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4
votes
3answers
4k views

SSH does not allow the use of a key with group readable permissions

I have a development git server that deploys to a live server when the live branch is pushed to. Every user has their own login and therefore the post-receive hook which does the live deployment is ...
17
votes
4answers
3k views

Why does Amazon release private keys instead of public keys?

My brain is wrapped around the axle on public and private keys. When you create a cloud server (instance) on Amazon's EC2 service and then want to connect to it via SSH, Amazon requires you to ...
4
votes
5answers
19k views

certutil: function failed: security library: bad database

when I'm using certutil it returns this error: certutil: function failed: security library: bad database. e.g. I can't list certs or keys How Can I fix this?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Exim DKIM Error: DKIM: signing failed (RC -101) no matter what private key I try

I have this problem with Exim. DKIM fails on signing outgoing mails. This is the /var/log/exim4/mainlog output (Debian Squeeze): 2012-08-02 17:11:33 1Sx1k5-0004Tk-9D <= me@my_domain.com U=me ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Disabled password authentication with SSH, key had invalid permissions

Is there any way I can get access to my server back without using SSH to log in? my private keys had the incorrect permissions and now I can't log in.
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Does openssl always encrypt the private key?

When using openssl 0.9.8 to create a new self-signed cert+key, there is a -nodes parameter that can be used to tell openssl to not encrypt the private key it creates. For example: openssl req -x509 ...
2
votes
1answer
286 views

Changing RSA passphrase on Windows with TortoiseGit auxiliary programs?

We have designers who are on PCs and are starting to use our git version control repositories. we are using rsa keys to allow them to connect, and TortoiseGit as the interface. Everything is working ...
0
votes
3answers
244 views

How to use the correct SSH private key?

I have a private key inside /home/myuser/.ssh/privateKey I have a problem connecting to the ssh server, because i always get: Permission denied (publickey). I tried to debug the problem and i find ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What are the risks in backing up private keys on services like Dropbox?

I have a couple of private keys that I use to administer Amazon EC2 instances. I recently lost these keys when I did a re-install of my computer and I found out that the CD-RW I'd backed them up to ...
1
vote
1answer
317 views

Changing an IPSec pre-shared key without bringing down the tunnel (too long)

How do you advise changing an IPSec L2L VPN pre-shared key with respect to minimizing downtime? Is there any magic formula for this, or best practice, or do you just kind of try to change it on both ...
3
votes
2answers
886 views

Extract private key from Domino keyring

I'm trying to use a multipurpose certificate on an infrastucture that contains a Domino 7 server. To accomplish this, I tried: Generate a CSR outside of Domino: I'm able to use the produced ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How does changing a GPG encryption key's passphrase work?

I know that I can do (edit: fixed this; I'm interested in gpg NOT openssh) gpg --edit-key ...to change my passphrase for my key, but I'm not sure what this means. If I'm encrypting data on box A ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I import a RSA SSH key into GPG as the _primary_ private key?

I currently have a SSH key that I've used for a while and I'd like to start using GnuPG with a new keyring. However, given that I've used my key for ages, I would like to still use that key in GPG as ...
4
votes
1answer
461 views

Can apache use a key agent to store private keys for SSL?

For mod_ssl in apache to work, you need your RSA private key on the server. If the key is passphrase protected, you have to enter the passphrase whenever you restart apache. There is ...
23
votes
5answers
3k views

How to secure your CA's private key?

I'm about to implement my own Certification Authority (CA) for interal use only. Now there is a problem, that the CA private should never ever be exploited. So right now the private key is encrypted. ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

Where Is an SSL Private Key Stored?

My particular situation applies to Windows but I welcome knowing how this would differ from other practical applications. The subsets contain information that I'm basing my logic on, please correct ...
9
votes
4answers
13k views

What does this ssh error mean?

This is my last resort. I've been trying to figure out the problem here for hours. Here's the deal: I have copied my private key from machine #1 onto machine #2. Machine #1 is able to connect via ...
1
vote
2answers
862 views

ssh with key login failed from Mac OSX to CentOS 5 remote server

I'm trying to setup passwordless login for from my mac to my remote server running CentOS with public key authentication for "user1". I used $ ssh-keygen -t rsa to setup a public key on my mac and ...
5
votes
3answers
298 views

how to prevent a user using private key after leaving organization?

In the enterprise environment, each user was issue a key pair for using to encrypting/signing. Since they have the private key, that mean they can decrypt any file that encrypt for them, even after ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How to delete the private key associated with a certificate windows 7

I am trying to reimport a certificate, except this time i want to import it with an exportable private key. I have the sneaking suspicion that since windows 7 does not actually delete the private key ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

SSH backup server - connect to multiple passwordless remotes

I'm wondering what are the steps to configure password-less ssh keys so I can connect and pull data from multiple remote servers. Can I just do: Backup Machine: ssh-keygen -t rsa ssh-copy-id -i ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

How can I use an SSL certificate generated with Java keytool with Nginx?

I used the Java keytool to generate a "keystore": keytool -genkey -alias example.com -keyalg RSA -keystore example.com.keystore Then I generated a CSR (Certificate Signing Request): keytool ...
3
votes
2answers
11k views

Entering Private Key Passphrase with Putty Command Line PSFTP.exe

I'm using psftp.exe to automate a file download but need to connect with a private key as explained below. I am able to connect, however, the private key requires a Passphrase. This procedure works ...
1
vote
2answers
7k views

strongSwan - how do i generate pre shared keys?

