RAID1 or mirrored RAID uses two disk that have the same data.

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Disk goes read-only after disabling RAID 1

I am not so expert in Linux. We have a computer (working as server) with Ubuntu 10.10. It has 2 RAID 1+0 hard disks. Today one of the hard disks failed, so we removed it, and disabled it by mdadm ...
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19 views

How to boot a mirrored drive with Ubuntu 14 and Grub 2

Several months ago I installed Ubuntu 14.04.2 Server (x64) with RAID 1 using the following instructions: https://help.ubuntu.com/lts/serverguide/advanced-installation.html I followed the ...
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1answer
23 views

Software RAID 1 does not extend on two new additional drives

I added two new devices two my software RAID 1 system. They are recognized by mdadm but I can't use the addition space. Here is how I proceed: I added the two new disk to my PC and created on each ...
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1answer
93 views

How to auto-start Degraded Software RAID1 under Debian 8.0.0 on boot?

If you remove a component HDD from an array, it drops into a "busy box" shell under "(initramfs)" saying something similar to "cannot mount root device" as the RAID1 array becomes "inactive". It is ...
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1answer
92 views

mdadm Software RAID1 with GPT on Debian 8.0 amd64 - Does not boot on disk removal [closed]

INTRO: I have spent countless days attaching/detaching MOLEX->SATA power cables, rebooting machines and trying hundreds of edits and commands. I am on the verge of desperation and desperately in need ...
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1answer
48 views

Disk errors Event ID 51 on LSI MegaRAID 9240-8i in RAID 1

I am working on a case of recurrent disk errors. Server is running Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard. There are two main disks on a mirrored RAID. There is also an additional drive that is used for ...
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2answers
183 views

Can mdadm convert a RAID5 to a RAID1?

I have a RAID5 consisting of 3 disks, one of which is broken. I was wondering if it is possible to convert those two disks to a RAID1 without data loss and without having to back-up the data ...
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34 views

Software Raid: Array inconsistent state

I'm running software raid 1 with md on debian distro. One of the disks has failed, but not all of the raid arrays were at that time in a "fail" state. In order to bring them also in a fail state (in ...
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3answers
70 views

Can Docker Corrupt a Software RAID Setup? [closed]

I read that software RAID should not be implemented on a machine that also has ESXi virtual machines running. Does this mean that I would want to avoid LVM and or LXC/Docker containers as well on this ...
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4answers
145 views

mdadm 3-way RAID 1 - good solution for guaranteed 2-drive failure tolerance?

Is a 3-way RAID1 using mdadm a good solution to be able to sustain any two drives failing without the RAID failing? I know this costs extra in the sense of only being able to use 1/3 of the disk ...
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6answers
1k views

Should I 'run in' one disk of a new RAID 1 pair to decrease the chance of a similar failure time?

I'm setting up a RAID1 array of two new 4TB hard drives. I heard somewhere previously, that making a RAID1 array of new identical hard drives bought at the same time, increased the chance that they ...
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1answer
158 views

Ubuntu 14.04 Installation with Preseeded RAID 1 Partitioning

I have been having a painful time trying to automate an Ubuntu 14.04 Server Installation with RAID 1 partitioning. I'm testing this on top of VirtualBox with two Virtual Disk Images (dynamically ...
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6answers
3k views

Why is RAID 1+6 not a more common layout?

Why are the nested RAID levels 1+5 or 1+6 almost unheard of? The nested RAID levels Wikipedia article is currently missing their sections. I don't understand why they are not more common than RAID ...
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1answer
74 views

Is it better to store the MySQL database directory on a separate RAID 1 device?

We have a Linux server with a RAID 1 using two HDDs on which runs a Apache server managing multiple sites and some other services that interact intensively with the databases and produce massive ...
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2answers
76 views

Unable to boot into software RAID1 after disk failure

Today after restarting my data server I was unable to boot because one of the drives wasn't being recognized any more, it is still spinning when I connect it and not making many weird noises except ...
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1answer
61 views

Disk I/O at limit with software raid

whenever I use rm or cp on a bigger file structure the disk i/o is going up to the top, but not with the focus on cp or rm, it is the software raid sync. My knowledge in this area is limited. The ...
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1answer
148 views

mdadm: Convert RAID10 to RAID1

The machine in question is equipped with 4x ssd, and running Debian wheezy 7.8, linux kernel 3.2.0-4, mdadm v3.2.5. Currently I'm using a RAID10 consisting of all these ssd. I've to increase the ...
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1answer
198 views

Windows Server 2012 doesn't find RAID array during setup

I'm trying to install Windows Server 2012 to a HP ProLiant 140 DL G3. I've attached two Toshiba SSD drives with 256GB capacity each. I've enabled RAID in the BIOS and, using the built-in Disk Manager ...
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25 views

RAID disk size is slightly more than 500

In my shop we have a number of Windows 7 machines from HP which have hardware RAID 1. Some of them have Hitachi HDS721050CLA662 disks rated at 500.1 GB. If I have to replace one of these disks due ...
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26 views

Not sure how to change primary partition size and add a new partition on a software RAID1 using mdadm, as well as parted or fdisk?

