Ubuntu Linux is a Debian derivative that aims to bring Linux mainstream. Questions on this site should generally refer to Ubuntu Server. Note that http://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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11
votes
1answer
1k views

Anyway to get GRUB failsafe to timeout?

I've got a bunch of headless servers installed in random (remote) locations all running Ubuntu 11.04. Sometimes the boxes go down and never come back up, eventually someone goes out to check on them ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

PXE Booting Virtualbox guests in internal networking mode?

I am not sure if this is just specific to my distro's packages or is a vbox limitation. So, any help would be appreciated. Ok, so I have a network of VMs, with one VM acting as a NAT for the other ...
11
votes
4answers
12k views

How can I configure a private (friends only) IRC Server?

I am trying to setup an IRC server on my machine for a bunch of friends and me to use. This is an ubuntu box and I have installed dancer-ircd and dancer-services and gotten everything up and running ...
11
votes
4answers
983 views

96 GB RAM on a Dell T7500 showing up as 78GB in Ubuntu Server 11.04

Running Ubuntu Server 11.04. I've got a new Dell Precision T7500 workstation loaded up with 12x8GB DIMMs and the BIOS shows 96GB but checking /proc/meminfo gives: cat /proc/meminfo | grep MemTotal ...
10
votes
7answers
19k views

df says disk is full, but it is not

On a virtualized server running Ubuntu 10.04, df reports the following: # df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda1 7.4G 7.0G 0 100% / none ...
10
votes
4answers
8k views

Need to fix file permissions in a user's home directory

Does anyone have a tool or script that will recursively correct the file permissions on a directory? On an Ubuntu Linux machine, a bunch of files were copied to a USB disk with full 777 permissions ...
10
votes
6answers
15k views

How to force MySQL to connect by TCP instead of a Unix socket?

I would like to analyze mysql traffic. Right now, all mysql requests are sent to the MySQL unix socket: unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 3734388 15304/mysqld ...
10
votes
6answers
9k views

SSD for swap on Ubuntu server

Currently I am reading SSD reviews and I wonder how much exactly I will benefit if I move the 24 GB swap from 7200rpm HDD to SSD. Does anyone implemented swap space on SSD? Is this generally good ...
10
votes
3answers
10k views

How to convert 'dmesg' time format to 'real' time format

I have (for example) this log entry in dmesg output: [600711.395348] do_trap: 6 callbacks suppressed Is there a possibility to convert this 'dmesg' time to 'real' time to know, when this event ...
10
votes
4answers
10k views

How do you swap the caps lock to control in xfce?

I used to have the caps lock and control swapped in GNOME, but when I upgraded to Ubuntu 9.04 I also changed my desktop environment to Xfce. I have the following line in my xorg.conf: Option ...
10
votes
6answers
9k views

pam service(sshd) ignoring max retries

I have vps that I use to run a webserver on, it currently runs ubuntu server 12.04. Since a few weeks I keep getting a lot of errors in my ssh console. 2014 Apr 11 08:41:18 vps847 PAM service(sshd) ...
10
votes
2answers
12k views

How can I block all but three ports in Ubuntu?

How can I block all ports except for 1962, 999, 12020? One port for SSH and two others for a kind of script. So, it's necessary to allow outgoing on these ports, right? My iptables: # Generated by ...
10
votes
4answers
350 views

Effective way to ensure “clean slate system” for continuous integration service

We want to set up a continuous integration (CI) service for our project. That CI service should control all aspects of the project life, including deployment. That is, we want a CI agent at each ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Can dpkg verify files from an installed package?

With rpm -qV openssh-server I will get a list of files that have changed compared to default. ~$ rpm -qV openssh-server S.?....T. c /etc/ssh/sshd_config ~$ Can dpkg on Ubuntu do the same?
10
votes
5answers
599 views

Tips to gracefully take over a (UNIX) production server

After months of neglect, e-mail flames and management battles our current sysadmin was fired and handed over "the server credentials" to me. Such credentials consist in a root password and nothing ...
10
votes
2answers
12k views

Installing imagick PHP extension on Ubuntu

I'm trying to install the imagick pecl extension on my Ubuntu server and am getting the below error. I've installed the ImageMagick rpm using aptitude already and the pecl extension is version 2.3.0. ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Check incoming network traffic in real time?

