IO (or I/O) is an abbreviation for input/output, most commonly referring to disk input/output.

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Redis parent process smashing disk despite appendfsync = no

We are seeing loads of IO from redis-server despite our save operations being set to occur once every 15 minutes only. The workload is a "full page cache"; we store blobs of compressed HTML. The HTML ...
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28 views

Disk i/o latency using file system [closed]

How to calculate Disk read and write latency in Linux. Is it possible, to do the calculation using /proc/diskstats or /sys/block/*/stat file system. if it is possible Please tell me how to ...
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28 views

Ubuntu 12.04 high io by root process

Ubuntu server 12.04. Installed on hdd disk. There is postgresql database on server runing on other ssd disk. The problem is in high io by some root process on hdd disk. iotop shows 2 processes with ...
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27 views

Ubuntu CPU I/O Rate Spike

Getting really crazy spikes today on a Ubuntu server for CPU / IO. CPU Chart is showing as much as 210% CPU usage - no idea how that is possible. IO has gone as high as 11912. (Usually well under ...
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38 views

Finding correct IOPS to set limit with ESXi 5.5u2 and vSphere

We're running an ESXi 5.5u2 hypervisor that has a mirror of 2 15k SAS drives with a couple of VMs inside and we noticed some services become briefly unreachable if another VM is using all the IO. So ...
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52 views

DRBD high iowait every 65 seconds

I have a peculiar problem: simple INSERT queries to MySQL slow down and appear in my slow q logs every 65 seconds exactly. My stack looks like: mysql56u (IUS) on CentOS over ext4 over drbd over ...
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24 views

Sustained io testing linux

I wish to hammer the io of some disks for an extended period of time and become aware whenever I can't read from a block (or some other symptom letting me know of an issue with backend storage). There ...
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24 views

Is “'Light-Speed' Disk Access” really a thing? [closed]

I just saw an advert for Hyve hosting on You Tube. One statement made me curious, they said they offer "'Light-Speed' Disk Access": Is this just a fancy way of saying they have optical technology, ...
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31 views

High on %wa from top command, is there any way to constrain it?

Here's my last top info before it stucks: top - 18:26:10 up 238 days, 5:43, 3 users, load average: 1782.01, 1824.47, 1680.36 Tasks: 1938 total, 1 running, 1937 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie ...
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64 views

Does Linux, Apache HTTPD or PHP cache frequently / recently accessed files?

Let's say we have a simple index.php file that goes: <?php inclde('file1.php'); inclde('file2.php'); inclde('file3.php'); Presumably, this will ultimately result in three additional ...
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43 views

I/O and RAM limitations are important for Hadoop performance. But is disk speed related to I/O?

Hortonworks says this: "Most often performance of a Hadoop cluster will not be constrained by disk speed – I/O and RAM limitations will be more important." * How is disk speed not related to I/O ...
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Virtual machines and I/O heavy workload, is it ever sane?

I have seen on numerous virtualization services (Azure) and products (vmware,kvm,hyperv) I/O and system stalls under heavy I/O workload. My questions are: Is it ever sane to use a Virtualized ...
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136 views

No Space left on device after Jenkins installation

Is there any reason i would get a 'No space left on device" error on mkdir. I have confirmed that i have enough space left. around 68% is free. and also i have 1% iNodes consumed. This is CentOS 7 ...
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38 views

mdadm and LVM high load and IOwait

I've got a new CentOS 6.6 server with 2 HDD with mdadm & LVM. As I've used the CentOS install CD I assume everything should be aligned properly. I've just written a KVM image to a LVM LV using dd ...
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69 views

What it means when Linux has no I/O scheduler

I have some virtual machines running Ubuntu cloud-based image 14.04-1 LTS version. I wanted to see the IO performance of different IO schedulers on the VM so I went to ...
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66 views

