In computer networks, rate limiting is used to control the rate of traffic sent or received on a network interface.

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15 views

Is there a way to rate limit connection attempts with firewalld?

On our CentOS 6 servers, I've used information from this article to reduce the brute force ssh attempts on our servers, specifically the rate limiting / logging section. Is there a way to do the same ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Is there a way to raite limit connections with HaProxy using multiple thresholds

I've implemented simple rate limiting using HaProxy in a similar fashion to the way StackExchange does it with HaProxy. I'm trying to make it a bit more advanced so that there are multiple thresholds ...
3
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0answers
94 views

Common back pressure strategies for services under sustained high load

I'm wondering what are the common backpressure strategies people use for their web services? Imagine your service operates under heavy load, and at some point the load reaches 120% of your capacity. ...
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1answer
36 views

Traffic shaping for upload/download speed simulation [duplicate]

I'm building a network emulator to help realize different speeds. Basically, this system would shape a given user's network metrics (such as upload speed/download speeds/packet loss/jitter etc) based ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Dynamic rate limiting in NGINX using map [duplicate]

It's pretty well documented that you can do something like: map $http_authorization $rate_unauthed { "" $binary_remote_addr; default ""; } limit_req_zone $rate_unauthed zone=repositories:10m ...
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0answers
61 views

Rate limiting bots (specific IPs) in NGINX

I would like to rate-limit (but not block) various crawlers. Based on other examples of similar questions, I've come up with this: http { ## 10MB zone, 5 reqs per sec limit_req_zone $limit ...
0
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0answers
48 views

delay after 5 requests: rate limits? (and how to disable them)

I'm using the following configuration for my nginx server: upstream django { server unix:///var/www/example.com/django/ws/django.socket; } upstream io_nodes { ip_hash; server 127.0.0.1:8080; ...
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0answers
34 views

How to limit IP address if X amount of connections are made in certain time period?

Is there any solution that I can use in order to limit IP addresses depending on their connection. So in simple terms if a user connect to the site 60 times in a minute then block them for x amount ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Configuring RRL on a DNS server using BIND

I'd like to configure a DNS server to use Response Rate Limiting (RRL) to mitigate DNS DDoS attacks. Whatever, I have to configure it top use RRL with the 'slip' parameter at 2. I've made some ...
0
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2answers
48 views

Massive blockingof ips done right

I run a website which is being abused every day with bots trying to send spam, not respecting robots.txt and so on. The biggest problem, however is repeating attempts to massively harvest website. ...
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0answers
128 views

tc qdisc tbf - calculate sensible latency and burst from rate

I want to create a simple script that lets me limit the outgoing speed of an interface somewhere between 56k (modem speed) and 1MBit/s. I found that something along the following does the job: tc ...
0
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0answers
63 views

How to redirect to an other link when excess request (limit_req) with Nginx

I have been trying to limit the requests coming from a single IP address successful with module limit_req in Nginx. But now I want to redirect to an other web-page for showing some messages.How could ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Postfix and smtpd_client_rate_limit to detect compromissed accounts

Some of our clients are administrators who need to send corporative messages to no more than 300 clients, specifying all of these clients together in the "To:" fields, instead of individual messages ...
0
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0answers
191 views

tc-tbf rate limiting works on 100Mbit Ethernet, but not Gigabit ethernet, with Windows

I have a linux box I use as a firewall with Shorewall. I have traffic shaping enabled in order to prioritize traffic from one computer used for videoconferencing. My business has an upload speed of ...
1
vote
1answer
311 views

Nginx: How to limit request rate based on user agent

Trying to get the following behavior working in nginx A default rate limit of 1r/s for each ip when using a browser. A rate limit of 10r/s for bing and google spiders. Reject bad bots. Unfortunately ...
0
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2answers
458 views

Rate limit exim per user basis

How can I implement "rate limit" in Exim so that every user in my exim can send specific number of emails per day. List A of Users can send 100 emails per day and the list B of users can send 500 ...
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0answers
254 views

