FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, ...

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98
votes
4answers
133k views

FreeBSD performance tuning: Sysctl parameter, loader.conf, kernel

I wanted to share knowledge of tuning FreeBSD via sysctl.conf / loader.conf / KENCONF / etc. It was initially based on Igor Sysoev's (author of nginx) presentation about FreeBSD tuning up to ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Log every command executed from root

I want to give access to my root server to an external system administrator, but i want to be sure to double check what he is doing to my server, e.g. copying data i don't want them to do and so on. I ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

Need to replace disk in zpool … confused

I need to replace a bad disk in a zpool on FreeNAS. zpool status shows pool: raid-5x3 state: ONLINE scrub: scrub completed after 15h52m with 0 errors on Sun Mar 30 13:52:46 2014 config: ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I spamtrap with Postfix?

How do I setup spamtraps with Postfix so clients that send to trapped addresses are prevented from sending me more spam?
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Dovecot user lookup fails when using username@domain format

I have Dovecot v2.0.11 installed on a FreeBSD server and the user lookups for incoming email addresses are failing, but lookups for system users is successful. Dovecot is setup to use system users, ...
2
votes
1answer
433 views

FreeBSD: usernames longer than 16 chars

Can someone give me the complete process to change FreeBSD from a 16 char max to 64 char max on unsername length? Essentially this is to add some support for Virtualmin/Webmin. Inspired from ...
0
votes
4answers
442 views

How to make proxy on nginx?

How would I set my webservers to work in way described below? Http request: mypublic.com ---> handled normally by nginx as it is set up already (listen 80;) Http request: myprivate.com ---> handled ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Does ZFS replace the need for hardware/software RAID?

I want to provide protection against data loss on my servers. Typically, I'd use hardware RAID 1 or 5, but I've been reading up on ZFS. Is it correct that ZFS itself provides RAID 1 or 5 like data ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Installing embedded pfsense, stuck at boot loader

I am trying to install pfSense embedded image 1.2.3 RC1 onto a CF card. The box looks like it is ready to boot, but gets stuck at "Loading /boot/defaults/loader.conf" followed by "/". Can anyone ...
2
votes
1answer
323 views

Binary won't execute when run with a path. Eg >./program won't work but >program works fine

I'm getting some weird behaviour for a binary file I'm trying to run. I'm using Mac OSX snow leopard, and the binary itself is part of labkey software .. built from source. If I try to run the file ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Postfix: relay access denied

I never got my SMTP service working, now i'm ready to try again. The server is a FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE-p1, postfix was installed as part of the Webmin/Virtualmin install.sh I have read Postfix Virtual ...
22
votes
10answers
4k views

I just did a chmod -x chmod

So I did a chmod -x chmod. How I can fix this problem? How do I give execute rights back to chmod?
15
votes
4answers
5k views

How do you manage and deploy FreeBSD's ports in a large environment?

I'm curious to how people are deploying FreeBSD's ports in their environment. I assume that most people using FreeBSD are indeed using Ports (and often portupgrade for upgrading with binaries). I am ...
8
votes
5answers
10k views

ZFS Sync over unreliable, slow WAN. ZFS replication, or rsync?

I've been tasked with making an off-site backup work over the WAN. Both storage boxes are FreeBSD based NAS boxes running ZFS. Once or twice a week, 15-60 gigs of photography data gets dumped to the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Easy multi-level authentication for sudo

I have a FreeBSD server with password-based SSH enabled. I would like to enable sudo, but I do not want a potential attacker to be one password away from root access. My current solution is logging ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Is there a tool for managing FreeBSD jails that knows about ZFS?

ZFS under FreeBSD lets one assign filesystems to a jail, such that an account in the jail with the appropriate privileges can access the filesystem, create new subordinate filesystems, and so forth. ...
2
votes
8answers
6k views

What next after Ubuntu? Arch Linux / FreeBSD / Gentoo

I have been using Ubuntu, mainly as a production system for a very long time. Fedora Core and Mandrake before that. I am a developer, mostly working over networking core - L3/L4. I wish to graduate to ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why change net.inet.tcp.tcbhashsize in FreeBSD?

