Tagged Questions

RAID solution handled by the operating system.

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0
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0answers
16 views

Rebuilding raid1 array fails device busy

I had a hard disk fail on my server, so I got the provider to replace the hard disk. Unfortunately I forgot to do mdadm /dev/mdX --fail /dev/sdaY for the disks. Now after a reboot, I get this: ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

mdadm RAID6 to RAID60

Is it easy to convert a RAID6 to a RAID60? Right now, I have an 8-drive RAID6. I'm looking to upgrade to a 3U 16-bay system and thinking of having a 16-drive RAID60. Is it possible to move my ...
2
votes
4answers
373 views

Raid 1 across 3 partitions, what does it mean?

I see a server with this kind of configuration. What does it mean? # cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] md0 : active raid1 sda1[0] sdc1[2] sdb1[1] 48827264 blocks super 1.0 [3/3] [UUU] ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Can Windows Storage Spaces Mirror use 5 HDD in JBOD?

I have a 5 disk USB 3.0 enclosure (JBOD configuration, Windows see's 5 physical disks) with a max of 4TB per disk. I want to make a Windows Storage Spaces in mirrored mode (all data written to 2 ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Setting up a bootable multi-device (RAID 1) using Linux Software RAID

I'm trying to setup a bootable software RAID that will contain the root filesystem and boot up Linux Mint Qiana. It will be used to run a few graphical monitoring applications in a small datacenter, ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Disabling damaged RAID 1 to read from healthy HDD

One of the HDDs in my software RAID 1 on a dedicated server is damaged. The customer support is slow to respond. I would like to transfer all data I need to another server, but file access is ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

With a the built-in Windows software-RAID1 mirror, what procedure does Windows follow on an unreadable sector? [migrated]

For modern retail hard drives, the Unrecoverable Read Error (URE) is around 1x10E14 bits. This translates into one bad sector for every 12 terabytes of data read. For enterprise class hard drives, its ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Windows 2008 R2 server software RAID-5

After one of the reboots (normal one after windows update) Windows 2008 R2 marks software RAID-5 disks (OS-Based) as "Invalid". RAID structure is intact - I can see it via R-STUDIO. All data are OK ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

LVM RAID10 “Won't be synchronised” - What does it mean?

I was creating an LVM RAID 10 across 4 physical volumes (each 3TB) when I got the following error message: WARNING: New raid10 won't be synchronised. Don't read what you didn't write! My googling ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

MDADM remove drive during recovery

I would like to know that can I remove a drive during a recovery process from a RAID1 array: What happend is that SDD had bad sectors, I removed it with mdadm --manage /dev/md0 --fail /dev/sdd1 ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Configuring RAID1 on HP Proliant Microserver N54L / Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS [duplicate]

I've bought a N54L and fitted two 3GB drives. Keen to get set up with RAID1. BIOS: SATA controller mode set to "RAID" RAID Option ROM utility: both physical drives set up as one logical drive When ...
1
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2answers
67 views

Should I partition a RAID or just create a file system on it? [duplicate]

Given a RAID 6 created from 6 drives /dev/md0 which should be used fully for data (no booting from it, root and swap are on a different drive), should I create one partition on that device and then ...
2
votes
1answer
945 views

Unable to mount '/dev/sda'

My server has two 2 TB hard disk drives in soft RAID 1. I can't mount /dev/sda. Output of parted -l root@rescue:~# parted -l Model: ATA HGST HUS724020AL (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 2000GB Sector size ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

RAID 10 and LVM

I have just setup a new SolusVM Xen Node at my DC. I asked them to install CentOS6 with Software RAID 10 and 100GB to root then the remainder to an LVM group for Xen. All in Software RAID 10. The ...
1
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0answers
171 views

Sizing of journal disks with Microsoft Storage Spaces parity volume

I'm currently speccing out a new backup server. It's going to be running Windows Server 2012 R2 with Direct Attached Storage, and I'm considering using Storage Spaces rather than using a RAID card. ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Raid 5 URE rate [duplicate]

