Questions about hard disks' performance, issues, tips, and software.

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0
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0answers
8 views

Understanding EC2 disk usage metric

I am running a large machine with 60G RAM and 120G swp on EC2. The performance is not as expected. CPU seems not the bottleneck. I suspect the (ephemeral not EBS) disk IO is the problem. I checked ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Read only file system after every reboot - centos

Some time ago I got disk full problem and after that everytime I reboot my centos server, the system loads with read only system files. Running mount -o remount,rw / will solve my problem. But ...
6
votes
1answer
172 views

Extreme ZFS slowdowns after several months

I've got a general-purpose server, providing mail, DNS, web, databases, and some other services for a number of users. It's got a Xeon E3-1275 at 3.40 GHz, 16 GB ECC RAM. Running Linux kernel 4.2.3, ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Recover data from ubuntu encrypted drive (LUKS)

I had a Host with Ubuntu 12.10 installed, and the entire harddrive was encrypted (with LUKS it appears), I remember the passphrase, but I have trouble to "open it". I am now on a beta version of ...
-3
votes
1answer
88 views

HP ProLiant DL180 Gen9 modding/cabling [closed]

I bought a HP ProLiant DL180 Gen9 server in 12LFF drives configuration. Now I'd like to put two additional 2.5" SATA drives inside the case to serve as system drives. As there isn't a default spot ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

High CPU load caused by slow disks?

We are running a online application on a 3-year old server (quadcore Xeon, 4GB RAM, SAN-disks). The server hosts besides the web application a SQL-, FTP-, SFTP, SMTP, and POP-services. Over the years ...
-3
votes
0answers
13 views

Why is 500GB = 500107862016B [migrated]

Why does my 500 GB hard disk show up to have exactly 500 107 862 016 Byte? I'm aware of the GiB vs. GB issue and know that manufacturers of hard drives use 1000 as ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

HP MICROSERVER GEN8 819185-421hard drives not recognized in the front bay

I bought that server and a SEAGATE ST1000DM003 1TB Hard drive. I've installed ubuntu 14.04 LTS on a SD card on the server. It seems that the server doesn't recognise the 1TB hard drive in the front ...
13
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4answers
4k views

How are SMART selftests related to badblocks?

The smartctl tool allows initiating a long self-test (smartctl -t long /dev/sda). However there's also badblocks that I can run on a drive. How are the two related? If badblocks detects bad blocks, ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Linux - KVM - very slow disk io

The I/O performance of my new server is pretty low. I Googled and tried everything I can imagine. First of all, here are the Hardware Components: AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 6344 4x Seagate ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Cloning LVM partitions

I need to clone a CentOS installation from a 1TB disk partitioned with LVM, to several identical machines. The disk is mostly empty since only the operating system and some software are installed and ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Expanding partition (xfs) of a virtual machine

OS: Ubuntu 14.04, partition table: Model: VMware Virtual disk (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 37.6GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos Number Start End Size Type ...
20
votes
2answers
14k views

Is it possible to on-line shrink a EXT4 volume with LVM?

Today I tried this on my machine with OpenSUSE 12.3 (kernel 3.7): # resize2fs /dev/mapper/system-srv 2G resize2fs 1.42.6 (21-Sep-2012) Filesystem at /dev/mapper/system-srv is mounted on /srv; on-line ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

HP Hard Drive ABC Slots

Ok so I have a hard drive that went out and a replacement drive was ordered per the same part # from the bad drive. On these driver there are 3 slots with tabs on these drives labeled A B C. The BAD ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

What are the various factors that limits disk read and write speeds and on a network? [closed]

How to choose a server which: has high I/O performance of storage is highly flexible in terms of adding more storage So, basically these servers should act as storage servers for OST in lustre ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How to disable automatic garbage collection on an SSD?

Solid State Drives (SSD) have a garbage collection functionality which makes space from deleted files available. It is triggered automatically by the drive via a TRIM command sent by the OS Is ...
1
vote
3answers
60 views

How to automatically detect inserted SATA disk in Solaris if cfgadm status is disconnected?

