The Linux kernel is the operating system kernel used by the Linux family of Unix-like operating systems. It is one of the most prominent examples of free and open source software.

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4
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2answers
881 views

Linux: echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches takes hours to complete

I have a Thecus N8900 NAS, which is a Linux based file server, providing files via NFS to six clients. For some reason that Thecus support has yet to explain, it runs a script that checks ...
-1
votes
1answer
319 views

esxi 5 VMKernel and linux driver compatability mode [closed]

Many peoples around the web say, the esxi 5 kernel isn't based on linux kernel, but in the same times they say "ESX(i) includes a Linux driver compatability mode (drivers still have to be compiled ...
0
votes
1answer
567 views

12.04 Migration Process time delay

We have an issue in our server that is the migration process in taking time and also the load in the server is getting high due to that. No LSB modules are available. Distributor ID: Ubuntu ...
10
votes
2answers
555 views

Linux kernel detecting wrong processor frequency

After a cold boot of a 6.0.8 Debian server (HP ProLiant), ntpd played havoc with system time: offset and jitter with respect to the usual and reliable reference time servers growing without limit. ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Linux Kernel setup: is it good idea to enable everything in Cryptographic API?

There are several implementations for some algorithms, which use CPU instructions which may or may not be available on current system. Is it good idea to just enable (in kernel, not as modules) all of ...
0
votes
1answer
428 views

What are Linux shared memory 'segments' vs. 'pages'?

The Linux kernel docs say: shmall: This parameter sets the total amount of shared memory pages that can be used system wide. Hence, SHMALL should always be at least ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Linux kernel thread dependency graph?

I'm trying to benchmark a system with a software RAID-10 volume, backed by Fusion IO cards. Is it possible to display a Linux kernel thread dependency graph? I would like to know how all the ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

How to force logging all terminal actions on Ubuntu 12.04 server?

I believe my server has just got compromised interactively. As this server will go to thrash anyway, I wonder if I can get a better insight of what the villain is doing by forcing logging of all ...
2
votes
0answers
704 views

Should I set rto_min for a route inside data center?

We have a few dedicated server rented in a data center with debian 7, kernel 3.2. We use one of those servers as a database server. The network between our application server and database server is ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

linux initcwnd and initrwnd via /etc/sysctl.conf

Folks, As we know, the 3.x kernels have higher TCP default connection values, such as initcwnd and initrwnd. For 2.x friends, is there a way to set these in /etc/sysctl.conf instead of the ip route ...
1
vote
1answer
473 views

What is the purpose of /proc/config.gz

Please what is the purpose of the /proc/config.gz file in my Linux server filesystem? Is it some backup file, or it is an updated file by the Linux system? Can I change it?
1
vote
3answers
815 views

High CPU usage in random IP/Port UDP DDoS

I have been getting these UDP floods with random IPs and ports. randomip:randomport -> myip:randomport 0 byte payload For some reason it is using a lot of CPU. Here is the results of perf top -e ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Can't resolve issue: iptables: No chain/target/match by that name

So I am trying to setup shorewall firewall on my linux vps. The vps is running ubuntu 12.10. When I type $ shorewall check I get this error. iptables: No chain/target/match by that name. ERROR: ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

/var/log/messages showing lots of CE Err=0x2000 even on unused banks (slots)

I recently had to upgrade an old server (HP ML350G5) with used FBDIMM DDR2 RAM (could not get new ones where I live). After rebooting /var/log/messages has been plagued with CE Err=0x2000 errors but ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Fixed TCP payload Size [closed]

I have an aplication that need to have a fixed (516 byes) payload size in the TCP packet. The application itself can't be modified to adjust it settings, therefore i need to tune the TCP Buffer Size ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

MySQL 5.5 degraded performance in linux kernel 3.2 compared to 2.6

Our database servers (mainly based on the Debian stable packages (=currently Wheezy) seem to have about 4 times more load for the same workload in kernel 3.2.0-4-amd64 then in it's previous ...
1
vote
0answers
203 views

Capturing on loopback device on Ubuntu LTS: 15 Mbit of traffic and “x dropped packets”

