TC is the linux tool used to manipulate the traffic control functionality in the kernel.

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VLAN based rate limiting using tc

I have been trying to perform VLAN based rate limiting on an academic project I am working on. The project uses Openflow (with Beacon controller) and the network is emulated using Mininet. The network ...
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3answers
1k views

Resetting a queue discipline back to the default pfifo_fast one?

I'm trying to temporarily set a rate-limited queue discipline and then remove it a bit later: # /sbin/tc qdisc add dev eth1 root tbf rate 600kbit latency 50ms burst 1540 # /sbin/tc qdisc del dev eth1 ...
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2answers
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how to limit upload bandwidth per user in linux?

Can anyone provide the tc command to limit upload bandwidth per user in Debian Lenny? I found that to mark packets per user with iptables I can use the following command iptables -t mangle -A OUTPUT ...
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2answers
1k views

Limiting bandwidth on internal interface on Linux gateway

I am responsible for a Linux-based (it runs Debian) branch office router that takes a single high-speed Internet connection (eth2) and turns it into about 20 internal networks, each with a seperate ...
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113 views

htb with an inner gred how to setup filter to reach DPs

I want to create a qos htb class and within this class there is a gred queue. how do I add a working filter for each red queue in the gred queue? what i tried was: DEV=lo SOMEGREDETTINGS="limit ...
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2answers
973 views

lxc bandwidth control using tc

I am trying to restrict bandwidth inside my containers. I have tried using the following commands , But I think it is not getting effective. cd /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls/ echo 0x1001 > ...
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206 views

tc rules block traffic from some hosts at network

I have a problem I can not solve. The script, which sets the rules for traffic shaping is blocking the traffic from some hosts.If I remove all the rules, then it works. I can not understand why? ...
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1answer
234 views

tc don't see marked packets

Server has 2 interfaces: eth1 with address 13.0.0.254/24 eth0 with address 172.20.203.4/24. It's routing traffic between this two networks. Task is to limit bandwidth between this two networks to ...
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2answers
582 views

nginx clobbering sftp traffic during peak times - is tc the answer?

This is probably a continuation of my previous (unanswered) question because the underlying cause is probably the same. I have a Linux server with nginx and sshd running on it. It's on a shared ...
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1answer
92 views

Does TC rate policing mangle packets?

I'm trying to limit traffic to test performance of some in-house applications, but I am getting inconsistent results when configuring my home PC and my company testbed. The goal is to police the rate ...
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1answer
2k views

Linux tc htb + prio = very slow link

I'm trying to shape the traffic going out of my DSL link (verified 1 mbit upload) using Linux (3.2) tc, HTB, and PRIO. My Linux box is connected via a Gigabit Ethernet link to the ADSL modem. I want ...
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Defining an explicit parent in traffic control rules

In traffic control, will an explicit parent declaration in a filtering rule override a flowid definition? E.g.; tc qdisc add dev eth0 root handle 1: htb default 20 tc class add dev eth0 parent 1: ...
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1answer
918 views

Difference between HTB Rate and Ceil Values

What is the difference between the HTB rate and Ceil values?
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1answer
2k views

Using tc to delay packets to only a single IP address

I am new to using tc and netem. I want to delay packets being sent to a specific IP address. However, the commands below cause all packets on the system to be delayed, instead of just to the IP ...
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2answers
468 views

Linux Traffic Shaping With TC & Proxy

I have a Linux box being used as a router. It has 2x interfaces, one which connects to the internet (it uses NAT) and one which connects to a local network serving multiple computers. I would like ...
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1answer
216 views

Matching last fragment of IP packets using tc or ipfilter

I am transmitting UDP packets of say 2900 bytes. Due to fragmentation, packet is divided in 2 IP fragments. My tc u32 filter (more fragments bit and IP/PORT combination) matches only first fragment ...
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4answers
2k views

tc u32 — how to match L2 protocols in recent kernels?

