Questions about hard disks' performance, issues, tips, and software.

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Disk IO Errors when writing / Linux + Windows / HDD is OK

The problem: I have a lot of Disk IO errors on my server, these are causing multiple server failures. VMs are rebooting because of IO errors "task xyz/sdaX blocked for more than 120 seconds" Backup ...
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1answer
60 views

What incident may happen that stops a VM on Azure?

We were hosting a Website and a CMS at an external supplier. They told us that they host everything on Microsoft Azure. Yesterday I saw that my website was down and contacted them. Later that day they ...
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where is my disk space being used in Debian 5?, please advise [duplicate]

Untitled Document Hello i have a virtual server with a Debian disk of 13GB,3GB RAM, only 13% is free disk space. There is a Mysql database of 2GB I have executed a few of commands but it ...
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24 views

Does this RAIDz setup suit my situation? [on hold]

I am looking into buying a few drives to set up a FreeNas box for home storage. I will be storing movies, pictures, music and very private information (that I really, really dont want to lose) on the ...
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1answer
14 views

How to make data up to date on a shareable disk connected to KVM guest?

I have 2 KVM guests running. One guest (let's call it the writing guest) writes to a virtio hdd (it's a lvm logical volume) periodically. Another guest (reading guest) reads from this disk (it's ...
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1answer
15 views

Find number of unused disk bays on a dell server running windows or ESXi

I have a project kicking off to implement a new backup solution across our estate of 1500 physical servers. One of the bits of info I need to get is how many drive slots are free on each server (so we ...
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0answers
6 views

Useful to standby server hdd? [duplicate]

Is it useful to shut down HDDs with hdparm -y /dev/sd* via cronjob every ten minutes? I have a nas with a normal desktop and a nas hdd. Will the nas hdd get damaged, when it will be send to standby ...
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3answers
74 views

SAS / SATA max number of connected disks vs performance

I would like to understand following things: When I have a motherboard with SATA 6gb/s and 8 ports, does it mean that every single port is able to provide 6bg/s speed to disk that is connected over ...
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Forking loads disk

I have a prefork/fork daemon. By atop I see, that master-process often consumes disk: PID TID RDDSK WRDSK WCANCL DSK CMD 16830 - 7264K 48696K 18624K 10% our daemon From strace I see, that it ...
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1answer
28 views

Weird smartctl output. Is my disk in danger?

I have a disk, that gets me kinda weird smartctl output. I have never seen such large nubmbers on other disks. Does anyone now how to interpret these ? Is the disk likely to be faulty ? SMART ...
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26 views

Google compute engine - shrinking disks

I have a 5TB HD and I want to shrink it to 2TB. I use Google Compute Engine PaaS. How can I do that? Can you suggest any tools to perform this manually if this cannot be solved by Google's tools?
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1answer
16 views

Why there is a difference in size reported by lsblk, gdisk and parted

[anaconda root@861767 ~]# lsblk /dev/sda NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 465.8G 0 disk ├─sda1 8:1 0 512M 0 part └─sda2 8:2 0 ...
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0answers
16 views

Recovering Megaraid Storage Array After Power Outage

I suspect I know the answer to this (namely, that there is no hope whatsoever), but thought I'd take the liberty of asking the question in the unlikely event there may be some hope, however remote it ...
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0answers
20 views

fast automatic ATA secure erase for multiple drives at the same time

I have about 100 drives I need to wipe by hand from my boss and I wonder if there is a tool I can use to just plug in the harddisk and it will automatically wipe the hotplugged drive using hdparm or ...
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1answer
33 views

Replace failed RAID 1 Drive on Intel Platform

Good afternoon, I have a Intel Server running Windows 2008 R2 Standard. It has a RMS25PB080 Raid controller card in with. It has two logical drives, a RAID 1 and a RAID 5. The one harddrive on the ...
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0answers
23 views

CentOS df misreports free disk space (due to mounted volume?)

