Questions about hard disks' performance, issues, tips, and software.

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3
votes
3answers
721 views

Ubuntu Device-mapper seems to be invincible!

I'm working on a hopefully unrelated question question and I've got to a strange situation. First: I know very little about the very low level hardware kernel storage driver magix, so I'm hoping a) ...
2
votes
2answers
618 views

How to find a compatible disk for HP server?

How to find a compatible disk for HP server? I own HP ML350 G6 server. I have found a spare parts list, but since there is no disk of size 300 GB 2.5 10K 6G (originally installed on server) I am ...
2
votes
5answers
3k views

Performance gains of putting Windows pagefile on separate partition (same disk)?

I am making a drive image that will be deployed to several computers, and I'm tweaking it for performance. It is a Windows XP image. Considering there is only one hard drive, will the machine gain ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

No disk space on / (Debian Jessie) [duplicate]

I have a problem with disk space on my dedicated server. I have no disk space available on partition / root@server1:/# df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/root 96G ...
2
votes
1answer
965 views

High iowait for unknown reason

I'm having a hard time figure out the reason cause high iowait on my server. This is log of iostat -xm 5 5 Linux 2.6.32-358.6.1.el6.x86_64 (prod-1.localdomain) 09/28/2013 _x86_64_ (16 CPU) ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How are SMART selftests related to badblocks?

The smartctl tool allows initiating a long self-test (smartctl -t long /dev/sda). However there's also badblocks that I can run on a drive. How are the two related? If badblocks detects bad blocks, ...
2
votes
0answers
356 views

Add Zabbix S.M.A.R.T. monitor to ESXi 5

I have a ESXi 5.1 host with 3 Hard Disk (1 SSD, 2 Magnetic) and I want to monitor them, especially for the S.M.A.R.T Data, that is critical and preannunce an HDD break. Since I'm really unfamiliar ...
-1
votes
1answer
101 views

SAS SCSI Converter [closed]

I recentely bought a Seagate Cheetah 146GB SAS ST3146755SS 10K Performance 15K RPM Hard Drive from EBAY and do have a computer that supports SAS. The problem is that I need to convert it into a SATA ...
13
votes
5answers
723 views

How do services with large ingest rates install enough hard disks fast enough?

Amazon, Facebook and Google must take in TBs if not PBs per day, so does that mean they have people continuously installing new hard disks and cables in new racks in the same way you might build a ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Is my hard disk failing?

I've just had the hard disk on my server replaced. It was part of a RAID 1 array. The sdb1 partition keeps failing every few hours now. # cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [raid0] [raid1] ...
0
votes
0answers
278 views

High disk usage in CSRSS.EXE

I recently started working on the server for a certain software (Tango). The users complained that it recently became extremely low, so I used an application (ProcessHacker) to see the resource usage ...
0
votes
3answers
796 views

What's a good free open source hard drive benchmark? [closed]

After a quick search on Freshmeat I found nothing. Anybody know of a good utility? I normally use time (dd if=/dev/zero of=newfile ...) to test write speed and hdparm -t to test read speed. Thanks. ...
11
votes
2answers
522 views

Do I need to defrag MacOSX filesystems?

The equivalent linux question reminded me of the bad performance of my MacBookPro. I'm not even sure what the default FS nowadays is. I read somewhere that there is a cron job which runs on friday or ...
10
votes
10answers
40k views

How can I increase the size of a Windows 2003 NTFS partition?

I have a very important server running Windows Server 2003 and my System partition is becoming too small, it's slowing down the machine. I have already tried all the cleaning stuff and transferring ...
-1
votes
2answers
771 views

Windows not picking up hard drive, but BIOS does

I have a Windows Server 2003 box, with 2 identical hard drives installed (not in a RAID array). For some reason, Windows just stopped recognising the second hard drive. It doesn't appear in My ...
6
votes
5answers
8k views

SAS or SATA for 3 TB drives?

We are looking to purchase new 3 TB enterprise-grade drives and can buy either SAS or SATA models. AFAIK, SAS generally gives better performance than SATA, but searching for benchmarks I found ...
21
votes
14answers
21k views

Fastest, surest way to erase a hard drive?

