up: ...
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2answers
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Creating you own FreeBSD ami in EC2

I'm running XVM on my laptop. XVM has got FreeBSD installed with all the required ports to run APACHE/PHP. I want this .vdi file to be imported into an EC2 instance. Is it possible to import a ...
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1answer
183 views

Is it safe to install several apps from ports at the same time?

Can multiple make installs cause problems for the package system? For example: cd /usr/ports/*/nmap && make install cd /usr/ports/*/firefox && make install
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2answers
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Best way to install multiple versions of Apache, PHP and MySQL on a single FreeBSD host

I want a test- and development-environment for web using Apache, PHP and MySQL. I need to be able to test a single web-application with multiple versions of PHP (5.2, 5.3, etc) and multiple versions ...
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3answers
628 views

Is MINFREE old hat?

On FreeBSD systems, and presumably a bunch of others, there is an amount of space reserved for root which is MINFREE% of the total capacity. With multi-terabyte filesystems, the default of 8% is a ...
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4answers
513 views

Best tools for keeping a FreeBSD 7.x system up to date?

I have had on-and-off contact with FreeBSD for 15 years, but I haven't maintained a FreeBSD system since 4.x. Now I need to install and maintain a couple of 7.x systems; first for development, then an ...
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3answers
2k views

How to migrate a VMWare Fusion OS to an actual partition?

As the title says. How can I migrate a VMWare Fusion OS to run on bare metal hardware?
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2answers
172 views

Understanding zpool status output

I'm having difficult understanding the output after running the zpool status command: NAME STATE READ WRITE CKSUM tank ONLINE 6 0 0 raidz2-0 ONLINE ...
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1answer
3k views

where does uname get version number in FreeBSD RELEASE?

I installed FreeBSD 9.1-RELEASE, after binary upgrading to 9.2-RELEASE using freebsd-update, all files I checked are correctly in 9.2-RELEASE-p4. For example: the kernel contains the new version: ...
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votes
1answer
863 views

Executing a command on link state change in freebsd

In freebsd when a cable gets plugged/unplugged the following lines are written to dmesg buffer: em0: link state changed to DOWN em0: link state changed to UP I would like to run a script when either ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How often should I defrag ZFS pools?

I ZFS scrub once a month which takes ~24 hours for the 72TB. For what I can find about how often I should scrub is: very busy pools, once per week not so busy pools, once per month or run a scrub, ...
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2answers
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How can I setup PCI passthrough for my HighPoint 1144A USB 3.0 card under ESXi 5.1?

I have an Apple Mac Pro (MacPro5,1) running VMware ESXi 5.1.0 (799733) with a HighPoint RocketU 1144A USB 3.0 PCI-express card installed. Given that VMware ESXi 5.1 doesn't support USB 3.0 for ...
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1answer
738 views

Does NFSv3 respect ZFS ACL's?

NFSv3 of course doesn't support ZFS ACL's, but what will happen if I have the following setup?: +-----------------------------------------+ +-------------+ | FreeBSD ZFS serv1 ...
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1answer
821 views

ftp.exe does not convert end of line characters while transferring to FreeBSD ftp server

I am having problems transferring a text file from Windows 7 using ftp.exe to a FreeBSD server. After the file transfer the end-of-line characters are not changed from \r\n to \n, Instead they remain ...
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1answer
556 views

How can i view the disk latency of a ZFS pool, or of the disks in it?