In virtually every FreeBSD network tuning document I can find: # /boot/loader.conf net.inet.tcp.tcbhashsize=4096 This is usually paired with some unhelpful statement like "TCP control-block hash ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

FreeBSD: periodic(8) is too noisy. How can I control the noise level?

FreeBSD & MacOSX ship with the the periodic(8) utility, which is a neatly organized set of utilities to periodically run system functions like ZFS filesystem checks, security checks, checking for ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

ZFS on top of Hardware Mirroring, or just mirror in ZFS?

I have an IBM x346 with dual 3.2Ghz Xeons and 2x36GB 15k SCSI disks. I'm running an entirely ZFS-based install of FreeBSD 8.1. I can configure the bios to mirror the two disks, and then put ZFS on ...
4
votes
13answers
935 views

Source based distros vs Prebuilt package based distros

I wonder what is the general preference and where does it come from. Having used FreeBSD actively for a couple of years I'm leaning towards Gentoo, but I've had an unpleasant experience of wasting ...
2
votes
1answer
705 views

Find the source of malware?

I have a server that was running an older version of lighttpd (1.4.19 on a freebsd 6.2-RELEASE (yea, old) machine) and google alerted me that it had found malware embedded on one of my server's pages. ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

ZFS and non Sun OS's

Is there any other Unix like distros that can read and write to ZFS filesystems. I know its currently unstable in FreeBSD :( The reason I am asking is I love ZFS but don't get on so well with Solaris. ...
5
votes
2answers
935 views

ZFS Reporting (on FreeBSD and Linux via ZoL)

As a longtime mdadm user is was just experiencing a disk error and remembered that I configured a Auto Mail reporting for mdadm on disk errors. Therefore i just had to insert my Mail address inside ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Does kern.hz still have any relevance in FreeBSD if “dynamic tick mode” is enabled?

I'm running a FreeBSD 9.0 setup as a virtual machine in a KVM setup. In previous versions of FreeBSD it was common to force the kern.hz setting to a lower value so that the virtual machine does not ...
5
votes
2answers
907 views

How can I make bash to log shell commands to syslog?

Bash 4.1 is able to log the history to syslog. However I can't seem to make it work under FreeBSD 8. I've tried re-compiling bash from ports with -DWITH_SYSLOG= but to no avail. Has anyone managed to ...
4
votes
5answers
6k views

/server-status shows over 240 requests like “OPTIONS * HTTP/1.0” 200 - “-” “Apache (internal dummy connection)”

Some details: Webserver: Apache/2.2.13 (FreeBSD) mod_ssl/2.2.13 OpenSSL/0.9.8e OS: FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE This is a FreeBSD Jail. I believe I use the Apache 'prefork' MPM (I run the default for ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How can I adjust subversion repository file permissions automatically for use w. Apache/DAV?

I've set-up a subversion server accessible with Apache/DAV and after screwing up the repositories file permissions a couple of days ago I started wondering if there's a better way to do this than the ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Need help grepping postfix log

I'm trying to search for an unknown string (Message ID) in a log based on a known string (recipient address), and then grep the unknown string to output the entire relevant log information. I'm able ...
2
votes
1answer
928 views

FreeNAS: “swap_pager: I/O error - pagein failed”

Our FreeNAS server log is constantly filling up with Apr 5 15:13:49 Wheelhouse NAS kernel: swap_pager: I/O error - pagein failed; blkno 524312,size 4096, error 6 Apr 5 15:13:49 Wheelhouse NAS ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

HP MDS 600 compatibility questions

I've bought a used HP MDS 600 to use as JBOD to a ZFS filesystem. Originally I just assumed that it was a pretty 'dumb' box and I'd be able to use a SAS card like the 16-port LSI one, and most any ...
2
votes
1answer
509 views

What are the security implications of using allow.sysvipc in a FreeBSD jail

The man page for jail says that allow.sysvipc enables "System V primitives [to] share a single namespace across the host and jail environments..." thus "... processes within a jail would be able to ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

FreeBSD Listen Queue Overflows - can't increase max queue size

I have a decently high trafficked FreeBSD Nginx server, and I'm starting to get a large number of listen queue overflows: [root@svr ~]# netstat -sp tcp | fgrep listen 80361931 listen queue overflows ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

PAM: Execute a command before pam_mkhomedir?

