Questions about hard disks' performance, issues, tips, and software.

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2
votes
3answers
238 views

What are the differences between consumer grade SSDs and the much more expensive enterprise SSDs?

I am in need of a terabyte or so of storage space for Lucene indices on a testing server. I'm having a hard time differentiating between disks like the Samsung 840 evo for about $450 vs SSDs with ...
0
votes
0answers
119 views

IBM x3950M2 server, no drives detected during windows install

I have an IBM x3950M2 (72236MU) server that was running Server 2012. I decided to swap some drives around and reinstall from scratch with Server 2012r2. However I am unable to get the windows ...
0
votes
2answers
277 views

ESXi sees RAID1 as two hard drives

The server is Proliant ML330 G6. I've activated the embeded SATA RAID in BIOS. Created 1 logical drive in "Option Rom Configuration for Arrays" in RAID 0+1 that consists of two 1TB drives. So in other ...
-1
votes
2answers
54 views

Why is the BOOTMGR inside of the MBR?

According to the MBR strcuture definitions I have found, the partition table data should be within the bytes ranging from 446 to 510 of the first block of the disk. However, when I run: sudo xxd -g 1 ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Windows Server 2012 hide external HDD for non-admins

I am setting up a server where people connect to via Remote Desktop. It uses AD DS and uses an external HDD with a share on it for people's data. However when these people log on, aside from the ...
2
votes
2answers
204 views

HP ProLiant ML350 G6 RAID 1 disk compatibility

We are running an HP ProLiant ML350 with a RAID 1 set up on two identical 300GB 6G SAS 10K rpm SFF (2.5-inch) Dual Port Enterprise HDDs and a third acting as a "hot spare" - HP part # HPQ-507127-S21. ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

When reading SSD drive specs, what's the difference between MB/s and IOPS?

I'm trying to find a suitable SSD drive for my database server (postgres on debian 7 amd-64), and I find that for some SSD drives, while read speed is specified in MB/s, write speed is in IOPS. To ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

“failed command: WRITE DMA” but SMART test says hard disk is OK

Recently I started receiving (in dmesg) such errors: [ 1569.944985] ata6.01: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x0 action 0x6 [ 1569.944991] ata6.01: BMDMA stat 0x44 [ 1569.944994] ata6.01: failed ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Determining if there are free slots in a drive bay remotely

I have a server in a rack at a data center I don't have access to, and I want to confirm that there are drive bays open before I order new hardware. There are two specific machines I need to know the ...
6
votes
2answers
483 views

Determine if C drive has 2 GB of free disk space

I am trying to determine if a target pc has atleast 2 GB of free space. Here is what I have so far: @echo off for /f "usebackq delims== tokens=2" %%x in (`wmic logicaldisk where "DeviceID='C:'" get ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Dell PE 830 with updated BIOS - 2 TB HDD

I was wondering if anyone had overcome the small disk limit on this server? Mine does not have a RAID controller and I wanted to install (2) 2 TB drives in it for storage and use the Ubuntu 14.04 ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Abstract physical drives to create a resizable raid array: is it possible?

I want to set up two hard drives with a portion of them set in raid1. I want that portion to be scalable too, as logical LVM volumes are. Is it possible to abstract physical volumes or to create an ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Performance Tuning Linux [closed]

Performance Tuning/ Monitoring/Latency keeping in mind I see following 4 items & in each item they are lot of tools. CPU Memory IO Network What I see following tools we do use. vmstat mpstat ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

IBM X3850 M2 (7233) server hard drives - Novice help needed

We have just bought a used IBM X3850 M2 (7233) server. The plan being to use it for CFD analysis calculations, taking the workload off our workstations. Not being an expert on these matters... Can I ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

(Unexpected?) blkio controller behavior

I'm using docker 1.4.0 with lxc-1.0.6 and cgroup-lite-1.1.5 on Ubuntu 12.04. I have 3 hard disks (/dev/[sdb-sdd]) that I write to from 3 distinct containers. They have only one XFS partition, mounted ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Server 2008 - Multiple Event 55 NTFS

VMware ESXi with a virtual server running Windows Server 2008 R2. Event Viewer Administrative Events logs are flooded with the following error: Event 55, Ntfs The file system structure on the disk ...
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

x3650t ibm hard disk error how to check logs

There is a Led indicator on the front panel of IBM x3650T series, it is blinking lights, most probably there is a Hard disk error but need to be sure... anyone knows how to check the logs on server ...
4
votes
6answers
628 views

What are the the potential drawbacks of using non-OEM hard drives in a server?