I have a server with an LVM volume mounted under /mnt. When running df -h to check free disk space, it appears to show the space consumed under /mnt as being used in /: [root@monitor spool]# df -h ...
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1answer
27 views

Hard disk reporting incorrect size in BIOS

I have a server with a software RAID system. There are 4 disk in the array: 4 x 4TB model WD40EFRX-68WT0N0 I noticed that the OS was reporting one of the disks to be 3TB, so I rebooted and ...
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0answers
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hard disks spin up by processes / applications that simply get a list of disks? How to prevent? [migrated]

I have a 24/7 always-on Debian Jessie based headless home server that has a large 1TB SSD for the OS and all of my frequently accessed files. This same system has 4 larger hard disk drives in a ...
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4answers
1k views

RAID 10 - many slow disks vs fewer fast disks

I am looking to buy HDDs for a single server which will be used as development server. The server will use ESXi as hypervisor and will have some but not too many virtual machines (web server, database ...
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1answer
90 views

Root-causing vastly different performance on iozone O_SYNC benchmark for two HDD manufacturers

I have two servers A and B with the following configuration: A: 4TB HDDs, with RAID 1 (MegaRAID SAS 2008), 128MB cache, no BBU, write-through mode, 7.2k RPM, manufacturer A. B: 1.5TB HDDs, with RAID ...
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1answer
27 views

mdadm: replace disk in a 4-disk RAID5 while it resyncs

I'm preparing a server with 4 disks assembled into software RAID5 during Debian 8 installation. Shortly after the system was configured, SMART detected an Offline Uncorrectable Sector error, so I ...
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21 views

Can you have an MBR partition and a GPT partition on the same RAID 5 VHD in Windows Server 2008 R2?

I have a Power Edge T610 with a PERC 6 RAID 5 Array, recently i posted a question about expanding the array with other drives and was able to use OMSA to add additional drives to the array and then ...
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0answers
15 views

Debian: USB HD Random Disconnect

I've a debian box (Sheevaplug) everything seems to be ok, however I've an external hard drive attached to the USB port and sometimes the drive seems to disconnect itself randomly... and connect, I get ...
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2answers
165 views

Azure VM change OS Disk

I've create an Azure VM in RM and have deleted the VM and Components expect the OSDisk in an Premium Storage Account (Blobs). Now i wouldd like to create an new VM and attach the OS Disk to the new ...
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10 views

sg_format 512e to 4096

We have Hitachi 8TB Helium drives, which come in Advanced Format or otherwise known as 512e (4096 native sector to 512 emulated). I want to see if our systems can fully cope with 4096 native sector ...
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1answer
40 views

Error while Expanding Disk Space of virtual machine in Hyper-V server

I have one Virtual machine running on my hyper-v server which has allotted the disk space of 100GB, i have only created C drive in this machine and C drive of this machine is fully consumed due to ...
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1answer
33 views

Full /usr directory, but can only account for 1/8th of space

Having trouble finding the files causing space issues on my server. Running the "df -h" command results in: /dev/xvda1 ext3 4.0G 693M 3.3G 18% / /dev/mapper/vg00-usr ext4 8.9G 8.9G ...
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23 views

Can't mount SATA drives when moved from USB enclosure to internal

I have had 4 external drives connected over USB to my Dell Precision 490 workstation. They are in /etc/fstab by uuid and formated as UUID. UUID=04c37bff-b93e-440e-acd0-3d984ddb2ec3 /mnt/drive0 ext4 ...
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1answer
29 views

What happens to GPT Partition after OS Reinstallation

I plan to reinstall a server 2008 OS, but i have other 4TB hard disks (G:,H:,I:)with GPT. Would i loose the GPT config and all the data on other drives after reinstalling the OS on C:?
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1answer
40 views

Which RAID configuration is better for hypervised Virtual Machines with three 300GB SAS drives [duplicate]

Probably a noob question, but I'd like some guidance on which RAID configuration is best in this server scenario. I am aware of and understand the different RAID configurations, but am after guidance ...
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47 views

Server 2008 R2 does not boot and won't restore

A Server 2008R2 machine was found restarted, asking to insert a bootable disk. I booted from a DVD and tried to restore from a backup image made a day before to a separate HDD (with repartitioning and ...
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1answer
36 views

CentOS 6: SATA link down when scanning for unused drives

I recently inherited a CentOS 6 server with 8 installed hard drives. 6 of these drives were going to be configured as an LVM, but never got that far. The drives are installed and, from what I can ...
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1answer
35 views

SMART vs badblocks, who is right?

I have and semi-old hdd (magnetic one, not ssd) and I intended to use it as system drive for my new NAS. So I've run SMART selftest on it and it ended with status "Completed: read failure". However, ...
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1answer
24 views

RAID 10 (2+2) and (4+4) - terminology or physical setup?

