TC is the linux tool used to manipulate the traffic control functionality in the kernel.

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12
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2answers
835 views

Linux TC class/filter numbering

I'm currently working on a traffic shaping solution for ISP-level companies, and came to an interesting (kindof philosophical) problem. Looking about the number of endpoints the system should handle ...
9
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4answers
2k views

tc u32 — how to match L2 protocols in recent kernels?

I have a nice shaper, with hashed filtering, built at a linux bridge. In short, br0 connects external and internal physical interfaces, VLAN tagged packets are bridged "transparently" (I mean, no VLAN ...
7
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3answers
6k views

Tc: ingress policing and ifb mirroring

I'm trying to setup traffic shaping on a Linux gateway as written here. The script needs to be customized because I have multiple LAN interfaces. So to shape the LAN side I am planning to create a ifb ...
5
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2answers
590 views

nginx clobbering sftp traffic during peak times - is tc the answer?

This is probably a continuation of my previous (unanswered) question because the underlying cause is probably the same. I have a Linux server with nginx and sshd running on it. It's on a shared ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Resetting a queue discipline back to the default pfifo_fast one?

I'm trying to temporarily set a rate-limited queue discipline and then remove it a bit later: # /sbin/tc qdisc add dev eth1 root tbf rate 600kbit latency 50ms burst 1540 # /sbin/tc qdisc del dev eth1 ...
4
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2answers
994 views

lxc bandwidth control using tc

I am trying to restrict bandwidth inside my containers. I have tried using the following commands , But I think it is not getting effective. cd /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls/ echo 0x1001 > ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Using tc to delay packets to only a single IP address

I am new to using tc and netem. I want to delay packets being sent to a specific IP address. However, the commands below cause all packets on the system to be delayed, instead of just to the IP ...
4
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1answer
497 views

Traffic shaping: tc filter catch all filter

How Can I configure a "catch all" filter with tc filter? I tested with the following code but it gave me the error: "Unknown filter "1:100", hence option "protocol" is unparsable": tc filter add ...
3
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2answers
315 views

Linux qos: tc DRR qdisc does not work

There is tc queue discipline DRR(Dificite Round Robin) . It has same capabilities, as HTB, but instead of using buckets, filled with tokens, it just assignes every queue some Dificit Counter. On ...
3
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2answers
1k views

TC hashing filters - single rule deletion

For traffic shaping I'm currently using a setup that looks exactly like the setup from LARTC, on this page: http://lartc.org/howto/lartc.adv-filter.hashing.html I have a simple problem with that - ...
3
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5answers
620 views

QoS configuration for a medium ISP

What is the best Linux-based QoS platform to implement a configuration where all 256Kbps DSL clients (all belong to the same IP range) get a guaranteed speed of 200Kbps with single QoS rule?
3
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1answer
64 views

Bandwidth Throttling using tc qdiscs

I am trying to limit the bandwidth between a simple iperf server and client, using a third, passive machine acting as a bridge. With no interference, iperf returns a bandwidth of ~90 Mbits/sec. My ...
3
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2answers
130 views

Can TC (Linux Qos Utility) limit bandwidth usage of target applications?

We have many applications running on the same server machine which is inside a network of servers. We want limit the bandwidth of our applications to specific value. So here are some choices: ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Limiting bandwidth on internal interface on Linux gateway

I am responsible for a Linux-based (it runs Debian) branch office router that takes a single high-speed Internet connection (eth2) and turns it into about 20 internal networks, each with a seperate ...
3
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0answers
30 views

linux tc htb bandwidth ceil being ignored and giving improper results

I'm setting up some htb packet queues like so: tc qdisc add dev eth0 root handle 10: htb tc qdisc add dev eth1 root handle 10: htb tc class add dev eth0 parent 10: classid 10:1012 htb rate 750kbps ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Making iptables recognize youtube streams and large files

I use Ubuntu server 10.04 with the stock kernel as a NAT router. I use iptables and tc to do port based traffic prioritization. It is working fine. I have given http higher priority. So my network ...
2
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3answers
2k views

