FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, ...

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How to format a partition under FreeBSD

I want to format a partition under FreeBSD and change it to UFS filesystem. I searched the web but even the "fdisk" man page is not clear at all. Any help would be clearly appreciated ! My current ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

Centralized syslog-ng logging on FreeBSD

I've managed to successfully switch from syslogd to syslog-ng for my logging. I would however like to have the syslog-ng box receiving all logs from the all boxes running syslog on the network. How ...
2
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4answers
3k views

How to install DHCP server on FreeBSD 7.2?

I have a clean install of FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE. I want to install a simple DHCP server for a few windows computers. But, unfortunately, following don't work: pkg_add -r isc-dhcp3-server Error is: ...
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4answers
4k views

Option 82 and dhcpd. “No free leases” for second computer

There is DHCP server in network (isc-dhcpd-server-3.0 on FreeBSD 7.2) than gives one IP per switch port to every user via Option 82 The problem appears when user disconnects one of his computers and ...
2
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1answer
749 views

FreeBSD's pkg “No trusted fingerprint found matching package's certificate”

I just installed FreeBSD 10 and trying to get pkg going, but something isn't working: # uname -a FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE #0 r260789: Thu Jan 16 22:34:59 UTC 2014 ...
2
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1answer
177 views

Disable syslog remote connections

I'm securing a server and closing all the ports that are not used, but i can't close the syslogd port, even worse I cannot find where the syslogd is called. This is what sockstat shows me: USER ...
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3answers
3k views

ssh-copy-id in one line with password, possible?

I'm trying to setup an automated script in Ansible to set a new server, and i'm using ssh-copy-id to add the Ansible master server to the new server's authorized ssh keys. I created a script which ...
2
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1answer
591 views

How can the root password on FreeBSD 9.1 be changed for the system for the purposes of root logins?

I've never encountered this before when using FreeBSD, but I recently got a new BSD VPS, and when I logged in as a wheel user and su to root, I used "passwd" to change the root password, but this only ...
2
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1answer
115 views

Having a ball re-selecting PHP make config settings…FreeBSD

I am installing PHP 5.3 and having accidentally hit enter when selecting options failed to enable a module. After the installation make no longer gives me options but continues with saved options. ...
2
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1answer
636 views

FreeBSD 9 unattended installation: how to perform?

That is, like you do with kickstart on Redhat or autoyast in SuSE or jumpstart in Solaris? The OS docs do not seem to answer that simple question.
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1answer
201 views

Why is ZFS replication single threaded?

On my 8 core NAS I see only one core maxed out when ZFS replication over SSH is running. I would expect that transferring a snapshot would scale perfectly with the number or cores, as the snapshot ...
2
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2answers
474 views

Internal traffic card and external traffic cards on the same server… how to configure?

This might sound like a noob question, but here is what I have to configure: FreeBSD 1 server with 2 network cards 1 network card for internal IP addresses (5 of them) 1 network card for external IP ...
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4answers
435 views

Is SASL not supported in Postfix on FreeBSD?

I'm managing a mail server that was set up on FreeBSD that runs Postfix and Dovecot. When I type postconf -a, nothing is returned. As I understand it, this command should tell me if SASL is supported ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How to check pf's queues?

I use FreeBSD and working with pf+ALTQ now. Something doesn't work and I need a tool to view what requests are marked and moved to a queue "queue_name" Need something like pftop but showing queues. ...
2
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2answers
778 views

How to download a single port on FreeBSD?

How can I download a single port from freebsd site instead of downloading the whole port collection?
2
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1answer
799 views

Find the source of malware?

I have a server that was running an older version of lighttpd (1.4.19 on a freebsd 6.2-RELEASE (yea, old) machine) and google alerted me that it had found malware embedded on one of my server's pages. ...
2
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4answers
212 views

What should a computer science student include/run on his first server to learn the most?

A group of us CompSci students are trying to get our first server up and running. We're gonna try and install FreeBSD on this box. Would be great if you can suggest utilities/packages we should ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Dell “identify server” light in FreeBSD?

