IO (or I/O) is an abbreviation for input/output, most commonly referring to disk input/output.

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What it means when Linux has no I/O scheduler

I have some virtual machines running Ubuntu cloud-based image 14.04-1 LTS version. I wanted to see the IO performance of different IO schedulers on the VM so I went to ...
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14 views

PHP-FPM Stuck & High IO

Actually on my mutual hosting server I'm using PHP 5.6.3 with one pool. Sometimes, my php-fpm process is stuck with 50% of WA and I can't kill it, I can't even restart my VM. I'm using 245MB/3968MB, ...
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ubuntu kvm disk io slowdown after some tyme

Host system: Ubuntu Server x64 12.04 mdadm raid 1 (/dev/sda /dev/sdb) no lvm dd bs=1M count=256 if=/dev/zero of=filename conv=fdatasync avarage ~ 40 MB/s NCQ on disks is disabled WriteCache is ...
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35 views

MySQL slow file I/O

I got a little issue with MySQL having slow file IO. When benchmarking 1k blocks (I did them on purpose that small for worst-case) I get an hdd speed of about 2MB/s. When looking at iotop while ...
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38 views

how to find the highest IO consumer on a disk? [closed]

Can some one help to find highest IO consumer on each individual disks? i.e Which process consumes the most IO on /dev/sda, the highest IO consumer on /dev/sdb etc.
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36 views

File IO being slow

I've rented this root server with a RAID1 mdadm software raid setup. Using dd to benchmark the file IO speed it achieves 230MB/s write (default blocksize). Certain tasks such as mysql are way slower, ...
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2answers
26 views

how to check if a process with heavy io usage is running properly

I am now managing a computer cluster for scientific computing. Some processes in the cluster need heavy io usage. Now I find such a process: Its state changes rapidly between DOWN and RUN and its ...
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31 views

What is the purpose of a ramdisk when fadvise exists?

My understanding is that fadvise will tell the system that the indicated files should be stored in the file system cache (RAM). What is the purpose of mounting a directory in a ramdisk when you can ...
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95 views

99% disk IO spikes with Percona

So we have a server that has seemingly random spikes in disk I/O, going up to 99.x% at random times and for no obvious reason, staying high for ~1 hour, and then going back down. This hasn't been much ...
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33 views

Does AWS EC2 have secondary disks scattered across the cluster?

I am using AWS EC2 Linux m3.xlarge to run a program called "Smart Information Retrieval System" which performs many I/O operations to/from the disk. I have tried running the same program on my laptop ...
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Why CPU spent time on IO(wa)?

I know wa (in top) measures the CPU time on waiting for I/O. Many articles say that. But I am confused that, based on 2 knowledge points: if a process uses a system call to read disk, the process ...
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87 views

Benchmarking for DISK I/O Writes Per Second - ElasticSearch and MySQL

During working on our project we needed to decide should we use "ElasticSearch" or "MySQL" to record the audit/trail logs of the system. Searching speed is not an issue here, we needed to see the disk ...
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40 views

how do I know if an SSD reaches its performance capability?

I was monitoring a new db server with SSD RAID-10 installed. It works fine for now but I was worrying someday it could reach its capability as the business goes on. So how can I know that before it's ...
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65 views

Restrict I/O Write usage using cgroups

I am trying to restrict I/O write usage on my server using cgroups. Here is my partition table info: major minor #blocks name 8 0 10485760 sda 8 1 9437184 sda1 8 ...
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5answers
294 views

High load due to I/O wait in Ubuntu 12.04 on EC2 instance

I am using Ubuntu server 12.04 , having trouble finding cause of load, I have seen change in response time of server from past week after reading Linux Troubleshooting, Part I: High Load It seems ...
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58 views

6 GB/s SAS RAID 10 (6 Drive) vs. 3 GB/s SAS RAID 10 (14 Drive)

I am running MS SQL 2014 Standard and have a Dell MD 3000i iSCSI SAN. Rough specs: Dell R610 With PERC H700 controlling 6 x 2.5" 15K SAS drives (6 GB/s) Dell MD3000i with 14 x 3.5" 15K SAS drives ...
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46 views

