A linux utility used to manage software RAID devices.

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MDADM Rebuilding

I'm currently rebuilding a RAID6 MDADM array from 5 devices to 9. cat /proc/mdstat: Personalities : [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] md0 : active raid6 sde1[0] sdg1[9](F) sdh1[8](F) sdi1[6](F) sdj1[7](F) ...
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4answers
2k views

Slow disk I/O in KVM with LVM and md raid5

I have been battling with a kvm setup under debian for two weeks now, specifically with guest I/O disk performance. The system: -Supermicro 1018d-73mtf (X10SL7-F motherboard) -16GB ECC/UB -Intel ...
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21 views

Harddrive check going-on?

I have a server that has suddenly become unusable (responds very slowly to requests). It seems to be related to some on-going RAID check. Here is what I get when I run cat /proc/mdstat : ...
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2answers
375 views

Recommended solution to join partitions (disks) into single partition [closed]

I have 4 hard disks (1 Tb each) on server. It's debian wheezy, amd64. Disks 2,3 and 4 are not partitioned yet. I have to join them into single partition, it must be single filesystem/mountpoint for ...
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2answers
131 views

Check health of RAID array

I have a server with RAID 1. Currently when I type in the following command: cat /proc/mdstat I get: Personalities : [linear] [raid0] [raid1] [raid10] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [multipath] [faulty] ...
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1answer
372 views

Is it safe to snapshot an mdadm RAID with only xfs_freeze?

Is mdadm guaranteed (and trusted via experience) to be safe for taking snapshots with only an xfs_freeze? I have encountered vague warnings about mdadm still working in the background, thus making ...
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1answer
37 views

mdadm grow operation giving nonstop libata errors

Running Debian 7, mdadm 3.2.5. I issued a command to grow a 5 disk, 3 spare raid 5 array to an 8 disk, 0 spare raid 6 array: mdadm --grow /dev/md0 --level=6 --raid-devices=8 ...
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2answers
3k views

How to delete removed devices from a mdadm RAID1?

I had to replace two hard drives in my RAID1. After adding the two new partitions the old ones are still showing up as removed while the new ones are only added as spare. I've had no luck removing the ...
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1answer
1k views

How to get rid of a stubborn 'removed' device in mdadm

One of my server's drives failed and so I removed the failed drive from all three relevant arrays, had the drive swapped out, and then added the new drive to the arrays. Two of the arrays worked ...
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1answer
1k views

flashcache with mdadm and LVM

I am having trouble setting up flashcache on a system with LVM and mdadm, I suspect I am either just missing an obvious step or getting some mapping wrong and hoped someone could point me in the right ...
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2answers
452 views

Path of md device wrong after reboot

I have to set up a software raid (level1) on a Ubuntu server 12.04. It should serve files in the network via Samba. The server has the following disks: 250gb Sata hdd (Ubuntu is installed on that ...
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210 views

Linux: How to restore data from failed disk from software raid

I have a disk failure in software RAID (1) and marked a broken disk as fault (mdadm --manage /dev/md0 --fail /dev/sda1). Unfortunately I destroyed data on the second disk after that. Is it possible to ...
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1answer
513 views

linux raid 1: right after replacing and syncing one drive, the other disk fails - understanding what is going on with mdstat/mdadm

We have an old RAID 1 Linux server (Ubuntu Lucid 10.04), with four partitions. A few days ago /dev/sdb failed, and today we noticed /dev/sda had pre-failure ominous SMART signs (~4000 reallocated ...
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1answer
189 views

Expanding raid 5 luks partition

I have just bought 2 new drives to my raid 5 array. I have successfully added them to the array and resynced. I now have a /dev/md4 drive that is 16 TB, but the crypt-luks partition md4p1 is still 12 ...
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96 views

Replace a slowly dying drive in Linux software raid5

I have the same problem as in Can I "atomically" swap a raid5 drive in Linux software raid? i.e. a Linux software raid with 3 RAID5 disks where one disk is showing smart errors but isn't ...
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1k views

Fedora, fsck fails at boot

I'm facing a problem in my server during the startup. This is my actual configuration: 320GB each. Raid1 -> /dev/md127. Working. /dev/sda /dev/sdc 1000GB each. Raid1 -> Use to be /dev/md126, ...
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84 views

What is the correct way to create new raid5 in Linux?