I have a nice shaper, with hashed filtering, built at a linux bridge. In short, br0 connects external and internal physical interfaces, VLAN tagged packets are bridged "transparently" (I mean, no VLAN ...
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408 views

tc u32 match protocol [any] in recent kernels — where to discuss?

I've been using debian with 2.6.26 kernel; now I've started to test 2.6.32 for my needs. And I've noticed that u32 filter behaves differently for, namely, "protocol 802.1q". To discover the tendency, ...
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1answer
2k views

Linux income filtering based on private destination IP address

I am trying to set up a QoS script in my OpenWRT box so that traffic coming from the Internet is classified into a low prio and a high prio class. The criteria to classify traffic is its destination ...
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2answers
3k views

Tool to monitor bandwidth utilization per traffic (tc) class on linux

Some time in the past, i came across a siple tool that showed live in a 1sec interval, in human readable format, the bandwidth utilization seperated per tc class on your linux server. Unfortunately, i ...
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1answer
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deleting filters in tc

I have added a filter in tc as follows: tc filter add dev eth0 parent 1: protocol ip handle 6 fw flowid 1:6 This should be sending packets marked by iptables with '--set-mark 6' to class 1:6. The ...
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1answer
2k views

Limit bandwidth using tc, iptables, and htb

I'm running a Debian server and was wondering if there are good resources out there, to which you can point me, where I can read about traffic limitations. I have couple users sharing one server. ...
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2answers
612 views

tc prio qdisc for priorization of mysql traffic

I am struggling with tc prio qdisc for a few hours now. I have read the lartc Documentation, Examples and HowTos, but this whole thing is kinda new for me and somewhat confusing :) So this is my ...
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3answers
6k views

Tc: ingress policing and ifb mirroring

I'm trying to setup traffic shaping on a Linux gateway as written here. The script needs to be customized because I have multiple LAN interfaces. So to shape the LAN side I am planning to create a ifb ...
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205 views

tcng & tc hiercharchy

Let me explain what I'm trying to do, we have one 10Mbps line coming in, we want to divide that up into 3 3Mbps sections, which are defined by each subnet, then in one of these subnets we have ...
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2answers
1k views

TC hashing filters - single rule deletion

For traffic shaping I'm currently using a setup that looks exactly like the setup from LARTC, on this page: http://lartc.org/howto/lartc.adv-filter.hashing.html I have a simple problem with that - ...
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1answer
128 views

HTB qdisc child of another HTB qdisc drawbacks

In the HTB documentation can be read: Note: HTB as child of another HTB is NOT the same as class under another class within the same HTB. It is because when class in HTB can send it will send ...
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1answer
617 views

Traffic shaping: tc filter attached to an HTB class?

Can I attach a tc filter to an HTB class rather than to an HTB qdisc? For example: tc class add dev $IF_LAN parent 1:100 classid 1:180 htb rate 19kbit ceil 2000kbit prio 4 where: 1:100 -> Is ...
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1answer
486 views

Traffic shaping: tc filter catch all filter

How Can I configure a "catch all" filter with tc filter? I tested with the following code but it gave me the error: "Unknown filter "1:100", hence option "protocol" is unparsable": tc filter add ...
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0answers
607 views

Traffic shaping for gateway to stop leechers

I am new to traffic shaping, but I need a quick simple shaping. I have a free internet service on my place using wifi. All www traffic has been routed to transparent proxy. We have a 10mbps ...
0
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1answer
459 views

tc netem possibly missing

I have a VPS running Ubuntu 10.04 that I want to simulate network latency on. It looks like tc is what I want to use, and I pulled this command from the examples from here: ...
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1answer
437 views

how to tune tc rate parameter for optimal performance with htb/sfq?

