Linux divides its physical RAM (random access memory) into chucks of memory called pages. Swapping is the process whereby a page of memory is copied to the preconfigured space on the hard disk, called swap space, to free up that page of memory. The combined sizes of the physical memory(RAM) and the ...

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9
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2answers
5k views

Why does Windows 2008 use swap before the memory is full?

I administer a Windows 2008 server (well, on Amazon EC2) running IIS and a .NET4 Web app. I got a memory alert the other day and went and looked, and sure enough the process memory had grown over ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

How to create a randomly keyed, encrypted swap partition, referring to it “by-uuid”, on Debian?

It is sensible that if you have any sort of block device encryption implemented on your GNU/Linux system, to encrypt your swap partition too, as any decrypted data may be written in cleartext at any ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Ubuntu 14.04 using 100% SWAP with more than 40GB free memory [migrated]

I'm a bit at a loss trying to figure out why this would be the case. Can anyone provide some helpful ideas on troubleshooting this? free -m total used free shared ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Trouble with SWAP on AWS

I created an AWS m3.large instance. It comes with a single 32GB SSD. During the creation process, I added a second drive for the system. I picked the second drive for the system: xvda1 and the ...
1
vote
3answers
67 views

Best way to disable swap in linux

I am running a custom compiled 3.18.9 kernel and I am wondering about the best way to disable swap on the system. I also use init if it makes a difference. Is it enough to comment or remove the swap ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

(mysqld), uid 88 inumber 281675 on /: filesystem full

I created a swap file that was a little to big. So I deleted it. The swap file is gone, but the free space is never reallocated. I have rebooted, fdisk is no help, not sure where to go from here. The ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

How to increase swap space on a live server [duplicate]

On Ubuntu 14.04, the swap file has to be increased as the memory and swap usage are reaching 100% usage. On a live production server, can the swap be increased with minimal disruption to the service? ...
8
votes
3answers
16k views

How to increase swap size?

Recently, I put more ram into my server and now I have got a total of 24GB of RAM. Originally, I setup the OS to have a 2GB swap size. /dev/sdc1 1 281 2257101 82 Linux ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Forcing a user to use swap space after certain memory usage (using limits.conf?)

I have a backend app that is being used internally by developers hosted on our server, however, the app unfortunately requires the use of Passenger and Ruby, both of which are very memory-hungry. I ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Docker memory swap account broken in ubuntu 14.04.2

I'm using ubuntu 14.04.2 . I saw that recently swap support was broken, maybe with a recent kernel upgrade? On a fresh install: cat /etc/default/grub: ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

Ubuntu Server hanging on adding swap

A fresh install of Ubuntu Server is refusing to boot and hanging on "Adding 524284k swap on /dev/mapper/test--vg-swap_1. Priority:-1 extents:1 across:524284k I can get around this by dropping onto ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Swap 99% but regular memory fine

I have a 1GB VPS server. I setup 1GB of swap ram too a few weeks ago and quite often it's hitting 99% whilst the regular memory is usually 40% - 60%. Most of my sites on the server run fine and fast. ...
1
vote
1answer
296 views

Why is /proc/meminfo reporting misleading SwapTotal after suspends

Consider this: [skrat@apex geri]$ cat /proc/meminfo | grep SwapTotal SwapTotal: 18438120 kB [skrat@apex geri]$ swapon -s Filename Type Size Used ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

How to copy locked swap files in ESXi?

Based on this question : How to disable swap files in ESXi?. The main answer states that it is possible to extract data from the swap files (for exemple using strings) so I tried to make a simple ...
-3
votes
1answer
44 views

Does swap on 32-bit OS with 4 GB make sense? [closed]

Does having swap space makes sense if I have a 32 bit OS (Linux) and 4 GB RAM already? As it would have to be addressable with a 32 bit address, which are already all "used up" by the RAM, would ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

understand FreeBSD vmstat output about meory

My Dell PowerEdge server has 24GB memory and 6GB swap. It has some VirtualBox vms (virtual machines), one vm is assigned 10GB memory and no swap. Right now the vm is slow, the vm's vmstat output is: ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Get rid of \040(deleted) swap

By mistake one of our admin on a production machine, deleted the swap file from the system. Without swapping it off. Now we are getting this. /swapfile3\040(deleted) file ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Solaris: how to list swap space per process?

