Questions about hard disks' performance, issues, tips, and software.

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1answer
1k views

Where is my new hard disk Citrix Xen Center

I'm trying to create a new storage repository on a server that already has 2 old hard disks, set up with hardware RAID 1. It's my first time doing this in Xen Server environment so I wanna be extra ...
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0answers
14 views
+50

How to find which db/collection/query triggers disk read?

We're running a MongoDB 3.0 server with multiple users accessing it and we're experiencing very frequent disk reads by mongod process utilizing our SSD drives to 100% During these peaks the page ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Accessing data on SAS drives if server fails

If my server goes down, how can i access the data on the SAS drives? I don't have another server to plug them into, and even then connecting the drive to a different controller (while keeping the ...
2
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2answers
49 views

JBOD server for ZFS without dedicated boot drive

I am looking at buying a cost-effective machine for using openAttic, which is simply Ubuntu 14.04 64bit with ZFS. The server I am looking at gives me 8 bays of 3.5", where I plan to put SAS 7.2k ...
0
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1answer
10 views

LSI MegaRAID 9271-8i RAID1 disk expansion

I have a RAID1 setup with two 3TB disk, is it possible for me to buy two 4TB disk and expand my DiskGroup?
1
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0answers
45 views

Can't use unallocated space on a Win 2k8 R2 VM

I'm hoping someone can help me with this because after 2 days of googling I've come up with nothing. I have a file server that I have converted from a physical to a virtual on an ESXi 6 host. I have ...
15
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7answers
7k views

How many SMART sector reallocations indicate problems?

I have a NAS appliance that is just over a month old. It is configured to email me alerts generated from the hard drives' SMART data. After one day, one of the hard drives reported that a sector had ...
4
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2answers
51 views

Massive performance degradation on sustained sequential write

I'm in the process of migrating data into LUKS partitions. Now that the operating system drive is running off LUKS, I tried to start migrating the data drives. Then the server stopped responding. ...
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0answers
3 views

Removing partitions from Chromebook (Chrome Recovery Utility not working) [migrated]

I dual installed GalliumOS and ChromeOS on my Lenovo 100S ChromeBook. I tried to uninstall GalliumOS but didn't manage to delete its partitions. Now I have ChromeOS installed, but it has under 1 GB ...
0
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1answer
46 views

NFS drive full even though du says it's not [closed]

I am experiencing a very weird behaviour of my backup drive that I can neither explain nor get fixed. I have an external drive mounted via NFS. I regularly call rsync jobs that backup files from my ...
0
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0answers
9 views

When cloning a hard drive, does the new hard drive have to be the same model as the older one? [migrated]

I have a Samsung HD103SJ that's making weird noises when reading and I'd like to replace it. I'ts old, and this HDD costs around $130 on Amazon. I'd rather clone it to a Western Digital Black HDD, ...
1
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0answers
62 views

Considerations on an archive HDD [migrated]

I need to buy a hard drive to store monthly backups of my in-home lab. I need an 8 TB disk and I've been looking at Seagate's Archive HDD's. From what I'm read, these drives are designed to run in ...
4
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4answers
1k views

Disk full on linux server, blocks used is much less then blocks avalable

Output of df is: [root@backup log]# df Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/mapper/VolGro 1889811408 1861658948 0 100% / /dev/sda1 101086 ...
0
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0answers
4 views

BootDevice Not Found after swapping non-system HDD [migrated]

I have some odd behavior on an HP Elitebook 8570W that I cant quite explain. The laptop comes w/ a primary SSD and has an upgrade bay. This one had a 500GB 5400rpm drive. When I swap the upgrade bay ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Google compute engine - shrinking disks

I have a 5TB HD and I want to shrink it to 2TB. I use Google Compute Engine PaaS. How can I do that? Can you suggest any tools to perform this manually if this cannot be solved by Google's tools?
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0answers
29 views

ZFS mirror migrated to other system with dd -> zpool import fails

I'm pretty new to ZFS and this might be an easy problem (but I don't find any discussions about how to do this): I've messed up a FreeBSD installation on a Root-on-ZFS mirrored ZFS Pool on a ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Disk IO Errors when writing / Linux + Windows / HDD is OK

The problem: I have a lot of Disk IO errors on my server, these are causing multiple server failures. VMs are rebooting because of IO errors "task xyz/sdaX blocked for more than 120 seconds" Backup ...
3
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6answers
4k views

