Unix is a multitasking, multi-user computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs.

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9
votes
3answers
10k views

Is “sudo su -” considered a bad practice?

Background I know the difference between su -, sudo su -, and sudo <command>: su - - switches user to root, requires the root password sudo su - - switches user to root, requires only the ...
0
votes
2answers
555 views

Find Users without a password in UNIX AIX

I'm searching for a script that finds users who don't have a password. Could anybody please explain me the commands that are needed in such a script?
2
votes
1answer
323 views

TCP traceroute works fine but not UDP

So I ran into this issue where doing traceroute some-server.abc.com returned *** for multiple lines and finally reached maximum hops limit. Doing a traceroute -T some-server.abc.com works perfectly ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Unusual results returned by df, what caused it, how to fix?

Here is a copy-paste: root@****#df -h /var Filesystem size used avail capacity Mounted on /dev/md/dsk/d4 9.8G 8192E 0K 90204286294657% /var
-2
votes
1answer
113 views

How can I copy files by creating symlinks?

I want to traverse a filesystem and copy parts of it to another filesystem by creating symlinks instead of copying anything. rsync would be ideal if it had something like a --local-copy-via-symlink ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

No space left on device - wrong size

I'm running an FreeBSD dedicated server. I am getting messages that I have ran out of space on the device. df -h is saying that I have no space left but du -sh /* doesn't even show the directiories ...
-1
votes
1answer
428 views

Unable to connect to localhost or local ip but can connect to other servers or websites

I have a server with nginx|bind|mysql installed, everything is working fine but I am unable to connect to localhost or any websites hosted on server. I tried pinging and wget and none of them work ...
0
votes
0answers
734 views

Unexpected EOF write error

We have a Sun Solaris 10 server that is failing to backup using tar to write to tape. tar cEf /dev/rmt/0cn . The complete error is tar: write error: unexpected EOF tar error code 2 The ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Configure range of virtual user names with same password

I would appreciate if there is anybody who can advise me if the following FTP configuration is possible. I need range of read-only users that follow this pattern: (_[0-9]{15}) e.g., ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

sudo still ask for password when NOPASSWD is used

I read all sudo posts on serverfault, but I still cannot figure out what I'm doing wrong. Normally I finally find the solution but not this time : I want apache user to be able to execute this ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Strange behavour of which in a shell script launched as a forked process

So I have a java process that is doing some automation. One of the things it has to do is find the JDK home on random machines. So I wrote a shell script to try and find the JDK home assuming that ...
37
votes
3answers
34k views

How do I do 'mount --bind' in /etc/fstab?

I'm trying to figure out how to add "mount --bind /proc/ /chroot/mysql/proc" to /etc/fstab, but how can I to do this?
0
votes
2answers
730 views

I'm on Windows. How to get time of a remote linux host [closed]

I'm trying to find a Windows command that retrieves the current time of a remote Linux\UNIX host. I know I can use ssh but I'd like to know for alternatives that do not require user and password. ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

Unix hosts file order

For a long time I never even noticed but I made wrong /etc/hosts configuration on many machines. The order by the manual: 127.0.0.1 localhost 192.168.1.10 foo.example.org foo ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Usergroups in LDAP: User and Group in same object

"Usergroups" are a common concept in UNIX, many Linux distributions (e.g. Debian) use it as default. It means that each user has its corresponding private group (e.g., User "alex" has also a group ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Password reset is not working

I am using krb5 authentication to authenticate users in my machine. I am trying to change my password using passwd command but it failed. ~:$ passwd ~:$ Changing Password for bharathi ~:$ Kerberos 5 ...
7
votes
1answer
328 views

Linux/Unix - /etc/sudoers - host definition

can anybody tell me in which case the sudo host definition is useful? I mean this part of a line in the sudoers file: bob host1 = NOPASSWD: reboot In which environment (except sudo via LDAP) do I ...
0
votes
1answer
319 views