QOS on ubuntu server

I want to run the following script on ubuntu server. eth1 is NAT interface, and eth2 is the WAN interface which has a static public ip: TCA="tc class add dev eth2" TFA="tc filter add dev eth2" ...
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3answers
2k views

How to match port range using u32 filter

with "u32 match ip sport 80" in Linux tc I can match port 80, but how can I match a port range 10000 - 20000 ?
2
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3answers
3k views

Shaping outbound Traffic to Control Download Speeds with Linux

I have a situation where a server makes lots of requests from big webservers all at the same time. Currently, I have not control over the amount of requests or the rate of the requests from the ...
2
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1answer
216 views

Matching last fragment of IP packets using tc or ipfilter

I am transmitting UDP packets of say 2900 bytes. Due to fragmentation, packet is divided in 2 IP fragments. My tc u32 filter (more fragments bit and IP/PORT combination) matches only first fragment ...
2
votes
1answer
288 views

Implementing HTB, NetEM, and TBF traffic control simultaneously

I am working on a bash utility that will use several aspects of the tc Linux command line utility to emulate various network conditions. I have successfully constructed several qdisc hierarchies, one ...
2
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1answer
589 views

tc filter replace, tc filter change doesn't work

I have a tc filter rule: tc filter add dev eth0 protocol ip prio 1 u32 match ip dst 10.0.0.3 flowid 1:14 if I try to 'change' this filter rule I get an error: # tc filter change dev eth0 protocol ...
2
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2answers
623 views

tc prio qdisc for priorization of mysql traffic

I am struggling with tc prio qdisc for a few hours now. I have read the lartc Documentation, Examples and HowTos, but this whole thing is kinda new for me and somewhat confusing :) So this is my ...
2
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0answers
110 views

Meaning of requeues of tc command

I ran this tc bellow and it outputs requeues with high number, do you know what this requeues means? By the way, it keeps increasing over the time. I look at man tc but I couldn't find anything. $ ...
2
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0answers
874 views

VLAN based rate limiting using tc

I have been trying to perform VLAN based rate limiting on an academic project I am working on. The project uses Openflow (with Beacon controller) and the network is emulated using Mininet. The network ...
2
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1answer
625 views

Traffic shaping: tc filter attached to an HTB class?

Can I attach a tc filter to an HTB class rather than to an HTB qdisc? For example: tc class add dev $IF_LAN parent 1:100 classid 1:180 htb rate 19kbit ceil 2000kbit prio 4 where: 1:100 -> Is ...
2
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1answer
934 views

HTB.init / tc behind NAT

I have an Ubuntu 10 box that I'm trying to set up as a bandwidth-shaping router. The machine has one WAN interface, eth0 and two LAN interfaces, eth1 and eth2. NAT is configured using MASQUERADE as ...
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2answers
1k views

controlling the bandwidth using tc

I have two NICs. eth0 is connected to the internet and eth1 is connected to the LAN. I want to restrict the download limit using iptables and linux tc. So I wrote a test script to verify if it is ...
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1answer
2k views

How can I limit the upload/download bandwidth on my CentOS server?

How can I limit the upload and download bandwidth on my CentOS server? This is a box with a single interface, eth0. Ideally, I would like a command-line solution (I've been trying to use tc), ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Limit bandwidth using tc, iptables, and htb

I'm running a Debian server and was wondering if there are good resources out there, to which you can point me, where I can read about traffic limitations. I have couple users sharing one server. ...
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3answers
2k views

Traffic shaping on Linux with HTB: weird results

I'm trying to have some simple bandwidth throttling set up on a Linux server and I'm running into what seems to be very weird stuff despite a seemingly trivial config. I want to shape traffic coming ...
1
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2answers
953 views

tc simple rate limiting

I would like to do a simple rate limiting so all the http traffic (in & out) going to or from my http server is shaped. I have a GigE connexion on the server and I want to rate limit all HTTP ...
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1answer
195 views

Can TC limit bandwidth by the Qos field of IP header

We are developing a client/server applications. There are three types of network data in our server app: Realtime data such as those of Video/audio, Critical Data such as those of Database data and ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Linux tc htb + prio = very slow link