I added some new disks, and tried to create new array, using: mdadm --create /dev/md/2 --level=5 -x 0 --raid-devices=4/dev/sd{a,b,c,g}2 It creates the array, but after reboot - it's gone. What ...
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2answers
366 views

Convert Raid 1 to Raid 10 with no new disks

I just got a new remote root-access server with 2 1TB disks in a Raid 1 configuration, running Debian (squeeze). Before installing my stuff on it, I'd like to switch to Raid 10 if I can. All the ...
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0answers
441 views

syncing mdadm event count

I had a disk die in my level 5 RAID and before I could replace it, my RAID crapped out while I was copying some data onto it. Reading the RAID kernel wiki on RAID recovery I've tried forcing an ...
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2answers
5k views

mdadm raid5 recover double disk failure - with a twist (drive order)

Let me acknowledge first off that I have made mistakes, and that I have a backup for most but not all of the data on this RAID. I still have hope of recovering the rest of the data. I don't have the ...
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2answers
439 views

M1015 pass-through and hot-swap in Linux with md raid (IBM x3620)

I'm setting up a small, but hopefully durable server for a student community, and the hardware is an IBM x3620 M3 with a builtin M1015 RAID card. To make the setup future proof and avoid vendor ...
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1answer
1k views

RAID Recovery on a QNAP TS-869U-RP

I've had my trusty QNAP NAS (T869-RU) fail on me over night with (apparently) two of the eight disks in the RAID5 MDADM array from /proc/mdstat: [/etc] # cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] ...
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464 views

Currently unreadable sectors on RAID 5 linux drive

I have every 30 minutes smartd messages on /var/log/messages: smartd[3588]: Device: /dev/sdc, 176 Currently unreadable (pending) sectors This drive (sdc) is part of RAID 5 configured with mdadm. ...
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1answer
1k views

How do I check if smartd and mdadm are running correctly?

I have a raid system on debian: Disk /dev/sda: 320.1 GB,... Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 * 1 2432 19535008+ fd Linux raid ...
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2answers
7k views

mdadm --zero-superblock on disks with other partitions on them

I have three disks which used to hold an MD RAID5 array. I have since removed (or so I thought) this array and created partions for btrfs and swap space. On rebooting the machine, MD still binds the ...
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272 views

How to disable MD RAID or prevent degraded arrays from starting. (Centos 6.4)

I am trying to disable software RAID at boot time. My ultimate goal is to prevent the system from starting raid arrays that are in a degraded state. rd_NO_MD is present on the kernel command line by ...
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2answers
683 views

Remake SW RAID1 from a new HDD and an old HDD with bad blocks

I have a SW RAID1 and I just replaced /dev/sda with a new HDD as the old one failed. Now, upon trying to recreate the RAID array I discovered that the "good" HDD (/dev/sdb) has bad blocks with prevent ...
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1answer
288 views

Saving data on a failing software RAID 1 setup

My CentOS 6 server is running a software RAID 1 configuration with two 1 TB disks. Yesterday trouble started happening when the server was very irresponsive. I checked the logs and noticed a whole ...
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1answer
730 views

Rebuild mdadm RAID5 array with fewer disks

I have a 4 disk RAID5 array, one of which is starting to fail according to smartd. However, since I'm using less than half the space on /dev/md0, I'd like to rebuild the array without the failing ...
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1answer
188 views

Re-mount EBS vol on EC2 instance

I am new to sysadmin. I am trying to launch a EBS-backed EC2 instance. I did the following based on mongodb docs: sudo mdadm --verbose --create /dev/md0 --level=10 --chunk=256 --raid-devices=1 ...
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1answer
2k views

Linux - dmraid (or mdadm) - Rebuild RAID 10

A while ago I had a raid10 config crap out on me, and am now just getting around to trying to salvage the array so I can rebuild and move on with my life. Basically a drive in each subset failed, ...
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2answers
795 views

Recovering RAID5 array after zeroing wrong superblock

I have a raid5 array on 4 disks, sda1, sdb1, sdd1 and sde1. sdd1 was removed but is a healthy drive. While attempting to re-add it, I accidentally zeroed out the superblock for sdb1. sdb1's data is ...
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2answers
86 views

erased md0, md1 and can't recreate them

I previously had a working RAID 1 array. I think as a result of running grub-install /dev/sdb and grub-install /dev/sdc I somehow wiped my computer of md0 and md1. I need to set them up again. When ...
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1answer
217 views

mdadm raid6 array reports incorrect size in df -h after grow

I've recently grown a 5x 3tb mdadm raid6 array (8tb) with a sixth disc in fedora 18, and after full rebuild and check, "mdadm --detail /dev/md127" returns the below: Version : 1.2 Creation ...
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1answer
2k views

How to boot after RAID failure (software RAID)?

