TCP and IP are two important protocols used in networking today. Due to their importance, the Internet Protocol Suite is also commonly known as "TCP/IP"

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Big IP orphaned connections

Let me state up-front that I know just enough about networking at this level to be dangerous, so if I say something stupid, please be kind. I am using a Big IP load balancer in front of 3 Apache ...
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How are IP addresses actually assigned?

I'm having a hard time understanding how a governing body assigns IP addresses, companies use BGP to advertise those IPs, and how the internet works. Then, where the hell does DNS come in? Can ...
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585 views

How to debug why WAN TCP/IP throughput is lower than expected?

I'm trying to figure out why tcp/ip throughput between two hosts I control is much lower than expected. Host A: internet connectivity provided by Comcast (Residential) in Boston Metro -- can ...
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Which is the default TCP connect timeout in Windows?

Which is the default TCP connect timeout in Windows? There is a registry key to configure it or it's set dynamically?
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31 views

high availabilty port forwarding in mswindows

I need port forwarding for a mswindows host, but I need something which can handle more than one target with fail over. There are no end of tools to do this on Linux/Unix (haproxy, balance, ...
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914 views

Multiple Homed Windows 2008 Server / Windows 7 Client

I have a small Windows 2008 network, with some Windows 7 clients. The clients are both laptops with docking stations and I would like them to communicate with the Windows 2008 server (for filesharing) ...
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Unable to increase the dynamic port range on Windows Server 2008

I'm trying to "tune" the TCP/IP stack on some Windows Server 2008 machines by following the instructions here: ...
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24 views

server is not responding on SYN packets

On the attached tcp dump, the first two SYN packets (#21800 and 21801) came to the server, however SYN ACK was sent for the second SYN. Is that correct behaviour? My understanding is that the client ...
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Checkpoint dropping traffic

I have R65 installed on Solaris 9, on Sun4u. It's currently running into an issue where during long connections (I think. It doesn't appear to do this to all connections, and I can't work out what the ...
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Why I cannot access EC2 instance public IP from inside of instance itself?

Here is an example, I have an Linux instance , say, private IP is 10.10.10.10, public IP is 54.54.54.54. Inside the instance, I could successfully ping it's private IP(10.10.10.10) and localhost. ...
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Can a firewall handle packets being sent to it by a network TAP?

We have the intention of examining incoming mails for security purposes. In order to do so we figured out the solution will include: Network TAP - To copy all SMTP traffic to the firewall Firewall - ...
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What is the maximum number of TCP connections I can have in Windows Server 2008?

I would like to have as many connections (single connections from many different clients) as humanly possible in a server running on Windows Server 2008, in order to support a Comet-style application. ...
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51 views

Can a port be in the listen state and be closed?

Servers running Debian7.7, Mongodb 1.2.0.6-1.1, Nmap6.0 - Thanks for your time. I've user who can't connect to mongodb from his Win7 desktop. He has mongodb installed on it and he's trying to connect ...
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910 views

Determing MSS value on Windows Server

In this Technet article about the MSS limitations of Windows Server 2008, it mentions: After analyzing the network trace collected on the source Windows 2008 Server, we found out that the remote ...
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54 views

TCP: out of memory - Nginx

I'm running a high traffic site on a nginx server. Last fews days I'm having problems with my VPS locking up (unable to SSH, and nginx seems to be down). When I look in the logs I can see the ...
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4answers
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Windows 7 DHCP Default Gateway not Overridden by manual Default Gateway

We have recently installed Windows 7 for student computers. All student computers must be routed through our content filter which is located at 192.168.0.63. This was done in WinXP by adding a Default ...
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4answers
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What does a DNS request look like?

I have seen what the text representation of an HTTP request is, but what does a DNS request look like? Where in the data is the location of the URL you are trying to locate? Also, how is the ...
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1answer
86 views

How does Windows 2008 specifically select ephemeral ports (does it test to avoid conflicts)?

I have a server application which uses permanently connected incoming ports within the range that W2k8 now uses in the IANA recommended range of ~49000-65000. (For legacy reasons it's extremely ...
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12answers
9k views

Why would you use IPv6 internally?

Of course, I realize the need to go to IPv6 out on the open Internet since we are running out of addresses, but I really don't understand why there is any need to use it on an internal network. I have ...
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11answers
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What is the difference between UDP and TCP?

My router has two protocols (and a "both" option) that I can select when setting up port forwarding: UDP and TCP. What is the difference between these two protocols and when would you select one over ...
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5answers
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How does IPv4 Subnetting Work?

This is a Canonical Question about IPv4 Subnets. Related: How does IPv6 subnetting work and how does it differ from IPv4 subnetting? How does Subnetting Work, and How do you do it ...
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Outbound TTL of TCP/UDP connections on Server 2003 changes to 1

We have 4 2003 servers in an environment. Earlier this week, we had a problem where two of servers suddenly were unable to access the internet. Here's an overview of what I determined through ...
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5answers
695 views

Is it possible to configure Nginx to send TCP keepalive?

On TCP connections held by NGinx, can it be configured to send TCP Keepalive (Not HTTP KeepAlive!)
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3answers
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How does the HTTP GET method work in relation to DNS protocol?

I am trying to understand application layer protocols in TCP/IP stack. I know that both HTTP and DNS protocol stay at the top layer (Application Layer). So, when a browser wants to access a resource, ...
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6answers
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In Windows, using the command line, how do you check if a remote port is open?

What is a simple way in Windows to test if traffic gets through to a specific port on a remote machine?
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45 views

sshd with port forwarding left connections to localhost without counterparty process

After temporary tunnel setup from X.X.X.X , from where I ran ssh -R 1089:localhost:1089 for several days, I have noticed this. I wonder what processes is 2494/sshd connected to, as no counterparty ...
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TCP Dump, cannot understand these 4 lines?

