Serial ATA (SATA or Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) is a computer bus interface for connecting host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives. Serial ATA was designed to replace the older ATA (AT Attachment) standard (also known as EIDE), offering many ...

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62
votes
8answers
6k views

How can a single disk in a hardware SATA RAID-10 array bring the entire array to a screeching halt?

Prelude: I'm a code-monkey that's increasingly taken on SysAdmin duties for my small company. My code is our product, and increasingly we provide the same app as SaaS. About 18 months ago I moved ...
40
votes
3answers
47k views

What are the merits of SAS vs SATA drives? [closed]

What are the merits of buying SAS drives over SATA drives, or vice versa?
25
votes
10answers
20k views

Cheapest way to connect 20-24 Sata II HDDs in a budget storage server? [closed]

I need to assemble a high density storage server for as cheap as possible. It's been a while for me and the last systems I integrated didn't even have Sata yet... During my Research I of course ...
15
votes
8answers
53k views

How do I make Linux recognize a new SATA /dev/sda drive I hot swapped in without rebooting?

Hot swapping out a failed SATA /dev/sda drive worked fine, but when I went to swap in a new drive, it wasn't recognized: [root@fs-2 ~]# tail -18 /var/log/messages May 5 16:54:35 fs-2 kernel: ata1: ...
13
votes
4answers
12k views

Anyone seen a meaningful SAS vs SATA comparison/benchmark?

I hear lots about SATA being slower than SAS but I've only found 1 decent benchmark. http://blog.whitesites.com/SAS-RAID-0-VS-SCSI-RAID-0-VS-SATA-Benchmarks__633689244191943184_blog.htm In this, SAS ...
13
votes
6answers
8k views

SATA Disks that handle write caching properly?

It's pretty common to see advice to disable the write cache on individual disks used for databases because otherwise some disks will acknowledge writes that haven't yet made it to the disk surface. ...
12
votes
1answer
164 views

ssd firmware, linux: updating large batch of drives

I was recently hit with a fatal firmware bug that affected dozens of Crucial SSDs deployed in my datacenter. Many of the affected machines use LSI or other proprietary SAS controllers, which Crucial's ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Any experience with SATA SAS Interposer Cards?

Driven by the current price difference between SATA and SAS disks on one side and the potentially bad behaviour of SATA disks in bigger storage arrays on the other side, I have found so-called ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

ZFS best practices with hardware RAID

If one happens to have some server-grade hardware at ones disposal, is it ever advisable to run ZFS on top of a hardware-based RAID1 or some such? Should one turn off the hardware-based RAID, and run ...
9
votes
2answers
347 views

Are SATA 1, 2 and 3 cables interchangeable?

I've got an older SATA drive (not sure if it's SATA 1 or 2). Same size plug as my new SATA 3 M/B. Are the cables interchangeable? Any decrease in performance from using a "lower" cable?
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Is sata 2 backwards compatible with sata 1

Simple question, Is SATA 2 compatible with SATA 1.
9
votes
1answer
286 views

Performance Difference SAS vs. SATA?

Can not find that anywhere it seems. What is the expected performance difference in a storage backend scenario that is heavily parallellized in access (like a SAN, Virtualization host storage etc.) ...
8
votes
3answers
27k views

SAS vs. Nearline/MDL SAS - What is the difference?

As subject I guess, looking at SAN's and most vendors offer 10k or 15k "proper" SAS drives, many also offer 7.2k MDL/Nearline SAS drives. Does anyone have an authoritative explanation of the ...
8
votes
7answers
22k views

SCSI vs SATA? Is SCSI “actually” better? [closed]

Well, I was talking with a guy about servers the other day. I was a bit shocked whenever I asked him if there was any significant difference between SCSI and SATA and why he always uses SCSI. (note, ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Deciphering continuing mpt2sas syslog messages

Summary I have been getting these cryptic messages in syslog since I installed some new hardware and I can't figure out what the problem is, if it's serious, or what to do about it. They're from the ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

“zpool replace” hangs and locks up the pool

Given my four disk RAIDZ1, one disk has become physically noisy, not producing errors yet, but not sounding healthy either. So I've chosen to pre-emptively replace it. I have done: zpool offline ...
6
votes
5answers
8k views

SAS or SATA for 3 TB drives?

