Security is not a product, but a process.

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2answers
1k views

Are DNS records private information?

Assuming you wanted to create a subdomain that points to a private location (perhaps the location of a database, or the IP address of a computer you don't want people to attempt SSH-ing into), so you ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Git commit auditing

I have a git server running over ssh and each user has a unix account on the system. Given that two users have access to a repo, how can I be sure which user performed which commit, since the commit ...
13
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4answers
37k views

Any reason not to enable DoS Defense in my router?

I recently found a DoS Defense setting in my DrayTek Vigor 2830 router, which is disabled as default. I'm running a very small server on this network and I take it very serious to have the server up ...
13
votes
4answers
425 views

How to convince my Administrator that Java ON A SERVER is not insecure per se?

The Application We have a small Java application which uses some Camel routes to pick up uploaded files from a webserver, process them and send out some e-mails with the results. The server on which ...
13
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11answers
4k views

Chinese Hacker-Bots attempting to exploit our systems 24/7

Our sites our constantly under attack from bots with IP addresses resolving to China, attempting to exploit our systems. While their attacks are proving unsuccessful, they are a constant drain on our ...
13
votes
2answers
40k views

How can I tell when a given user's password will expire?

Is there a way from either the computer management console or the command line to determine when a user's password will expire? Note: I'm asking this questions for a server that is not part of a ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Does my Oracle DBA need root access?

My Oracle DBA Colleague is requesting root access on our production servers. He is arguing that he need it to perform some operations like rebooting the server and some other tasks. I do not not ...
13
votes
4answers
8k views

Add a user to the “Team Foundation Service Accounts” group in TFS

I need to add a user to the "Team Foundation Service Accounts" group in TFS to be able to run the TFS Integration Tool. I am an administrator on both the machine running TFS and the TFS Install (ie I ...
13
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2answers
14k views

What the meaning of “policy ACCEPT” and “policy DROP” in iptables?

When running service iptables status on 2 CentOS server, one server has policy ACCEPT in Chain INPUT, Chain FORWARD, and Chain OUTPUT another server has policy DROP in Chain INPUT and Chain FORWARD; ...
13
votes
1answer
615 views

“Hostile” network in the company - please comment on a security setup

I have a little specific problem here that I want (need) to solve in a satisfactory way. My company has multiple (IPv4) networks that are controlled by our router sitting in the middle. Typical ...
13
votes
1answer
22k views

Explanation of nodev and nosuid in fstab

I see those two options constantly suggested on the web when someone describes how to mount a tmpfs or ramfs. Often also with noexec but I'm specifically interested in nodev and nosuid. I basically ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Has anyone got billed for malicious activities (DDoS) on a cloud server? [closed]

I would like to know if anyone got billed beyond expectation on a cloud service because of malicious activities (DDoS, etc)? How does EC2 and/or Rackspace Cloud handle these issues? Thank you!
13
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4answers
928 views

Reliable software keylogger detection?

I may be dreaming here, But is there a reliable method for keylogger software detection? I'm primarily a developer but I run a couple servers and the thing that worries me most is a software ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

SELinux vs. AppArmor vs. grsecurity

I have to set up a server that should be as secure as possible. Which security enhancement would you use and why, SELinux, AppArmor or grsecurity? Can you give me some tips, hints, pros/cons for those ...
12
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12answers
2k views

Is it ethical to hack real systems? [closed]

Is it ethical to hack real systems owned by someone else? Not for profit, but to test your security knowledge and learn something new. I talk only about hacks, which does not make any damage to system,...
12
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17answers
1k views

What are the arguments for and against a network policy where the sys admin knows users passwords? [closed]

I'd like to know pros and cons.. reasons for and against the idea of sys admin’s maintaining user account lists with passwords.. and additionally not allowing those users to change their passwords. I ...
12
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23answers
2k views

Is being paranoid a required 'quality' for Sys/Net administrators?