Write random data to random sectors of Hard Drive

I have a hard drive that went bad and before I send it for RMA I want to wipe as much as possible from it. I tried using windows utilities and also did dd of /dev/random. The problem is I can't wait ...
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1answer
84 views

What incident may happen that stops a VM on Azure? [closed]

We were hosting a Website and a CMS at an external supplier. They told us that they host everything on Microsoft Azure. Yesterday I saw that my website was down and contacted them. Later that day they ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

RAID 10 - many slow disks vs fewer fast disks

I am looking to buy HDDs for a single server which will be used as development server. The server will use ESXi as hypervisor and will have some but not too many virtual machines (web server, database ...
0
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0answers
14 views

where is my disk space being used in Debian 5?, please advise [duplicate]

Untitled Document Hello i have a virtual server with a Debian disk of 13GB,3GB RAM, only 13% is free disk space. There is a Mysql database of 2GB I have executed a few of commands but it ...
0
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2answers
2k views

Shrink a Windows VM in XenServer

I faced a problem. I deployed a VM by size of 500GB on Citrix XenServer and now I want to shrink it, because I don't have enough space for snapshots. Now I want to perform an export/import to do this. ...
1
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1answer
16 views

How to make data up to date on a shareable disk connected to KVM guest?

I have 2 KVM guests running. One guest (let's call it the writing guest) writes to a virtio hdd (it's a lvm logical volume) periodically. Another guest (reading guest) reads from this disk (it's ...
3
votes
3answers
324 views

What's the top normal S.M.A.R.T. temperature for HGST Helium Ultrastar 8TB 7200 RPM SAS 12Gb/s enterprise drives?

I've just received new Dell R730xd 2U server with faceplate 12 * 3.5" drive bays + 4 * 3.5" mid-body tray, located above RAM modules & CPUs. I've plugged 16 * HGST Helium 8Tb 7200 RPM SAS 12Gb/s ...
1
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1answer
25 views

Find number of unused disk bays on a dell server running windows or ESXi

I have a project kicking off to implement a new backup solution across our estate of 1500 physical servers. One of the bits of info I need to get is how many drive slots are free on each server (so we ...
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votes
0answers
6 views

Useful to standby server hdd? [duplicate]

Is it useful to shut down HDDs with hdparm -y /dev/sd* via cronjob every ten minutes? I have a nas with a normal desktop and a nas hdd. Will the nas hdd get damaged, when it will be send to standby ...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

SAS / SATA max number of connected disks vs performance

I would like to understand following things: When I have a motherboard with SATA 6gb/s and 8 ports, does it mean that every single port is able to provide 6bg/s speed to disk that is connected over ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

FreeNAS not detecting hard drive

I have a FreeNAS box (OS install onto USB), with 2 hard drives in it. In the GUI its only showing 1 (ada0). How do I make it detect the other one? They are both showing in dmesg: ada0 at ahcich1 ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Can't move large files, always get Input/output error after some time

I want to move a large file (hdd of a paralells vm, 81G) from one hd to another. After some time I get the error message: Input/output error. What can I do to move the file? I checked source and ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Weird smartctl output. Is my disk in danger?

I have a disk, that gets me kinda weird smartctl output. I have never seen such large nubmbers on other disks. Does anyone now how to interpret these ? Is the disk likely to be faulty ? SMART ...
2
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0answers
15 views

Forking loads disk

I have a prefork/fork daemon. By atop I see, that master-process often consumes disk: PID TID RDDSK WRDSK WCANCL DSK CMD 16830 - 7264K 48696K 18624K 10% our daemon From strace I see, that it ...
1
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1answer
25 views

Why there is a difference in size reported by lsblk, gdisk and parted

[anaconda root@861767 ~]# lsblk /dev/sda NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 465.8G 0 disk ├─sda1 8:1 0 512M 0 part └─sda2 8:2 0 ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Recovering Megaraid Storage Array After Power Outage

I suspect I know the answer to this (namely, that there is no hope whatsoever), but thought I'd take the liberty of asking the question in the unlikely event there may be some hope, however remote it ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Replace failed RAID 1 Drive on Intel Platform

Good afternoon, I have a Intel Server running Windows 2008 R2 Standard. It has a RMS25PB080 Raid controller card in with. It has two logical drives, a RAID 1 and a RAID 5. The one harddrive on the ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Hard disk reporting incorrect size in BIOS

I have a server with a software RAID system. There are 4 disk in the array: 4 x 4TB model WD40EFRX-68WT0N0 I noticed that the OS was reporting one of the disks to be 3TB, so I rebooted and ...
0
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0answers
25 views

CentOS df misreports free disk space (due to mounted volume?)