Does anyone know of a way to turn on the identification light on a Dell rack-mount server. This is the light which you can switch on locally by pushing the (i) button on the front of the server which ...
2
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5answers
937 views

Apache logging strategy on busy webserver: write contention?

We have a busy webserver (> 5 million hits/day) that serves about 500,000 unique files. We're running Apache on FreeBSD 7.2. According to iostat -x, the bottleneck seems to be the seek speed of the ...
2
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4answers
795 views

Monitorable Inter-company Messaging and XMPP Server on FreeBSD

We are looking to give access to some of our employees to chat with each other - however we are worried about them abusing the privilege and chatting we friends outside work. We have decided to deploy ...
2
votes
1answer
275 views

How to recover root password?

I have a FreeBSD box which I forgot the root password to. I do have physical access, so I can reboot the box if I need to. How do I reset my password?
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2answers
2k views

Can't boot FreeBSD 10 iso by PXE

I'm trying to boot FreeBSD 10 bootonly iso from with pxelinux and tftp, unfortunately the following error appears during freebsd boot: cd9660 :/dev/iso9660 error :/dev/iso9660/FREEBSD_INSTALL ...
2
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1answer
1k views

FreeNAS: “swap_pager: I/O error - pagein failed”

Our FreeNAS server log is constantly filling up with Apr 5 15:13:49 Wheelhouse NAS kernel: swap_pager: I/O error - pagein failed; blkno 524312,size 4096, error 6 Apr 5 15:13:49 Wheelhouse NAS ...
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3answers
2k views

CARP changes in FreeBSD 10

I am having trouble configuring carp interfaces in FreeBSD 10-RELEASE. The following configuration works. #/boot/loader.conf carp_load="YES" #/etc/rc.conf ifconfig_em1="inet 192.168.1.10 netmask ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Choosing a zpool size?

Is there a rule of thumb when to create a new zpool instead of expanding the current? Right now I have 100TB and can either expand with another 100TB or create an extra.
2
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2answers
955 views

Best way to upgrade FreeBSD with non generic kernel (XENHVM)

Since manually upgrading from source (cvsup) is deprecated and the recommendation is to use freebsd-update: What's the best way to upgrade (e.g. 9.1 to 9.2) while keeping a non-generic (XENHVM) ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Templates for daily mail from my debian boxes (like freebsd)

From my FreeBSD boxes, I each day recieve reports daily: File systems used Network interfaces Uptime 4, Mail queue status security: ipfw deny counters login failures refused connections ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to change rc.d startup order in FreeBSD?

My question exactly same as this question except I want to change services in FreeBSD. I made some research and I found rcorder command which gives full order of services with below paramaters. ...
2
votes
1answer
705 views

Building a router / NAT and need to compare performance of FreeBSD 8 v RHEL 6 [closed]

I am going to be setting up a router and NAT device but I am unable to choose between pfSense 2.x (FreeBSD 8) and RHEL 6. The device will need to forward a medium (2k hosts) sized network where ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Is there a way to make a 32-bit variant of port under an amd64 system?

Is there a way to make a 32-bit package variant of mysql-client, for example ? Because I need some libraries for some binary software, and it would be good to maintain them from ports instead of ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

ZFS for offline backups

I'm thinking of using ZFS to backups files to single drives that are going to be kept mostly offline. Does anyone know if the FreeBSD ZFS implementation still uses memory if a dedupped pool is ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

SSHing with the nobody user

I am on FreeBSD. Essentially, I am trying to have a php script (run by apache) ssh into another machine. I am running into the problem that nobody does not have a .ssh configuration file and so am ...
2
votes
1answer
365 views

MySQL performance on FreeBSD after moving db files from /var

I was running out of space on /var so I moved my db dir to /usr and noticed a significate decrease in performance. In addition I noticed that performance is much slower as well under any Jailed ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Scripting GNU Screen sessions

I have a couple of VM images that I run on a regular basis on my FreeBSD 9.0 fileserver. I have scripts written that start them with my desired settings (startUbuntuVM and startWindowsVM). I would ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

bandwidth monitoring issue on PfSense router

I have a PfSense router installed , where it has 4 interfaces. one of them is WAN and rest 3 are LAN networks, which have different subnets and IP address ranges. wan interface name = em0 lan ...
2
votes
1answer
339 views