Configure IPv6 on FreeBSD webserver

Seems I just can't nail the right rc.conf configuration for IPv6 on my FreeBSD 10 VPS. I'd like to go completely IPv6 and tutorials/instructions i followed aren't really working for me somehow. It's ...
5
votes
1answer
698 views

Send interactive zoning commands to Brocade switch

I have a Brocade FC switch that I'd like to do some zoning on. I have a build file with too many lines to copy-paste into a normal interactive session, and I have ssh set up with pre-shared keys ...
1
vote
2answers
224 views

Incoming tcp SYNs possibilities

This might be a general TCP question. Can I receive TCP SYN packet on an established connection OR a connection in TIME_WAIT state? Is is possible?
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Minicom Successive Address Dialing

I've been tasked with writing a script for the minicom connection utility that tests a series of numbers in its dialing directory, I have found the baked in scripting language to be near useless. I've ...
0
votes
1answer
863 views

Using pppd with a serial port?

I just need to send/receive a messages through a unix-socket with PPP. But at first I want to launch the pppd with an usual serial port to make sure I know how it works. As I see, if I bind a pppd to ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

updating, upgrading debian linux server except a package

I was looking for a command line to update/upgrade my VPS with the exception of the web server software. I have Nginx v.1.4.7 on my VPS and don't want it to get updated/upgraded when I run any ...
2
votes
2answers
12k views

How do you configure X11 forwarding over SSH on AIX?

Here is what I've tried. I've edited /etc/ssh/sshd_config on the remote AIX system X11Forwarding yes X11DisplayOffset 10 X11UseLocalhost yes as well as set $DISPLAY DISPLAY=localhost:10.0 export ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

What should the permissions be on for PostgreSQL /data files?

I installed Postgres 9.3 from the osX binary. When I attempted to restart using pg_ctl restart, I received the following error: $ pg_ctl restart pg_ctl: could not open PID file ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

WHM - add another user account via SSH

I'm working for a crowd that have 'misplaced' the password for their WHM root login but I'm able to SSH to the server using the key file they've provided. I CAN'T change the password for root as they ...
0
votes
1answer
332 views

Nginx possible bug with dashes (-) in server_name

The following Nginx (v 1.2.1) configuration server { listen 80; server_name aaa.example.com; root /var/www/aaa; } server { listen 80; server_name hello-world.example.com; ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Why would chmod give “No such file or directory” when running recursively?

I can change the permissions of the file directly: # chmod --changes --recursive ug+rwX /var/www/shared/tmp/cache/assets/BA0/280/sprockets%2F286302903364106648b609d708884f78 and I can also ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Changing default ownership for files created by a user

I gave user "jdoe" access to SCP files onto a Unix server hosting Wordpress. Files this user creates within the /var/www/Wordpress folder (and subfolders) need to be owned by www-data or at least the ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How to improve the efficiency of gnu parallel to read from a compressed stream?

Is another question extended from the previous one [1] I have a compressed file and stream them to feed into a python program, e.g. bzcat data.bz2 | parallel --no-notice -j16 --pipe python parse.py ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Copy directory tree without empty directories?

I have the following tree # upper letters = directory # lower letters = files A |-- B |-- C |-- D |-- e <= file |-- F |-- G I need to copy this tree to another destination, ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

curl is giving wrong result via ssh

Curl is working fine on the node itself: [ec2-user@smokebase1 ~]$ curl -s -I --retry 3 --header 'Host: smoke-base.dev-test.com' ...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

how to configure firewall with “psad” utility to avoid port scan

I am trying to configure psad to stop port scanning and other attacks. Currently I have following rules set for my firewall which drops all incoming connection except port 22,80,443 and 3306. -A ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to tell the difference between “No such file or directory” and “Permission Denied”