We are looking to purchase new 3 TB enterprise-grade drives and can buy either SAS or SATA models. AFAIK, SAS generally gives better performance than SATA, but searching for benchmarks I found ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

How exactly does a SAS SFF-8087 breakout cable work? + RAID/connection questions

Please let me know if my question does not makes any sense as I am not sure if I am interpreting it correctly from my thoughts due to my lack of technical knowledge on this. If I am using a ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

HP ProLiant DL380 G4 SATA support?

I'm planning to get a second hand HP Proliant DL380 G4 and setup it as storage server, probably using NexentaStor and setup a ZFS system. But now I wonder does DL380 G4 can be convert or support SATA ...
6
votes
3answers
887 views

Dell MD1000 and an x4 SAS connector throughput / layout

I'm trying to get my head around how a multi lane x4 SAS connector works in a DAS system such as the Dell MD1000. I understand that each lane is 3Gbps, and that multiple hard drives can share a lane. ...
6
votes
4answers
474 views

Best performance: 1tb vs larger drives in app using only sequential read/writes

I have a custom app that is multi-threaded; each thread runs on its own logical core (the workstation is a dual xeon, with 12 physical and 24 logical cores). So there are 24 threads running ...
5
votes
3answers
13k views

SAS vs Near-line SAS vs SATA

I'm unsure about the differences in these storage interfaces. My Dell servers all have SAS RAID controllers in them and they seem to be cross-compatible to an extent. The Ultra-320 SCSI RAID ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Problem with slow hard disk

We bought some new PCs in my company with the new iCore 7 and 8GB memory and the following hard disk: WESTERN DIGITAL WD8000AARS 800GB CAVIAR GREEN SATA2 The problem we have is that after installing ...
5
votes
2answers
594 views

Nearline SAS on SATA controllers

I know that SAS drives cannot operate on a SATA controller. I know that SATA drives can operate on a SAS controller. But can Near-Line SAS drives, being SATA drives with a SAS controller, be used on ...
5
votes
2answers
791 views

Sata Card for OpenSolaris, no raid needed

can anyone recommend a Sata pci or pci-e card that is compatible with OpenSolaris? Raid isn't necessary as aim is to use ZFS. I ended up getting: - Intel sasuc8i (based on LSI 1068) - Dell 5/i SAS ...
5
votes
3answers
506 views

RAID - Multiple drives on one channel

I plan on building my first real RAID server soon. My idea is to have 8 to 12 hard drivers in RAID 5 or 50. It will serve as a storage server. I would prefer to have real hardware RAID. When looking ...
5
votes
1answer
870 views

Is there way to read sectors from SATA drive without ECC correction?

I know, there was such possibility like that in old ATA standards: "READ LONG" command produced LBA sector + ECC payload. sg_read_long supports in in linux, but the command is obsolete for quite a ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Making SATA disk write cache safe

Supposedly (see, e.g., a question about it here), with NCQ enabled drives, the drive write cache is supposed to be safe, as in it doesn't like to the OS about data being committed to the platters when ...
5
votes
2answers
992 views

HP 4TB SATA Midline in D2600 - what disk make is HP using & why WD RE4 don't work?

Does anyone know what make of disk HP are using in their 4TB SATA Midline & why WD RE4 don't work? So we use D2600 crates with HP 2TB disks, and just buy WD2003FYYS - pop them in old HP caddies. ...
4
votes
6answers
4k views

Use of 2.5" Laptop Drives in a Server?

We're acquiring several 1U servers with (8) 2.5" drive slots. Although we can use either SATA or SAS, there is a large price variance as soon as you order 16 or 24 of these drives, so we are looking ...
4
votes
8answers
926 views

Getting data out of a non-working SATA drive

Can anything be done to get data out of a dead SATA drive, the drive won't even show up on the list of drives when booting the computer? UPDATE: The drive was never backed-up. It was an external ...
4
votes
4answers
439 views

Can any hard drive of the same format be put into a hot-swap tray?