My goal is to automate a backup routine on a small OpenSolaris NAS (running OmniOS + napp-it on a HP Microserver N54L) in combination with SATA disks. Background: I have installed one of those 5.25" ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

iSCSI opcode[89], error(-65539)

I have error iSCSI target (Synology DS1813+) used as NAS: Jan 19 12:03:55 SRV1 kernel: [23311947.266497] iSCSI: iSCSI: EPIO[/volume1/@iSCSITrg/iSCSI_3_Extent_LUN-LUN1_000], opcode[89], ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Is it documented anywhere that adding a disk to a Azure VM causes an unconditional reboot?

I've noticed that adding a new disk to an Ubuntu 14.04 VM running on Azure, caused an unconditional reboot of the Azure VM. When I added a second disk, the VM wasn't rebooted, but the first disk was ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Selecting an SSD to act as boot volume in an HP server

A question I recently asked regarding the use of enterprise 10k vs. 7.2k midline SAS disks led to some suggestions that the use of a mirrored pair of SSDs as a boot volume can make sense because: ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

Reduce writes from a specific application?

I'm logging the output of a command with command | tee file This causes tee to actually write to the disk every second or so. I'd like to reduce the frequency of the writes, by caching the output ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Why my disk elevator is set to “deadline”

I have CentOS 6.x Linux server with kernel 2.6.32-573.8.1.el6.x86_64. I did some checks today and I found that disk elevator is "deadline". [root@srv ~]# cat /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler noop ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How to distribute file storage to a different filesystem with Ubuntu 14.04?

First of: I just got started using CLIs to manage a whole server, sorry if this question is stupid, but I couldn't find any solution to this. I ran into a problem with apt-get -f install, because my ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

How to find out raid in linux: cat /sys/block/sda/device/raid_level vs dmraid -s in Redhat?

I am trying to find what raid level and what storage controllers are there in my remote HP server. I can find out the following details which storage controller, size of the disk, model etc. But ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Where is my new hard disk Citrix Xen Center

I'm trying to create a new storage repository on a server that already has 2 old hard disks, set up with hardware RAID 1. It's my first time doing this in Xen Server environment so I wanna be extra ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Shrink a Windows VM in XenServer

I faced a problem. I deployed a VM by size of 500GB on Citrix XenServer and now I want to shrink it, because I don't have enough space for snapshots. Now I want to perform an export/import to do this. ...
16
votes
3answers
8k views

Are RDX removable disks a good replacement for LTO tape?

Over a period of three weeks, I experienced six complete failures of LTO-1 and LTO-2 tape drives at client sites. Some had failed mechanisms. Others lost the ability to write reliably. These were HP ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Does the backplane on an HP server have any impact on the speed of the drives?

I have an HP Proliant DL380 Gen7. The server currently has no drives and is running on the integrated smart array controller. I was looking into replacing the controller with an LSI-9211-8i controller ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

zfs Disk in pool accidentally pulled now shows pool degraded

I have a pool with 10 disks and we accidentally pulled the wrong disk and now the pool shows degraded, and suggests using zpool recover. Can we just "zpool scrub sdbe" to get the disk resilvered and ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

Grub Rescue, always getting unknown filesystem [on hold]

After launching fsck command and rebooting a Debian server, i run into grub rescue mod. So am trying to recover my system but with nothing when i execute ls i get : (hd0), (hd0, msdos5), (hd0, ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Can't move large files, always get Input/output error after some time

I want to move a large file (hdd of a paralells vm, 81G) from one hd to another. After some time I get the error message: Input/output error. What can I do to move the file? I checked source and ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How does loss of DWORD synchronization affect the health of an SAS disk?

I tried to get more information from the error log of an SAS disk by running the following command that prints values and descriptions of the SAS (SSP) Protocol Specific log page. # smartctl -d scsi ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Disk Usage Analyzer on Synology

How can I get an overview of the disk usage on a Synology hard drives like this:
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Can “enterprise” drives be safely replaced by near/midline in some situations?