Linux Traffic Controller (Linux tc): hierarchical token bucket (htb) packet queue size

In my Linux router, I am using the following configuration to limit the rate of traffic towards port 44444 of a client in the LAN (client address is 192.168.10.2, connected through the router's eth1 ...
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1answer
221 views

Limit max bandwidth per IP

I have some partners, that uses one of my linux servers as a gateway. The problem is I need to limit bandwidth per client ip address on this gateway. My partners client ip ranges are not known to me. ...
0
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1answer
118 views

apache rate limit best practice

I have the following business scenario: 1. apache http server load balances client request to application servers via ajp 2. all the resource intensive work is done on application servers for each ...
0
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1answer
71 views

rate limit apache httpd server

I have an apache server that acts as a load balancer to pass off requests to tomcat application servers. I wish to rate limit the http access by ips, and potentially throttle requests, how can this ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Filezilla Throttle File transfer rate not user

Is it possible to throttle the file being transferred rather than a user. We have lots of users using the same username/pw and need to throttle each session. Is that possible?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Logstash, Kibana and email alerts

I am trying to setup email alerts using logstash. Right now it emails me EVERY time the pattern "Error" is parsed into my log file which can lead to a lot of unnecessary emails. I'd like to create a ...
0
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0answers
34 views

How to limit rapid-fire connections to HTTP port with iptables?

I'd like to prevent malicious bots from hitting my Apache server too quickly. A couple issues/problems: I don't fully understand the relationship between --limit and --limit-burst and how they work, ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How to rate limit outgoing SMTP connections for Postfix

I have a postfix instance running on a VM. The VM provider shuts us down if we exceed a threshold of SMTP connections per minute - something like 10. In a typical day we might send 1000 messages, so ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

nginx rate limitinf unknown directive

I'm trying to set up a rate limit for bots using my website, but if i add limit_req_zone $binary_remote_addr zone=one:10m rate=1r/s; or anything of the sort to /etc/nginx/nginx.conf in the http ...
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1answer
75 views

Relax ssh rate-limit rules for certain ip addresses

We've written some tools to automate common development tasks. One tool, for example, ensures all our git repositories are up-to-date. For this to work, our tool needs to connect to our git server and ...
0
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1answer
304 views

Linux Traffic Shaping with “tc”: QoS filter for requests directly on the host not applied?

I'm trying to reduce the interface thoughput to debug my application on slower network speed. I've remembered a tc statement to do this on a interface which was working in the past. I used it on a ...
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vote
1answer
109 views

Debian exim4 rate limits

I try to limit on exim4 the outgoing mails per day per domain, i found this: acl_check_ratelimit: accept authenticated = * endpass ratelimit = 40 / 1d / per_rcpt / ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Nginx $http_x_forwarded_for not always being set

I've noticed in our access logs that sometimes, the $http_x_forwarded_for variable has not been set, and instead, the correct IP is the one set to $remote_addr. Is it possible to set ...
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1answer
318 views

nginx 301'ing limit_req rate limited requests instead of error page

I have a bulk search form on apache servers behind nginx. I'd like to protect that location so that the second request in a 10 minute period gets 301'd to a "Would you like to use our API" page ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

Logging HAProxy connection limiting

I have some simple connection and connection rate limiting in HAProxy: # Store IPs to limit connection rate stick-table type ip size 200k expire 5m store gpc0,conn_cur,conn_rate(10s) ...
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votes
1answer
138 views

Google-style “Your network is generating too much traffic” bounce for postfix

I'm being attacked from a botnet and I found out about it because I got this email from mailer-daemon telling me there's no space left on device. The mail.log was filled up with messages like Dec 5 ...
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0answers
143 views

nginx and cloudlfare ip confusion?

I am using the below config in http block of my nginx.conf to get real ip while using Cloudflare acceleration service: ## Cloudflare settings to get Real IP's set_real_ip_from ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Protect a public-facing PostgreSQL server against abuse

I have a Postgres database containing public information that I'd like to expose to the internet, for anyone to use. What steps can I take to prevent: Excessively expensive queries that could hog ...
0
votes
2answers
336 views

How to prevent nginx throttling conflicting with maintenance mode?