I'm trying to create a /data partition to run drbd. However the drbd guide only shows steps for an fdisk on a normal disk, and not mdadm software raid. So I have sda3/sdb3, which are holding ...
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1answer
261 views

Monitoring HP Smartarray (cciss) with nagios

I'm trying to monitor an HP Smart Array controller using nagios. I have 4 disks on 2 RAID1 arrays, so 2 disks per RAID1. I installed nrpe-server and nrpe-plugins and I'm using the almighty check_raid ...
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1answer
134 views

cannot remove faulty device from LVM2 raid1 mirror

One of the three disks went off in my LVM raid1 logical volume. (It was a bad experiment actually). The volume is a pure LVM raid1 one (no, not an LVM mirror), without any mdadm / fakeraid. The ...
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1answer
111 views

LSI MegaRAID 9240-4i & RAID1 (mirroring) on ZFS filesystem

Exist any incompatibility between an existing virtual drive created on LSI MegaRAID 9240-4i SAS/SATA Controller with RAID1 and the ZFS filesystem? I tried to make mirror(2xSATA HDD 300Gb) on freebsd ...
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2answers
79 views

3disk in raid 1 using half/half

Im using a mdadm software raid system on my new server which runs 3x120GB ssd drives. Currently, this is the preinstalled configuration that came with the server cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : ...
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2answers
220 views

R610 SAS6 Raid 1 Not Recognizing Replacement Drive

I have a Dell R610 with a SAS 6 controller. There's 2 drives (slot 0 and 1) setup in a raid 1. The drive in slot 0 failed and was replaced. However when I installed it (slot 0), the SAS6 controller is ...
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1answer
107 views

Ubuntu Software RAID 1 with NTFS weird volumes on RAID Array

I'm trying to mirror two secondary 2TB HDDs with RAID 1 with 1 big NTFS partition and am coming cross something that looks weird to me, although it could just be my complete ignorance because this is ...
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1answer
344 views

Replacing a failed drive - RAID 1

I have a Dell PowerEdge r310, MS Server 2008, RAID 1 setup. I had a two drives fail in the RAID 1 - leaving only one drive in a healthy state. Picture of disk management: I changed the primary ...
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1answer
180 views

Dell H700 SSDs and HDs in different RAID groups?

I am about to purchase a Dell R610 and use a H700 RAID controller. I was wanting to add 2 X SSD (480G) RAID 1, and 2 X HD (2TB) RAID 1. In reading over the manuals I saw: SSDs require the PERC 6/i or ...
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2answers
42 views

I mixed the arguments of sgdisk -R /dev/sdY /dev/sdX

I have two raid1 arrays and an LVM partition across both raid arrays. A disk died and I tried to copy back the partition table of the other member to it using sgdisk -R But I mixed the arguments, ...
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2answers
366 views

HP G8 migrate RAID0 to RAID1 with CLI commands

This is a Dynamic Smart Array B120i. The SSA (Smart Storage Administrator) is ver 1.50.4.0 The OS was installed into a single hard disc (bay 1), the SSA reports like RAID 0. Then I add a new hard disc ...
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1answer
51 views

The partitioning of a big disk is necessary for LVM's vg space expansion

I am maintaining a LVM's vg as users' /home directory's storage space. But now I need to add a new 2T sized disk for extending the /home space. I wonder if the partitioning is necessary or not and ...
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1answer
179 views

3TB RAID1 not detected in Hyper-V Core 2012

I'm creating a small server, but I have issues with one RAID config (RAID1-HOST-DATA). As you can see in the image below, everything seems fine. My four physical disk are detected, and two RAID1 are ...
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139 views

Resize RAID 1 Partitions - Software RAID on CentOS

I have made a huge mistake with my server configuration and getting now really in trouble. I'm running a WHM/cPanel server on my CentOS, it's a production server with some websites on. My root ...
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1answer
91 views

Ubuntu server becomes unresponsive on hard disk issues despite raid setup

I am running a server on Ubuntu 10.04.4 LTS (Linux xxxx 2.6.32-67-server #134-Ubuntu SMP Wed Sep 24 18:55:00 UTC 2014 x86_64 GNU/Linux) with two hard discs in a software raid 1. I repeatedly had the ...
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1answer
1k views

How can I coax RHEL / CentOS / SL 7 into booting normally with degraded software RAID 1

I set up a new server (my first with this version of Linux). I installed a pair of 160 GB blank SATA HDDs (one Seagate and one WDC, but with exactly the same number of LBA sectors) in an old machine, ...
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1answer
90 views

Is a HDD removed from RAID 1 bootable?