I've recently read this post: http://www.standalone-sysadmin.com/blog/2012/08/i-come-not-to-praise-raid-5/ tldr; It basically says that the error rate of a RAID system is tied to the hardware, and ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

mkfs on raw software raid device or partition

I am making a huge RAID10 device (8 TB) for storage on CentOS. I have created the 4 partitions on my 4 physical hard disks and have created the raid device /dev/md2 out of those 4 partitions. Now ...
0
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0answers
78 views

mdadm: All RAID disks look good, but can't access devices

Now, granted, issues with RAID rarely come up (at least with the one that I have to deal with in my life), so I'm not the most experienced person in the world. However, I'm not seeing any issues with ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Windows software RAID 1 with EFI bootloader on both disks

I have a Windows Server 2008r2 with two HDDs installed. The main partition, which has Windows installation on it, is mirrored between the two disks. The problem is, this is a UEFI machine, and EFI ...
1
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0answers
670 views

Ubuntu 14.04 mdadm issues on boot

I have a 14.04 Ubuntu machine which has: 2 x SSD in RAID 1 (md0) 3 x Sata HDD in RAID 5 (md1) The machine is set to boot from the md0 device. This machine has been running fine for a month or so, ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Windows software RAID 1: how to identify which drive failed?

I have a Windows Server 2008 set as RAID 1. Recentely it changed to "Failed Redudancy". How do I know which disk failed? Should I try to resync the array before replacing the disk? If so, what is ...
2
votes
2answers
418 views

Linux RAID 1: How to make a secondary HD boot?

I have the following RAID 1 on a Centos 6.5 server: # cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] md0 : active raid1 sdb1[3] 974713720 blocks super 1.0 [2/1] [_U] bitmap: 7/8 pages [28KB], ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Reassemble RAID 1 array from old system

I recently upgraded my OS from RHEL 5 to 6. To do so, I installed the new OS on new disks, and I want to mount the old disks. The old disks are listed as /dev/sdc and sdd in the new system, they were ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Is there a way to check softraid validity on OpenBSD?

I have more than two very old HDDs in a softraid(4) RAID1 mirroring discipline on OpenBSD. It looks like some of the underlying physical drives may be seeing some I/O errors; but prior to a complete ...
1
vote
2answers
968 views

Will expanding my Synology Hybrid RAID delete the data on the initial disk?

As the title states, I currently have my Synology NAS with a single 4TB drive in it. I now wish to expand this with another 4TB drive. If I expand the volume (it's currently setup as SHR) will the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How do I update the boot environment after software mirroring a Server 2012 R2 OS Volume

I have a single physical server running Windows Server 2012 R2 My original config was a single 240Gb SSD for O/S and two larger spindles for Data storage. On installation, Windows placed 'System ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Software-RAID with ext4 but without 64bit support

last year I set up a Software-RAID5 with 5x3TB yielding 12TB of usable capacity. Just today, needing more storage, I have finished growing the RAID to two more 3TB disks: Personalities : [linear] ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How to copy RAID 1 HDDs from one server to another Identical server

I have one IBM X3100M4, type 2582 windows server and having 2 x 500 GB HDDs in RAID Copy. Now brought new server and having blank HDDs. How can I copy RAID HDDs from Old server to new server? I have ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Missing partition from RAID 0 array - what can be recovered?

System is Fedora Linux, there is RAID 0 array set up via mdadm that have bound together partitions /dev/sda4 and /dev/sdb4. Lately, /dev/sdb failed and became unreadable. Naturally, I started ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Raid1+0: create stripe over two /dev/mdx on partition or not?

Given that I haven't found a way to define how a Raid10 is created with mdadm, i went the Raid1+0 solution. How to display/define Mirror/Stripping pairs with mdadm mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Use old raid drive as boot device without data loss

There were two disks in sw-raid. There were /dev/md1 as swap, /dev/md2 as boot and a /dev/md3 with ext4. The sw-raid was disabled by stopping and removing mdadm and then zeroing the superblock on ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

How to display/define Mirror/Stripping pairs with mdadm

I want to make a standard linux software Raid10 over 4 HDD. The server has 4HDDs, 2 pairs from different vendors in order to avoid batch problems. I want to have the mirror over two different ...
4
votes
2answers
323 views

What steps should I take to best attempt to recover a failed software raid5 setup?