I'm currently speccing a Hyper-V host for my company and would like to use solid state drives for local storage. The problem is, most oem drives have a hefty premium when compared to retail ...
-1
votes
1answer
253 views

mdadm: add new device failed for /dev/xvdl as 2: Invalid argument

I have existing RAID0 setup with two disks. I have to add a new drive to it. But when I try to run the following command: mdadm --add /dev/md/customer_upload /dev/xvdl I get an error: mdadm: add ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Which value of HDD avgqu-sz is critical?

This is my graph of HDD avgqu-sz from different app machines: App caches data in memory and every n minutes are data flushed to filesystem + every m minutes are data (re)loaded from filesystem in ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

IBM Fiber Storage

I am asking this question on behalf of the company i work for, What the problem is that we have just setup a fiber storage system with an IBM Server and IBM Fiber Storage system, we brought the both ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

Create an MBR on secondary plex

I have a HP Proliant ML350 g6 server running windows 2008 std R2. This server had two hardware arrays in it. One array was a raid 0 with 1 physical drive running raid 0. The other array is 5 physical ...
37
votes
6answers
3k views

Is my Hard Drive Failing?

I just tried to run a test on my hdd and it doesn't want to complete a self test. Here is the result: smartctl --attributes --log=selftest /dev/sda smartctl 6.2 2013-07-26 r3841 ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

External USB drive on xen windows guest

I have an external USB 2Tb drive I'm trying to use with a xen guest. Xen Center 6.1 sees the drive in the removable storage repository and I can assign it to a guest. But the guest (tested ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

What is the difference between truss -D and truss -E?

I am currently analyzing a command on Solaris that reads from a file and has very low performance. The truss -D commands shows me read system calls taking up to 0.03 seconds, but when I use truss -E, ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

What is the counter type for Linux's /sys/block/$DEVICE/stat

What are the counter types for /sys/block/$DEVICE/stat? $ cat /sys/block/sda/stat 8323741 42381356 464031898 19207478 1940738 49062039 408122282 79935459 0 22315734 99172579 Specifically, ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

PostgreSQL queries slower than before?

I am using PostgreSQL 9.3 server on my production server. Everything had been working fine for the past couple of months. But since the past week or so, PostgreSQL seems to have becomes very slow with ...
2
votes
0answers
547 views

Windows Server Backup [2012 R2] - Went from 100+ copies available to 1 copy available overnight

I'm using Windows Server Backup on a Windows Server 2012 R2 system that has been in production for half a year or so. The server has around 60GB used, and the backup drive is a 160GB external drive ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

HP ProLiant Server HDDs - Buy Spare Parts vs. Retail

sometimes i have to upgrade HP Servers. For example when they get a new "job" to do. So lets say i need some more HDDs for an DL360 G7 Server. If the Server has an active HP Care Pack, does it matter ...
6
votes
3answers
519 views

Is disk serial readable from supermicro chassis?

We are working with a hosting company for managing our dedicated servers. We asked for a replacement disk on one of the servers by providing the serial number. They took out 2 other disks instead and ...
0
votes
0answers
123 views

How is it possible for reallocated sector count to decrease?

The reallocated sector count of a disk in a RAID array has been increasing over the past 6 months, but now it seems as though the reallocated sector count has decreased. A month ago (according to ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Server drives gives input/output error when formatting in Fedora

I am at a total loss as to why this is happening. I have tried everything I can think of. I am trying to format a drive in Fedora to use in the server. Every time I try to format it I get a ...
0
votes
0answers
226 views

Replacing failed drive on a ESXi host

I have a failing drive on my ESXi 4 host and I'm going to replace it. There is no fault tolerance (RAID), each drive on its own. I'm planning do offline dding old drive to new one but I'm not sure ...
0
votes
0answers
145 views

