TC is the linux tool used to manipulate the traffic control functionality in the kernel.

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HTB equal bandwith sharing per ip in one class

In my tc configuration (shown below) in one class all bandwidth is shared among connections equally, but I want to share bandwidth among all IP addresses equally. Now: 192.168.0.2 - 38KB/s ...
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1answer
2k views

Implementing HTB, NetEM, and TBF traffic control simultaneously

I am working on a bash utility that will use several aspects of the tc Linux command line utility to emulate various network conditions. I have successfully constructed several qdisc hierarchies, one ...
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1answer
435 views

Limit monthly traffic per interface

I'm trying to deploy an application for a limited monthly traffic. Please can you tell me how can I do this ? I need to limit traffic on an interface under linux.
3
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1answer
379 views

Bandwidth Throttling using tc qdiscs

I am trying to limit the bandwidth between a simple iperf server and client, using a third, passive machine acting as a bridge. With no interference, iperf returns a bandwidth of ~90 Mbits/sec. My ...
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1answer
562 views

How to slow down and share incoming network traffic using TC (traffic shaping)

I am trying to slow down incoming packets for a specific program, while a second one will have full access to the unused bandwidth. In other words, I want to control the network bandwidth sharing in ...
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1answer
638 views

Meaning of requeues of tc command

I ran this tc bellow and it outputs requeues with high number, do you know what this requeues means? By the way, it keeps increasing over the time. I look at man tc but I couldn't find anything. $ ...
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1answer
663 views

Openvpn limit bandwidth

I would like to ask you a question concerning openvpn and the possibility to increase the bandwidth in case I want to transfer files. I have an openvpn server via which I connect to my data center. ...
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1answer
291 views

packet loss only on Tx using tc(Traffic Control) in Linux

I'm aware that one can introduce packet loss in a Linux machine using tc. For example: tc qdisc change dev eth0 root netem loss 10% However, is it possible to specify a traffic direction where ...
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1answer
9k views

How can I limit the upload/download bandwidth on my CentOS server?

How can I limit the upload and download bandwidth on my CentOS server? This is a box with a single interface, eth0. Ideally, I would like a command-line solution (I've been trying to use tc), ...
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43 views

Is It Possible to Attach multiple Ports to a TC Filter?

I need to limit the bandwidth/rate by ports, and as a server there would be thousands of ports. Due to the limit of tc filter, I wonder if it is possible for multiple discreate ports to share a same ...
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1answer
54 views

How Many Filters Can We Have — LINUX QOS

I am doing Qos on Linux server using TC. According to the grammar of tc tool, the handle of a filter must be between 800::001 and 800::FFF. And because 0XFFF equals 4095 in decimal, so we can only ...
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126 views

Why Parent Class In a TC Rules Tree Not Working

The parent class in my TC rules script doesn't work as it garanteed! Can somebody tell me what is wrong with my script? Here are some details about my question: From the chapter "9.5.4.4. Sample ...
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1answer
453 views

Why This TC Script Not Working

Our application has three classes of traffic, and every type of traffic involves three ports. We want to limit the traffic by port number via TC, so I made a simple TC script to have the test, however ...
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2answers
597 views

Linux qos: tc DRR qdisc does not work

There is tc queue discipline DRR(Dificite Round Robin) . It has same capabilities, as HTB, but instead of using buckets, filled with tokens, it just assignes every queue some Dificit Counter. On ...
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1answer
291 views

What do these two QOS script statements mean

I am studying the QOS utility of Linux -- TC -- recently, and today I encountered below two statments from a bandwidth-limit script on Linux: tc filter add dev eth0 parent 1: prio 1 protocol ip ...
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1answer
615 views

Can TC limit bandwidth by the Qos field of IP header

We are developing a client/server applications. There are three types of network data in our server app: Realtime data such as those of Video/audio, Critical Data such as those of Database data and ...
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2answers
628 views

Shaping of outgoing traffic in linux for channel with unknown width

Is there any way to divide outgoing channel between different traffic class, for example, with relation 30/70, if I don't know channel width? HTB requires exact numbers, and CBQ too.
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1answer
411 views

TCP packet filter based on TCP sequence

I need to build a test environment with a very precise packet loss based on specific TCP sequence or, optionally, on payload content. I couldn't figure out how to do it with tc or iptables. What tool ...
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2answers
473 views

Can TC (Linux Qos Utility) limit bandwidth usage of target applications?