I'm using FreeBSD. I would like to write a munin plugin to log it, but i don't understand how to get this data.
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1answer
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How to rebuild gmirror from bad hard drive

On my freebsd box $uname -rms FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE-p5 i386 hard disk want to die. smartd daemon write in log: Mar 29 21:25:04 smartd[935]: Device: /dev/ad7, 10 Currently unreadable (pending) ...
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1answer
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MongoDB isn't installing on FreeBSD 8.2 by any way

Firstly I've tried to perform step by step building of MongoDB on my vps with FreeBSD 8.2 on it. I've faced problem with the last step of building it: vm3578# scons . scons: Reading SConscript files ...
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2answers
328 views

Digitally signed FreeBSD package

In nasty world of Windows you can digitally sign installation package (exe) and during installation check if its authentic or not. Any idea how to check same under FreeBSD(preferably in conjunction ...
3
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1answer
104 views

blocking packets larger then specific size with pf

Is there a way with pf to block specific type of packets larger than specific size?
3
votes
1answer
543 views

Freebsd 7.2: View firmware version for disks?

I'm running FreeBSD 7.2, with Seagate Cheetah (Model ST####) drives. We are having some problems with the SCSI drives on these machines. Our vendor says that updating the firmware on the drives may ...
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4answers
4k views

Mounting a share with spaces in FreeBSD fstab

I'm trying to mount a smb network share in fstab on FreeBSD, which works fine for a share without spaces, but fails if a space is in the name. I have replaced the space with \040 which is what ...
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2answers
366 views

IP Forwarding and traffic shaping

Is there any way to forward packets from network A to network B (just like a router) without changing source IP Address (and vice versa, from network B to network A) and also enforcing traffic shaping ...
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2answers
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FreeBSD 10 won't boot to ZFS root after power failure

While installing new hardware today, I involuntarily disconnected the power to one of our servers. This server is running FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS as offered by the installer. It has a total of 36 ...
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1answer
1k views

Understanding PAM authentication procedure on FreeBSD with security/sssd

I'm trying to understand what's behaving errantly on my PAM configuration on FreeBSD 10.0 The machine is configured with two different authentication realms, one is the default Unix authentication ...
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votes
3answers
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mounting ZFS zvol snapshot locally gives “Invalid argument”

I'm trying to mount a snapshot of a ZFS zvol. The zvol should have a ext2 partition on it (as evidenced by the CentOS VM to which the zvol is currently shared by iSCSI): [root@test-vm ~]# file - ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

FreeBSD 9.2 shows SATA3 drives as SATA2

I'm running FreeBSD 9.2 on an Intel S2600GZ server board with 4 Intel SSDs. Both the server board as well as the disks are SATA3 capable. However, FreeBSD seems to think they are SATA2. Nowhere in ...
3
votes
1answer
859 views

Segfault PHP-FPM, Nginx, Freebsd

We are experiencing CPU shortage at high-load. It only happens at some point when online users are around 1300-1400 (according google analytics). We are receiving Empty Response in browser. It seems ...
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votes
1answer
833 views

100% kernel load on FreeBSD 9

I'm having problems with a FreeBSD 9 server. One of the 8 cores (4 w/ HT) is constantly at 100% kernel load. top gives me: CPU: 0.0% user, 0.0% nice, 12.5% system, 0.0% interrupt, 87.5% idle ...
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2answers
306 views

HighPoint RocketRAID 2680SGL and FreeBSD

I'm trying to get my RAID controller working with FreeBSD. But it seems it's not being recognized by FreeBSD: module_register_init: MOD_LOAD (pci/rr2680, 0xc0a45b90, 0xc61f0430) error 22 ...
3
votes
1answer
481 views

Resource consumption of FreeBSD's jails

Just for curiosity. An example machine: an dedicated amd64 server with the last stable version of FreeBSD and UFS for the partitions. How much resources consume FreeBSD for each empty jail? I mean, I ...
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votes
1answer
622 views

Should pam_mkhomedir go in /etc/pam.d/login , sshd or system-auth?

I want to enable pam_mkhomedir.so for users who authenticate to our system. I want a user's home directory to be created when they SSH into the box. One common convention seems to be to put ...
3
votes
1answer
277 views

Turn server back on after power loss with FreeBSD

I have a VIA M'SERV S2100 with FreeNAS 8. Since I upgraded from FreeNAS 7, the M'SERV no longer turns back on after suffering a power failure. As I remember it, there was a setting for it in the old ...
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votes
2answers
2k views

Run cgi-script on commandline as user www?