I'm using the strongswan documentation right here I've added to /etc/ipsec.secrets the following line: : RSA moonKey.pem "SomePwd" however i don't know how to create moonKey.pem. Any ideas? this ...
0
votes
1answer
343 views

EC2 instances keep becoming inaccessible via SSH, what could issue be? Can I use elastic loadbalancer to check SSH connectivity?

This is mainly an issue for my development ec2 server as it seems that my instance keeps becoming inaccessible via SSH. It happened yesterday so I killed that one and started a new one and happened ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

When should I generate a new private key for SSL?

I'm renewing a wildcard SSL cert. The easiest option is to use my existing private key and generate a new CSR using that. Is there any reason (assuming my private key hasn't been compromised) to go ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Error while decrypting https traffic in Wireshark

I configured Jetty with a self-generated private key and cert after a long struggle. Now, I'm having trouble decrypting the HTTPS traffic from the Jetty server that I captured for inspection. The ...
4
votes
1answer
697 views

Get SSH fingerprint from remote server securely?

I had thought about this and my host provides out of band support, so I could simply create the key fingerprint out of band and compare it when connecting to that server from home. Is there any other ...
1
vote
3answers
299 views

Simple SSH public/private key question

I am trying to learn this instead of just following guides so I can recommend proper actions when people do ask (and they do). Here is what I got down. First, generate both key with command such as ...
2
votes
1answer
495 views

Hardware Security Module (HSM)

Looking to purchase an HSM to manage private keys, and price/scalability-price is one of my main concerns. It does need to be FIPS 140-2, level 3 certified (or compliant at least) and it must be ...
0
votes
1answer
293 views

Is it safe to share easy-rsa keys between machines? How?

I have two vpn hosts, vpn1 being the primary, vpn2 being a hot failover machine for cases where vpn1 goes down, either planned or unplanned. Right now, we manage client keys using the easy-rsa shell ...
296
votes
22answers
405k views

How do I tell Git for Windows where to find my private RSA key?

My GIT setup runs fine in Linux, but when I try to set things up under Windows (using Git for Windows and TortoiseGit), I don't know where to put my private ssh key (or, better still, how to tell ssh ...
3
votes
5answers
8k views

Recover an SSH private key?

I have an RSA key (generated by PuTTYgen) that's set up for logging in to a bunch of machines via SSH. Or rather, i HAD such a key. (The computer it was on crashed, to the point that a reinstall of ...
9
votes
3answers
10k views

OpenVPN easy-rsa build-key automation?

I have a lot of keys to generate for my clients VPN server. Whenever I use easy-rsa to generate the keys like this: ./build-key client1 There is some output with a series of questions. The ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

need to manage private keys in windows 2003 server

I have installed a X.509 certificate into IIS 6.0 on Windows Server 2003. I would like to give the IIS user accesss to the certificate's private key. I can do this on Windows 7 IIS manager very ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What's the connection between an AWS EC2 AMI's private key and the ~/.ssh/authorized_keys?

I have an EC2 instance running with a keypair that I don't have access to the private key of. I am currently accessing the instance freely thanks to having the public key of my own custom keypair ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Stop ssh client from offering all the public keys it can find?

Like most sysadmins I use openssh all the time. I have about a dozen ssh keys, I like to have a different ssh key for each host. However this causes a problem when I am connecting to a host for the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Private key authentication with pam_ldap

I'd like to set up pam_ldap on some of our servers so that we can centrally manage who has access to which server, and easily revoke access if e.g. someone leaves the company. I've done some research ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

Authentication using SSL certificates — General Question

SSL client authentication using certificates -- it's a complex topic, and I think I've learned just enough to make it even more complex. Here is my basic understanding: A public and private key are ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I setup ssh with both private key and password?

How do I setup ssh with both private key and password? In /etc/ssh/sshd_config, I currently have: RSAAuthentication yes PubkeyAuthentication yes PasswordAuthentication yes But apparently this ...
11
votes
5answers
5k views

Bypass ssh key file permission check

I have an encrypted FAT volume (for compatibility) containing a private key file and other sensitive data. I want to connect to my server through SSH using my private key, but of course, as FAT ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

Being Prompted for Password

// Begin edit I should note now that I've tinkered around a bit more, that everything works as intended if I use the "-i identity_file" switch when connecting from "Automation" and point that at the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Importing SSL certificates on Win2k3 / IIS 6.0

As part of a large site migration, I need to copy over numerous (about 50) SSL certificates for different sites. I have tried to export them on the current server and then import them on the new ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Easy multi-level authentication for sudo

I have a FreeBSD server with password-based SSH enabled. I would like to enable sudo, but I do not want a potential attacker to be one password away from root access. My current solution is logging ...
134
votes
2answers
43k views

Create a public SSH key from the private key?

Let's suppose I have a SSH key, but I've deleted the public key part. I have the private key part. Is there some way I can regenerate the public key part?
14
votes
4answers
6k views

How to manage a web servers SSL private key protection (password vs. no password)?

We have a discussion in my company's security group about what's the worse of the following options to manage SSL private key. The web server needs access to the private key for the encryption ...