We have many applications running on the same server machine which is inside a network of servers. We want limit the bandwidth of our applications to specific value. So here are some choices: ...
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1answer
55 views

How can we set variable throttle bandwidth values using tc?

I'm building a network application and need to test its behavior under various bandwidths. This question is an offshoot of this question. I was successfully able to test my application for different ...
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1answer
2k views

tc filter replace, tc filter change doesn't work

I have a tc filter rule: tc filter add dev eth0 protocol ip prio 1 u32 match ip dst 10.0.0.3 flowid 1:14 if I try to 'change' this filter rule I get an error: # tc filter change dev eth0 protocol ...
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1answer
3k views

How to add delay to incoming traffic?

For purpose of continuous testing, I would like have apache server to serve static files with at least 20ms delay. I tried to find a apache configuration setting or a plugin with similar ability, but ...
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1answer
5k views

Linux Traffic Control: qdisc mq

On my Linux system I see this: # ip link list .... 2: eth2: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP mode DEFAULT qlen 1000 .... What's qdisc mq? In ...
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1answer
2k views

VLAN based rate limiting using tc

I have been trying to perform VLAN based rate limiting on an academic project I am working on. The project uses Openflow (with Beacon controller) and the network is emulated using Mininet. The network ...
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3answers
8k views

Resetting a queue discipline back to the default pfifo_fast one?

I'm trying to temporarily set a rate-limited queue discipline and then remove it a bit later: # /sbin/tc qdisc add dev eth1 root tbf rate 600kbit latency 50ms burst 1540 # /sbin/tc qdisc del dev eth1 ...
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2answers
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how to limit upload bandwidth per user in linux?

Can anyone provide the tc command to limit upload bandwidth per user in Debian Lenny? I found that to mark packets per user with iptables I can use the following command iptables -t mangle -A OUTPUT ...
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2answers
3k views

Limiting bandwidth on internal interface on Linux gateway

I am responsible for a Linux-based (it runs Debian) branch office router that takes a single high-speed Internet connection (eth2) and turns it into about 20 internal networks, each with a seperate ...
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196 views

htb with an inner gred how to setup filter to reach DPs

I want to create a qos htb class and within this class there is a gred queue. how do I add a working filter for each red queue in the gred queue? what i tried was: DEV=lo SOMEGREDETTINGS="limit ...
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2answers
2k views

lxc bandwidth control using tc

I am trying to restrict bandwidth inside my containers. I have tried using the following commands , But I think it is not getting effective. cd /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls/ echo 0x1001 > ...
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307 views

tc rules block traffic from some hosts at network

I have a problem I can not solve. The script, which sets the rules for traffic shaping is blocking the traffic from some hosts.If I remove all the rules, then it works. I can not understand why? ...
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1answer
442 views

tc don't see marked packets

Server has 2 interfaces: eth1 with address 13.0.0.254/24 eth0 with address 172.20.203.4/24. It's routing traffic between this two networks. Task is to limit bandwidth between this two networks to ...
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2answers
819 views

nginx clobbering sftp traffic during peak times - is tc the answer?

This is probably a continuation of my previous (unanswered) question because the underlying cause is probably the same. I have a Linux server with nginx and sshd running on it. It's on a shared ...
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1answer
108 views

Does TC rate policing mangle packets?