My raid has failed, and I'm not sure what the best steps to take are in order to best attempt to recover it. I've got 4 drives in a raid5 configuration. It seems as if one has failed (sde1), but md ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Upgrade Raid 1 to Raid 0+1 and bootloader issue

I am trying to convert my current RAID 1 to RAID0+1 and facing issue in installing bootloader - please have a look what i am doing. My current configuration is RAID1(2*10GB): [root@localhost ~]# ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Redundancy: LVM+mdadm or LVM internal RAID

The task is to create LVM storage for virtual machine images. So LVM will be used in any case. There are two ways LVM providing redundancy: block mirroring lvcreate -m 1 --mirrorlog mirrored -n ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Transfer from RAID-1 to RAID-0 — easy as cloning?

I have a RAID-1 of 1TB drives using on-board RAID. I have 2 new 240GB SSDs I want to place in RAID-0. This is Windows Server 2012. I know with disk cloning/transferring that it is important going ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the performance implication of hardware vs software RAID in 2-disk RAID0/RAID1 setup?

I am choosing between two similar models of servers, one of which has software RAID, while the other hardware one. Servers in question are SYS-E32-1 and SYS-E32-3 from So you Start (an OVH brand) and ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

SW SSD Raid 1 over HW RAID 10

A provider(data center) recommended I go with 1TB SSDs in a software RAID 1 over HW RAID 10 with mechanical drives. Their quote: Typically SSDs are most reliable than RAID cards and since you ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Check badblocks on RAID-0

Without RAID-0, I usually check bad sectors using this command: fsck -yvckfC -E fragcheck /dev/sdX How to check bad sectors when the harddisk was using RAID-0? should I run it for each drive? ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Did mdadm --create destroy my data?

I think I messed up pretty bad. On my old system, I had 2 identical drive that were assembled with mdadm as a MD RAID 10 with a "far" layout. When building my new system and migrating the two disks, ...
1
vote
1answer
467 views

mdadm Stuck at rebuilding spare

I have the following Raid configuration, cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] md4 : active (auto-read-only) raid5 sda5[0] sdd5[4] sdc5[2] sdb5[1] 1536 blocks ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

CentOS System Recovery : Overwritten RAID Superblock and porting to new hardware

I have a failed system running on CentOS 6 and would like to attempt recovery of system. One problem it has is the mdadm superblock appears to have some issues, it has all sorts of inconsistent ...
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votes
0answers
18 views

mdadm - diffference between metadata version

Can anyone tell the difference between all the metadata versions for mdadm? When I try the command mdadm --examine /dev/sda1, I can't seem to find preferred superblocks on version 1.2. Is there a ...
0
votes
0answers
125 views

Software RAID: file system becomes read-only, mdadm fails with SEGFAULT

I have software RAID1 on Ubuntu 10.10 (Linux ubuntu 2.6.35-32-generic-pae). It is dedicated server I control via SSH. Yesterday datacenter people changed one HDD which was crushed. I did not run ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

RAID6 Ubuntu rebuild - how to calculate best parameters for fastest rebuild

I am doing a resync on a RAID6 array and I am looking at some 2 days to complete. I looked here for hints on how to speed it up, but I have, instead, managed to slow it down! HW details are: 10x 4TB ...
2
votes
3answers
103 views

awk ignores the record separator I set for the first record

I am trying to change the record separator but awk does not use the record separator I set until the second record and beyond. I get output like this: ARRAY /dev/md4 level=raid1 num-devices=2 ...
2
votes
2answers
280 views

Linux software-RAID4/RAID5 and CPU usage

In case of RAID4 or RAID5, for each stripe of data bits, a parity bit is stored. For example if I write 0 to drive A and 1 to drive B, then parity bit 1 is stored to drive C. Isn't this a huge load to ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Is it possible to write into RAID chunk multiple times?

As far as I know, (most) file-systems do not support one to write into file-system cluster multiple times. In other words, cluster is the smallest unit in file-system and even if a single bit of ...
1
vote
0answers
198 views

calculating optimal chunk size for Linux software-RAID

Am I correct that optimal chunk size is average file read/written to disk divided by number of block devices in RAID array storing the data? For example if the average file size is 1024KiB and I have ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

mke2fs.ext3 stripe-width option missing

I'm trying to set up an ext3 filesystem on a RAID 6 array (with 6 disks) on XenServer 6.2 linux. All the help I can find tells me to use the -E stride=xx,stripe-width=xx options. However my version ...