I'm looking at buying a hot-swap NAS that supports SATA/SATA II hard drives. Can I get any SATA drive and put it into the hot-swap trays it comes with, or will I need to find a certain kind of drive? ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

HP Proliant DL180 G5 server treats 3-TB SATA disks as 750-GB ones

I have this HP Proliant DL180 G5 server, running with the embedded RAID controller (no Smart Array); with this configuration, it only supports 4 SATA disks. Fine. The server has 2 250-GB SATA disks; ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

scsi and ata entries for same hard drive under /dev/disk/by-id

I am trying to set up a ZFS pool using 4 bare drives which I have attached to my Ubuntu system via a SATA hot swap backplane. These are Hitachi SATA drives. When I list the contents of ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Choosing the right backup solution - SCSI vs SATA tape drives

I'm backing up about 100gb worth of data on backup exec and after much deliberation, have decided that tapes are worth another shot (after my ultrium decided to die and munch tapes). Bearing in mind ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

How much impact does hard drive cache have on IO performance

How much impact does hard drive cache have on IO performance Are there any statistics or performance tests available that can tell me if there is a difference is 16MB vs 32MB Cache? If it matters, I ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are there two backplane connectors inside a Dell poweredge r410?

Just received a new 1U server - a Dell Poweredge r410. There are four hot-swap drive trays, which can accommodate either SAS or SATA drives. However, the odd thing is, instead of a single SFF8087 ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views

Same hard drive problems in dmesg on several servers

We have a couple of these SuperMicro MicroCloud units. In total we've got 16 servers (2x8) which all randomly spew these messages in dmesg: [4661350.802707] ata2.00: failed command: WRITE FPDMA ...
4
votes
4answers
405 views

IDE compatability with SATA image

We had an old CNC machine's hard-drive fail recently. The hard-drive is an old 1275MB IDE (Seagate) and there were defiantly bad sectors on it. I was able to image the contents of the drive onto a ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

HP D2700 enclosure and SSDs. Will any SSD work?

I've got an HP D2700 enclosure that I'm looking to shove some 2.5" SSD drives in. Looking at the prices of HP's SSD drives vs something like an Intel 710 and even something less 'enterprisey', there's ...
3
votes
6answers
6k views

find out if disk is IDE or SATA

I need to find out if a disk is IDE or SATA (or anything else, maybe). I know that the device is /dev/sda, so I think it's SATA, but I don't know if I can be sure just by the name. I tried looking at ...
3
votes
5answers
4k views

SATA Drive Replacement on Dell PowerEdge R410

I just talked to our Dell rep about purchasing some PowerEdge R410s and R510s and he made a comment that the SATA drives are 'special' and can't be replaced by aftermarket drives because of some ...
3
votes
3answers
105 views

How to connect SATA disks to copy large amounts of data from them to HP server running CentOS 6

We have an HP Proliant DL320e running CentOS 6. We will get SATA hard disks with data in the formats NTFS, FAT, HFS and HFS+ from which we would like to copy the files to the server (read-only), ...
3
votes
5answers
7k views

how do you mount and format /dev/sda to a different /dev/ name?

We have linux box running fedora. It has a small laptop hard drive running the OS and a 3ware RAID controller running 3 SATA drives RAID 5. When we boot the computer and login, I run “fdisk –l” ...
3
votes
4answers
774 views

Recommended SSD Setup

I'm building a new server which will be running a text search service for our online web services. This service requires fast IO so I am trying to further reduce any potential bottlenecks. I would ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Replace SATA controller without re-installing Windows

I have a machine which just had a motherboard and processor upgrade. The new MB has onboard SATA and so I don't need the PCI SATA controller. Only problem is windows will try boot and fail since it ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Using consumer grade hard drives in a server

My company needs to upgrade a couple of (very) old servers we are currently running, but we are kinda strapped for cash. We got a great offer on a pair of HP DL360 G6 servers, but the hard drive cost ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

Connecting our first tape drive (SAS) to SATA bus

Our small team is considering buying our first tape drive for backups. However, we are still lacking serious enterprise-grade servers and have to rely temporarily on SATA drives in our rigs. Cost ...
3
votes
5answers
269 views

Temporary external mounting of 3.5" SATA/IDE drives

What do you use for temporarily externally mounting 3.5" SATA and IDE hard drives? When I'm in the field and just have a laptop with me, I'd like to be able to mount a client's drive to my laptop for ...
3
votes
1answer
830 views

Can I mix SAS and SATA2 drives on one controller?

I've read here that I can't mix SAS and SATA2 drives on the same controller - is that really true? I understand I shouldn't mix on the same channel, but the same card!? For example, when I plug my ...