I'm running FreeBSD 7 and apache-2.2.13. I am trying to debug a cgi script at http://www.example.org/cgi-bin/printenv . This script is a simple script written in Bourne shell. I would like to run ...
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1answer
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OpenLDAP client configuration headache in FreeBSD

I am using FreeBSD 7.2 as an NFS server, and as a client to an OpenLDAP server (which runs Debian etch). When users access their files on the NFS server, the users' UIDs are looked up in the ldap ...
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3answers
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Command to output panic/reboot history in FreeBSD

Many years ago while dealing with a FreeBSD (5.3?) box that randomly panic'ed and reboot (bad memory as it turned out), I came across a command in some forum post that when used would output ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Checking whether disk is in sleep state (FreeNAS)

How to check whether disk is in sleep? I am doing some reports in background and, if disk is already sleeping, I would like to avoid waking it up. Which command can I use to check its status without ...
3
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7answers
487 views

Convert dedicated server from Linux to FreeBSD

I have a dedicated server with CentOS 4 on it. I want to put FreeBSD 7 on it, but I do not have console access nor physical access. I was thinking of doing a generic install of FreeBSD on a local ...
3
votes
1answer
452 views

ZFS shows pool state FAULTED, but all devices are ONLINE; how can I recover my data?

Our 100TB NAS based on FreeNAS 8 was unexpectedly powered off due to power failure. After turning it on back, 100TB zpool "projects" was unmounted with state "FAULTED". I've tried zpool import -fFX, ...
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3answers
128 views

Failing to compile audio/teamspeak3-server with FreeBSD poudriere system [closed]

I've a Poudriere server to keep local binary packages to all of our servers. A request for TeamSpak software was done and I was trying to create the binary package for installation using Poudriere. ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Setup ZFS on freeBSD from bsd-rescue

I have a server from OVH and have the following procedure of setting ZFS on FreeBSD10 on OVH server following the https://wiki.freebsd.org/RootOnZFS/GPTZFSBoot/Mirror Creating a bootable ZFS ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to update a package w/out rebuilding it from /usr/ports on FreeBSD?

I'm running FreeBSD: # uname -a FreeBSD f9.XXX.org 9.0-RELEASE-p3 FreeBSD 9.0-RELEASE-p3 #0: Tue Jun 12 02:52:29 UTC 2012 root@amd64-builder.daemonology.net:/usr/obj/usr/src/sys/GENERIC amd64 # ...
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1answer
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FreeBSD restore of /rescue

I'm running a restore from a previous backup of my FreeBSD system, and run into trouble when restoring / (excluding mount-points). The problem is that /rescue fills the / partition (to the extent that ...
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2answers
1k views

Real-time layer 7 (http.request.uri) filtration on freebsd

I have a freebsd 9.0 router with 250-300Mbit/s traffic, and need to filter small list of pages (http.request.uri). I do not care about tor, anonymizers, proxy etc. Just prevent direct access from my ...
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4answers
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XenServer and ZFS via NFS

I'm trying to connect a NFS share to XenCenter. The NFS server is a ZFSGuru distro (uses FreeBSD). The zfs volume was exported like this: /sbin/zfs set sharenfs="on" temppool/share According to ...
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1answer
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How do I disable NFSv3/v2 connections to a FreeBSD NFSv4 server?

I am using a Kubuntu 11.10 client with a FreeBSD 9.0 server. The server has the following lines in /etc/rc.conf nfs_server_enable="YES" nfsv4_server_enable="YES" nfsuserd_enable="YES" and the ...
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1answer
421 views

FreeBSD network performance fluctuating

I just installed a fresh FreeBSD 9.0 on a new server. The machine is using the onboard gbit nic (Atheros AR8151). It runs Samba and FTP and has a ZFS pool of ~3TB. When I download files from some ...