I am trying to capture about 15 Mbit of traffic on the loopback device on Ubuntu LTS using tcpdump, and I am seeing dropped packets. The CPU is a freaking i7, and i have yet to see CPU usage go above ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

forcing linux kernel 3 to recognize cdrom as hdX

I have a problem with older version of anaconda linux installer. I have upgraded kernel in my distro, however, when this anaconda boot with this 3.4.52 kernel, can NOT find cdrom. As far as I ...
5
votes
2answers
951 views

Linux (non-transparent) per-process hugepage accounting

I've recently converted some java apps to run with linux manually-configured hugepages, as described here. I point out "manually-configured" because they are not transparent hugepages, which gave us ...
2
votes
1answer
571 views

Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root

I uploaded a centos 6.2 VMDK to s3 and then converted it to volume using ec2 import volume. Then i took the snapshot of the volume and deleted it.Now I am trying to create a instance from the snapshot ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

What is required to activate cgroups in Linux

I have a Debian squeeze kernel (linux-image-2.6.32-5-openvz-amd64) which according to the Doku should support cgroups. When I look into the kernel configuration, it does (or is some other kernel ...
1
vote
1answer
722 views

please explain my fio results - is O_SYNC|O_DIRECT misbehaving on linux?

I'm going mad over figuring out what the problem could be with one of our storage boxes. With a simple fio script I'm testing random writes using bs=1M and direct=1. The SSD is a Samsung 840pro ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Debian squeeze kernel update under Security Updates

Can someone explain what squeeze1 and squeeze3 designate at the end of a kernel name? For instance 2.6.32-48squeeze3 is showing up under Security Updates in Aptitude.
1
vote
0answers
185 views

linux kernel configuration to filter multicast traffic based on interface

I have two virtual interfaces (eth0.2, eth0.3) in my PC. I am sending multicast data from eth0.2 to eth0.2. Multicast data is received in eth0.2 but also received in eth0.3, the other virtual ...
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votes
1answer
547 views

How to enable CONFIG_PREEMPT option in Linux kernel? [closed]

I am a new bee in Linux kernel programming, trying to work with an old kernel Linux 2.6.32 on x86_64. I want to enable the CONFIG_PREEMPT option in it but can not find information about how can I do ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Sun Fire V40z, big gap between memory reported by dmidecode and what the Linux kernel sees

I'm looking after a V40z (a loaner), running RHEL 4.8 (no, I can't update it, it's a loaner) that according to dmidecode has 8 DIMMs of 2048M each, which makes for 16GB RAM as far as I'm concerned. ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Linux not freeing the file buffer when we execute rm or > (redirection) operator

I have one router which has embedded-linux with kernel version 2.4.22 running on it. I know its very old version but i have to deal with it. Please take a look at the free command output when i run it ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

RHEL 6.0 upgrading kernel from 2.6.32-71.el6.x86_64 to 2.6.32-358.2.1.el6.x86_64

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -ivh kernel-2.6.32-358.2.1.el6.x86_64.rpm error: Failed dependencies: bfa-firmware < 3.0.3.1 conflicts with kernel-2.6.32-358.2.1.el6.x86_64 [root@localhost ~]# rpm ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Kernel 3.8, Apache2 with WSGI : INFO: task apache2 blocked for more than 120 seconds

We have upgraded our Kernel from 2.6.32 to 3.8.7 on a Debian system. We have a sharing with NFS to get the data for Apache2. And Nginx serves only static files as a proxy. Since we have installed the ...
34
votes
5answers
3k views

Intentionally cause an I/O error in Linux?

Is there anyway, with Linux, to purposely cause a block device to report an I/O error, or possibly simulate one for testing purposes?
-1
votes
1answer
111 views

How to check/set linux’s “security level”? [closed]

I got recommended here to check the kernel's security level—how can I print it out on a linux machine? (SLES?) If it’s set too low, how can I increase it? If I set it too high, can I ever set it ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Linux KVM: Troubleshooting dropped packets on a Windows Guest

virsh 0.9.10 Enterprise Linux 6.3 I have a Windows 7 guest running on the KVM host and am frequently seeing 25% loss when pinging other boxes on the same subnet. The first ping request times out, and ...
-1
votes
1answer
509 views

understanding ip route show command on linux [closed]

I have a Windows 7 PC as host.The network details of my Windows PC are as follows. IP ADDRESS - 192.168.1.70 DEFAULT GATEWAY - 192.168.1.254 I have installed Virtual Box ...
0
votes
1answer
353 views

Issues with Xen Kernel and Debian

My Xen installation has gone weird on me and I am trying to get back to normal. I overflowed the base partition and in my haste to delete unused files I think I deleted something important, so now ...
0
votes
2answers
764 views

Why does my server boot the old debian kernel?

