hdparm is a command-line tool on Unix/Linux platforms used to adjust or inspect hard drive configuration parameters.

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How to set the spin down timeout on WD Green HDDs [migrated]

My internal WD20EARS disk does not spin down autoamtically. I tried hdparm -S 1 (5 seconds), but nothing happens. I disabled the IntelliPower headparking with wdidle3 from the Ultimate Boot CD. hdparm ...
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How can I unfreeze an SSD connected to a remote server?

I don't have physical access to the machine, so I can't unplug the drive. # hdparm -I /dev/sda | grep frozen frozen The advice I've read elsewhere is to hotplug the drive, pull the ...
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1answer
283 views

How to erase a SSD to restore factory performance in Linux?

Due to big performance issues with an mdraid-1 array I'd like to pull down from the array one of the devices (Samsung 840 Pro), erase it to restore factory performance and re-add it to the array. The ...
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2answers
159 views

Disk Cached IO very slow

I have two boxes with exactly same hardware configuration. Both having RAID0 (created using mdadm) over SATA disks. But I am getting different cached reads while testing using hdparm command. $ ...
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3answers
718 views

What's a good free open source hard drive benchmark? [closed]

After a quick search on Freshmeat I found nothing. Anybody know of a good utility? I normally use time (dd if=/dev/zero of=newfile ...) to test write speed and hdparm -t to test read speed. Thanks. ...
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Differences between hdparm --read-sector and dd with “Current Pending Sectors”

This was originally an "answer" to How to use hdparm to fix a pending sector? I'd been getting SMART notifications for the same "Current Pending Sector" for days. The dd solutions around weren't ...
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2answers
3k views

How to use hdparm to fix a pending sector?

SMART is stating one pending sector on of my server's hdd. I've read lot's of articles recommending using hdparm to "easily" force the disk to relocated the bad sector, but I can't find the correct ...
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1answer
132 views

Replacement raid1 drive is one block smaller. What to do?

Apparently once should always leave a bit of empty space at the end of each raid1 partition. But if we're too late for that, what can be done if a replacement RAID1 drive is slightly smaller than the ...
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2answers
521 views

Linux Disk tuning help

I have a Software RAID1 disk that is randomly experiencing very slow read times. hdparm -t /dev/md0 /dev/md0: Timing buffered disk reads: 2 MB in 12.43 seconds = 164.80 kB/sec It appears to be ...
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Hdparm poweron_standby is how dangerous?

jacks@Gen4:~$ sudo hdparm -s 1 -S 4 /dev/sdb /dev/sdb: Use of -s1 is VERY DANGEROUS. This requires BIOS and kernel support to recognize/boot the drive. Please supply the --yes-i-know-what-i-am-doing ...
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308 views

linux “hdparm -B” what is a good power management value? [closed]

I run a home server with Linux (ubuntu). Data (not the os, not swap, not /home) is stored on a large software RAID5 array. The server is on 24/7, but to reduce noise I would like the raid drives to ...
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781 views

Seagate Constellation ES HDD firmware update using hdparm

I need to update firmware on my Seagate Constellation ES ST32000644NS branded as Dell Equallogic. Since I don't use this drive in a Dell Server but in my Apple Mac Pro the only possible way to do this ...
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1answer
588 views

Is wiper.sh working?

I'm setting up a server running Ubuntu Precise, and I'm trying to verify if SSD TRIM is working. fstrim is failing: ~ sudo fstrim -v / fstrim: /: FITRIM ioctl failed: Operation not supported So ...
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554 views

Centos 5.5 - Smartctl/hdparm strange behavior with both HDDs

I found out one of our servers was down today due to a HDD failure. The only thing I could see on console the was: scsi 0:0:0:0: rejecting I/O to dead device. This server has 2 HDDs with a software ...
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2answers
3k views

how to know what is disk uuid for md raid1 and hdparm?

ive got md0 (raid 1) array and want to make write cache off on them during system boot (ubuntu 12.04 server). md0: /dev/sda /dev/sdc blkid: /dev/sda: UUID="3e502de5-696d-f4b4-470e-XXX" ...
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What's the effect of standby (spindown) mode on modern hard drives?

I just assembled a new Linux file server with several Samsung HD103UJ 1TB hard drives and I am currently optimizing it. The question I can't find an answer to is: is it reasonable to set a spindown ...
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2answers
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How can I test hd performance on an OpenVZ container?

CentOS 5.x | VPS | OpenVZ I'm trying out a vps that uses OpenVZ and am not sure what command to type to measure disk read performance. I thought hdparm would work but I get the following: ...
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1answer
583 views

Is it possible to get hdparm to report the current level of performance degradation on my SSD?

I work on a product that is a headless Debian Linux system with removable Intel X-25M solid state drives. Recently we noticed that the read/write performance of these drives degrades over time, and ...
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3answers
4k views

How to determine disc spindown time

I am able to set both APM and spindown times using the command: hdparm -S 246 -B 128 /dev/sda Unfortunately I can only find the APM value in the information output: hdparm -I /dev/sda | grep ...
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1answer
511 views

Disk is spinning down each minute, unable to disable it

I played with spindown and APM settings of my Samsung discs and now they spin down every minute. I want to disable it, but it seems it does not accept any of the spindown time or APM values. Nothing ...
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1answer
213 views

Set device offset in Linux due to failed hardware RAID?

I have a failed hardware RAID card. This card had two drives in a RAID-1 mirror. Plugging one of the drives into the motherboard shows no partition table. Using a program like testdisk, I can see ...
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2answers
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Benchmarking hard disks on Mac OS X SL

On Linux I would usually use "hdparm -tT device" when I want a quick idea of how an hard drive is performing compared to another; having switched to Mac OS X a few months back I have yet to find ...
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Measuring disk performance for random seeks?

I'm setting up a server that involves lots of database writing during regular updates, and I have wildly varying results between different machines. I'm trying to find out what I can expect from ...
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853 views

Hdparm slow server

My web site server is very slow and I contacted my hosting company. This company ask me to execute this command line: hdparm -tT /dev/sda The result is here: /dev/sda: Timing cached reads: 1112 ...
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2answers
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Ubuntu seems to ignore spindown_time in config /etc/hdparm.conf

I have /etc/hdparm.conf configured to power down the external USB HDD, but it actually never spins down. When I manually turn it off (hdparm -Y or set its spindown hdparm -S 36) - everything works as ...
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1answer
2k views

Where Does Ubuntu Execute Hdparm.conf Settings

I'm looking for some info about the hdparm.conf file in Ubuntu (Jaunty). I have added some settings in there and would like to "run" them. How can I execute the hdparm.conf file from the command ...