When specifying servers, like (I would assume) many engineers who aren't experts in storage, I'll generally play it safe (and perhaps be a slave to marketing) by standardising on a minimum of 10k SAS ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Why are Large Form Factor (LFF) disks still fairly prevalent?

Small Form Factor (SFF) / 2.5" disks seem to have become more popular than LFF disks now due to them being preferable over LFF disks in many scenarios (lower power consumption, higher density, etc). ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Accessing data on SAS drives if server fails

If my server goes down, how can i access the data on the SAS drives? I don't have another server to plug them into, and even then connecting the drive to a different controller (while keeping the ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Determine if C drive has 2 GB of free disk space

I am trying to determine if a target pc has atleast 2 GB of free space. Here is what I have so far: @echo off for /f "usebackq delims== tokens=2" %%x in (`wmic logicaldisk where "DeviceID='C:'" get ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Bit copied a disk image using the dd command to a new and bigger disk. How do expand whole LVM? [duplicate]

I just copied a 50 GB disk image using dd for bit copying to a new harddisk with 200 GB storage. On the disk is LVM including the system partition EXT4 and a swap partition (both LVs). Well the copy ...
4
votes
6answers
11k views

Does this SMART selftest indicate a failing drive?

I'm wondering if the results of this SMART selftest indicate a failing drive, this is the only drive that comes up with 'completed: read failure' in the results. # smartctl -l selftest /dev/sde ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

FreeNAS not detecting hard drive

I have a FreeNAS box (OS install onto USB), with 2 hard drives in it. In the GUI its only showing 1 (ada0). How do I make it detect the other one? They are both showing in dmesg: ada0 at ahcich1 ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

HP ProLiant ML110 G7 Questions

Have an HP ProLiant ML110 G7 running Server 2008 R2. Question #1: This server takes FOREVER to boot. I think it's because of "HP Power and Thermal Calibration" it does at the beginning of every ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

monitoring disk i/o via wmi

I'm using WMI to monitor Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 hosts. I got all the info I wanted but the disk I/O performance. I've tried quering the ...
3
votes
7answers
12k views

find out if disk is IDE or SATA

I need to find out if a disk is IDE or SATA (or anything else, maybe). I know that the device is /dev/sda, so I think it's SATA, but I don't know if I can be sure just by the name. I tried looking at ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Is my drive good or going bad?

I just ran SMART on my server's drives but I'm not too sure how to interpret it. My results seem like the drive is doing fine, but I would like a second (or third) opinion, just to be safe. Here are ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Ran smartctl on my drive, not sure if this is good or bad

I've been having problems with a drive in my Synology diskstation. I saw the following errors pop up on my /var/log/messages: ata6.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x0 action 0x6 frozen ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Best practices for sizing RAID 6 arrays? [duplicate]

I'm wondering what the best practices are for sizing raid 6 arrays. For example: At what point is it better to use multiple arrays or RAID 60? is spindle count the only factor? If reliability is ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

ESXI 5.5 Doesn't see full hard drive

I have an ESXI 5.5 host which I've had up for a while (whitebox build) and I've recently replaced one of the internal hard drives due to failure (not raid, directly connected to the SATA controller). ...
2
votes
4answers
168 views

Erasing Server RAID Hard disks (SAS and SATA) for decomissioning

We are in a process of decomissioning a handfull of Fujitsu Primergy Servers. Before of course, we want to make sure that the hard disks are completely wiped out. But it seems there is no way to ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

MegaCLI causes drive “Other Error”

I am having an issue where running "megalci -PDList -aAll" will cause an Other Error to be logged for 2 of the 6 discs in a pair of servers I have. Here is that again in more detail. I have two ...
4
votes
3answers
37k views

Reinserted a RAID disk. Defined as foreign. Is import or clear the correct choice?

I have re-inserted a RAID disk, on a DELL server with Windows Server 2008. The drive-status indicator was changing between a green and amber light, and the monitor gave the following message: ...