PHP-FPM Stuck & High IO

Actually on my mutual hosting server I'm using PHP 5.6.3 with one pool. Sometimes, my php-fpm process is stuck with 50% of WA and I can't kill it, I can't even restart my VM. I'm using 245MB/3968MB, ...
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53 views

ubuntu kvm disk io slowdown after some tyme

Host system: Ubuntu Server x64 12.04 mdadm raid 1 (/dev/sda /dev/sdb) no lvm dd bs=1M count=256 if=/dev/zero of=filename conv=fdatasync avarage ~ 40 MB/s NCQ on disks is disabled WriteCache is ...
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56 views

MySQL slow file I/O

I got a little issue with MySQL having slow file IO. When benchmarking 1k blocks (I did them on purpose that small for worst-case) I get an hdd speed of about 2MB/s. When looking at iotop while ...
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44 views

how to find the highest IO consumer on a disk? [closed]

Can some one help to find highest IO consumer on each individual disks? i.e Which process consumes the most IO on /dev/sda, the highest IO consumer on /dev/sdb etc.
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File IO being slow

I've rented this root server with a RAID1 mdadm software raid setup. Using dd to benchmark the file IO speed it achieves 230MB/s write (default blocksize). Certain tasks such as mysql are way slower, ...
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48 views

how to check if a process with heavy io usage is running properly

I am now managing a computer cluster for scientific computing. Some processes in the cluster need heavy io usage. Now I find such a process: Its state changes rapidly between DOWN and RUN and its ...
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48 views

What is the purpose of a ramdisk when fadvise exists?

My understanding is that fadvise will tell the system that the indicated files should be stored in the file system cache (RAM). What is the purpose of mounting a directory in a ramdisk when you can ...
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166 views

99% disk IO spikes with Percona

So we have a server that has seemingly random spikes in disk I/O, going up to 99.x% at random times and for no obvious reason, staying high for a while, and then going back down. This didn't use to be ...
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40 views

Does AWS EC2 have secondary disks scattered across the cluster?

I am using AWS EC2 Linux m3.xlarge to run a program called "Smart Information Retrieval System" which performs many I/O operations to/from the disk. I have tried running the same program on my laptop ...
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Why CPU spent time on IO(wa)?

I know wa (in top) measures the CPU time on waiting for I/O. Many articles say that. But I am confused that, based on 2 knowledge points: if a process uses a system call to read disk, the process ...
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170 views

Benchmarking for DISK I/O Writes Per Second - ElasticSearch and MySQL

During working on our project we needed to decide should we use "ElasticSearch" or "MySQL" to record the audit/trail logs of the system. Searching speed is not an issue here, we needed to see the disk ...
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how do I know if an SSD reaches its performance capability?

I was monitoring a new db server with SSD RAID-10 installed. It works fine for now but I was worrying someday it could reach its capability as the business goes on. So how can I know that before it's ...
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92 views

Restrict I/O Write usage using cgroups

I am trying to restrict I/O write usage on my server using cgroups. Here is my partition table info: major minor #blocks name 8 0 10485760 sda 8 1 9437184 sda1 8 ...
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563 views

High load due to I/O wait in Ubuntu 12.04 on EC2 instance

I am using Ubuntu server 12.04 , having trouble finding cause of load, I have seen change in response time of server from past week after reading Linux Troubleshooting, Part I: High Load It seems ...
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1answer
85 views

6 GB/s SAS RAID 10 (6 Drive) vs. 3 GB/s SAS RAID 10 (14 Drive)

I am running MS SQL 2014 Standard and have a Dell MD 3000i iSCSI SAN. Rough specs: Dell R610 With PERC H700 controlling 6 x 2.5" 15K SAS drives (6 GB/s) Dell MD3000i with 14 x 3.5" 15K SAS drives ...
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How to find reason for hanging process (probably I/O related)

on Ubuntu 14.04 when I open a file browser or an "Open File" Dialog, the application hangs for about 5 to 10 seconds. I suspect this is due to some NFS requests. But how can I find out for sure? Is ...
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99 views

Disk I/O at limit with software raid

whenever I use rm or cp on a bigger file structure the disk i/o is going up to the top, but not with the focus on cp or rm, it is the software raid sync. My knowledge in this area is limited. The ...
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110 views

interpreting disk stats using sar

I have JBOD and Cassandra installed on it. I'm trying to figure out if my disk are totally free or they are boring. The sar -d result is in the end. As I understand until %util is low (less then 1) it ...
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81 views

