TCP and IP are two important protocols used in networking today. Due to their importance, the Internet Protocol Suite is also commonly known as "TCP/IP"

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How to setup an TCP/IP proxy with traffic interception, for MS SQL traffic in this case

I would like to setup an MS SQL proxy server. It should forward all requests 1:1 and make it possible to log them, and modify some of the requests or answers according to some replacement rules I ...
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1answer
162 views

Given a 100mbit connection, what is your max downstream speed?

I'm a (very) junior sysadmin and was asked this question on an interview. The answer was 96mbit/s. I know this is related to network overhead but I cannot find any good information on why this ...
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2answers
165 views

How to implement firewall in LAN(out of users' os) like EC2 have done?

In aws ec2, users can set up security groups which works like a firewall, usually, firewall work behind a gateway/nat server, however, I found that firewall in EC2 works in the LAN, too. For example, ...
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3answers
2k views

Squid TPROXY connection fails on specific sites?

When squid setup as TPROXY, returns ERR_CONNECT_FAIL on some sites . The server which squid runs on it is able to open those sites by lynx, wget, curl etc . Even if we manually set proxy in browser ...
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79 views

50% Throughput on direct connect XCOPY transfer

I have two Dell Servers with multiple gigabit network ports each. These run a sync process using XCOPY. To improve throughput and reduce overall network impact, I have dedicated a connection on each ...
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2answers
84 views

Special Routing and NAT requirement

I have a rather special routing and NAT issue which I hope I can fix somehow. Inside my company we run a supernet like 192.168.0.0/21 (192.168.0.1 - 192.168.7.254) All computers have this subnet mask, ...
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1answer
908 views

Best way to calculate optimal subnet masks for a range of IP addresses? [closed]

I thought I saw a tool like this once upon a time, but can't find it anymore... Anyone know a tool that would take a free range of IP addresses (as in start / end) and calculate a set of submasks ...
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103 views

TCP/UDP Connection States documentation

Does anyone know where to find documentation for TCP/UDP connection states? Preferably non-Microsoft with unix backing. Basically, I'm looking for more information about TCP established, TCP ...
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488 views

Connecting to MS SQL 2012 with TCP/IP

I'm trying to enable TCP/IP connections on a SQL Express 2012 database, and it seems as though I'm missing a step somewhere. To enable it, I: Opened SQL Server Configuration Manager Selected ...
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1answer
247 views

Way to do basic WAN optimization between two Linux servers that splits single connection into multiple parallel ones? [closed]

There are utilities on Linux that allow you to work around WAN conditions which cause you to not be able to utilize your full bandwidth. They do this by performing multiple requests in parallel (for ...
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2answers
194 views

Why tcp/ip model is being used for Developing Protocols and not OSI [closed]

why TCP/IP model is used for designing Protocols and why not OSI model,if i am not wrong OSI is the first reference model and in TCP/IP model same concept is followed but coupled with other layers. ...
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178 views

SQL Server 2008 intermitent error 40 running parallel queries

Here's our setup : We are using Red Gate SQL Multi-Script to run queries on our ~1000 databases which reside on a single SQL Server 2008. SQL Multi Script can be configured to run queries in ...
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2answers
67 views

Why would a process be showing an outbound connection from a 169.254 address when there's no unconfigured adapter?

I have a system that has several network adapters, only one of which is enabled. That adapter has ipv4 only enabled and it has a single IP address. It was previously part of a team. The team was ...
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3answers
151 views

No route to host after changing interface to static ip [closed]

I installed a Linux (Ubuntu) server inside my home LAN, initially it's automatically configured to use DHCP interface. I'm connecting to this server from another computer using that server's hostname. ...
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2answers
213 views

Why do we need logical addressing [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why couldn’t MAC addresses be used instead of IPv4|6 for networking? If physical address or Mac address is unique why do we need logical addressing? This because ...
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2answers
2k views

Problems with MDNS flooding on port 5353 UDP

I am running into a big issue at a small network i manage. This network is an Apple network, with airport extremes, expresses, mac book pro's, imac's, ipads, iphones etc... I went to add something to ...
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3answers
2k views

Windows 7 DHCP Default Gateway not Overridden by manual Default Gateway

We have recently installed Windows 7 for student computers. All student computers must be routed through our content filter which is located at 192.168.0.63. This was done in WinXP by adding a Default ...
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2answers
917 views

How do I apply multiple subnets to a server with one NIC?

