root is the default administrative account for Unix-based systems. It is comparable to the Administrator account of a Windows system.

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PATH environmental variable has changed suddenly for root user

Recently one of my Gentoo linux servers, which has been working happily for quite a few years suddenly stopped responding to BASH commands that I commonly issue it. Very basic commands such as ...
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0answers
126 views

How do I manually perform a password check using AIXpert?

One of the AIXpert tools is to perform a check of the root password against a dictionary (usually /etc/security/aixpert/dictionary/English). If I want to run this check manually, how would I do it? ...
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3answers
2k views

how to deny “sudo su”

I have several servers where some users require to be sudoers to work. The problem is that when sudoers can run the command sudo su and login as user root. It seems very risky to run that command. I ...
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0answers
337 views

Can ApacheDS LDAP change root user name?

ApacheDS 1.5 has the following account by default. Bind dn or user: uid=admin,ou=system Bind password: secret i would like to change it to the following to avoid making changes in my code Bind dn ...
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4answers
663 views

Chown root mistake

I accidentally executed the chown userx:userx / command. Is there a way to fix this in a gentle way? I know the mysql folder has to be owned by mysql:mysql. But what about the other folders? Are ...
3
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1answer
3k views

SSH VPN tunnel without having to enable root

ive been trying to setup a VPN SSH tunnel and ive had success executing ssh -Nv -w 0:0 root@192.168.2.2 -p 50 however what i am wondering is, can i do the tunneling without having root unlocked ...
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2answers
1k views

tomcat6 on ubuntu fails when user set to root

I'm well aware that running tomcat6 is really bad from a security point of view - and opens the box it is running on to all kinds of security risks and attack vectors. That said: When I change the ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

SSH hosts.deny and hosts.allow

I have this content in hosts.deny (with a new line at the end): # # hosts.deny This file describes the names of the hosts which are # *not* allowed to use the local INET services, as decided ...
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2answers
1k views

Remotely use root over ssh for unison

I'm a little confused on how to run unison to sync files with group and owner attributes on an ubuntu system, as you need to be root. But I need to do this remotely and automated. I know I can set up ...
22
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8answers
4k views

accidently ran “chown www-data:www-data / -R” as root

i just ran this a few seconds ago, i managed to do ctrl-c as soon as i realized what i started doing. so far in the only dir its started going through is /bin im afraid to do anything else, so far ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Correct user names when tracking /etc/ in git repository and committing as root

We use git to track changes in /etc/ on our servers. Administrators work as root when changing files in /etc/, and thus their commits have author root <root@machinename> This is not very ...
2
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2answers
812 views

How to give ownership to root without being root ? (needed for Apache)

I've got a PHP script that creates a folder on my server. This folder is supposed to be accessed via Apache, and users can view it online. Now if I create this folder while being root, everything ...
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3answers
455 views

Git: push via ssh to a root owned repository with ssh root logins disabled

is that even possible? Summary, i'm running puppet master on a server and ideally we want root logins via ssh disabled, we want to force all access via sudo if root access required however we have ...
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2answers
2k views

Apache/PHP root exploit

Because of insecure handling of uploaded files, an attacker was able to run php code on my server (CentOS 5.4) That issue has been fixed, but while he was connected he appears to have modified a file ...
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votes
2answers
118 views

Automate root ssh scripts [closed]

We require to be able to run some script as root from nothing other than an SSH login. IE, we have root and password, and we need to perform a script action on a bunch of servers.
8
votes
1answer
611 views

Allow password access for all users except root?

I want to leave the root user enabled on my servers for convenience, and the only reason people are against the idea (that I know of) is brute-force attacks on SSH. So, is there is a way in SSH to ...
32
votes
4answers
83k views

Adding a directory to $PATH in CentOS?

We just got our new server(s) up and we're running CentOS on them all. After successfully installing Ruby Enterprise Edition, I would now like to add the REE /bin (located at ...
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votes
3answers
1k views

How to give user root access without giving him root password

The scenario is this: I have a development machine I want (need) to have root access to Our admin setups the machines using his own credentials for the root user. The explanation being that if ...
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4answers
176 views

Linux /home privacy

Warrning: this is probably against Unix philosophy and desgin, but I will ask it anyway. Is there a way to achive privacy for three seperate /home/user folders? Problem which is rasing that ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Linux :: Shared aliases in /etc/profile.d not applied to root user, why?

On my Fedora 14 developer machine I can add a sharedAliases.sh file to /etc/profile.d -- both my user and root user then have access to the shared aliases. Switch over to remote CentOS 5.7 machine ...
14
votes
2answers
845 views

how do i perform root actions from non-root account?

I want to be able to restart services from a php-script. running under the www-user account. What's the preferred way to perform these actions? I recon I can place create a file with que'd commands, ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to share drive root of USB hard drive in Windows Server 2008?

Windows Server 2008 -> Computer Management -> System Tools -> Shared Folders -> Shares I can set up a share for the root of the external drive, but I cannot access it from another computer on the ...
0
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2answers
129 views

How to avoid accidental root access to non-world-readable directories?

Given the following directory: drwx------ 2 joe joe 4096 Jan 11 2010 /home/joe Is there a way for me as the user root, to avoid accidentally cd-ing into this directory? I'm not looking for actual ...
0
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2answers
55 views

How do I find current root logins

How can I identify all terminals that have a root login on them on Linux? who -a seems to give me regular logins but what about root?
8
votes
2answers
844 views

Accidently locked myself out of MySQL by changing the host

While trying to get remote MySQL working, I somehow managed to lock myself out with the root account. Normally, I would stop the MySQL service and restart it using /etc/init.d/mysql --init-file, but ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

CVS does not run properly as nonroot user

I get an "rejected acces to DIR for user USER" message, when I try an "cvs login" to my local cvs... BUT everything works just fine, when cvs is set to run as root... Im running FreeBSD 7.2, here is ...
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vote
2answers
444 views

How to add root user in nis passwd file?