How to find reason for hanging process (probably I/O related)

on Ubuntu 14.04 when I open a file browser or an "Open File" Dialog, the application hangs for about 5 to 10 seconds. I suspect this is due to some NFS requests. But how can I find out for sure? Is ...
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60 views

Disk I/O at limit with software raid

whenever I use rm or cp on a bigger file structure the disk i/o is going up to the top, but not with the focus on cp or rm, it is the software raid sync. My knowledge in this area is limited. The ...
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59 views

interpreting disk stats using sar

I have JBOD and Cassandra installed on it. I'm trying to figure out if my disk are totally free or they are boring. The sar -d result is in the end. As I understand until %util is low (less then 1) it ...
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53 views

How efficient is the tac command on large files

The taccommand (catreversed) can be used to read a file backwards, just like cat reads it rom the beginning. I wonder, how efficient this is. Does it have to read the whole file from the beginning and ...
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40 views

MongoDB hogging IO but it doesn't show in mongotop or mongostat

Iotop says mongod is using a lot of IO (96.32%) for a long while but mongotop and mongostat show a bunch of zeros. How can I better monitor mongodb and find out what's happening?
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IO Rate is exceedingly incrementing

I have read through Is a 'high' IO rate healthy?, and was at ease when I read someone say that even 50,000 / hr wasn't an issue.... or not unhealthy, to answer their question; so I increased ...
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64 views

IO tasks easily starve eachother on 3Ware 9650SE

I have a server (Debian 6 LTS) with a 3Ware 9650 SE RAID controller. There are two arrays, one RAID1, one RAID6. It runs Xen 4.0, with about 18 DomUs. The problem is that I experience that IO tasks ...
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677 views

kworker consuming +90% IO and zero disk write

this is a standard apache web server on AWS Linux AMI + EBS. We are noticing high load average (+8) and iotop -a shows: Total DISK READ: 0.00 B/s | Total DISK WRITE: 2.37 M/s TID PRIO USER ...
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45 views

Can poor Internet connection affect the IO read on my server?

I'm trying to spot the culprit causing too much IO read in my server. Issuing IOTOP -ao I have come accross many httpd processes among which one caught my attention: PRIO USER DISK READ ...
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99 views

How can I monitor disk IO load on a Windows 2008 server?

We are running multiple processes on our servers, which are mostly CPU intensive, but also use the local HDDs for reading the data. I can trivially look at the CPU load and memory usage in TaskManager ...
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84 views

Windows Server 2012 with SSD local drives — Random or Sequential I/O?

How can I determine where my Windows Server 2012 is using Random or Sequential I/O operations when writing/reading the local SSD storage? I have been asked to provide details to our hardware vendor ...
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92 views

gstat output on FreeBSD: does it show an average over time?

When you run the gstat command on FreeBSD to get information about i/o performance, you can pass the -I (interval) option to change the default interval from 1 sec to some other time frame. My ...
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67 views

How to save iotop's output for a specific period of time

I am trying to discern what processes are making huge Read/Writes on my server disk. I know I can use iotop -ao but is there a way I can save iotop's output for a specific period of time to study ...
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49 views

What is the difference between truss -D and truss -E?

I am currently analyzing a command on Solaris that reads from a file and has very low performance. The truss -D commands shows me read system calls taking up to 0.03 seconds, but when I use truss -E, ...
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584 views

Evaluating the CPU I/O wait on Linux

Doing a top to check the io wait, I get these figures: Cpu(s): 6.7%us, 1.4%sy, 1.2%ni, 85.5%id, 5.0%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.3%si, 0.0%st Looking at these figures (%us ~= %wa), do they mean that: ...
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50 views

VPS Unknown Read/Write [closed]

I had an lfd email alert - I have installed CSF - today revealing that my server (Centos 6.6) has been using a lot of server resources for 5 minutes. I checked my VPS graphs and noticed that my ...
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78 views

how to find cause of io spike

Everyday at around the same time, the IO usage on the server where our mysql slave goes up to 100%. I have setup a script that takes IO information every five minutes so I can find out why this ...
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“Nosy Neighbor” and the CFQ scheduler

I'm trying to understand how does using CFQ affects the "Nosy Neighbor" problem. I'll ask it a bit naively, can a "Nosy Neighbor" even exist when using CFQ? Isn't that CFQ should make sure all ...
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126 views

Beyond 1Gb upload on a single linux server

I have a high hit nginx web server on CentOS that provides static large content. when the number concurrent connection are low, server could easily provide up to 4Gb of traffic , but when the number ...
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223 views

Does changing /sys/block/sda/queue settings take effect immediately?