I need support understanding these 4 lines. looks like tcp dump but im actully not understanding what exactly is happening here. 13:13:22.407445 IP 192.168.246.128.54955 > 192.168.246.13.80: S ...
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An already acknowledged data sequence number is coming back as null byte repeatedly

There is a transaction processing server (TP-Server) to which my application (Client) connects to. We are seeing a strange packet sequence where in the TP-Server is sending a PUSH packet with a null ...
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1answer
3k views

Diagnosing packet loss / high latency in Ubuntu

We have a Linux box (Ubuntu 12.04) running Nginx (1.5.2), which acts as a reverse proxy/load balancer to some Tornado and Apache hosts. The upstream servers are physically and logically close (same ...
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39 views

Early tear down of communication

I have an application which performs an LDAP search which works in one domain but not in the other, when analyzing the packets sent between the application server and the domain controller being ...
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1answer
143 views

External DNS takes a long time to resolve for AD computers

On our AD domain, end users desktops take a long time to resolve DNS from outside our company. Internally everything works fine. The desktops are pointing pointing to 192.168.2.4 and .6. Those are ...
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1answer
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Why ARP request is unicast?

I have a wireshark capture that indicating a unicast ARP request from source to destination. As per my understanding ARP requests (including gratutious ARP) use broadcast. In what case the ...
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2answers
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How do I set up IP over FC?

I have 2 systems, with a Broadcom BCM5701 and a LSI7202p, of which are connected with a LC->SC cable. The cards are properly detected in Linux, however I wish to set up IP over FC. I've read online ...
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Connection Timeout Issues - Solaris 11 SPARC

We're currently running some performance tests using Solaris 11 (SPARC) on some large hardware. The tests, which consist of sending SOAP requests (50kb per request), are running well up until we get ...
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2answers
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What is [PSH, ACK] doing during my connection to a global catalog server?

A linux server of mine is trying to establish a LDAPS connection to a global catalog server and the connection is getting dropped (presumably by the GC side). For the purpose of discussion, let's ...
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1answer
617 views

Port forward remote desktop without a gateway over 3G modem router [closed]

I'm trying to connect from a laptop, through a VPN, and a 3G modem/router, to a remote PC / computer. PC (192.168.1.33) | 3G Modem (192.168.1.22) | [3G internet, connecting to VPN] | ...
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Incoming tcp SYNs possibilities

This might be a general TCP question. Can I receive TCP SYN packet on an established connection OR a connection in TIME_WAIT state? Is is possible?
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When a server IP changes, do exising TCP (e.g. http/mysql) connections remain running

We have some PHP-FPM servers and when they need a database connection, they connect to an HAProxy server which selects them a database server to use and the connection opens. When we then want to ...
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6answers
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TCP Sessions and IP Changes

What happens to a TCP session when the IP of a client changes? I did a simple test of having netcat listen on a port, and connecting to that port from a client machine. I then changed the IP of ...
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4answers
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Running lsof -i shows a lot of connections in CLOSE_WAIT ? Should I worry

So I am running lsof -i | wc -l periodically and it is telling me that out of 420 lines, between 240 and 255 are in CLOSE_WAIT state. How does TCP connections enter this state ? Should I be worried ...
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What do all the settings in the Advanced TCP/IP Properties DNS Tab Mean?

Can someone explain TCT/IP > Properties > Advanced > 'DNS' tab please? I know what DNS, primary DNS suffix and DNS suffix are, but this tab has some confusing properties.
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How is the MTU is 65535 in UDP but ethernet does not allow frame size more than 1500 bytes

I am using a fast ethernet of 100 Mbps, whose frame size is less than 1500 bytes (1472 bytes for payload as per my textbook). In that, I was able to send and receive a UDP packet of message size 65507 ...
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1answer
67 views

How to compare 2 TCP/IP stacks or implementations? [closed]

I have to recycle an old machine into a networking node for managing TCP/IP connections and PPP protocols ( basically a DSL connection ); I'm not asking for something more than this, all the tasks ...
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1answer
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What else does “netsh int ip reset” do?

According to this KB article when you run the "netsh int ip reset" command, all it does is to reset the content of two registry keys: SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\ ...
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How to capture postscript output via TCP/IP? (for testing purposes)

We have a propriety system that talks to various printers across multiple sites via TCP/IP. The system only outputs Postscript, which obviously sends via TCP/IP. I'm really wondering is there any kind ...
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1answer
953 views

TCP/IP performance tuning under KVM/Qemu

With more and more companies switching to public cloud services, I'm curious what you guys' thoughts are on TCP/IP tuning in the cloud. Is it worth bothering with? Given that you don't have access to ...
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1answer
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TCP works for a while, then fails, why?

This comes from an implementation of OpenStack, and we have a fix, but I don't understand why we need this fix. My machine has an ip of 192.168.20.45 My default gateway (pfsense) has an ip of ...
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Slow data transfer between Server 2012 and Windows XP/7 Clients

I've installed a new Dell PowerEdge R720 server at a small company which eight workstations. It is running Windows Server 2012 Standard. I've then installed Hyper-V (role) onto the server and created ...
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2answers
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Specifying a preferred route when there are multiple links to same network

I have a server with multiple interfaces and IP addresses on the same network. I would like for non-iSCSI traffic to exclusively use one of the interfaces, and for iSCSI traffic to exclusively use the ...
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Windows Server 2008 Enterprise - Print Server Role - TCP/IP Print Server Service Won't Start

I have a few Windows Server 2008 Enterprise edition Servers running Printer Server Roles. On these servers there are two system services: Print Spooler and TCP/IP Print Server (LPDSVC). The TCP/IP ...