Is there a way I can monitor incoming network traffic in real time on my server? Preferably in terms of *bps Running Ubuntu
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How to setup etckeeper with Mercurial in Ubuntu?

I'm interested in installing etckeeper with Mercurial in my Ubuntu system. My reason is that I don't know how to use Git and don't want to learn at the moment. If I check the package description it ...
10
votes
4answers
14k views

simple postfix configuration - forward all incoming email to single address

I've a Ubuntu 9.04 server installation which is hosting a small number of websites (currently two, and will remain in single figures). The email requirements for the server are very limited - to ...
10
votes
7answers
53k views

Why is ntpd not updating the time on my server?

I have ntpd running on my server. It's all the default settings, except I commented out its ability to be a server to other machines: # restrict -4 default kod notrap nomodify nopeer noquery ...
10
votes
2answers
9k views

How do I set default permissions for SFTP for an Ubuntu Server?

We have an Ubuntu 10.04 server. How can I set it so that new files created (or copied) over SFTP or SSH have g+rw and g+rwx permissions (where appropriate)? I'm also using setgid (chmod g+s) so that ...
10
votes
6answers
37k views

mount.nfs: access denied by server while mounting

On my Ubuntu system, I have this line in /etc/fstab: myserver:/home/me /mnt/me nfs rsize=8192,wsize=8192,timeo=14,intr When I do sudo mount -a I get: mount.nfs: access denied by server while ...
10
votes
2answers
252 views

Should the virtualization host be allowed to run any service?

I recently setup a virtualization server for the small company I'm running. This server runs few virtual machines that are used for development, testing, etc... My business partner works from a ...
10
votes
3answers
12k views

Ubuntu Server message says packages can be updated, but apt-get does not update any [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: updates in amazon-ec2 ubuntu 10.04 server When I log into an Ubuntu 10.04.2 LTS server, I see the message: 42 packages can be updated. 18 updates are security updates. ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Set up sftp to use password but ssh not to use password

Is it possible to set up a user on ubuntu with openssh so that ssh does not use password authentication but sftp does? I assume that if I change /etc/ssh/ssh_config to have PasswordAuthentication yes ...
10
votes
6answers
19k views

Checkpoint VPN Linux Client

Is there a Linux client for Checkpoint VPN? Preferably for Ubuntu? -- Rubem
10
votes
3answers
8k views

Restricting account logins using LDAP and PAM

I was hoping some PAM/LDAP gurus may be able to help me out here. I've recently set up an LDAP directory on Ubuntu Server to hold accounts for both my clients (for use with web-based systems) and ...
10
votes
2answers
12k views

What are the steps to make the php mail() function work on ubuntu-server?

I want to enable the simple php mail() function on an Ubuntu server. This will only be used for sending administration stuff and logs. This is all the mail functionality that I want on this machine. ...
10
votes
3answers
11k views

Starting network connection from Ubuntu recovery?

I tried to upgrade Ubuntu from Hardy to Intrepid last night, and seem to have killed it. I can boot into "recovery mode" and the root shell, but it freezes when it tries to start the Gnome ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

My linux server was hacked. How do I find out how and when it was done?

I have a home server running a desktop ubuntu distribution. I found this in my crontab * * * * * /home/username/ /.access.log/y2kupdate >/dev/null 2>&1 and when looking in that directory ...
10
votes
1answer
10k views

What's the cause of high LOC interrupts?

I'm seeing huge spikes in LOC interrupts - around 4 million per second, what exactly is the LOC interrupt, what would cause these spikes, and what can I do about it? Here's a munin graph illustrating ...
10
votes
3answers
10k views

Why can't I ssh into (or even ping) my Ubuntu VM from the Mac OS X host?