I am trying to route multiple IPs through one physical NIC on my dedicated server for use with Proxmox KVM VMs. I have a dedicated server which is currently running Debian 4.4.5-8 with 3 available ip ...
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1answer
580 views

Where are my TIME_WAITs on Mac OS X?

No TIME_WAITs on Mac OS X Normally, when a TCP connection is closed, the socket on the side where close() is called first is left in the TIME_WAIT state. When one of the peers is a Mac OS X (Lion) ...
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1answer
127 views

Sender Information Not Cached on the Receiver During an ARP Request

I'm currently trying to get my head around more advanced networking concepts. The way I am doing this is by going on one of the servers I look after as a sysadmin and running network captures to see ...
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294 views

switch OFF syn cookies

We have several servers they have public IP's, but work together (one is with Load Balancer, orther with Apache Web server, other with MySQL and so on. Most of the ports are fire-walled, so only ...
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2answers
1k views

custom route not working on windows

My windows laptop is directly connected to 192.168.1.0/24 (wireless lan). I access 10.21.0.0/16 though a router that is connected to both networks. The routing works fine with this configuration. I ...
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1answer
567 views

HTTP, TCP, UDP and connectionless

I am a bit confused with HTTP lately. Some facts are that TCP can operate connection orientated or connectionless, this I understand. TCP though is connection-oriented while UDP is connectionless ...
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52 views

How to tell which device might be dropping packets

We are trying to diagnose a chronic disconnection issue. Overnight, nearly every night, our HTTP long poll client is disconnected from the server. The most likely proximate cause is that the longpoll ...
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4answers
108 views

Just one client bound to address and port: does it make a difference broadcast versus unicast in terms of overhead?

Scenario: I am implementing failed over for a network node, so my idea is to make the master node listens on a broadcast ip address and port. If the master node fails, another failover node will ...
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1answer
81 views

Host data transfer limit calculations and network protocol headers

OK, this might be a really stupid question, but... I'm building a web app that utilises websockets. There's fairly rapid messaging going on, so I've been taking a look at the network traffic with ...
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196 views

multicast streaming, too much network traffic?

I am thinking of switching our streaming servers to use multicasting instead of registering multiple clients and duplicating the streams manually on the server. It seems to work very well. However, I ...
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538 views

NIC Teaming , Multi-Homed, Active/Passive

I'm fairly new to NIC Teaming.. So I apologize if I’m not making any sense while describing this. I’ve, of course, set up plenty of simple Active/Active NIC teams for our servers without any issues ...
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1answer
206 views

IPv6 & ReservedPorts in Windows Server 2008 registry

I have HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\ReservedPorts set to 1153-1153, but sometimes IPv6 programs get assigned this port. Is this setting for IPv4 only? Is ...
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2answers
787 views

Raw TCP/IP port forwarding software

I have server which IP address is whitelisted in some external system. And also, I have a few software developers with dynamic IPs which develop software and they need to connect to external system, ...
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86 views

Unable to ping one machine on the network

I have one machine on the network that can't be pinged (by name or IP) or accessed with WMI by other machines on the network. So far I have tried: Disabled firewall and AV Put onto a workgroup then ...
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1answer
309 views

Can ranges overlap in ReservedPorts?

The value ReservedPorts in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters contains a list of port ranges to reserve so the system won't assign them to programs dynamically. ...
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2answers
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IP address used by nslookup and ping is different

I have a web server hosted in the network. It has a domain name registered. However, I also host a DNS server for the LAN. So, when someone wants to access the web server, it would check the DNS ...
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1answer
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Why ARP request is unicast?