How long does it take for changes to the following settings to take effect: /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler /sys/block/sda/queue/rotational /sys/block/sda/queue/read_ahead_kb Is it ...
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399 views

Innodb performs IO Operation when idle

I am currently doing some stress testing where I am pushing inserts to the database as fast as I can. The simulation inserts 10000 records per second. After inserting around 200 million records I ...
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158 views

rrdgraph generation fails on high IO load

We have a 4 core CPU production system which does a lot of cronjobs , having constant proc queue and an usual load of ~1.5. During night time we do some IO intensive stuff with postgres. We generate ...
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450 views

BUG: soft lockup - CPU#0 stuck for 23s! on XEN PV debian related to high i/o load

i am currently experiencing some problems with my Debian Xen System. It runns on an old opteron System with two Dual Core AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 275 CPUs. I am using image files (block devices) ...
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2answers
198 views

Unreasonable performance expectations for RAID 0 performance?

This is my first time building a machine with a hardware RAID card. We bought a Dell T620 with the H710P RAID controller (1GB NV Cache), a 160GB Solid State Drive (SATA Read Intensive MLC 3Gbps), and ...
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970 views

Changing the I/O scheduler for a specific disk

I would like to change permanently the I/O scheduler for a specific disk on Fedora 20. According to what I have found, this can be achieved by executing the following shell line as root: echo ...
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912 views

Linux - KVM - very slow disk io

The I/O performance of my new server is pretty low. I Googled and tried everything I can imagine. First of all, here are the Hardware Components: AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 6344 4x Seagate ...
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1answer
420 views

Is it possible to configure the Linux kernel I/O scheduler for an NFS mount?

On a normal block device you can change the i/o scheduler like this: # cat /sys/block/hda/queue/scheduler noop anticipatory deadline [cfq] # echo anticipatory > /sys/block/hda/queue/scheduler # ...
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349 views

Mongodump on Gridfs is killing the host IOs

I'm trying to make a mongodump from our production mongodb while the production is running. We have three production instances, one regular mongodb, one with very few gb of data on gridfs, one with a ...
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522 views

Linux page cache slows down IO on dual cpu server with 64GB ram

I have a massive problem with the linux page cache which slows down the IO. For instance if I copy a lvm partition with dd, linux cache the data in the buffers or caches (free –m). That is not the ...
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460 views

Azure IO performance

We have a number of Windows Server virtual machines that we use for .NET and Java development and QA. I find Azure attractive for the obvious reasons but mainly for the opportunity to reduce ...
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168 views

How can I measure complex I/O activity to develop realistic benchmarking? [closed]

I need to retrieve a few metric from my service server to benchmark another stroage solution. There are various options are provied by benchmark program(I choosed ...
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167 views

can Iowait cause significant RAM consumption increase

I have a node.js process running continuously on a linux EC2 instance, it extracts data and stores it in mysql. Some reads are also performed on the database. The process can run well during hours or ...
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1k views

htcacheclean doesn't seem to be cleaning the cache

I'm running mod_cache with apache 2 on a fairly high traffic'd site. I've set the htcacheclean to run in demon mode every 10 minutes to keep the cache at 4GB. It's currently at 15GB and doesn't seem ...
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461 views

Setting I/O scheduler for SSD based RAID array on EC2 instances

I created a RAID array using the 2 local SSD drives on a EC2 c3.4xlarge instance. # mdadm --create /dev/md127 --level=0 --raid-devices=2 /dev/xvdf /dev/xvdg # mkfs.ext4 /dev/md127 # mkdir /data # ...