I'm trying to limit traffic to test performance of some in-house applications, but I am getting inconsistent results when configuring my home PC and my company testbed. The goal is to police the rate ...
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1answer
3k views

Linux tc htb + prio = very slow link

I'm trying to shape the traffic going out of my DSL link (verified 1 mbit upload) using Linux (3.2) tc, HTB, and PRIO. My Linux box is connected via a Gigabit Ethernet link to the ADSL modem. I want ...
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Defining an explicit parent in traffic control rules

In traffic control, will an explicit parent declaration in a filtering rule override a flowid definition? E.g.; tc qdisc add dev eth0 root handle 1: htb default 20 tc class add dev eth0 parent 1: ...
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1answer
2k views

Difference between HTB Rate and Ceil Values

What is the difference between the HTB rate and Ceil values?
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1answer
8k views

Using tc to delay packets to only a single IP address

I am new to using tc and netem. I want to delay packets being sent to a specific IP address. However, the commands below cause all packets on the system to be delayed, instead of just to the IP ...
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2answers
904 views

Linux Traffic Shaping With TC & Proxy

I have a Linux box being used as a router. It has 2x interfaces, one which connects to the internet (it uses NAT) and one which connects to a local network serving multiple computers. I would like ...
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1answer
290 views

Matching last fragment of IP packets using tc or ipfilter

I am transmitting UDP packets of say 2900 bytes. Due to fragmentation, packet is divided in 2 IP fragments. My tc u32 filter (more fragments bit and IP/PORT combination) matches only first fragment ...
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5answers
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tc u32 — how to match L2 protocols in recent kernels?

I have a nice shaper, with hashed filtering, built at a linux bridge. In short, br0 connects external and internal physical interfaces, VLAN tagged packets are bridged "transparently" (I mean, no VLAN ...
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590 views

tc u32 match protocol [any] in recent kernels — where to discuss?

I've been using debian with 2.6.26 kernel; now I've started to test 2.6.32 for my needs. And I've noticed that u32 filter behaves differently for, namely, "protocol 802.1q". To discover the tendency, ...
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1answer
3k views

Linux income filtering based on private destination IP address

I am trying to set up a QoS script in my OpenWRT box so that traffic coming from the Internet is classified into a low prio and a high prio class. The criteria to classify traffic is its destination ...
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2answers
5k views

Tool to monitor bandwidth utilization per traffic (tc) class on linux

Some time in the past, i came across a siple tool that showed live in a 1sec interval, in human readable format, the bandwidth utilization seperated per tc class on your linux server. Unfortunately, i ...
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1answer
5k views

deleting filters in tc

I have added a filter in tc as follows: tc filter add dev eth0 parent 1: protocol ip handle 6 fw flowid 1:6 This should be sending packets marked by iptables with '--set-mark 6' to class 1:6. The ...
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1answer
3k views

Limit bandwidth using tc, iptables, and htb

I'm running a Debian server and was wondering if there are good resources out there, to which you can point me, where I can read about traffic limitations. I have couple users sharing one server. ...
2
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2answers
1k views

tc prio qdisc for priorization of mysql traffic

I am struggling with tc prio qdisc for a few hours now. I have read the lartc Documentation, Examples and HowTos, but this whole thing is kinda new for me and somewhat confusing :) So this is my ...
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3answers
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Tc: ingress policing and ifb mirroring

I'm trying to setup traffic shaping on a Linux gateway as written here. The script needs to be customized because I have multiple LAN interfaces. So to shape the LAN side I am planning to create a ifb ...
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261 views

tcng & tc hiercharchy

Let me explain what I'm trying to do, we have one 10Mbps line coming in, we want to divide that up into 3 3Mbps sections, which are defined by each subnet, then in one of these subnets we have ...
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2answers
2k views

TC hashing filters - single rule deletion

For traffic shaping I'm currently using a setup that looks exactly like the setup from LARTC, on this page: http://lartc.org/howto/lartc.adv-filter.hashing.html I have a simple problem with that - ...
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1answer
151 views

HTB qdisc child of another HTB qdisc drawbacks

In the HTB documentation can be read: Note: HTB as child of another HTB is NOT the same as class under another class within the same HTB. It is because when class in HTB can send it will send ...