How efficient is the tac command on large files

The taccommand (catreversed) can be used to read a file backwards, just like cat reads it rom the beginning. I wonder, how efficient this is. Does it have to read the whole file from the beginning and ...
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53 views

MongoDB hogging IO but it doesn't show in mongotop or mongostat

Iotop says mongod is using a lot of IO (96.32%) for a long while but mongotop and mongostat show a bunch of zeros. How can I better monitor mongodb and find out what's happening?
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48 views

IO Rate is exceedingly incrementing

I have read through Is a 'high' IO rate healthy?, and was at ease when I read someone say that even 50,000 / hr wasn't an issue.... or not unhealthy, to answer their question; so I increased ...
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75 views

IO tasks easily starve eachother on 3Ware 9650SE

I have a server (Debian 6 LTS) with a 3Ware 9650 SE RAID controller. There are two arrays, one RAID1, one RAID6. It runs Xen 4.0, with about 18 DomUs. The problem is that I experience that IO tasks ...
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kworker consuming +90% IO and zero disk write

this is a standard apache web server on AWS Linux AMI + EBS. We are noticing high load average (+8) and iotop -a shows: Total DISK READ: 0.00 B/s | Total DISK WRITE: 2.37 M/s TID PRIO USER ...
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49 views

Can poor Internet connection affect the IO read on my server?

I'm trying to spot the culprit causing too much IO read in my server. Issuing IOTOP -ao I have come accross many httpd processes among which one caught my attention: PRIO USER DISK READ ...
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387 views

How can I monitor disk IO load on a Windows 2008 server?

We are running multiple processes on our servers, which are mostly CPU intensive, but also use the local HDDs for reading the data. I can trivially look at the CPU load and memory usage in TaskManager ...
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153 views

Windows Server 2012 with SSD local drives — Random or Sequential I/O?

How can I determine where my Windows Server 2012 is using Random or Sequential I/O operations when writing/reading the local SSD storage? I have been asked to provide details to our hardware vendor ...
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119 views

gstat output on FreeBSD: does it show an average over time?

When you run the gstat command on FreeBSD to get information about i/o performance, you can pass the -I (interval) option to change the default interval from 1 sec to some other time frame. My ...
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92 views

How to save iotop's output for a specific period of time

I am trying to discern what processes are making huge Read/Writes on my server disk. I know I can use iotop -ao but is there a way I can save iotop's output for a specific period of time to study ...
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What is the difference between truss -D and truss -E?

I am currently analyzing a command on Solaris that reads from a file and has very low performance. The truss -D commands shows me read system calls taking up to 0.03 seconds, but when I use truss -E, ...
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Evaluating the CPU I/O wait on Linux

Doing a top to check the io wait, I get these figures: Cpu(s): 6.7%us, 1.4%sy, 1.2%ni, 85.5%id, 5.0%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.3%si, 0.0%st Looking at these figures (%us ~= %wa), do they mean that: ...
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VPS Unknown Read/Write [closed]

I had an lfd email alert - I have installed CSF - today revealing that my server (Centos 6.6) has been using a lot of server resources for 5 minutes. I checked my VPS graphs and noticed that my ...
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101 views

how to find cause of io spike

Everyday at around the same time, the IO usage on the server where our mysql slave goes up to 100%. I have setup a script that takes IO information every five minutes so I can find out why this ...
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“Nosy Neighbor” and the CFQ scheduler

I'm trying to understand how does using CFQ affects the "Nosy Neighbor" problem. I'll ask it a bit naively, can a "Nosy Neighbor" even exist when using CFQ? Isn't that CFQ should make sure all ...
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156 views

Beyond 1Gb upload on a single linux server

I have a high hit nginx web server on CentOS that provides static large content. when the number concurrent connection are low, server could easily provide up to 4Gb of traffic , but when the number ...
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291 views

Does changing /sys/block/sda/queue settings take effect immediately?

How long does it take for changes to the following settings to take effect: /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler /sys/block/sda/queue/rotational /sys/block/sda/queue/read_ahead_kb Is it ...