I'm looking for a quick, simple, and effective way to erase the hard drives of computers that my company will be getting rid of (donation to charity, most likely). Ideally, I would like a ...
3
votes
6answers
10k views

What is the recommended temperature range for a hard drive?

What is the best temp to keep harddrives running in? I have harddrives that keep failing due to the temp being to high.
4
votes
3answers
11k views

Warning for “Reallocated Event Count” S.M.A.R.T. attribute with a new/unused drive. How serious is that?

I've just looked at the health status of my old 2,5 inch 500 Gb Fujitsu drive with a popular "HD Tune" utility. It shows a warning for the "Reallocated Event Count" property. How serious is that? ...
0
votes
1answer
227 views

Currently unreadable sectors on RAID 5 linux drive

I have every 30 minutes smartd messages on /var/log/messages: smartd[3588]: Device: /dev/sdc, 176 Currently unreadable (pending) sectors This drive (sdc) is part of RAID 5 configured with mdadm. ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Very high load, apparently caused by pdflush

I have a server that's running CentOS 5, and it will periodically (a couple of times a day) have enormous spikes in load, and the whole server will grind to a halt. After a couple of minutes, the load ...
1
vote
0answers
411 views

Differences between hdparm --read-sector and dd with “Current Pending Sectors”

This was originally an "answer" to How to use hdparm to fix a pending sector? I'd been getting SMART notifications for the same "Current Pending Sector" for days. The dd solutions around weren't ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Consumer HDDs in a HP ProLiant DL180 G6?

Model: HP ProLiant DL180 507168-B21 Will a ProLiant DL180 G6 work with a single 1TB consumer hard drive in a caddy? Yes, I know I should use enterprise HDDs but we have a limited budget, and this ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

re-use after logical failure [closed]

I may not have enough information for a good answer but here goes. I have a home ubuntu server with one wd 1.5 TB hard drive that was about 1.5 years old. After a 2-week shutdown it wouldn't boot. ...
101
votes
2answers
13k views

What are the different widely used RAID levels and when should I consider them?

This is a Canonical Question about RAID levels. What are: the RAID levels typically used (including the RAID-Z family)? deployments are they commonly found in? benefits and pitfalls of each? ...
4
votes
4answers
262 views

I have a 3.46 TB Raid disk array, but when I setup windows server 2012, it only refers to it as 2TB

I have a 3.46 tb raid disk array, but in volumes it shows it only as 2.00TB What have I done wrong, and how can I fix it? Thanks Noam
62
votes
8answers
6k views

How can a single disk in a hardware SATA RAID-10 array bring the entire array to a screeching halt?

Prelude: I'm a code-monkey that's increasingly taken on SysAdmin duties for my small company. My code is our product, and increasingly we provide the same app as SaaS. About 18 months ago I moved ...
1
vote
2answers
243 views

df -h disk usage of empty disk shows 188M usage ?!

I have an empty disk mounted as /data The df -h shows me that 188M are used while a du -h shows me 4,0K. root@marc:~# du -h --max-depth=1 /data 4,0K /data root@marc:~# df -h Sys. de fichiers ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

Half of disk space missing on RAID1, all disks it seems to be ok

Hi there. I have a problem with raid array. I miss it a half. My disks layout is 2 x 250 gigabytes velociraptors (Array_0000) 2 x 1TB velociraptors (Array_0001) ....both connected in RAID1. OS ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Disk (EXT4) suddenly empty without any sign of why

I have a Ubuntu 10.04 server with several disks in it. The disks are setup with a union filesystem, which presents them all as one logical /home. A few days ago, one of the disks appears to have ...
10
votes
8answers
12k views

How can I mount a hard drive as read-only on Windows XP?

I recently had reason to move a hard drive from a computer that blew up to another computer for the purpose of recovering data. Under the (unfortunate) circumstances, both the donor and the recipient ...
4
votes
5answers
835 views

How do data recovery firms recover data from a “dead” hard disk?

The hard drive in my laptop just died, and it's been about a week since I ran a full backup. I know there are companies that specialize in data recovery from dead hard disks. I'm curious how they do ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I detect whether my Hard Drive is RAID configured?