I'm trying to shape the traffic going out of my DSL link (verified 1 mbit upload) using Linux (3.2) tc, HTB, and PRIO. My Linux box is connected via a Gigabit Ethernet link to the ADSL modem. I want ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Bash Script - Traffic Shaping

hey all, I was wondering if you could have a look at my script and help me add a few things to it, How do I get it to find how many active ethernet ports I have? and how do I filter more than 1 ...
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1answer
2k views

Linux Traffic Control: qdisc mq

On my Linux system I see this: # ip link list .... 2: eth2: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP mode DEFAULT qlen 1000 .... What's qdisc mq? In ...
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2answers
1k views

how to limit upload bandwidth per user in linux?

Can anyone provide the tc command to limit upload bandwidth per user in Debian Lenny? I found that to mark packets per user with iptables I can use the following command iptables -t mangle -A OUTPUT ...
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1answer
2k views

Linux income filtering based on private destination IP address

I am trying to set up a QoS script in my OpenWRT box so that traffic coming from the Internet is classified into a low prio and a high prio class. The criteria to classify traffic is its destination ...
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1answer
1k views

deleting filters in tc

I have added a filter in tc as follows: tc filter add dev eth0 parent 1: protocol ip handle 6 fw flowid 1:6 This should be sending packets marked by iptables with '--set-mark 6' to class 1:6. The ...
1
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1answer
1k views

tc traffic limiting/shaping/throttling/policing in linux ipv6 issues

I managed to discover an interesting issue: I'm not getting proper limiting with ipv4 traffic, but instead it works perfectly with ipv6. This doesn't make much sense to me since I read this article: ...
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1answer
518 views

How to monitor qdisc bandwidth utilization

I have created a script to shape my traffic using tc. Is there any tool in Linux which will help me to visualize and monitor qdisc bandwidth utilization ?
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1answer
565 views

traffic shaping for certain (local) users

i'm using ubuntu 10.10 i've a local backup user called "backup". :) i would like to give this user just a bandwidth of 1Mbit. No matter which software wants to connect to the network. this solution ...
1
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1answer
233 views

Traffic control: marking packets for shaping

I'm seeking advice about which technology to use to classify packets for shaping in traffic control (tc). I've found at least 3 that could be used: iptables MARK iptables CLASSIFY tc filter Which ...
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3answers
224 views

Priorize linux traffic in same protocol (http download vs htto browsing) with htb/tc

I have a big time reading but i cant figure-out how to do this. always i have a download in mu network all http browsing are affected, i need to do some specific or dont use sfq ? some one have a ...
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2answers
586 views

How much traffic a linux-based shaper would be able to chew

I have a linux based traffic shaper (iptables + tc htb policy). It works in bridge mode. Shapes traffic based on IPs and ports (there are about 100 rules in the "mangle" chain of iptables). Right now ...
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0answers
16 views

How to test if packet has been tagged with classid

I'm trying to troubleshoot an issue I'm having related to IFB Mirroring which I'm attempting to deploy based on this question: Tc: ingress policing and ifb mirroring My theory is that since the ...
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0answers
30 views

Group traffic shaping with traffic control?

I'm trying to limit the output bandwidth generated by an application with linux tc. This application sends me the source port of the request that I use has a filter to limit each user at a given ...
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0answers
31 views

Trying to understand HTB subclasses rate

I'm currently studying the opportunity of using an Ubuntu server to provide QoS instead of my consumer-class router. I've read a lot of resources about tc and HTB queuing disciplines - which look to ...
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0answers
63 views

HTB equal bandwith sharing per ip in one class

In my tc configuration (shown below) in one class all bandwidth is shared among connections equally, but I want to share bandwidth among all IP addresses equally. Now: 192.168.0.2 - 38KB/s ...
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1answer
286 views

Openvpn limit bandwidth

I would like to ask you a question concerning openvpn and the possibility to increase the bandwidth in case I want to transfer files. I have an openvpn server via which I connect to my data center. ...