I'm running Ubuntu 8.04 as a virtual machine using VMware Fusion 3.0 on Mac OS X 10.5.8. I want to be able to ssh into my VM from the Mac OS X host (so I can use MacFUSE and SSHFS to mount the VM's ...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

open file descriptor limits.conf setting isn't read by ulimit even when pam_limits.so is required

I am trying to raise the open file descriptor maximum for all users on an ubuntu machine. I've added the following lines to /etc/security/limits.conf: * soft nofile 100000 ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

SSL site not using the correct IP in Apache and Ubuntu

I'm trying to set up an apache-ubuntu-php webserver. My webserver will host multiple SSL sites, each SSL site will have it's own IP address (unless there's a better way to do this). So I suppose the ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

I am still running Ubuntu 13.04, how should I react to the Heartbleed Bug? [duplicate]

I know that 13.04 is affected (or at least my installation is) because of the OpenSSL version currently installed. However, after running sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade I checked my ...
10
votes
2answers
449 views

SSH session never closes when executing “apt-get install”

Problem When running apt-get install in an SSH session, the session never closes. Example: ssh user@target "sudo apt-get -y install my_package" The my_package does get installed properly, but the ...
10
votes
6answers
992 views

How to choose a cloud service for backups

I am thinking of using a cloud service to backup one of my client's website. My (clients) main concerns are (in decreasing order of importance) Protection of IP (trade secrets, source code), user ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Why is /dev/urandom only readable by root since Ubuntu 12.04 and how can I “fix” it?

I used to work with Ubuntu 10.04 templates on a lot of servers. Since changing to 12.04 I have problems that I've now isolated. The /dev/urandom device is only accessible to root. This caused SSL ...
10
votes
5answers
21k views

Out of nowhere, ssh_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host

I am running Ubuntu 10.10 on a remote box. I ssh to it everyday without issues but today out of the blue, I get the following error: ssh_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host If ...
9
votes
11answers
5k views

Any way to run Linux as a Virtual Machine on top of Windows so can have best of both worlds?

Since Linux has a lot of useful tools, while Windows has a lot of apps (like Chrome), instead of buying another machine to run Linux, is there a way to run it as a Virtual Machine on the PC? The ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

`sudo echo “bla” >> /etc/sysctl.conf` permission denied

Disclaimer: I'm pretty novice at sysadmin stuff. I'm trying to set up port forwarding in an AWS EC2 instance, this has to be done in the command-line because I don't want to go in and edit anything, ...
9
votes
9answers
21k views

Can Ubuntu Desktop “become” Ubuntu Server?

Am I correct that Ubuntu desktop and server are the same os but that desktop runs X and lacks things that a server might have like dhcp server, mysqld, apache, etc.? And that if I add those items it ...
9
votes
6answers
3k views

GUI on Ubuntu server?

I'm primarily a developer, but as part of this I'm running an Ubuntu server for a client where he has several small to medium sized websites. Although my main development environment has generally ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

Disable prompts while installing a Debian package

How can i disable totally the prompts that appear while installing a Debian package, i've used all the options that i've found but there are some packages that are still prompting. I'm using this ...
9
votes
3answers
570 views

Inherit existing server

I have just inherited 6 web servers from previous server guy who was fired, I am not a sysadmin I am more a DevOps. Could anyone point me to some sort of standard checklist one would follow when ...
9
votes
3answers
7k views

Can't create symlinks in virtualbox shared folders [closed]

A few days ago I found I can no longer create symlinks from Ubuntu in any directories that are shared with the OS X host. ln: creating symbolic link `foo': Read-only file system I'm able to create ...
9
votes
3answers
43k views

How to check my PHP and MySQL version on Ubuntu VPS?

HI I am going to install MyBB but I am not sure whether I have installed the correct version of PHP and MySQL. PHP version 5.1.0 or above with XML Extension installed MySQL version 4.0 or ...
9
votes
5answers
5k views

How can I manage apt efficiently on multiple machines?

I manage around 30 Ubuntu servers using puppet. I've seen many references to cron-apt and apticron as approaches to keeping their packages up to date but I haven't been able to find a way to ...
9
votes
2answers
9k views

Why is ssh agent forwarding not working?

In my own computer, running MacOSX, I have this in ~/.ssh/config Host * ForwardAgent yes Host b1 ForwardAgent yes b1 is a virtual machine running Ubuntu 12.04. I ssh to it like this: ssh pupeno@b1 ...
9
votes
2answers
11k views

How to divert traffic based on hostname using HAProxy?

I've had some initial success with HAProxy setting up a bunch of app servers listening on various other ports. I now have another webserver listening on one port, and i'd like to what changes to make ...