Previously I had a software raid set up using (mdadm) of drives sda and sdb. sdb failed and the only way to reboot the system was by unplugging the second hard drive. Now I've added fresh sdb and sdc ...
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4answers
417 views

Hardware Acceleration for MD RAID?

Is it possible, or feasible, or even sensible to consider hardware acceleration for MD RAID? I am referring more here to RAID6 type levels where there is a computation overhead. My thinking is that ...
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1answer
613 views

Creating raid1 array with mdadm cuts space

I'm trying to create RAID1 mirrored disks on already deployed system (CentOS 6.4). I have two disks: source /dev/sda with the OS and /dev/sdb which will be the mirror. The disks are connected from ...
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352 views

HDD in RAID failure?

I received some alerts from mdadm. Further checking seem to indicate that some HDD's may be damaged. Could you please verify that? There is two SCSI drives which should work in RAID1 This is an ...
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1answer
1k views

LVM meta data missing from a device

Here is the situation. I have a MD device, /dev/md0, which is fully functional, but seems to have no LVM meta data. As far as everything I know how to do is concerned, it isn't part of a volume ...
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1answer
1k views

Recover mdadm RAID 10 array: listing all as spares

I'm a bad person and haven't backed up my RAID elsewhere. I now have a RAID10 array that won't assemble, and I'm hopeful I can save it. Here's the details: I have five hard drives set up as RAID10 ...
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1answer
2k views

Linux RAID mdadm: what does 'Events' mean?

When I type mdadm --detail /dev/md0 I get a lots of useful information most of which I understand. However I also get a line that reads: Events : 0.710 Where the number varies. Naively, I ...
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1answer
104 views

Growing mdadm raid1 live; metadata 1.1 and 1.2

I can find a lot of posts about growing a mdadm RAID1 array on a live system. After growing the partitions, everybody simply says to do: mdadm --grow /dev/md1 --size=max But that doesn't work, ...
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1answer
568 views

How to grow mdadm RAID5 into degraded state?

mdadm - v3.2.5 - 18th May 2012 Currently have: Version : 1.2 Creation Time : Tue Jun 25 19:03:31 2013 Raid Level : raid5 Array Size : 2930135040 (2794.39 GiB 3000.46 GB) Used ...
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1answer
235 views

missing files after reassemble of RAID-5

I had to open my file-server's housing on Sunday to replace a faulty fan. What I didn't see was that one of the sata-cables was not properly connected. The 1st thing I did after a reboot was a check ...
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2answers
294 views

Linux software raid fails to include one device for one RAID1 array

One of my four Linux software raid arrays drops one of its two devices when I reboot my system. The other three arrays work fine. I am running RAID1 on kernel version 2.6.32-5-amd64. Every time I ...
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1answer
541 views

Grub2 w/ RAID5 and btrfs “error: unknown filesystem”

I have a Virtual Machine (in ESXi 5.1) running Ubuntu Server 12.04. When I try to boot my system I grub2 tells me "error: unknown filesystem". I've tried booting a Live CD then reinstalling grub from ...
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1answer
416 views

mdadm reassemble from spare disk crashed during resync

The server crashed while raid-1 /dev/md2 with /dev/sda3 + /dev/sdb3 was resyncing from /dev/sdb3 to /dev/sda3. sadly, /dev/sdb was lost completely due to a hardware fault. I'm now left with only ...
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370 views

Recovering a Raid1 array from a broken drive

I've been asked to look at a computer which had a Raid 1 Array in it until one drive failed 12 months ago without being picked up and has now been replaced but the other drive is also in a bad way and ...
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239 views

Resize a RAID 5 Partition

I'm moving my VG to a RAID, i have 3 disk 600GB, the VG is in the partition /dev/sdc2 /dev/sdc1 1G type linux <-- Boot partition /dev/sdc2 599G type Linux LVM One disk have the VG and with the ...
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1answer
996 views

Attempt recovery of MDADM RAID, on images created with dd

I have a software RAID5 array with 4 + 1 disks in which 2 of the disks have failed. I'm hoping that with some percussive maintenance, I might get one of the failed disks working again long enough to ...