I have a wireshark capture here that indicating a unicast ARP request from source to destination. As per my understanding ARP requests (including gratutious ARP) use broadcast. In what case the ...
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1answer
1k views

TCP Windows Size vs Socket Buffer Size on Windows

I am new to Windows networking. When people talk about TCP tuning on Windows platform, they always mention about TCP Window Size. I am wondering whether Windows uses the concept of "Socket Buffer ...
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1answer
255 views

Iproute2 tools vs conntrack tools

I have a linux box which is setup as firewall/gateway for the network. Was just wondering why ss and other iproute2 tools show much less than iptables conntrack. Is it because the router function is ...
2
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1answer
394 views

Is Winpcap able to capture all packets going through a Gigabit NIC without missing any packets?

I want to use Winpcap to capture all network packets going through a Gigabit NIC of a server. Assuming that I am able to utilize the network link up to 100%, the maximum network speed is 1000Mbps. If ...
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2answers
465 views

Can't connect to a Hyper-V VM from anywhere but the host OS

I have an unusual situation on hand where I'm able to connect to a Hyper-V guest VM from the HOST, but not from anywhere but the host. The VM is running WIn2k8R2 and has IIS installed and Remote ...
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260 views

Linux kernel 3 TCP IP tuning

I found several resources about tuning linux TCP/IP stack parameters in /etc/sysctl.conf for high bandwidth connections, but all refer to kernel 2.6. Does anyone have suggestions about how to tune ...
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What am I misunderstanding about calculating MTU?

Okay, I just finished resolving a jumbo frames issue between a few Xserves, a Netgear GSM7224, and a Drobo B800i. It turned out that the Xserves (Mac OS X 10.6.8 Server) and the Drobo B800i accept the ...
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1answer
468 views

One Windows Domain workstation can ping gateway but gets no internet access

One of the (Windows XP SP3) workstations of our Windows Domain could not access internet anymore, this problem suddenly happened overnight. The domain controllers (there are three of them) are all ...
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1answer
112 views

What would cause my SendMail server not to acknowledge receiving a TCP Sequence?

My TCP/IP Stack knowledge is a little rusty so please bear with me.... I have a CentOS 5.7 server with SendMail and am having seeing intermittent timeout issues sending email (particularly larger ...
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263 views

How can I setup a Proxy I can sniff traffic from using an ESX vSwitch in promiscuous mode?

I have a pretty specific requirement, detailed below. Here's what I'm not looking for help for, to keep things tidy and on topic: How to configure a standard proxy Any ESX setup required to ...
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1answer
266 views

Restricting ssh tunnel port access by group

My understanding is when creating an ssh tunnel to a remote machine, the ports become open on that machine for anyone to use and connect back to my local box (not just the user who opened the tunnel). ...
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0answers
64 views

Best way to monitor host [closed]

I have just set up a host which receives messages from 300b to 1500b (wrapped stx etx) and replies with the same. It works fine, but sometimes it receives junk data. Is there a way to monitor this ...
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46 views

netstat showing too many connections (Established) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Too Many ESTABLISHED connection from a single IP address in Apache netstat -ntp |grep 80 shows too many ESTABLISHED connection from single IP address. Around 300 of ...
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2answers
587 views

How do I fake dropped packets (or actually make them fail)?

Background One of our clients suffers from an intermittant problem with their internet where it will drop packets when a user downloads a large file (their IT is looking into the problem). I have ...
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3answers
2k views

Too Many ESTABLISHED connection from a single IP address in Apache

netstat -ntp |grep 80 shows too many ESTABLISHED connection from single IP address. Around 300 of them and it is not an attack and user is using a 2G connection to access Apache. This is the case ...
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3answers
139 views

Odd ping result on network

Can anyone explain why when I ping 192.168.23.019 it gives me a reply from 192.168.23.17? Then If I ping .23.19 I get a request timed out reply. But I can RDP onto .23.19 These are virtual machines.. ...
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2answers
2k views

Unable to increase the dynamic port range on Windows Server 2008

I'm trying to "tune" the TCP/IP stack on some Windows Server 2008 machines by following the instructions here: ...