On Solaris, how can I find out how much swap space a given process is occupying? Or even better, how can I list all running processes sorted by swap space usage? I'm asking this particulary for ...
0
votes
3answers
104 views

Why wouldn't I want to enable swap?

I recently had an issue where a rogue process caused some ec2 instances to run out of memory and crash. It probably shouldn't have been an issue, except I was using t2.small instances which are pretty ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

make linux kernel read swap back into memory [closed]

Occasionally, I run a script that uses the majority of the 16GB of physical memory on my workstation. The kernel then swaps out the rest to swap partitions on multiple disks. After the script is ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How do I increase the swap size on a xen guest machine using xm?

I'm attempting to increase the amount of swap on a xen guest machine. At first I thought it'd be similar to increasing the hard drive space, which I do like this: cd /srv/xen/domains/$host/ xm ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

how to swap VM disks in azure?

I've have recreated a virtual machine in azure, when I did it azure assigned an OS disk to the VM which is normal and obvious, and I have a disk from my previous virtual machine. for now I got two ...
1
vote
1answer
497 views

Ubuntu Server 14.04LTS Swappiness for server with 16GB memory

(don't worry I'm not asking what my setting should be, asking for the theory behind some conflicting advice I've read) My application is one that is lightweight and not under much load, but needs to ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Run app only in swap [closed]

I've a very low priority level program who consume large of memory. I need to free RAM for other programs. My objective is to kill -STOP <pid> this process and ```kill -CONT when i need it. But ...
-1
votes
1answer
70 views

Swapfile on SSD and Memory Speed Comparison [closed]

I'm running Ubuntu on Digitalocean's instance that using ssd as their disk, and I'm using swapfile to help memory does the job. What I wanna know is, how can we compare speed between ram and the ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Why is my server using swap even though there is lots of RAM available? [duplicate]

My server has 24 cores, 16 GB RAM, and 8 SSDs on raid 0 (I think). I've noticed it is now using a low of swap space, even though there is plenty of RAM available. load average: 2.70, 2.54, 2.50 Mem: ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

How to enable swap with salt stack?

How can I create and enable permanent 1GB swap file with salt stack that will work after reboot? salt.states.mount.swap does not allow to define swap size. Furthermore I need to define swappiness. ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

How to free swap without rebooting (to avoid hourly alert emails)?

I get alert emails whenever swap usage is at 100%. In my case, swap usage doesn't reduce later on (even though memory is free) so I get an alert email every hour. How can I reduce swap usage without ...
10
votes
11answers
11k views

Linux server is only using 60% of memory, then swapping

I've got a Linux server that's running our bacula backup system. The machine is grinding like mad because it's going heavy in to swap. The problem is, it's only using 60% of its physical memory! ...
5
votes
1answer
420 views

BIND 9.10 constantly killed on FreeBSD 10.0 with out of swap space

In one of our slave DNS servers BIND, version bind910-9.10.0P2_3, constantly get killed with the following message in /var/log/messages: Jul 30 01:00:10 cinnabar kernel: pid 602 (named), uid 53, was ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

plenty of ram but still swapping

this is graph of my server ram you can see in graph that every time I restart mysqld, swap becomes zero. But increases over time. If i put innodb buffer pool in large size swap rises faster and if I ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I create a swap partition on Amazon EC2 with ephemeral storage?

This is the output of df -k: Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/xvda1 10317860 7059008 2734732 73% / none 847584 0 ...
2
votes
2answers
220 views

Swap memory exhausting server even site has small visitors

I have CentOs 6.5 running on a 32bit VPS host. It is running only php-fpm, nginx, and mysql. I have a site that gets on average 20 visitors per day, but I am recently getting this message from my ...
-1
votes
1answer
3k views

puppet logical conditions- “onlyif” and “unless” not working

I have written the following code and this works fine if swap is not in place, but once swap is created and if the script is executed again, it leads to error. I tried adding conditions using onlyif ...
3
votes
6answers
5k views