I got a vServer with Debian installed (important because I have no idea of how Debian was installed and/or built). Output of ~# uname -r: 2.6.26-2-xen-amd64. After execution of (first some other ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Cannot find network subsystem in cgroup on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

I'm trying to use cgroups to limit a process's network bandwidth, as described in this answer. However, I am unable to find the "files" they refer to. I am using Ubuntu 12.04 LTS with cgroup-bin ...
2
votes
0answers
528 views

netmap issue with wheezy linux kernel 3.2.0.4 and Intel Corporation 82599EB 10-Gigabit card

I have compiled the netmap drivers on debian wheezy with kernel 3.2.0.4 and ixgbe patched module from netmap drivers code. When I insert the modules after removing default ixgbe module I get the ...
0
votes
1answer
777 views

Centos 6.3 DRBD / OpenVZ kernel/userland issue

When I start my Centos 6.3 server's drbd service I get the following error: Starting DRBD resources: DRBD module version: 8.3.13 userland version: 8.4.2 preferably kernel and userland versions ...
0
votes
1answer
749 views

Debian Wheezy No longer booting. Freezes after setting kernel variables

My Debian (Wheezy) server has been running smoothly for a very long time with no indications of any problems. I had it running 24/7 so it was always on. The other day my power went out and when I ...
2
votes
2answers
632 views

Linux process swap usage is greater than the overall system swap usage

I have a strange problem that when I run top command it shows that some processes are using around 1.5GB of swap space but then the overall usage of the system swap is way to less to something around ...
2
votes
4answers
894 views

Linux high load with ImageMagick convert utility and server freezes (blktrack output attached)

I'm using ImageMagick to convert a JPG to TIF file, and I'm using the limit options for Imagemagick as below: /usr/bin/convert -limit memory 256 -limit map 512 subjectfile.jpg -colorspace Gray -depth ...
0
votes
1answer
449 views

CentOS server high load and server freezes

My server seems to get sudden high loads within second and when I run dmesg, following logs appear: INFO: task auditd:2185 blocked for more than 120 seconds. "echo 0 > ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

XEN kernel shows less memory 32g

I have installed Oracle Enterprise Linux 64bit on the server with 64g of RAM. But the system detects just 32b of memory, here are the details: [root@oracle-node2 ~]# uname -a Linux ...
1
vote
1answer
315 views

Scientific Linux: soft lockup on quad opteron system

After an impressive uptime of 550 days without trouble our quad opteron system turned into a corrupted system a few days after I mounted an nfs-share from a FreeNAS-box. Ongoing sessions remained ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Xen Paravirtualized Guest - Invalid Kernel

I have set up xen on ubuntu server 12.04 LTS. I have tried installing a guest to an lvm I created called xen-lvm The virt-install script: sudo virt-install \ --name client2-ubuntu-server \ --ram 512 ...
0
votes
1answer
534 views

CentOS 6.3 with kernel-ml(3.7.1-2.el6.elrepo.x86_64) - No Console Output

I installed kernel-ml(3.7.1-2.el6.elrepo.x86_64) from elrepo on CentOS 6.3, and everything is working fine, except that I see nothing on the console and can't interact with it. I can SSH to the ...
1
vote
2answers
212 views

using Linux as a bootloader?

I have an embedded device with a SPI connected flash. Basically this means the device boots its bootloader and Linux kernel from a small flash part. As the device boots, but before the root ...
2
votes
1answer
401 views

/proc/<pid>/stat children CPU time

I've been running the following command on my linux box: watch -d -n 1 "cat /proc/19866/stat" The pid above is a pid of Nginx's master process - I would expect the following fields to be changing: ...
1
vote
2answers
715 views

Server freezes and suddenly load going very high

I'm on CentOS 5.7 and I get server freezes quite a lot and the logs show the following output: Dec 26 18:33:51 server kernel: "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Where are the acpiphp and pci_hotplug kernel modules for KVM hotplug in CentOS/RHEL?

On the this how-to I read the following: I loaded the following modules to get pci hotplug working: acpiphp pci_hotplug You can either add these to your distro's module list to ...