I'd rather not parse STDERR, but I can't think of another way to tell the difference, programmatically, between the two: $ ls /net/foo.example.com/bar/test /net/foo.example.com/bar/test: Permission ...
0
votes
2answers
159 views

keep in tar.bz2 original directory datetime

I'm looking for a solution to create a tar.bz2 file and keep the original folder timestamp. My solution is "touch -t {original timestamp}" file.tar.bz2 manuel@mfpanzuela:~$ ls -la drwxrwxr-x 2 ...
2
votes
0answers
424 views

Solaris 9: Degraded mirror unmanageable with raidctl after drive replacement

We have a pair of Sunfire v20z's (WITH LSI MPT raid) that have each had one drive in their mirrors die. bash-2.05# cat /etc/release Solaris 9 4/04 s9x_u6wos_08a x86 ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Redhat quitting process never works always have to kill it

I am working on a RedHat server creating a unicorn process. I have two sets of these processes being created. I am able to QUIT one of the process fine and do so over and over again create it and QUIT ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

OSAS v4 Open Systems Accounting Software [closed]

My company recently purchased another company and along with it, came an old SCO Openserver (v5) running OSAS v4. We use TinyTerm as recommended to access this but no one knows how to use it. I've ...
0
votes
1answer
907 views

Unable to clear sendmail mqueue-client

drwxr-xr-x 2 smmsp smmsp 4.0K May 6 23:31 mqueue drwxrws--- 2 smmsp smmsp 29M May 8 10:40 mqueue-client As you can see mqueue-client is filled with 29 megabytes of unsent mail. This seems to ...
-4
votes
1answer
97 views

Server that transfers FTP to FTPS without downloading on my PC [closed]

I need to do a server to server transfer, and the data is about 1 TB in size. One server supports plain FTP, but the other mandates FTPS. Both servers are located in the US. If the data was within a ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

How to change protected config files via web/php interface?

I'm looking for way to modify configuration file that resides below /etc directory via web (in particular case PHP) interface. While it's not a problem to read (if you set up file permissions ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

If a web root directory has a simlink that points to a folder one-level up, does that pose a security risk?

Assuming a Linux/Unix system. Not asking about any particular server software, just wondering in general. I want to use this to include javascript libraries or things like that in multiple sites or ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

502 Bad Gateway Error Nginx connect() to unix:/tmp/unicorn.sock failed

This is my first question on Server Fault. I could not find a solution to this while searching the web. I am working on an OpenBSD server running Nginx, which I did not setup, that is throwing a 502 ...
-1
votes
2answers
86 views

Security in users having sudo access

How to protect my passwords list (in different databases for example) in a UNIX environment where most of the users have sudo access to other user IDs? I have a script (main.sh) with the following ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Give user permission to create/delete particular file?

Is it possible to give a user permission to create/delete a file at a certain path, but not to modify other files in the same directory?. I'm using Ansible to provision a CentOS 6.4 box. I'd like to ...
2
votes
1answer
971 views

Create a link to the Unix socket [duplicate]

Is there a possibility to create a hard link for an unix socket? I'm creating a jail and symbolic links won't work, so I'm looking for a solution, how to provide an unix socket inside chrootted ...
2
votes
3answers
358 views

How do i change the global login shell on a unix system?

I want to set the login shell (the shell they get when they log in) of all existing and future users. The correct way to change the login shell seems to be chsh. But this only allows me to change the ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Environment variables are unavailable when running scripts over ssh

Suppose I have two hosts: A and B with users a and b. B is Windows machine with Cygwin installed, if this matters. B is configured to be accessed from A through SSH without password (it contains A's ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

How can I make my own linux distro? [closed]

My question is bit off-topic or may be impractical. The thing is, on the web too many material available to download customized linux distro. But what if I want to make my own linux distro ? ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Saving SSL password for SVN in Ubuntu

I have tried to set up my SVN that way, that it saves my passwords, but for some reason it won't work. I am using a SSL certificate, for which I need to provide a password every time. I have tried ...