I'm not certain if this question makes complete sense. I'm trying to find out if a server is RAID configured. The Device is HP Proliant SCSI, but that's all I know, it's a terabyte drive. I've used ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

How to secure SAS drives that were removed from multiple servers?

I have a few SAS hard drives that were removed from different servers because the servers reported them as faulty (amber light). Some are from a RAID5 arrays and others are from a RAID1 setup. I have ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Server HDD size limits

When specs for servers such as the Dell PowerEdge 850 mention a max HDD size of 250GB (for SATA) is this an actual hardware limit or was it just the max size available at the time?
4
votes
6answers
19k views

Check for hard disk errors / signs of failure on CentOS Server

What's the best way to check for HDD errors and early signs of failure on CentOS?
28
votes
9answers
22k views

Reliability of ssd drives

The main advantage of SSD drives is better performance. I am interested in their reliability. Are SSD drives more reliable then normal hard drives? Some people say they must be because they have no ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I find out where GRUB was installed?

I need to find where GRUB was installed, for example, which drive/partition. Is it possible to figure out where it was installed?
3
votes
6answers
5k views

Does this SMART selftest indicate a failing drive?

I'm wondering if the results of this SMART selftest indicate a failing drive, this is the only drive that comes up with 'completed: read failure' in the results. # smartctl -l selftest /dev/sde ...
0
votes
1answer
208 views

Badblocks not displaying “Pass completed” after finishing

This is the command I am running to test a HDD with badblocks: badblocks -b 4096 -c 98304 -w -s /dev/sda1 The output is: [root@localhost liveuser]# badblocks -b 4096 -c 98304 -w -s /dev/sda1 ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Cancel /dev/zero before it finishes?

To clear a large hard drive I was using dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda. Only later I realized from reading more sources that the default block size is 512, and if I want the process to go quicker I ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Will regular backups make my hard drives fail early?

I have recently put in place Veeam Backup and Replication to do a nightly backup of a bunch of VMs running in VMware ESXi 5.1. It appears that while Veeam generates incremental backups, it does so by ...
20
votes
1answer
241 views

Is it possible that just one bit switches so my file shows me a letter “Q” instead of a “S”

In our application we use Hibernate and PostgreSQL to store data. In one of our database tables we have a discriminator column which says for example "TIPPSPIEL". It is a fixed string and can not be ...
10
votes
7answers
21k views

Convert a hard-drive into a VMWare machine

I have a hard-drive from a dead server, and I would like to convert it to a virtual machine. (original system OS is windows 2003) I know VMWare converter can convert a physical machine to a VMWare ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

What is the root cause of a Hard Drive “ticking” sound after 15 min of being on?

In my office there is a laptop dell inspiron 1420 with HD of 100GB of space. The computer is about a year old, and the hard drive has a weird and annoying ticking sound. The ticking sound starts ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Maximum Support Hard Drive on a Dell R200 Server. Can it be increased?

According to Dell specifications, their R200 server supports 2 x 1.0TB hard drives. Does anyone know whether it can support any larger than that (perhaps via a newer bios)? Additionally, does anyone ...
1
vote
2answers
394 views

Must partprobe before using drive?

This is a followup question to Cannot mount /dev/sdc1 on Debian 5.0, special device /dev/sdc1 doesn't exist Basically, I have 6 SATA hard drives in a machine and I'm trying to create a RAID6 ...
-2
votes
1answer
53 views

Preparing for RAID5 failure [closed]

I've got an Ubuntu system with a bunch of hard disks in it acting as my home router, DHCP server, file server, etc. Twice in the past 24 hours it has suddenly decided to set the root filesystem to ...
0
votes
3answers
161 views

RAID 5 with two failed devices

I have a software RAID 5 with 6 devices and one of them needs to be rebuilt. Until now, everything is OK. But, while the disk is rebuilt, it was found bad sectors on another disk and is being marked ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Is this a sign of dying hard drive?

Today I wasn't able to access one of my hard drives, after reboot it seems to work now, but i'm worried it's going to die soon. /var/log/messages Jul 4 17:05:02 host-37 kernel: [401496.020869] ...