A shell is terminology for a command-line interpreter most commonly used with Unix-like operating systems, but also used to interact with GUI-based operating systems in a more granular fashion. Not only does it allows the user to run programs from a text interface, but frequently offers basic ...

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59 views

Elevated privileges for non-modifiable install script

I need to give permission to a local user to run an installation script that requires root privilege. So I created a special group in which this user is a member of and gave the permissions to the ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

different interactive and non-interactive shells

A user account has it's shell defined in passwd file as bash. I would like to change this user account's shell to tcsh for non-interactive jobs (like ssh ), but keep interactive shell to bash. Is ...
-1
votes
1answer
194 views

Login by ssh , change the remote PS1 and don't quit the remote ssh shell [closed]

I want to change PS1 when i ssh another centos strshell = 'PS1="remote!"' os.system("ssh -i %s -l%s -p%s %s %s"%(SSH_KEY,SSH_USER,SSH_PORT,des,strshell)) ssh quit automatically. I want to ...
0
votes
2answers
246 views

How do I capture the Maven Jar name as a part of a Hudson job?

I have a Maven 3 job configured in my Hudson server. When the Hudson server successfully builds the Maven jar, I have the jar being deployed to an SCP repository on another server. I want to execute ...
-2
votes
1answer
2k views

Crontab not working to send email [closed]

I have CentOs 6.5 running on a VPS Host. I installed crontab and email using the below commands yum install vixie-cron service start crond chkconfig crond --levels 235 on yum install sendmail ...
1
vote
0answers
794 views

SSH without invoking shell

I've managed to mess up some shared libraries on my system, and now my shell cannot be run, thus locking me out of the system. Both ssh, sftp, and scp, as configured on the remote system, seem to rely ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

How to access a system with write permission after file system check fails?

I created three new partitions, but after a reboot, the system is being dropped to a shell: /dev/mapper/group-newpartition: clean, 11/655360 files, 276620/2621440 blocks [FAILED] An error occurred ...
-2
votes
1answer
280 views

zsh substitution, can't do regex with repetition

I'm trying to perform ZSH variable substitution, but I'm having to do it the lame way, by piping through cut. Is it possible to perform this operation entirely within ZSH? ...
0
votes
1answer
642 views

Where is this bash shell alias being configured?

While logged in as root onto a CentOS 6.5 system, I run ># alias alias cp='cp -i' alias l.='ls -d .* --color=auto' alias ll='ls -l --color=auto' alias ls='ls --color=auto' alias mv='mv -i' alias ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

chattr: undefined symbol: set_com_err_gettext

I've moved my CentOS 6.5 installation to a new server and I'm unable to use chattr on my new server: chattr: symbol lookup error: chattr: undefined symbol: set_com_err_gettext How to resolve this ? ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

Can't run AWS CLI from CRON (credentials)

Trying to run a simple AWS CLI backup script. It loops through lines in an include file, backs those paths up to S3, and dumps output to a log file. When I run this command directly, it runs without ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

How to prevent syslog message popping in a ssh session without affect other sessions?

i have a machine(RHEL 5.2) which receives syslog message from remote machines. And now it keeps popping message from remote machine in a ssh shell, which is annoying when i want to do something on it. ...
0
votes
0answers
157 views

Distributing Master node ssh key

For the master node to passwordless-ly ssh into the slaves, the master needs to distribute its ssh key to the slaves. Copying key using ssh-copy-id asks for the user password. If there are hundreds of ...
2
votes
3answers
192 views

Can I use Bash interpreter in service/daemon scripts?

