Ubuntu Linux is a Debian derivative that aims to bring Linux mainstream. Questions on this site should generally refer to Ubuntu Server. Note that http://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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6
votes
1answer
10k views

What user should own /var/www on Ubuntu 9.04 Server?

I've got LAMP on Ubuntu 9.04 Server and the default installation has root:root owning the /var/www folder. I discovered this when another service, Hudson, could not write to that directory. I want ...
10
votes
2answers
9k views

How do I set default permissions for SFTP for an Ubuntu Server?

We have an Ubuntu 10.04 server. How can I set it so that new files created (or copied) over SFTP or SSH have g+rw and g+rwx permissions (where appropriate)? I'm also using setgid (chmod g+s) so that ...
24
votes
7answers
19k views

Unzipping files that are flying in through a pipe

Can I make unzip or any similar programs work on the standard output? The situation is I'm downloading a zip file, which is supposed to be unzipped on the fly. Related issue: ...
17
votes
3answers
101k views

How to properly set permissions for NFS folder? Permission denied on mounting end.

I'm trying to connect to an NFS folder on my dev server. The owner of the folder on the dev server is darren and group darren. When I export and mount it to my Mac using the Disk Utility it mounts, ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Backup of KVM guests when using qcow2 disk files

I got a Ubuntu (hardy) system used for virtualization using KVM. Each guest got it's own qcow2 file used as disk. Guests are running Ubuntu (hardy). What would a good backup strategy be for such a ...
3
votes
7answers
13k views

How to setup equivalent USVIDEO.ORG DNS-Proxy on Linux

I have a VPS in the USA running Ubuntu. I want to setup something similar to http://www.usvideo.org Basically, USVIDEO is a DNS service that allows Canadians to access American content like Hulu, ...
3
votes
4answers
8k views

Is adding the Debian repository to my apt source.list dangerous on Ubuntu? [closed]

I'm trying to install a package from a Debian repository. I am trying to install manually with dpkg errors because of missing or incomplete dependencies. This got me wondering, is it a mistake to just ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Automate the installation of postfix on Ubuntu

My system configuration script does an "apt-get install -y postfix". Unfortunately the script is halted when the postfix installer displays a configuration screen. Is there a method to force postfix ...
14
votes
2answers
7k views

Directory in /var/run gets deleted after hard reboot

I keep my sphinx pid in /var/run/sphinx/searchd.pid but every time I hard reboot the directory /var/run/sphinx disappears and sphinx fails to start. Is there a way to make that directory stick or ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Set up sftp to use password but ssh not to use password

Is it possible to set up a user on ubuntu with openssh so that ssh does not use password authentication but sftp does? I assume that if I change /etc/ssh/ssh_config to have PasswordAuthentication yes ...
10
votes
6answers
992 views

How to choose a cloud service for backups

I am thinking of using a cloud service to backup one of my client's website. My (clients) main concerns are (in decreasing order of importance) Protection of IP (trade secrets, source code), user ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

/var is using 91.4% of 3.99GB in new Ubuntu dedicated server from 1and1

Yesterday I purchased a dedicated server package from 1and1. I installed Rails, Mongo and nginx. Today, when I logged in, it displays this message: Welcome to Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (GNU/Linux ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to create a “terminal server server” in xubuntu

I am pretty new to system administration, and I am definitively new to serverfault, so apologies should my question not be following SF standards to the 100%. This is my problem: I have a xubuntu ...
3
votes
11answers
853 views

Ubuntu Server SSH

I have a server with ubuntu. I do work on it over SSH. I had a problem with brute force attempts over port 22. I changed the port and I assumed it fixed the brute force problem. Am I right or are the ...
16
votes
4answers
24k views

How to force downgrade of packages on Ubuntu (Karmic)?

After doing an update on a bunch of pulseaudio packages my microphone stopped working. It's fine, after all Karmic is still in Alpha. I have reported the bug to launchpad. In the meanwhile I would ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

How to grant temporary access to server?