Is being Paranoid considered an (unspoken) 'requirement' for a Sys/Net admin to have (obviously for security reasons)? Is there such a thing as being overly paranoid?, or should we be trustful of ...
12
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7answers
2k views

Preventing theft of data on remotely deployed servers exposed to physical access [closed]

I am trying to think of a way to secure Linux servers that are exposed to physical access. My specific platform are small form factor Linux servers on a PC Engines brand alix2d13 mother board. The ...
12
votes
12answers
7k views

what's a secure way to send passwords over the internet?

I'm looking for the best way to send passwords over the internet safely. Options I've looked at are PGP and encrypted RAR files. There are no real parameters other than getting from point a to point ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it really secure to connect to a server by SSH from hotels during a journey?

Is it really secure to connect to a server using SSH from hotels during a journey? Server: - CentOS 7 - Authorisation only by RSA key - password auth is denied - Non-standard port Workstation: - ...
12
votes
8answers
3k views

is this a hack attempt?

Looking through my 404 logs I noticed the following two URLs, both of which occurred once: /library.php=../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../proc/self/environ and ...
12
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13answers
3k views

Password expiration policies [closed]

Having just received an email from a supplier informing us that they would be forcing us to change our password every six months, I'm curious to see what password expiration policies people use and ...
12
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4answers
5k views

Can a virtual machine (VM) “hack” another VM running on the same physical machine?

Questions: if a VM is corrupted (hacked), what do I risk on others VMs running on the same physical machine? What kind of security issues is there between VMs running on the same physical host? Is ...
12
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9answers
22k views

How to secure a public facing Remote Desktop Server?

I am looking at needing to expose my Remote Desktop Server (Terminal Services) to be accessed from outside our network. Right now, it can only be accessed from inside our network. I know it's easy ...
12
votes
3answers
6k views

Why does traceroute fail for amazon.com, yahoo.com, and ebay.com?

While troubleshooting performance issues on our network, I ran traceroute on various websites. The following websites would repeatedly not complete traceroute: yahoo.com amazon.com ebay.com ...
12
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4answers
1k views

How do I deal with the removal/eradication of an unknown worm on our network?

TL;DR I'm pretty sure our small network has been infected by some sort of worm/virus. It seems to only be afflicting our Windows XP machines, however. Windows 7 machines and Linux (well, yea) ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Apache: Scammers point dozens of domain names at my dedicated IP. How to prevent this?

For the sake of discussion, pretend that I have an Apache webserver which serves a website at www.example.org. This domain name resolves to the public IP address at 192.168.1.100 (pretend this is a ...
12
votes
6answers
34k views

What permissions / ownership to set on PHP Sessions Folder when running FastCGI / PHP-FPM (as user “nobody”)?

I'm having trouble getting a number of scripts running because PHP-FPM can't write to my session folder: "2009/10/01 23:54:07 [error] 17830#0: *24 FastCGI sent in stderr: "PHP Warning: Unknown: ...
12
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7answers
11k views

What are the pros/cons of blocking a program from running in %appdata%, %temp%, etc.?

While researching ways to prevent CryptoLocker, I saw a forum post that advised using Group Policy Objects (GPO) and/or antivirus software to block run access in the following locations: %appdata% %...
12
votes
3answers
350 views

Suspected server or data vulnerability and reporting a fraud site

Our business is YouGotaGift.com, an online store for gift cards, two days ago someone created a website that's called YoGotaGift.com (You is missing the u), and sent a mail campaign to many people ...
12
votes
3answers
13k views

How to perform a secure rsync between servers across an unsecured network

Basically what I'm asking is, has anyone come across a means by which to wrap rsync inside ssh. With OpenSSH v4.9+ sftp has some nice options that allow you to chroot the incoming connection and such ...
12
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3answers
8k views

How do I setup sshd on Mac OS X to only allow key-based authentication?