I'm writing a Debian/Ubuntu service that should start on at runlevel 2-5. Most of the existing services I came accross are written using /bin/sh (Shell) interpreter while /bin/bash (Bash) offer lot ...
2
votes
3answers
174 views

Common login script

Few weeks ago I thought it would be a good idea to write a script which should send me an email whenever some user would log in into my server. So I came to a perfectly working script ...
0
votes
7answers
3k views

better way to loop through a list of servers

I regularly do things where I loop through a list of servers to take some action. For example: for s in `cat servers.txt` ; do echo; echo $s ssh $s 'do something' done I'm wondering (from a ...
0
votes
1answer
519 views

Shell script won't run ruby script file

My shell script (my_shell.sh) won't run the ruby script ("ruby_script_1.rb) in it. my_shell.sh #!/bin/sh # Invoke the ruby script here ./ruby_script_1.rb It could not find where the ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Bash function hangs while command run perfectly without function

Following function hangs : ssh() { local RESULTS; RESULTS=$(ssh $USERNAME@$SERVER $SSH_COMMAND1); echo $RESULTS; } ssh; while if i run following commands they work fine : ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Access local console via SSH

I am searching for a way to interact with a local console via SSH - just as you would do with an directly connected keyboard. In my particular case I got a debian server (console only, no X system) ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Ctrl-C is ignored by pppd when put in a shell script

I'm trying to connect to GPRS network through a serial port connected GSM modem. When I call /usr/sbin/pppd call <peer_name> from the command line, It correctly receives and handles Ctrl+C from ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

prevent normal users from running code on a cluster outside of pbs system

In our cluster with PBS batch system (torque) installed, we wish all the users execute their jobs by qsub so that the CPU resources can be well managed. However, it is found that users in our cluster ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

How to log multiline message with logger command?

I want to log a multiline message into the system logger via the commabnd echo -e "foo\nbar" | logger But it appear as 2 logs. Is it possible to log as a single log?
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Hide the output of a shell command only on success?

Hiding the output of a shell command usually involves redirecting stderr and stdout. Is there any builtin facility or command which by default hides the output but on error dumps all the accumulated ...
2
votes
2answers
351 views

How to keep script from swallowing all of stdin?

I have a script that reads from a pipe in a loop and runs an expect script and a normal shell script in the loop. Both scripts run ssh to another server to grab a piece of data. For example: cat ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Delete oldest directory, skipping two of them

I have to delete oldest directory. But, two of directories does not have to be "included" in this action. So, directory content looks like this: [root@myserver backup]# ls -la total 84 drwxr-xr-x 21 ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Linux locale: en_US.UTF-8 vs en_US

I usually config my ubuntu via sudo locale-gen --purge en_US.UTF-8 And I've the installed locales # locale -a C C.UTF-8 en_US.utf8 POSIX Is it okay since I am missing en_US?
9
votes
7answers
920 views

Find directories, where files with a specific ending are missing

I want to display all directories, that do not contain files with a specific file ending. Therefore I tried using the following code: find . -type d \! -exec test -e '{}/*.ENDING' \; -print In this ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

locale-gen with purge does not work

I use the --purge option to remove existing locales before generating new one, but seems cannot remove existing locales? e.g. # locale-gen --purge en_US # locale -a C en_AG en_AU.utf8 en_BW.utf8 ...
1
vote
5answers
325 views

How to split the output into different files?

I have a input file like foo xxx yyy zzz foo xxx yyy zzz foo xxx yyy zzz foo xxx yyy zzz bar xxx yyy zzz bar xxx yyy zzz foo xxx yyy zzz .. How to split the input file by line, into foo.txt ...
0
votes
1answer
891 views

Shell script only executes partially when run with CRON [duplicate]

I've written a shell script that does the following: Retrieve mail from a POP3 account (using GetMail) Save a copy of that email to S3 (using AWS CLI) Email me the filesize of the email The ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Replacing LineFeed \x0a with SED

I have to delete lots of Linefeeds (Hex \x0a) in a logfile. I just have sed to solve the problem. It is a bit complicated I know.. Do you have idea how to solve the problem? Here is an example ...
8
votes
1answer
19k views

What's the difference between sudo su - postgres and sudo -u postgres?

PostgreSQL users peer authentication on unix sockets by default, where the unix user must be the same as the PostgreSQL user. So people frequently use su or sudo to become the postgres superuser. I ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “su --command” and “su --session-command”?