I have a server with an LVM volume mounted under /mnt. When running df -h to check free disk space, it appears to show the space consumed under /mnt as being used in /: [root@monitor spool]# df -h ...
10
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2answers
758 views

How can I tell if the server supports hot-swapping drives?

I recently purchased a used server (the type that fits into a rack, rather than a free-standing machine). One nice feature, is rather than having to open up the cover and unscrew the harddrives, this ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Linux - KVM - very slow disk io

The I/O performance of my new server is pretty low. I Googled and tried everything I can imagine. First of all, here are the Hardware Components: AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 6344 4x Seagate ...
3
votes
4answers
7k views

Add SATA HDDs to Dell PowerEdge 2950 (PERC6i) - Do HDD brands matter?

I'd like to add a couple SATA drives (1TB+ each) as RAID 10 to my PE 2950. Dell's website lists some 1TB drives that are quite expensive. Are there any advantages of using those over a HDD purchased ...
25
votes
6answers
10k views

Is a hard drive's serial number globally unique?

On Linux I can use smartctl to get a hard drive's vendor, model, firmware revision and serial number: # smartctl -a /dev/sdb smartctl 5.40 2010-07-12 r3124 [x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu] (local build) ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

What happens to GPT Partition after OS Reinstallation

I plan to reinstall a server 2008 OS, but i have other 4TB hard disks (G:,H:,I:)with GPT. Would i loose the GPT config and all the data on other drives after reinstalling the OS on C:?
5
votes
1answer
100 views

Root-causing vastly different performance on iozone O_SYNC benchmark for two HDD manufacturers

I have two servers A and B with the following configuration: A: 4TB HDDs, with RAID 1 (MegaRAID SAS 2008), 128MB cache, no BBU, write-through mode, 7.2k RPM, manufacturer A. B: 1.5TB HDDs, with RAID ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

mdadm: replace disk in a 4-disk RAID5 while it resyncs

I'm preparing a server with 4 disks assembled into software RAID5 during Debian 8 installation. Shortly after the system was configured, SMART detected an Offline Uncorrectable Sector error, so I ...
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0answers
27 views

Can you have an MBR partition and a GPT partition on the same RAID 5 VHD in Windows Server 2008 R2?

I have a Power Edge T610 with a PERC 6 RAID 5 Array, recently i posted a question about expanding the array with other drives and was able to use OMSA to add additional drives to the array and then ...
18
votes
7answers
22k views

Linux ATA errors: Translating to a device name?

When a Linux box gets an ATA error, it syslogs it with a message identifying the disk as "ata%d.00". How do I translate that to a device name (e.g. /dev/sdb)? I feel like this should be trivial, but I ...
0
votes
2answers
341 views

Azure VM change OS Disk

I've create an Azure VM in RM and have deleted the VM and Components expect the OSDisk in an Premium Storage Account (Blobs). Now i wouldd like to create an new VM and attach the OS Disk to the new ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Debian: USB HD Random Disconnect

I've a debian box (Sheevaplug) everything seems to be ok, however I've an external hard drive attached to the USB port and sometimes the drive seems to disconnect itself randomly... and connect, I get ...
6
votes
7answers
5k views

lvremove claims LV to be open

frequently I notice that after a $ sudo lvcreate vg -L 10G immediately followed by a $ sudo lvremove vg/<created volume> I get the error message Can't remove open logical volume "..." ...
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0answers
14 views

sg_format 512e to 4096

We have Hitachi 8TB Helium drives, which come in Advanced Format or otherwise known as 512e (4096 native sector to 512 emulated). I want to see if our systems can fully cope with 4096 native sector ...
2
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3answers
14k views

How to get more I/O performance from Citrix XenServer?

I have a Citrix XenServer 6.1 installed on a HP Server (1x Intel Xeon E5630 @ 2.53GHz (4 cores, 8 threads, RAM: 752MB for dom0 and 55286MB for the guests). The server has 2 scsi mirrored disks and is ...