I have a Mac OS X machine (Mac mini running 10.5) with Remote Login enabled. I want to open the sshd port to the Internet to be able to login remotely. For security reasons I want to disable remote ...
12
votes
1answer
4k views

Only allow password authentication to SSH server from internal network

I have an OpenSSH 5.9p1 server running on Ubuntu Precise 12.04 which accepts connections from both the internal network and the Internet. I'd like to require public key authentication for connections ...
12
votes
5answers
24k views

A secure, standard iptables rule-set for a basic HTTP(s) webserver

I have been trying to put together a basic server iptables script that will work for most sites just running a basic webserver using HTTP(S) and SSH (ports 80, 443, & 22). After all, most VPS only ...
12
votes
2answers
875 views

How to Isolate PCI Compliance

We currently process, but do not store, credit card data. We authorize the cards via a self developed application using the authorize.net API. If possible, we would like to limit all requirements of ...
12
votes
3answers
15k views

How to set up my own full-featured certificate authority?

I'd like to set up a certificate authority, which I can then import to all the company's browsers and systems to get rid of all those nasty client warnings when using HTTPS or SSL.
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Server credential management for Linux and Windows

We are a relatively small shop (as far as number of sysadmins) with a mix of RHEL, Solaris, Windows 2003 and Windows 2008 servers; about 200 servers in all. For our administrator accounts (root in ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Has my Linux server been compromised? How do I tell? [duplicate]

Running (X)Ubuntu 10.04.2 LTS behind a router. I just received an email from my root account on that machine, with the following subject: *** SECURITY information for <hostname>: The ...
12
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2answers
2k views

How safe are Unattended Upgrades/Automatic Updates for Ubuntu

I'm in the process of trying to keep several ubuntu box's up to date and patched (10.4.2 LTS), one suggestion I've been getting is setting up unattended upgrades (https://help.ubuntu.com/community/...
12
votes
4answers
12k views

Is there a windows equivalent to chroot?

On a *nix system I can use a chroot to isolate two processes from each other and from the rest of the system. Is there any similar security system under windows? Or is there any way to prevent two ...
12
votes
2answers
10k views

Anything Close to an NSA Guide for Securing RHEL 6 [closed]

Some in our infrastructure group want to upgrade to start taking advantage of the new features in RHEL 6. In the past, I have relied on the NSA Guide (www.nsa.gov/ia/_files/os/redhat/rhel5-guide-i731....
12
votes
1answer
4k views

Enable blowfish-based hash support for crypt

How do I enable crypt_blowfish support for shadowed passwords and PHP on a Linux (Debian) server? I'm referring to the OpenBSD-style Blowfish-based bcrypt, known in PHP as CRYPT_BLOWFISH. As far as ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

Reviewing firewall rules

I need to review firewall rules of a CheckPoint firewall for a customer (with 200+ rules). I have used FWDoc in the past to extract the rules and convert them to other formats but there was some ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Access control: Windows vs Linux

I'm reading MIT 6.893 lectures on which it says protection in Unix is a mess, no underlying principle, and it also points out that Windows has better alternatives, which can pass privileges from one ...
12
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2answers
1k views

What do the OS X authorization mechanisms actually do?

Background  I'm trying to glean a better understanding of the OS X login process, in order to decide the best way for achieving VPN Single Sign On. Please do correct me if I'm wrong, but I believe ...
11
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11answers
1k views

Site hacked, looking for security advice [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: My server's been hacked EMERGENCY Last weekend my company's site was hacked. They did the nicest thing of doing that on a Friday evening so we only noticed the attack ...
11
votes
5answers
3k views

Does Linux really need Anti-Virus (other than hosted file scanning)

A large company is doing a review of our software before they will use the web software built by our start-up company. We are using Linux to host, which is properly secured and hardened. The ...
11
votes
7answers
15k views

How to log every linux command to a logserver

I want every single command typed to go to a logserver. Already configured is the syslog-ng to send all logs to the logserver. I'm interested in any and all methods to do this. I would expect ...
11
votes
10answers
1k views

Pull network or power? (for contianing a rooted server)

When a server gets rooted (e.g. a situation like this), one of the first things that you may decide to do is containment. Some security specialists advise not to enter remediation immediately and to ...
11
votes
11answers
6k views

Server room door security

I wanted to know if anybody had any recommendations as to how to keep the server room secure from employees. There is a lock on the door, however, anybody with a building master (maintenance, owners, ...