We use the HttpLimitReqModule nginx mondule for rate throttling and have found that it conflicts with our "maintenance mode" because both components are using http status code 503. When throttling is ...
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votes
2answers
260 views

Nginx Rate Limiting by Referrer?

I've successfully set up rate limiting on IP addresses like so, limit_req_zone $binary_remote_addr zone=one:10m rate=1r/s; But I was wondering if its possible to do the same on referrers? For ...
3
votes
0answers
548 views

Limiting bandwidth with hashlimit (e.g. kb/s — not connections!) doesn't work, though the man page says it should

According to the iptables-extensions man page hashlimit can do bandwidth limiting: "flows exceeding 512kbyte/s" => --hashlimit-mode srcip,dstip,srcport,dstport --hashlimit-above 512kb/s ...
1
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1answer
72 views

lighttpd rate limits per directory

I'm creating a site with a large number of small tools. One is a tool which uses a Python cgi-script that interacts with the Natural Language Toolkit (nltk), which is disk and CPU intensive. I have ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Rate Limit Xen DomU Network Traffic

Is there a solid way to rate limit Xen DomU Network I/O Traffic? I found an answer on here using tc but I get this error: Object "qdisk" is unknown, try "tc help". I guess a solution to either of ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

DNS query limit WinServer 2008R2

Situation: I am currently seeing a huge wave of incoming DNS requests arriving in burst of around 85 queries per 2-3 seconds from one IP. Then another IP sends a new wave and so on (currently my DNS ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Mail server - limit connections on port 25 to 1 PC alone

I have a situation where only one PC on a network (network is behind a single public IP address) can connect to the mail server on port 25 (send out emails using Outlook, perform successful telnet ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Will traffic control software cause tcp packets to be dropped

I am testing our client-server applications using NetLimiter which is a traffic control software. I found that, when client is receiving files from server and I use NetLimiter to set the download rate ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Is using iptables to rate limit on port 80 considered wasteful?

I was thinking of adding the following rule to my IP tables: -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m recent --update --dport 80 --seconds 5 --hitcount 10 -j DROP -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW ...
0
votes
2answers
660 views

Dynamic throttling of bandwidth

I am planning on setting up streaming server. Streaming is done kind of like YT does it; there will be a large number of audio content and each user can listen to it right on the website. In order ...
0
votes
1answer
497 views

How to use limit_conn and limit_req modules of Nginx when it is behind HAProxy

I'm using limit_conn_zone (with limit_conn) and limit_req_zone (with limit_req) in Nginx which sits behind a HAProxy. They both run on the same host. I see whenever a limit is breached in Nginx ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

nginx rate limiting with X-Forwarded-For header

I'm looking into rate-limiting using nginx's HttpLimitReqModule. However, requests are all coming from the same IP (a loadbalancer), with the real IP address in the headers. Is there a way to have ...
2
votes
1answer
532 views

Reasonable rate limiting settings with PF firewall

I have the following settings in my pf.conf to dissuade abusive clients (I get a few a day that are obviously just scraping content indiscriminately and slow everything down): pass in on $ext_if ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

e-mail ratelimit exim

Server1 sending to Server2: Connecting to domain.com [1.1.1.1]:25 ... connected SMTP<< 451 Temporary local problem - please try later SMTP>> QUIT LOG: MAIN SMTP error from remote ...
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0answers
158 views

How to slow down ftp upload on windows 7

I have an application that uses ftp on windows 7 or 8 and it fails trying to upload a file (time out, server sends back RST packets so it's definitely the server that's unhappy) to a specific server. ...
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votes
2answers
566 views

How to rate limit per MAC address?

I need to rate limit an API server. Is it possible to configure a machine to rate limit requests per MAC address? If not, are there any other viable options? I want to rate limit per MAC, because ...