I've hired a remote consultant to tune up my servers. Now, I am not 100% confident about giving him root password and allow him to do whatever he wants to do on the servers. Ideally, I want to see ...
12
votes
8answers
9k views

Should I completely turn off swap for linux webserver?

Recently my friend told me that it is a good idea to turn off swap on linux webservers with enough memory. My server has 12 GB and currently uses 4GB (not counting cache and buffers) under peak load. ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

PXE Booting Virtualbox guests in internal networking mode?

I am not sure if this is just specific to my distro's packages or is a vbox limitation. So, any help would be appreciated. Ok, so I have a network of VMs, with one VM acting as a NAT for the other ...
9
votes
3answers
7k views

Can't create symlinks in virtualbox shared folders [closed]

A few days ago I found I can no longer create symlinks from Ubuntu in any directories that are shared with the OS X host. ln: creating symbolic link `foo': Read-only file system I'm able to create ...
9
votes
1answer
10k views

How to generate a /etc/shadow compatible password for Ubuntu 10.04?

How are passwords generated that are used by Ubuntu 10.04? I know that they use SHA 512 as hashing algorithm, but I figure that there is some sort of salting done. I need to generate such a password ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Error when installing rabbitMQ server on Ubuntu 10.10

When I install rabbitMQ in synaptic via the following command sudo apt-get install rabbitmq-server it returns an error: Starting rabbitmq-server: FAILED - check /var/log/rabbitmq/startup_log, _err ...
4
votes
5answers
6k views

Updating Dell PowerEdge firmware on Ubuntu?

The company I work for recently got hands on a batch of second hand PowerEdge SC1425 machines. We'd like to put these to good use. Our operating system of choice is Ubuntu Server 10.04 64-bit, which ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Running Multiple Publicly Accessible Web Servers on a Single IP Address

I have three separate web servers with three different internal IP addresses on a network with only one public IP address. Each web server has security restrictions such that I cannot just run all of ...
3
votes
3answers
27k views

How do I register Linux server with Windows DNS server

I have several Ubuntu machines (mostly 8.04) that I would like to register their hostnames (or desired hostnames) with my main DNS server running on Windows 2000 so that I can access these machines ...
31
votes
4answers
24k views

ubuntu apache: httpd.conf or apache2.conf?

which one of these 2 files should i use to configure apache? the httpd.conf is empty while apache2.conf is not. it confuses me!
21
votes
9answers
8k views

Find last time update was performed with apt-get

I need to find the last time that the apt-get update command was run on my server. How can I determine this information?
10
votes
6answers
19k views

Checkpoint VPN Linux Client

Is there a Linux client for Checkpoint VPN? Preferably for Ubuntu? -- Rubem
9
votes
6answers
3k views

GUI on Ubuntu server?

I'm primarily a developer, but as part of this I'm running an Ubuntu server for a client where he has several small to medium sized websites. Although my main development environment has generally ...
8
votes
2answers
9k views

SFTP fatal bad ownership or modes for chroot directory ubuntu 12.04

I just set up my SFTP server and it works fine when I use it from my first user account. I wanted to add a user which we will call 'magnarp'. At first I did like this in sshd_config: Subsystem sftp ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Run command as Linux “system” user (shell = /bin/false)

I created a "system" user in Ubuntu 11.04 (adduser --system) for running certain cron jobs, but sometimes I want to test things out by manually running commands as that user. What's the easiest way to ...
8
votes
5answers
3k views

Boot Debian while RAID array is degraded

Recently, I came across Ubuntu Server install. During install, it asked me whether or not to allow booting system from degraded RAID array (probably because I installed system onto RAID1 /dev/md0 ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I check /dev/xvda1?

On login to EC2 (Ubuntu) instance, I see *** /dev/xvda1 should be checked for errors *** I can't fsck /dev/xvda1 because it is mounted, and sudo umount /dev/xvda1 fails because it is in use. lsof ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I install the latest stable version of Redis?

I am new to redis. and I just followed cli to install redis sudo apt-get install redis. but the install server version is 2.2.12 . If I want to update this version and I want to install redis 2.7 + ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Network authentication + roaming home directory - which technology should I look into using?