What and why is my swap space used under linux

on my linux system I get these stats from top: Tasks: 155 total, 1 running, 153 sleeping, 0 stopped, 1 zombie Cpu(s): 1.5%us, 0.3%sy, 0.0%ni, 97.4%id, 0.7%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.0%si, 0.0%st Mem: ...
0
votes
0answers
232 views

swapoff running forever on LVM volume

I'm currently trying to resize my swapspace on a Proxmox VE server with LVM volumes, as I'm running out of space for LVM snapshots and the swapspace is fairly oversized: root@rb-srv-gus:~# free -m ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

lvresize: command not found - RedHat

No search results on google for this. So i am really confused now. I am trying to increase the swap space and lvresize says command not found. Please Help !! using RedHat 64bit
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there any reason to NOT have a swap file on CentOS (DigitalOcean)

I'm running a site on DigitalOcean with CentOS 6.5. As has been noted elsewhere, DigitalOcean servers are by default configured without any sort of swap, and I'm wondering if I should add one. I ...
6
votes
3answers
24k views

How do I tell what process is causing kswapd to be in use?

I see kswapd using 100% CPU... how can I tell on which process's behalf kswapd is being used so much?
-3
votes
1answer
155 views

Improve LAMP performance Ubuntu 12.0.4 [closed]

cpu 1.3% mem 476/490MB swap 347/511mb tasks: 43, 29 thr; 1 running load average: 0.10 0.08 0.06 via htop:<br> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start (listed 8x @ 8.1% mem each) /usr/sbin/mysqld (listed ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

memory leak? RHEL 5.5. RSS show ok, almost no free memory left, swap used heavily

i encounter a very instresting problem, and it seems that some physical may disapper quietly. i am very puzzled, so if anyone could give some help, I would be very appreciated. here is my top show: ...
2
votes
0answers
189 views

Linux (Debian 7 x64) swapping activity despite lots of free memory

Yes, I have reduced vm.swappiness a lot: % sysctl -a | grep swap vm.swappiness = 1 Memory is mostly free: % cat /proc/meminfo | head MemTotal: 8070592 kB MemFree: 2619580 kB ...
40
votes
9answers
11k views

Linux: how to explicitly unswap everything possible?

I've launched something that took lots of memory and now everything lags a lot. I guess all applications' memory has gone to swap in order to free some space for the memory-intensive process, and now ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Why is my server swapping at all?

Munin shows ram that is doing nothing most of the time. But swapping still happens. Quite regularly actually, bogging down the hdd. Or am I seeing the ram graph in the wrong way? How would I go ...
-1
votes
3answers
103 views

Linux makes cache for swap. what for?

It looks like joke: swapfile on "ramdysk" in 64bits system? I look into file: /proc/meminfo and made some investigation. Look for line: SwapCached: nnnnn kB . One is what I don't understand. ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

My Ubuntu VPS is not using available swap, even if OOM. What to do?

I recently added 1 GB of swap to my Ubuntu virtual private server to prevent MySQL crashes on RAM overloading. I followed this tutorial. I use htop to monitor resources. When I use loadimpact to test ...
9
votes
10answers
7k views

How big should the swap partition be?

for some years, I've read that it's a good idea to create a swap partition having the double space of my RAM. does it still apply today? or this isn't needed anymore? I have a server with 8 GiB of ...
0
votes
1answer
187 views

Debian 6 - Linux 2.6.32-5-amd64 - Samba server with 32GB swap - how should i reuse it?

today i have the mission to tuning a Debian samba file server, previously i never ever touched it. RAM = 16GB SWAP = 32GB first of i ran a parted -l and a free -h and i saw one 3TB hdd: /dev/sda ...
1
vote
1answer
328 views

Server failure in minutes due to high httpd-apache use (attack or bug)

In the last week suddenly I get errors for my server. I try to access my website I get 503 errors. When I check top and other things I see these: 60-65 httpd (apache) processes. (Normally I have ...
4
votes
2answers
433 views

How to read `top`. Process list says processes have swap but overview says no swap is being used

I am using top to monitor my server. The swap row reads Swap: 1044220k total, 0k used, 1044220k free, 148544k cached I have hit O p to sort by swap. PID USER PR NI VIRT RES ...