Running # su - oliver --command bash gives a shell but also prints the warning bash: no job control in this shell, and indeed Ctrl+Z and fg/bg don't work in that shell. Running # su - oliver ...
0
votes
1answer
895 views

Disable the ability to hide bash command history

User can hide the command history in bash by either append a space before the command unset HISTFILE How to disable this?
0
votes
1answer
4k views

Create setenv.sh to set system property

I have to use setenv.sh to set system properties. I am using Linux OS and Tomcat Server 6. As described here Linux Environment- setenv.sh , I have created a setenv.sh in tomcat/bin, and the only ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Dpkg: After comparing config files, how do I revert back to make my choice?

I'm part way through a fairly large apt-get upgrade which had 65 packages to be updated. I've gotten to a config file "merge conflict" where both my local config (containing a licence key) and the ...
0
votes
2answers
365 views

Gnu parallel not utilizing all the CPU

I have a simple python script that read from stdin (a single line), do some processing (string parsing, no IO involved) and output to stdout e.g. python parse.py < in.txt > out.txt I have an ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

How to set the default shell when chsh is not present

I've a Synology DS412+ NAS box running Busybox, which has a default shell of ash. Previously, ipkg install optware-devel was run and it installed bash and set it as the default shell. Running ipkg ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Symbolic link and sudo

I create a symbolic link: ln -s /tmp/folder1 /tmp/folder2 Then I go to /tmp/folder2 and run pwd: $ cd /tmp/folder2/ $ pwd /tmp/folder2 $ sudo pwd /tmp/folder1 # <-- This is the odd part Why ...
-1
votes
2answers
391 views

can't find the executable for the command linux 'source' [closed]

i am using ubuntu server 12.04 lts. I am looking for the executable of the linux command source i can not find in the /bin nor /usr/bin nor /usr/sbin nor /usr/local/bin . I used whereis source it ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Is there a streamlined way to export settings from an existing CentOS 5.10 server for local Vagrant provisioning? (Puppet, Chef, shell, or otherwise)

I've recently started the process of learning how to use Vagrant for spinning up a local development environment. (after getting frustrated with the various WAMP stack options) Vagrant is great so ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

rsync: getcwd(): No such file or directory (2)

I want to sync Server1 and Server2's logs to LogServer. For Server1: rsync -avz -e 'ssh -p 2188' user@server1:/usr/local/servers/logs/* /usr/local/logs/ This one works, but for Server2: rsync ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

How can the mutt shell-escape feature be disabled?

We are thinking of offering mutt for our member's email client. The user's shell is instead the mutt application launched on their Maildir folder. It works great so far but one huge problem is the ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Inspecting how $PATH gets created

Is it possible to "listen" to a variable's value during the start of a new shell? I have a script that checks for the $PATH variable in the typical places, but I'd like to try something different. ...
2
votes
3answers
360 views

How do i change the global login shell on a unix system?

I want to set the login shell (the shell they get when they log in) of all existing and future users. The correct way to change the login shell seems to be chsh. But this only allows me to change the ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

Automatically starting C# Mono application on Ubuntu server

I have a TCP server written in C# which I will run on my server. I've tested the application running on the server and client side and it all works great! I'm using mono on my Linux server to run the ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

ssh dissable login, but allow copy-id

I have a user that's only used for a proxy, so no one can login. #passwd file entry proxyuser:x:996:99::/home/proxyuser:/bin/false but, I'd like to enable ssh-copy-id to that user How do I do ...
0
votes
4answers
534 views

cron job executing script [duplicate]

I have created a script that works as expected in shell but cron job does not seem to run it. when I check my cron mail, I see that it prints "hltv is not running" but does not create a screen ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

Changing the mysql bind-address within a script

What would be the best way to change the mysql bind-address in the my.cnf from a shell script? Is there a way using a tool like mysqladmin or should I use sed or should I simply append it to the ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Creating an environment variable for a specific user

When you set an environment variable in linux is it set only for the user who executes it, or can you specify a user when you store it, or instead is it always available for all users?