Azure disk performance

I am running on-demand, research D14 instance in Azure South Central US region, with a 4-disk RAID0. Recently the disk performance has become unusably slow, particularly the RAID performance, which is ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Linux quota - wrong disk usage

I'm using centos 6 and quota shows wrong disk usage for all users... Something like multiply real disk usage... # quota -v myuser Disk quotas for user myuser (uid 511): Filesystem blocks ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Additional hard drive not detected in BIOS

So I'm working on a server which has a Tyan S2937 motherboard, and 2 CPUs. I have a drive bay capable of supporting 6 drives, and the motherboard has 6 SATA connectors. I want to setup the system ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Why my AWS volume size is different from the actual size?

It's very wried to see my actual disk size is much less than the actual size. From the information, looks this disk is not be partitioned. I have no idea why the actual size is 20G but disk size is ...
2
votes
3answers
65 views

Accessing multiple disks under single virtual partition?

I have disks as below on my Debian server: /dev/sda1 276M 29M 233M 11% /boot /dev/sdb1 917G 793G 79G 92% /home /dev/sdc1 1.8T 1.7T 79G 96% /home2 /dev/sdd1 1.8T 1.7T 79G 96% ...
1
vote
3answers
69 views

distributing tables over multiple harddrives

Is there a performance improvement when I distribute database tables over different harddrives? I need to access many different schemas at the same time and I was wondering if adding more harddrives ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Are /dev/disk/by-id symlinks unreliable?

I am provisioning a Nova server and Cinder volumes using a Heat template. In order to identify the Cinder volumes attached to my OpenStack server I would like to use the /dev/disk/by-id/... symlinks ...
5
votes
1answer
275 views

Is it possible to calculate where is, physically, a bad block located on a hard disk?

I dd_rescue'd a hard drive, and I know where the bad blocks are. I still have the drive with me, so I can get any information needed from SMART or fdisk. I would like to know if it is possible to ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

mdadm: can't remove broken drive from raid1

I have a ubuntu server Ubuntu 12.04.5 LTS (GNU/Linux 3.2.0-34-generic x86_64) that uses a software raid with 2 physical drives. Apparently, one drive is unresponsive, and I try to remove it from ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Max Size of Disks Supported by Controller

I am interested in purchasing (second hand) a Dell Poweredge 2950 2nd Gen server. However, the specs say it has a max storage size of 4.5tb. I am wondering if this means just what is available to ...
-3
votes
3answers
2k views

Configuring RAID in HP Proliant ML350e Gen8 [duplicate]

We have purchased two stock HP ML350e Gen8 servers. Ubuntu 12.04 is to be installed in those. The stock, base unit have provision for 6 hard disks for creating RAID in which, one is filled with 500GB ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

How to reacreate the EFI partiton and mirror and existing system partition of an GPT disk?

I have the following setup (very well possible that this is no good practice but it is the given situation): There were 2 x 3TB dynamic GPT disks in a Windows server, Disk0 with EFI (~200 MB), System ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

How to generate random files and directories that are scattering across the whole partition? [closed]

I want to perform a heavy test of using "resize2fs" to shrink the file system. Currently, I have script that creates a few hundred thousand files taking several hundred GB. But it doesn't take very ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Hard Drive Recovery; Owned by 1001 and operations block

I'm trying to recover data from a crashed hard drive. I have a SATA to USB cable and I'm trying to pull the data onto a temporary machine. The drive mounts just fine. However, the drive is owned by ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Windows Software RAID with Bad Sector: Which drive is broken?

We have three Seagate drives in a Windows software RAID stripe arrangement. The server began to freeze up. I was running two backups simultaneously with Acronis and BackupChain and thought I ...
0
votes
0answers
190 views

External HDD wrong size

I have an very interesting problem with a Seagate HDD (3TB): Under Windows the HDD has a size of ~3TB. When I connect it to Ubuntu 14.04 and try to format it with GParted, GParted tells me that the ...
36
votes
10answers
3k views

Linux on VMware - why use partitioning?

When installing Linux VMs in a virtualized environment (ESXi in my case), are there any compelling reasons to partition the disks (when using ext4) rather than just adding separate disks for each ...