I understand what RAID10 (2+2) is (stripped mirror) whereby there are data are striped across 2 groups and each group have a pair of mirror devices (2 disks). This is how i have understand "2+2" For ...
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51 views

Mongodb, we can't go over 100 insert/sec on 200iops HDD

Thanks in advance for your help, we get a strange behaviour in mongodb. So we have a cluster of 20 shards, each composed of 1 master and 2 slaves. This database has a heavy load of write only. However ...
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1answer
26 views

why all hard drives in a HPC cluster must be of the same size and part number? [closed]

One of the hard drives of my HPCC is broken and I have to buy another one. I've heard it must be of the exactly same size and part number. Could anyone explain me why? Thanks
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2answers
78 views

How to list basic information about disks (cylinders, heads, sectors, sector size) on Windows 7 and 10

On Linux, fdisk supplies this information without any problems. I can't seem to do the same anywhere in Windows, nor (at a glance) in diskpart which is intended to succeed/replace fdisk. I need to ...
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27 views

Error on one of four drives, cannot format or read

I'm having weird problems with a small SSD drive, F: (120GB). C:\Users\Administrator>chkdsk f: The type of the file system is RAW. CHKDSK is not available for RAW drives. Server management ...
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1answer
49 views

Incorrect Disk space usage in Linux server [duplicate]

I can see the used disk quota on server is 81G for partition /dev/sda3 mounted to '/' as follows. Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda3 106G 81G 20G 81% / tmpfs ...
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0answers
17 views

External drive not recognised and internal disk fills up.

I haven't been able to find anything on this in the interwebs - just guides to repair/fix external drives... In my case, when Mac OS tries to mount the external drive in question the internal disk ...
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0answers
31 views

linux block size - different in different places

When I'm checking block size via: blockdev --getbsz /dev/sda I'm getting: 4096 But when I use cat /sys/block/sda/queue/physical_block_size or cat /sys/block/sda/queue/logical_block_size I'm getting ...
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1answer
54 views

Storage Space Write cache, and write speed

Hey guys i have been working on my NAS that is using server 2012r2 with storage spaces. the drives are off the shelf 7200 rpm drives the drives are bitlocker encrypted the drives are in a 8 disk ...
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1answer
52 views

Is it possible to reset S.M.A.R.T. Spin_Retry_Count?

I have a 20-bay nas that uses Norco 5 in 2 hard drive cages. It's been at about half capacity most of it's life, but I recently added 5 new drives too it and ever since I've just been having sporadic ...
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0answers
17 views

Understanding EC2 disk usage metric

I am running a large machine with 60G RAM and 120G swp on EC2. The performance is not as expected. CPU seems not the bottleneck. I suspect the (ephemeral not EBS) disk IO is the problem. I checked ...
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Read only file system after every reboot - centos

Some time ago I got disk full problem and after that everytime I reboot my centos server, the system loads with read only system files. Running mount -o remount,rw / will solve my problem. But ...
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1answer
139 views

HP ProLiant DL180 Gen9 modding/cabling [closed]

I bought a HP ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server in 12LFF drives configuration. Now I'd like to put two additional 2.5" SATA drives inside the case to serve as system drives. As there isn't a default spot ...
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1answer
34 views

HP MICROSERVER GEN8 819185-421hard drives not recognized in the front bay

I bought that server and a SEAGATE ST1000DM003 1TB Hard drive. I've installed ubuntu 14.04 LTS on a SD card on the server. It seems that the server doesn't recognise the 1TB hard drive in the front ...
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1answer
26 views

Expanding partition (xfs) of a virtual machine

OS: Ubuntu 14.04, partition table: Model: VMware Virtual disk (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 37.6GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos Number Start End Size Type ...
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27 views

HP Hard Drive ABC Slots

Ok so I have a hard drive that went out and a replacement drive was ordered per the same part # from the bad drive. On these driver there are 3 slots with tabs on these drives labeled A B C. The BAD ...
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60 views

Selecting an SSD to act as boot volume in an HP server

A question I recently asked regarding the use of enterprise 10k vs. 7.2k midline SAS disks led to some suggestions that the use of a mirrored pair of SSDs as a boot volume can make sense because: ...