I'm having a problem with my RAID. It has gone wrong during a power outage of the server. I have a server with 2x 500 GB WD HDDs on Hardware RAID1(SuperMicro Server) with a Linux OS installed on it. ...
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44 views

Rebuilding raid1 array fails device busy

I had a hard disk fail on my server, so I got the provider to replace the hard disk. Unfortunately I forgot to do mdadm /dev/mdX --fail /dev/sdaY for the disks. Now after a reboot, I get this: ...
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28 views

Order of execution: First file system, then array vs. first array, then file system

Suppose I have two HDDs, same manufacturer, same model, same attributes (volume, speed, cache, ...). Both are equally partitioned. I want to have a level one array of two disks with one ext4 ...
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2answers
255 views

RAID 1 fault “ Status Ready for Rebuild : Rebuild Percentage Complete 0%”

Our RAID 1 system partition failed on our Windows 2008 SBS (physical environment). We still have disc 1 running but the 2nd disc in the raid is a failure. To add to the complication, disc 1 has bad ...
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96 views

Intel RAID 1 states changes during install FreeBSD 10

I working on my all servers with FreeBSD 7.x / 8.x on mainboards with Intel RAID 1. I tied to install FreeBSD 10 on machine with Intel Z97 chipset and RAID 1 (mirror). During install process, all RAID ...
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1answer
77 views

create parition for xen with lvm on raid-1

First I don't have any experience creating xen, lvm and RAID-1 server, thus after several reading I stumbled upon this ubuntu documentation to install xen. BUT, because in the documentation it ...
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2answers
359 views

Windows 2012 r2 mirroring is not available

I have two disks that are a little bit larger than 2TB. During Windows installation i selected the whole unpartitioned disk to install Windows to. After the setup realized that installer created one ...
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106 views

Server RAID0: one hdd is more %busy then the others?

I'm testing 3 servers with RAID0 with 4 disks. During my test I noticed on all 3 servers that one of the hdd's is more %busy and has much higher averige IO wait (almost 4x higher then the other ...
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1answer
257 views

Hard drive error message in Virtual Root Server

After noticing a high load on our virtual root server (2 x 1 TB RAID 1 Subset) I have found these messages in /var/log/messages (CentOS): kernel: ata3.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x0 action ...
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1answer
4k views

Configuring RAID1 on HP Proliant Microserver N54L / Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS [duplicate]

I've bought a N54L and fitted two 3GB drives. Keen to get set up with RAID1. BIOS: SATA controller mode set to "RAID" RAID Option ROM utility: both physical drives set up as one logical drive When ...
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64 views

Why would a raid 1 “break” on it's own?

So I went out to look at a video server the other day that had degraded raid issues. I've read about the various raid levels and how they are supposed to work, but the behavior I witnessed here has me ...
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2answers
103 views

How to reliably and conveniently mirror 2 drives in hotswap hdd racks (likely without RAID1)?

I have the following situation: Need to store 1 original + 1 copy for data sets that are 1-2 TB in size Need to use consumer SATA drives, 1 for original, 1 for copy Need to store 50+ such data sets ...
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2answers
352 views

Raid 1 can not sync with new Drive . its stopping at 30 %

i had trying to add new HDD in place of Falty HDD. but new HDD can not sync with old one .sync process shown up to 30 % after that its stopped . cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] md2 : ...
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818 views

Windows Server 2012 and recognizing RAIDed SSDs as an SSD

Problem: Because defragmenting is detrimental to SSDs and decreases their performance/lifespan, its important that modern OS's use TRIM instead of defragmentation. If an SSD is incorrectly recognized ...
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520 views

Upgrade SATA drive on Dell Poweredge 1950, RAID 1, Ubuntu server

My current set up is a Dell PowerEdge 1950, two 250GB SATA drives, RAID 1, OS is Ubuntu server. Using it for running OTRS (open source help desk). I'd like to upgrade the drives to the maximum ...