I'm looking into software which provides a user with a single identity across multiple computers. That is, a user should have the same permissions on each computer, and the user should have access to ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Setting up a postfix email server

When I set up an email server using postfix on ubuntu server, how do I make sure that it won't be an open relay??
4
votes
7answers
11k views

How to disable CD-ROM and USB for normal users in Linux?

How can access to CD-ROM and USB be disabled for normal users in Linux? As a part of security policy we need to disable CD-ROM and USB access for normal users. Only root users should have the access. ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

PHP 5.2x on Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx

It appears that Lucid Lynx comes with PHP 5.3. Is there a convenient way to downgrade to the latest 5.2x release?
2
votes
3answers
4k views

Using GlusterFS for simple replication

newbie question. I need to build this: /shared folder ~500GB of files, ~1MB each one. Two boxes (server1 and server2) connected by a 1Gbs LAN Every box needs to get r/w access to the files, so ...
2
votes
8answers
6k views

What next after Ubuntu? Arch Linux / FreeBSD / Gentoo

I have been using Ubuntu, mainly as a production system for a very long time. Fedora Core and Mandrake before that. I am a developer, mostly working over networking core - L3/L4. I wish to graduate to ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

how to completely disable ipv6 on Ubuntu 9.04

what i have done: /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf blacklist net-pf-10 blacklist ipv6 /boot/grub/menu.lst title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-15-server kernel ...
23
votes
3answers
13k views

How to disconnect from lxc-console

I'm working with lxc in Ubuntu 12.04, and it's really great. However, I am unable to disconnect from a lxc-console session after I've connected. I read somewhere that Ctrl-aq will disconnect me from ...
21
votes
5answers
4k views

A domain I've never heard of resolves to my website [duplicate]

I've discovered (via looking at mod_pagespeed cache entries) that a completely random domain I've never heard of before is resolving to my website. If I visit this domain, my website loads. The DNS ...
14
votes
4answers
5k views

Given a debian source package - How do I install the build-deps?

I have a debian (well technically ubuntu) source package, i.e. the .dsc, the .tar.gz, etc., I want to build this. The dpkg-buildpackage fails, since I don't have all the build dependencies. Normally ...
14
votes
4answers
25k views

Ubuntu Server - How Do I Request a new IP From my DHCP Server?

I know there is a simple command for this, but how do I tell my ubuntu server instance to request a new IP address from the DHCP server on eth0?
13
votes
3answers
12k views

what is sensible-mda and do i need it?

I'm running Ubuntu Intrepid, and have been seeing the following my logs: Aug 23 16:01:03 wp1 sm-mta[13700]: n7NFJIad013566: Warning: program /usr/sbin/sensible-mda unsafe: No such file or directory ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

Ubuntu's garbage collection cron job for PHP sessions takes 25 minutes to run, why?

Ubuntu has a cron job set up which looks for and deletes old PHP sessions: # Look for and purge old sessions every 30 minutes 09,39 * * * * root [ -x /usr/lib/php5/maxlifetime ] \ ...
11
votes
3answers
17k views

Apache “Client denied by server configuration”, despite allowing access to directory (vhost configuration)

in Apache on Ubuntu I've set up a vhost, but in the browser I keep getting a "403 Access forbidden" error; the log says "Client denied by server configuration: /home/remix/". Looking for the solution ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

I am still running Ubuntu 13.04, how should I react to the Heartbleed Bug? [duplicate]

I know that 13.04 is affected (or at least my installation is) because of the OpenSSL version currently installed. However, after running sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade I checked my ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Can dpkg verify files from an installed package?

With rpm -qV openssh-server I will get a list of files that have changed compared to default. ~$ rpm -qV openssh-server S.?....T. c /etc/ssh/sshd_config ~$ Can dpkg on Ubuntu do the same?
10
votes
2answers
5k views

My linux server was hacked. How do I find out how and when it was done?

I have a home server running a desktop ubuntu distribution. I found this in my crontab * * * * * /home/username/ /.access.log/y2kupdate >/dev/null 2>&1 and when looking in that directory ...