When a user logs into a system and there is no home directory, we would like to to create the user's home directory using pam_mkhomedir. This is a common practice. Here's a quick description of ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

httpready problem on Apache httpd restart on FreeBSD?

I run Apache HTTPD 2.2 on my FreeBSD 7.2 webserver. I have enabled the httpready and dataready in my /boot/loader.conf, like this: accf_http_load="YES" accf_data_load="YES" That works great when ...
5
votes
13answers
9k views

Network monitoring tool for FreeBSD [closed]

I am using FreeBSD 6.1 as router. Now I looking for Network Traffic Monitoring software to see what's happening with internet link. I have two installed LAN cards in my system, one for lan and other ...
4
votes
1answer
236 views

Multi homed firewall with ipnat

i am trying (without success) to configure a ipnat/ipf box under FreeBSD 8.2, here is the scenario: outside inside +----+ ADSL ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Newsyslog wildcards - rotate all logs in a directory

I am running FreeBSD 8.1. I am trying to make newsyslog rotate logs defined by a dynamic path: # logfilename [owner:group] mode count size when flags [/pid_file] [sig_num] ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

FreeBSD server - certified compatible hardware?

I am looking for recommendations for hardware that is "certified" with FreeBSD (8+) I suspect I am looking for a small server manufacturer that will build me a server that "just works". I have read ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

PXE boot FreeBSD iso from pxelinux server

I'm using FOG as a TFTP / PXE server and would like to be able to boot a FreeBSD LiveCD (specifically pfSense, but it could be any LiveCD, really); I've found HOWTOs for booting a "netboot" BSD but ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

Failed to enable the 'dataready' Accept Filter

I'm not sure why, but I'm getting this warning when I start my apache... su-3.2# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start [Wed Sep 23 13:40:42 2009] [warn] (2)No such file or directory: Failed to ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

How to install Java JRE on FreeBSD with as few dependencies as possible

I've been trying to get Java working on my FreeBSD 7.1 server. I just want the runtime, since the JDK drags all kinds of unnecessary dependencies with it, and I just need it to run a jar file ...
3
votes
2answers
279 views

HighPoint RocketRAID 2680SGL and FreeBSD

I'm trying to get my RAID controller working with FreeBSD. But it seems it's not being recognized by FreeBSD: module_register_init: MOD_LOAD (pci/rr2680, 0xc0a45b90, 0xc61f0430) error 22 ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

ZFS RaidZ Import Failure when migrating

So my the USB drive attached to my FreeNas 7 system, went bad so I used the situation as an opportunity to upgrade to FreeNas 8. The problem is now I'm having trouble getting my ZFS to spin up: ...
3
votes
1answer
800 views

Automated installation of FreeBSD

I would like to automate the installation of FreeBSD 8.2 for a project I'm working on. I know the answer to every question in the standard installation, so even a script that just pushes keystrokes ...
3
votes
5answers
3k views

Apache DDoS Protection in router (pFsense) [duplicate]

I'm soon going to change my infrastructure when I buy a new server. I'm going to replace my D-Link DIR-655 router with an pFsense router (and probably use the 655 as an AP) using my old server ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Run cgi-script on commandline as user www?

I'm running FreeBSD 7 and apache-2.2.13. I am trying to debug a cgi script at http://www.example.org/cgi-bin/printenv . This script is a simple script written in Bourne shell. I would like to run ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

nslookup fails but ping succeeds for nonexistent domains

I have two different FreeBSD servers (different hosting companies), both exhibit this same behavior: They pick a specific IP address (216.239.120.238) for every domain that does NOT exist. nslookup ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Move data from root ZFS into child filesystem

I have a zpool (pool verion 13, FS version 3, called tank0) with about 2.5TB of data in the root of the pool (i.e. directly in /mnt/tank0). OS is FreeBSD, actually FreeNAS version 0.7.2. I would like ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Need to identify disk in zpool … how?

I need to replace a bad disk in a zpool on FreeNAS. zpool status shows gptid/5fe33556-3ff2-11e2-9437-f46d049aaeca UNAVAIL 0 0 0 cannot open How do I find the serial # of that disk? ...