FreeBSD vinum striped (RAID0) volume - performance issues

I've experimented with different striped volumes in vinum under FreeBSD 8.2-release. I have current hardware (Intel i5 processor, adequate MB and 8GB RAM). My test-setup consists of 2 or 4 disks in a ...
2
votes
2answers
706 views

handle fork bomb on a virtualized environment XenServer / “FreeBSD jails”

I am used to work with FreeBSD jails but I wanted to give a try to XenServer 5.5 / Vmware ESXI 5, hoping it can really limit resources per VM, after installing a couple of Virtual Machines, I tried to ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

Installing embedded pfsense, stuck at boot loader

I am trying to install pfSense embedded image 1.2.3 RC1 onto a CF card. The box looks like it is ready to boot, but gets stuck at "Loading /boot/defaults/loader.conf" followed by "/". Can anyone ...
2
votes
2answers
246 views

Sharing distfiles between FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and Gentoo

Currently I have a few FreeBSD servers with one of them acting as build box sharing its /usr/ports and /usr/ports/distfiles (as separate file systems) through NFS. Recently I've added OpenBSD and ...
2
votes
1answer
870 views

FreeBSD: problem with Postfix after updating LDAP

At the server I installed openldap-server, at this computer open-ldap client has already been installed. Version of openldap-client (2.4.16) was older then new openldap-server (2.4.21) and the ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Monitor Web Browsing Habits of Networked Users

I've been tasked with generating dynamic, real-time (or as close to real-time as possible) reports on the web browsing habits of my users. Basically we need a way of charting the amount of time user ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What should the hostname/domain be when installing FreeBSD?

I am trying to configure a fresh installation of FreeBSD using VMware workstation. I get to a screen where I have to configure the Network Interfaces (some values are set automatically because I've ...
2
votes
2answers
828 views

Hosting provider that allows you to host your own VM image? [closed]

I've already looked at the 'Best Hosted VM Provider' question and checked the recommendations there, but I seem to have slightly odd requirements. Basically, I am looking for a host that allows me to ...
2
votes
1answer
978 views

Creating pflog interface

I'm attempting to create a pflog interface using ifconfig so I can log to more than one file and when I attempt to execute the following command I get this error. I'm attempting this on a vanilla ...
2
votes
2answers
390 views

FreeBSD security log message: “Received data after socket was closed”

I am running FreeBSD 7 and I get this in /var/log/security : +++ /tmp/security.AIKARuA1 2009-06-30 03:05:17.000000000 +0500 +TCP: [69.147.83.36]:80 to [115.186.130.56]:50488 tcpflags ...
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2answers
4k views

FreeBSD load splitting and failover with 2 WANs (dynamic routing)

I have a freebsd server (ipfw, dhcp, dns) with one LAN interface and 2 WAN interfaces (2 different ADSL lines). The WAN interfaces (re0 and re1) are aggregated into one lagg0 failover ...
2
votes
1answer
843 views

FreeBSD pkg upgrade not working for jails with -j parameter

On an FreeBSD 8.4 system I have jais running with EZjail, and PKGNG (pkg) to maintain my ports. pkg works fine on the host but refuses to update software in jails. pkg -j 5 version -v gives the ...
2
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1answer
4k views

SSLProtocol: Illegal protocol 'TLSv1.2'

I'm using FreeBSD 9.2-RELEASE with apache24-2.4.10_2 package. [root@alexus ~]# uname -a FreeBSD alexus.org 9.2-RELEASE-p5 FreeBSD 9.2-RELEASE-p5 #0 r265974: Wed May 14 07:57:04 PDT 2014 ...
2
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1answer
443 views

Should I create ZFS zpools with whole disks or partitions?

I am making zpools on FreeBSD machine. While creating zpools i observe these two cases:- If i take raw disks and create zpool then i am able to form zpools and they are working perfectly. If i ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Encrypted User Directory on FreeBSD?

I'm running FreeBSD and I'd like to have user's files stored encrypted using his/her password, and have seamless SSH access to those files as well (provided that the user always uses password-based ...