I'm new to using tc/htb and I've just copy/pasted the script at ... http://lartc.org/howto/lartc.cookbook.ultimate-tc.html ... to run on the office gateway. The reason is to prevent large downloads, ...
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1answer
93 views

tc: packets filter

I need to drop UDP packets with specific UDP port number) on network interface (say eth0). On my setup the interface eth0 is part of the bridge. is it possible to do it using tc command? if yes, how? ...
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2answers
826 views

Linux TC class/filter numbering

I'm currently working on a traffic shaping solution for ISP-level companies, and came to an interesting (kindof philosophical) problem. Looking about the number of endpoints the system should handle ...
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1answer
1k views

tc traffic limiting/shaping/throttling/policing in linux ipv6 issues

I managed to discover an interesting issue: I'm not getting proper limiting with ipv4 traffic, but instead it works perfectly with ipv6. This doesn't make much sense to me since I read this article: ...
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171 views

RTT simulation, with TC

I'm writing an HTTP server (relax, it's a special purpose server, I don't want to reinvent the wheel..) The tester(client) machine is connected with a 10Gb connection to the server. Testing showed ...
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5answers
615 views

QoS configuration for a medium ISP

What is the best Linux-based QoS platform to implement a configuration where all 256Kbps DSL clients (all belong to the same IP range) get a guaranteed speed of 200Kbps with single QoS rule?
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3answers
2k views

Making iptables recognize youtube streams and large files

I use Ubuntu server 10.04 with the stock kernel as a NAT router. I use iptables and tc to do port based traffic prioritization. It is working fine. I have given http higher priority. So my network ...
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3answers
2k views

Traffic shaping on Linux with HTB: weird results

I'm trying to have some simple bandwidth throttling set up on a Linux server and I'm running into what seems to be very weird stuff despite a seemingly trivial config. I want to shape traffic coming ...
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1answer
541 views

Rsync over NFS with QoS: How to view real transfer speed?

We have a bandwidth limit between a Linux server and a NAS, created using 'tc' with an IP filter. When writing to an NFS mount of the NAS, rsync claims a very high transfer speed for each file and ...
0
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2answers
896 views

Incoming rate limiting

I have a ubuntu machine with two interfaces. eth1 is the NAT interface and eth2 is the WAN iterface. I have a 4 mbps internet connection. I want to limit it to 2 mbps for the eth1 NAT network. So I ...
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3answers
2k views

QOS on ubuntu server

I want to run the following script on ubuntu server. eth1 is NAT interface, and eth2 is the WAN interface which has a static public ip: TCA="tc class add dev eth2" TFA="tc filter add dev eth2" ...
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2answers
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Bash Script - Traffic Shaping

hey all, I was wondering if you could have a look at my script and help me add a few things to it, How do I get it to find how many active ethernet ports I have? and how do I filter more than 1 ...
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3answers
2k views

How to match port range using u32 filter

with "u32 match ip sport 80" in Linux tc I can match port 80, but how can I match a port range 10000 - 20000 ?
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2answers
1k views

controlling the bandwidth using tc

I have two NICs. eth0 is connected to the internet and eth1 is connected to the LAN. I want to restrict the download limit using iptables and linux tc. So I wrote a test script to verify if it is ...
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1answer
509 views

How to monitor qdisc bandwidth utilization

I have created a script to shape my traffic using tc. Is there any tool in Linux which will help me to visualize and monitor qdisc bandwidth utilization ?
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1answer
930 views

HTB.init / tc behind NAT

I have an Ubuntu 10 box that I'm trying to set up as a bandwidth-shaping router. The machine has one WAN interface, eth0 and two LAN interfaces, eth1 and eth2. NAT is configured using MASQUERADE as ...
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1answer
560 views

traffic shaping for certain (local) users

i'm using ubuntu 10.10 i've a local backup user called "backup". :) i would like to give this user just a bandwidth of 1Mbit. No matter which software wants to connect to the network. this solution ...
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2answers
947 views

tc simple rate limiting

I would like to do a simple rate limiting so all the http traffic (in & out) going to or from my http server is shaped. I have a GigE connexion on the server and I want to rate limit all HTTP ...
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1answer
230 views

Traffic control: marking packets for shaping

I'm seeking advice about which technology to use to classify packets for shaping in traffic control (tc). I've found at least 3 that could be used: iptables MARK iptables CLASSIFY tc filter Which ...