One of the sys admins accidentally moved aside /etc/passwd... doh! Restoring the file from backup doesn't work... it errors out because root user does not exist. I've got NIS running at this site and ...
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vote
2answers
2k views

My MySQL root user is gone, how do I recover it?

I was trying to move the MySQL tables so them were in another folder, so I messed out the plugins table or something like that and I ended up reinstalling the whole thing. I did sudo aptitude purge ...
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vote
2answers
180 views

Debian: Unable to connect to ssh with a user I just created

I've a debian 6 installed on a server. I installed ingres on this server, which runs now with the user "ingres", I want to connect to ssh with the ingres user(for many reason, one of them is that ...
0
votes
1answer
243 views

Locked out of EC2 ubuntu instance

root access worked on my EC2 instance for a couple of weeks until I did sudo aptitude update sudo aptitude upgrade and now sudo asks for a password (which I have never been given). I can't ...
0
votes
5answers
308 views

run script from ssh as non root linux

hey well I login to my ssh client as the root user, since I don't know how to do it any other way and then why I try to run this script using the plain old ./filename.ext an error log is generated ...
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vote
4answers
114 views

How to re-gain access to a running EC2 instance?

We own an AWS account but we're no longer in contact with the developer who had sole access to the running EC2 instance. Restarting the instance may not be possible: As far as we understand, shutting ...
0
votes
1answer
269 views

D-Link DMC-1002 Management Module Password Reset

We just purchased a D-Link DMC-1000 media converter chassis with a DMC-1002 management module. Connected to the module through a COM port and PuTTy and changed the root password. Subsequent login ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I expand the /dev/root partition?

How can I expand /dev/root? I can't seem to do this using an LVExtend command. Thanks, James
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Access file outside document root

I'm trying to write on a file that is outside the document root, which is /var/www/html. The file I want to access is /home/user/files/folder1/info.txt, but my PHP file can't open it (it does even say ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

How to get the number of available updates on an Ubuntu system as a normal user

I need this for a simple monitoring script which i don't want to run as root...
2
votes
2answers
532 views

Reset mysql root password after phpmyadmin corrupted it [duplicate]

So I tried to change my mysql root password for the first time using a advanced pattern and it looks like phpmyadmin stripped the password on save. Now I can't login under root. I am using RHEL 5 ...
2
votes
1answer
374 views

Main Apache pid as root, even though set up to be nobody?

I believe I had set everything up correctly when I had built the server (maybe it was a pre-configured LAMP that the VPS host Linode supplied that set things up) It seems that every Apache process ...
0
votes
2answers
800 views

How can I limit root to being able to only login on the console via /etc/security/access.conf

I know that I can prevent root from logging in via ssh with /etc/ssh/sshd_config but the auditors also want to see it done in /etc/security/access.conf as well. It seems doable but I can't determine ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

RSync over SSH - permission denied even though the user is in the root group

I have a need to copy files between servers through the web. I'm using RSYNC over ssh to do so. The problem is, I need to be able to transfer files, no matter where the files is. I created a user ...
0
votes
4answers
2k views

Bash script normal user to Root

I have some question. I'm trying to create some bash script to automatically some task. I need to do the first step of the task as normal user, and su - to be root to finish the task. I've been ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Member of root group on two different computers, permissions don't match

I am a member of the root group on two different computers. On one computer I can do almost anything while I can't do these same things on the other. Example: iptables --list which is owned by ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Allow non root access to /root folder

I have a folder that normally lives under /root and is usually used by a root user. I need to allow another user (other than root) to use it now, but it has to remain under /root. Is that possible? ...
5
votes
1answer
320 views

Ports below 1024

DISCLAIMER: I know how to run daemons that either listen on ports <1024 by using privbind or some iptables REDIRECT. Or more generally spoken, how to make daemons available on priviliged ports that ...
5
votes
4answers
8k views

Is there any way to point the root domain to a CNAME? [duplicate]

Here is the problem: we host our website with an external provider that doesn't give us an IP address, rather, they give us a domain where we point our www CNAME record to. I assume they are using ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Site down after root drive expanion on EC2

Hey there I have expanded the root drive of an EC2 windows instance machine. Now after re-attaching the drive and firing up the instance, i cannot RDP into the instance as the site is down which as ...
4
votes
3answers
9k views

How can I run supervisord without using root?

I seem to be having trouble figuring out why supervisord won't run as a non-root user. If I start it with the user set to jason (pid 1000), I get the following in the log file: 2010-05-24 ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Multi-Domain Shared Hosting

I have a shared hosting pack with 2 domains, one is the default domain bought with the pack, and the second will be pointed to a sub-directory within my root. The problem is that I want both the ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Running a script as root at bootup

I have a simple script to help me do some power saving: #!/bin/bash echo 1 > /sys/module/snd_hda_intel/parameters/power_save echo min_power > ...
5
votes
5answers
15k views

ubuntu: let a user run a script with root permissions

I have ubuntu 8.04 and I want to write a bash script that runs as root which every user can run. I myself can do sudo. How do I do that? CLARIFICATION: I don't want to do it with sudo, because then ...